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    Indonesia halts military cooperation with Australia over 'insulting' West Papua posters at training base

    Updated 29 minutes ago

    "Offensive" material about West Papua displayed at an Australian Special Forces base has prompted Indonesia's defence chief to cut military cooperation, throwing future joint exercises into doubt.

    Key points: 

    • An Indonesian instructor took offence to poster displayed at SAS in Perth
    • All cooperation between the Indonesian and Australian military has been suspended 
    • Future of Australia's defence ties with Indonesia are uncertain

    The ABC has confirmed an Indonesian officer complained about the "insulting" training posters at the SAS headquarters in Perth in November last year, prompting Australian Defence leaders to launch furious efforts to try to smooth relations with their counterparts in Jakarta.
    An Indonesian military spokesman told the ABC cooperation between Indonesia and the Australian Defence Force (ADF) had been suspended effective immediately
    Indonesian Special Forces group Kopassus trains with the Special Air Service at the unit's Campbell Barracks.
    Major General Wuryanto would not confirm the reason for the suspension, saying it was for technical matters, and that there were "ups and downs in every cooperation between two national forces". 
    Sources familiar with the incident have confirmed the "laminated material" concerned West Papua, which is an Indonesian province that has tried to seek independence from Jakarta. 
    Defence Minister Marise Payne confirmed the complaints concerned "some teaching materials and remarks" at an Army language training facility in Australia, and that some military cooperation with Indonesia was now on hold.
    "Indonesia has informed Australia that defence cooperation would be suspended," Senator Payne said in a statement. 
    "As a result, some interaction between the two Defence organisations has been postponed until the matter is resolved. Cooperation in other areas is continuing."
    The Defence Minister said Australia was committed "to building a strong Defence relationship with Indonesia" and would "work with Indonesia to restore full cooperation as soon as possible".

    Defence chief wrote to Indonesia about material

    The ABC has learned that on November 23 last year, ADF chief Air Chief Marshal Mark Binskin wrote to his Indonesian counterpart about the offending material.
    A diplomatic source familiar with the correspondence said the Defence chief's letter reassured the Indonesian military that the offensive material displayed in Perth did not reflect the view of Australia's Defence Force, and was an isolated incident.
    Australia's Chief of Army Lieutenant General Angus Campbell also wrote to his Indonesian counterpart on November 24 to reassure him that Australia did not endorse the material.
    The Defence Force is yet to respond to questions from the ABC, but senior figures have expressed surprise at the comments from Indonesia's military.

    Future of Navy exercises unclear 

    It is unclear how long the suspension is for or whether the suspension will affect future joint training exercises between Indonesia and Australia.
    The Indonesian and Australian navies are due to participate in multinational training exercises in February.

    A spokesman for the Indonesian Navy said he had just found out about the military chief's "statement about the suspension of cooperation with Australia".
    "Whether or not we will continue with the joint exercise, I will have to get back to you on that," First Admiral Jonias Mozes Sipasulta said.
    "I need to build more details first. Usually we don't suspend cooperation on education and training but now I heard we've suspended all cooperation."
    Until this incident the military relationship between the two nations had been improving.
    Military cooperation between the two nations was last suspended in 2013 over a phone-tapping scandal
    Documents obtained by the ABC and Guardian Australia revealed that in 2009, Australian intelligence attempted to tap the mobile phone of then-president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono.

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    2) Indonesia Finds Australian Military Training Materials Offensive

    3) Indonesia puts Australian military ties on hold


    1) Indonesian defence minister plays down diplomatic rift with Australia
    Jewel Topsfield   Amilia Rosa

    Indonesia's defence minister has sought to play down a suspension of military ties between Australia and Indonesia, stressing it was important to keep a good relationship between the two countries.
    Defence Minister Ryamizard Ryacudu stressed that Indonesia's relationship with Australia was "fine" after the shock announcement that defence co-operation had been halted after an Indonesian military officer was offended by material at an Australian military base in Perth.

    The offensive material is understood to include homework that suggested West Papua was part of Melanesia and should be given independence and material that ridiculed Indonesia's national ideology, Pancasila.
    Mr Ryamizard said he was yet to speak to Defence Minister Marise Payne about the issue but planned to visit Australia at the end of the month.
    "The point is to keep a good relationship between the countries. Don't let insignificant rats disrupt the relationship between countries. That's not good."
    Meanwhile a spokesman for Indonesian President Joko Widodo told Reuters: "This was not a decision of the president".

    Several hours after the story broke, Senator Payne released a carefully worded statement saying that Indonesia had informed Australia that defence cooperation would be suspended after "serious concerns" were raised.
    "As a result some interaction between the two defence organisations has been postponed until the matter is resolved," she said.

    Indonesia's chief military commander Gatot Nurmantyo told a public lecture late last month that an Indonesian language teacher from special forces had been given homework that said Papua was part of Melanesia and should be given independence.
    "I pulled the teacher. The (Australian) commander apologised to me," he said at the headquarters of Muhammadiyah, Indonesia's second largest civil organisation. Commander Gatot's comments were greeted with applause.
    A source told Fairfax Media that the issue was supposed to have been dealt with quietly but "Gatot jumped the gun".
    Commander Gatot has been critical of Australia in the past, suggesting in March 2015 that East Timor's seceding from Indonesia was part of a proxy war for Australia to secure oil.
    The Indonesian military officer was understood to have been deeply shocked after reading an essay about West Papua independence.
    Mr Ryamizard said the Australian lieutenant who had been studying Indonesian had been reprimanded.
    "West Papua is absolutely the red hot issue – the problem is the extraordinary parallel with East Timor from their perspective," said John Blaxland, a Professor of International Security and Intelligence at Australian National University.
    "There is a sense of Australia being untrustworthy – in 1975 they did a deal with Indonesia that they would respect its sovereignty over East Timor and in 1999 they stabbed it in the back."
    He said the only way Australia and Indonesia were able to sign the Lombok treaty for security cooperation in 2006 was by Australia officially recognising Indonesian sovereignty over West Papua.
    "So this essay would be seen as treasonous," Professor Blaxland said.
    According to information circulated on a messaging app, the officer also heard offensive material in class including that the late Indonesian military leader Sarwo Edhie Wibowo was a mass murderer and that a TNI police officer murdered his friend while drunk.
    He also reportedly saw a laminated piece of paper inscribed with the word, Pancagila, an offensive mockery of Indonesia's state ideology, Pancasila, which basically translates as "five crazy principles".
    "After he returned to Indonesia, he immediately made a report," the messaging app circular says.
    The executive director of the Institute for Defence, Security and Peace Studies in Indonesia, Mufti Makarim, told Fairfax Media he heard the offensive material was related to Sarwo Edhie Wibowo being a mass murderer, West Papua and East Timor.
    "It should not have been something the Australian army was discussing," Mr Mufti said.
    "Given the sensitivity, Australia has been very careful not to talk about (West Papua) in other forums. So why the double standard in internal army discussions? Their foreign policy is as if they are supporting Indonesian sovereignty but on the other hand they are discussing the disintegration of Indonesia with Papua being part of Melanesia."
    Mr Mufti said if Australia was consistent, its foreign policy should be reflected in other bodies, including the military."
    Fairfax Media

    WEDNESDAY, 04 JANUARY, 2017 | 18:38 WIB
    2) Indonesia Finds Australian Military Training Materials Offensive

    TEMPO.COJakarta - Indonesia has recently suspended its military cooperation and joint training with Australia following the discovery of several offensive training materials in a military base in Perth, Australia.
    As reported by on January 4, 2017, a source revealed that the Australian military traning materials with offensive contents towards Indonesia’s past military records in 1965, or during the time of the East Timor invasion.
    The discovery of the offensive training materials was made by the Indonesian Special Forces (Kopassus) during a joint training.
    In addition to an allegation of human rights violation by the Indonesian National Army in East Timor, the training materials also include allegation that a past Indonesian army official Sarwo Edhie Wibowo was a mass murderer. The training material also mentioned about a military police officer who killed his own friend under the influence of alcohol.
    Another offensive material was found displayed in the military base, showing the writing PANCAGILA, an alteration of Pancasila, five basic principles that serves as Indonesia’s ideology.
    Other than the offensive training materials, previously, a report was made by a Bahasa Indonesia teacher sent to Australia as a part of a cooperation program. The teacher reported to have been instructed to provide education materials that includes the Free Papua propaganda to its students.
    In relation to the objections, Australian Defense Minister Marise Payne, said that the Australian government will conduct an investigation towards the report on the offensive training materials, and will attempt to restore both countries' cooperation as soon as possible.

    3) Indonesia puts Australian military ties on hold

    Posted about 5 hours ago
    "Offensive" material about West Papua displayed at an Australian Special Forces base prompts Indonesia's defence chief to cut military cooperation.
    Source: The World | Duration: 5min 33sec


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    2) House backs TNI`s decision to suspend cooperation with ADF
    3) Suspension of Co-op with Aussie Military a Right Decision: Expert

    4) MSG considers West Papua membership


    1) Australia scrambles to heal military rift with Indonesia
    Sydney, Ausralia | Thu, January 5, 2017 | 12:56 pm
    Kristen Gelineau Associated Press

      Sydney, Ausralia | Thu, January 5, 2017 | 12:56 pm

      Australia scrambled to calm tensions with Indonesia on Thursday, promising that an investigation was nearly complete into an alleged insult of Indonesian state ideology that prompted Indonesia to suspend military cooperation with its neighbor.
      The exact cause of the rift between the two allies remained slightly murky one day after Indonesia's announcement of the suspension took officials in Canberra by surprise. Military ties between the two nations have been relatively warm in recent years, having improved since Indonesia downgraded its relations with Australia in 2013 over the alleged bugging of phones belonging to Indonesia's president.
      Australian Defense Minister Marise Payne said Thursday that the current issue began in November, after an Indonesian military officer raised concerns about some teaching materials and remarks made at an army language training facility in western Australia.
      Indonesian military spokesman Maj. Gen. Wuryanto said there were reports an Indonesian instructor at the facility felt that a "laminated paper" on display was insulting. According to Indonesian media, the paper contained words that demeaned Pancasila — a set of vague principles that mandates belief in one God and unity among Indonesia's 250 million people. Wuryanto said the training material was among many factors behind the decision to suspend cooperation with Australia.
      On Thursday, Payne was asked about reports that the material also suggested West Papua should be given independence from Indonesia, which is battling the remote region's separatist movement.
      "The issue of West Papua was raised by the Indonesian defense minister, yes," Payne told reporters.
      Payne said an inquiry was launched in November to look into the incident, and its completion was "imminent." The training material in question had been removed, and would soon be replaced with "appropriate" material, she said.
      "We have indicated our regret that this occurred and that offense was taken," she said.
      Indonesian President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo told reporters in Jakarta that his country's relationship with Australia remained good.
      "Indonesia and Australia have agreed to respect each other, to appreciate each other and not interfere in each others' domestic affairs," Jokowi said. "We have already agreed on that and now I have ordered the minister of defense and the military chief to address the problem."
      The neighboring nations, though close partners on many issues including terrorism and trade, have long had a turbulent relationship. Tensions have repeatedly flared over Australia's policy of turning back boats to Indonesia that are carrying asylum seekers from other countries. Indonesia's use of the death penalty — which Australia opposes — has also strained ties, particularly in 2015 when Indonesia executed two Australians for drug crimes.
      And in 1999, the relationship suffered one of its most serious blows after Australia led a UN military force into the former Indonesian province of East Timor following a bloody independence ballot.
      Associated Press writer Niniek Karmini in Jakarta, Indonesia, contributed to this report.


      2) House backs TNI`s decision to suspend cooperation with ADF
      Rabu, 4 Januari 2017 19:30 WIB | 
      Jakarta (ANTARA News) - The House of Representatives Commission I, whose duties include foreign, defense, and information affairs, approved the Indonesia National Militarys (TNIs) decision to stop all forms of military cooperation with the Australian Defence Force (ADF).

      The decision was taken as the Commission sought to unearth the main causes behind the suspension.

      Commission I Chairman Abdul Kharis Almasyhari made the statement in Jakarta on Wednesday.

      "I do agree with the decision to halt cooperation, but we should look deeper into the causes, so that it does not affect bilateral relations between the two countries," he noted.

      Almasyhari further stated that he had yet to receive details regarding TNIs decision, but he believes that as neighboring countries, there should be mutual respect between Indonesia and Australia.  

      Earlier, the National Military Headquarters had decided to suspend all military cooperation with its Australian counterpart.

      "Yes, there has been a suspension, but it is not a termination of cooperation," Chief of the TNI Headquarters Information Unit Major General Wuryanto remarked in Jakarta on Wednesday.

      He pointed out that the TNI had decided to impose a suspension in its military cooperation with the ADF following an evaluation that revealed a technical issue, deemed to be disadvantageous to the Indonesian Military Force.

      "The key point is that cooperation should be beneficial to both parties. There should be mutual respect and appreciation," he noted.

      The suspension covers areas, such as joint training, education programs, soldier exchange, and official visits, he revealed.

      (Reported by Imam Budilaksono/Uu.KR-ARC/INE/KR-BSR/H-YH)

      THURSDAY, 05 JANUARY, 2017 | 08:58 WIB
      3) Suspension of Co-op with Aussie Military a Right Decision: Expert

      TEMPO.COJakarta - Hikmahanto Juwana, a professor at the University of Indonesia, said that the National Armed Forces (TNI) commander General Gatot Nurmantyo has made a right decision on halting military cooperation with the Australian Defence Force (ADF) because it has forced the ADF to promise an investigation into insult against the Indonesian national ideology Pancasila.
      The Australian military had altered Pancasila into PANCAGILA, which could be interpreted as five crazy principles. “A cooperation suspension is the right thing to do because the ADF commander has promised to investigate into the matter,” Himahanto said in a written statement received on Wednesday, January 4, 2017.
      Hikmahanto said that a halt in military cooperation between Indonesia and Australia was made following a series of incidents at Australian military base. The first was desecration of former Indonesian military leader Sarwo Edhie over his role in the 1965 tragedy. The second was essays written by trainees on Papua. The last was the Pancagila writing at the principal’s office.
      The TNI spokesman Major General Wuryanto said that military cooperation will continue to be suspended until investigation results are announced.
      Hikmahanto said that investigations may reveal that the offensive materials were made by certain individuals in the ADF, meaning that those were not official stance of the ADF. The notion has been corroborated by the Australian government’s reaction to the issue.
      Australian Defense Minister Marise Payne believed that the ADF takes the matter seriously. She has also expressed her commitment to restore bilateral cooperation.
      “Such investigation results can salvage military cooperation between the TNI and the ADF,” Hikmahanto said. He said that the ADF and the Australian government will not sacrifice its good relations with Indonesia in order to protect its military personnel.
      Hikmahanto said that Indonesia has set a good precedent following the incident. He expects Australian officials would refrain themselves from insulting Indonesian officials or touching on sensitive issues to Indonesia.


      4) MSG considers West Papua membership

      THE Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) is considering full membership by the United Liberation Movement for West Papua.
      Indonesia currently has associate member status with the MSG and is strongly opposed to West Papua being granted full membership.

      It is Indonesia’s view that West Papua already falls under their (Indonesian republic) representation in the MSG.

      Foreign Ministers of the MSG member countries met in Port Vila last week to discuss guidelines which relate to the bid by West Papua for membership in the group.

      Solomon Island’s foreign minister, Milner Tozaka, said the MSG leaders in July requested legal clarification on guidelines for membership.

      “So that request has been attended to appropriately by the legal people and they have made a recommendation to be used for the foreign ministers to look at and then we will recommend it to the leaders for endorsement,” he explained.

      Mr Tozaka confirmed that there won’t be a decision on the Liberation Movement’s application however he did say that they already have observer status.

      MSG countries that have shown their support for the Liberation Movements full membership include Vanuatu, Solomon Islands and the FLNKS Kanaks movement.

      Papua New Guinea and Fiji, have however leaned towards the Indonesian side on this issue.

      Vanuatu’s Prime Minister, Charlot Salwai, said his country’s foreign policy remained firm that Vanuatu is not completely free of colonial bondage until all of Melanesia is free.
      - PacNews

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      2) Australia ‘regrets’ offence to Indonesia after defence ties suspended – video

      3)  podcast. Suspension of military cooperation highlights underlying problems in Aus-Indonesia relations

      4) Australia air force chief offers apology: TNI commander


      1) Misspelling of ‘Pancasila’ Not Australia’s Official Stance: Defense Minister Ryamizard

      Defense Minister Ryamizard Ryacudu said a misspelling of Pancasila, the name for Indonesia's state ideology, was not the official stance of the Australian government and that it was the personal action of an individual officer. (Reuters Photo/Darren Whiteside)

      By : Robertus Wardi & Eko Prasetyo | on 8:23 PM January 05, 2017
      Jakarta. Defense Minister Ryamizard Ryacudu said a misspelling of Pancasila, the name for Indonesia's state ideology, was not the official stance of the Australian government and that it was the personal action of an individual officer.
      Ryamizard said this includes an insult against Indonesia with the mention of controversial issues surrounding Papua, Timor-Leste and the former Indonesian Communist Party (PKI).
      "In principle, it is not their [Australia's] policy. It was a personal act. They regret what happened and have acted firmly against the perpetrator," Ryamizard said in Jakarta on Thursday (05/01).
      The Australian government has sacked the officer responsible from his position as principal of a military academy and launched an investigation into the incident.
      "They [Australia] have apologized and sacked the principal of the institution," Ryamizard said.
      The incident occurred when a language instructor from the Indonesian Army's Special Forces Command (Kopassus) received learning material that contained references deemed offensive to the country, such as a misspelling of Pancasila as "Pancagila," which can be translated as "crazy five."
      The materials were identified during a joint training session at an Australian military base in Perth.
      Separately, Indonesian Military chief Gen. Gatot Nurmantyo has confirmed that he had received a letter of apology from the Australian Defense Force, sent by Australian Air Force chief of staff Air Marshall Mark Binskin.
      "I am a friend of Air Marshall Mark Binskin. I have replied to his letter thanking him for the apology. We have suspended the joint training, as discussions will continue after the investigation ends," Gatot said.


      2) Australia ‘regrets’ offence to Indonesia after defence ties suspended – video
      Thursday 5 January 2017 16.52 AEDT

      Australia expressed regret on Thursday for causing offence to Indonesia in material at a Perth military base which allegedly insulted Indonesia’s founding ideology and promoted independence for West Papua. Both the Australian and Indonesian governments have scrambled to downplay Indonesia’s unilateral and sudden suspension of military cooperation, with defence ministers from both countries insisting the relationship is strong


      3)  podcast. Suspension of military cooperation highlights underlying problems in Aus-Indonesia relations

      Rod Henshaw speaks to Dr Keith Suter, Managing Director of Global Directions, after Indonesia suspended military cooperation with Australia.


      4) Australia air force chief offers apology: TNI commander

      Kamis, 5 Januari 2017 23:29 WIB | 289 Views
      Jakarta, Jan 5 (Antara) - Indonesias military commander, General Gatot Nurmantyo, has said the chief of staff of the Australian Air Force, Marshal Mark Donald Binskin, has offered an apology over the Pancasila insult case committed by a Australian Defense Force member.

      "I thank Australian Air Force chief of staff Marshal Mark Binskin for the apology, and the decision to review the Australian Defense Force curriculum and investigate the case," he said here on Thursday.

      Marshal Mark Binskin has sent a letter to the Indonesian military commander offering an apology, plans to improve the curriculum, and investigate, as well as send the chief of the Australian Army, to visit the Indonesian army chief of staff and the Indonesian Military Force (TNI) commander to ask for an apology and clarify the incident.

      "Marshal Mark Binskin and I are friends. He is my good friend and he has sent a letter to me with regard to offering an apology," he said.

      Indonesias minister of defense Ryamizard Ryacudu said that Australias minister of defense Marise Payne offered an apology to Indonesia following the insult on Indonesias ideology Pancasila committed by one of the ADF member.

      "Australias minister of defense wrote me a letter offering an apology over the incident," he said at his office here on Thursday.

      Marise Payne also called him personally on Thursday afternoon and again expressed regret over the incident.

      "Australias minister of defense also said he would investigate the case thoroughly and firmly follow it up," he said.

      Ryamizard said he has accepted the apology and respected the Australian stand.

      "I will show the letter to (the President) later," he said.

      General Gatot Nurmantyo has temporarily suspended military cooperation with the ADF since December 2016.(*)

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      2) Indonesia has backed away from its threat to cut military ties with Australia
      6 JAN 2017 - 3:48PM
      1) West Papuan activist calls on Australia to stand up to ‘hyper sensitive’ Indonesia  

      EXCLUSIVE: A West Papuan activist based in Australia has praised Australia for allegedly providing material on the conflict in West Papua for defence force personel, but says Australia needs to do more for the province where he claims massacres and human rights abuses occur on a regular basis.

      By Rachael Hocking  Source: NITV News 6 JAN 2017 - 3:26 PM  UPDATED 37 MINS AGO
      A West Papuan activist has described Indonesia as 'hyper-sensitive,' for its decision to suspend a language-training programme in Australia.
      The Indonesian military suspended ties with their Australian counterparts for "technical reasons" after material on West Papua, where Indonesia has been accused of human rights abuses, was found by an Indonesian officer at an Australian Special Forces base in Perth late last year.
      Speaking to NITV, activist Ronny Ato Bual Kareni said it’s disappointing that the Indonesian government is censoring a ‘human rights issue.’
      “It’s a shame that the Indonesian government through their military will have to do that, because we’re living in the 21st century where it is vitally important that we care,” he said.
      “If we do care for the rights of human beings, then Indonesia would have played a more pro-active role in addressing this issue.” 
      "Putting that in the training materials, it is very essential and I belive this would be something the Australian government will have to consider and implement and translate in their foreign policies."

      Activist Ronny Ato Bual Kareni wants Australia to do more to help West Papua.

      According to Indonesia's Military Chief Gatot Nurmantyo the materials not only referenced West Papua, but also East Timor.
      "The curriculum and lessons, have always been the same. It is hurting (our feelings), I don't want to elaborate further as the offending teaching materials have been in place for a long time," he told reporters.
      Australia’s army chief is reportedly being sent to Indonesia to apologise for the allegedly insulting documents, and deliver findings into his review of the incident.
      Indonesia assumed control of West Papua after the Dutch colonial administration left in 1962. A previous agreement between the Netherlands Government and the United Nations to allow West Papua a vote on self-determination was reneged on. Indonesia has ruled the island since and has fought a lung running war against separatists who demand independence for the province.
      Mr Kareni praised the Australian SAS for including the materials in their curriculum, but called for a more ‘moral stance’ from the Australian government.
      “It is important that the Australian government plays this role in advocating and also continuing with Indonesia through this training.
      “It is important to highlight the human rights issues,” Mr Kareni said.
      Australian Defence Minister Marise Payne said yesterday the Australian military was investigating the training materials and working to restore the relationship with Indonesia.
      "The issue of West Papua was raised by the Indonesian Defence Minister, yes. I think he indicated that in his post-meeting comments," she told reporters.
      "We of course, in accord with the Lombok Treaty, which is the treaty between Australia and Indonesia, recognise Indonesia's sovereignty and territorial integrity and that is our firm and stated position."
      Mr Kareni said if Australia is going to conduct an investigation, they should also conduct one into Indonesia’s human rights violations.
      “Every day we hear killings, there is bloodshed, massacres that is happening, but none of those massacres have real independent investigations into them,” he said.
      Indonesia last suspended military ties with Australia in 2013 over revelations that Australian spies had tapped the mobile telephone of then President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono.


      2) Indonesia has backed away from its threat to cut military ties with Australia
      CHARLES MIRANDA, and CINDY WOCKNER, News Corp Australia Network January 5, 2017 10:00pm

      INDONESIA’S Chief Security Minister General Wiranto says the postponing of military co-operation with Australia relates only to the Australian special forces language training program and not to all military ties.
      In a statement released in Jakarta late Thursday General Wiranto said reports that all military co-operation had been severed as a result of the spat over material in Australia deemed offensive to Indonesia were not true.
      It comes as Indonesia’s President, Joko Widodo, said Australia and Indonesia had agreed not to meddle in internal affairs of either country and as the Indonesian Military Chief, General Gatot Nurmantyo, said some of the offensive material taught in Australia was too hurtful to repeat. He said it related to Indonesian military roles in East Timor and Papua and a document which had changed the Pancasila, Indonesia’s guiding principals to Pancagila. Gila is an offensive term meaning crazy.

      And Australian Defence Minister Marise Payne has denied it was trying to recruit Indonesia’s elite special forces troops as spies as tensions with the notoriously sensitive northern neighbour continue to simmer.
      Defence Minister Marise Payne yesterday moved to quell tensions, publicly expressing regret for training material and other “cultural” issues that led to Indonesia suspending its language training
      It was revealed that the offensive material was contained in newspaper and online articles used within the training course at Perth.

      Indonesia’s Defence Minister Ryamizard Ryacudu said his counterpart, Senator Payne, had Thursday sent him a letter of apology, expressing regret for the incident which she had assured him did not reflect Australian defence and military policy. He said the language school principal in Perth had been temporarily suspended pending a thorough investigation and would be sanctioned heavily.
      “So the Defence Minister has offered an apology and from me, I have accepted the apology ... The Defence Minister called me repeatedly offering her regrets. The Minister is a woman and she is usually cheerful but she is so sad now, expressing her deepest regret ... It means she regrets it so we have to respect this and appreciate their (Australian) feelings,” Mr Ryacudu said.

      He said such an incident should never have occurred “because as friendly countries, we are not supposed to let this kind of incident ruin our friendship ... to maintain this friendship we are not
      supposed to touch sensitive matters or to incite hatred against any country”.
      Mr Ryacudu said the offensive materials related mostly to the issue of Papua and the PKI, the now defunct Indonesian communist party and had its genesis when an Indonesian Special Forces language instructor at the language school at Campbell Base in Perth found learning materials
      which “discredited Indonesia, especially the Indonesian military and Pancasila, Indonesia’s guiding principals.

      “According to the explanation given by the Australian Armed Forces Commander the materials came from articles, newspapers and online media, provided by an Australian first officer, who turned those publications into learning materials at the school,” Mr Ryacudu said.
      Late on Thursday, Indonesia’s Coordinating Political, Legal and Security Affairs Minister, General Wiranto, issued a statement to clarify the position, saying that not all military co-operation had been suspended as a result.

      “It is true that there is a step from Indonesian Military Commander to suspend activity on language training co-operation program in Australia’s special force, because there was a case happened that offended the honour of our nation in November 2016,” General Wiranto said.
      “It means, not a suspension of the whole defense co-operation, as published in many media recently. The co-operation suspension is only temporary, and will be continued again after Australia conducted settlement steps over the case.”

      Earlier President Joko Widodo said he had received a report on the case from the TNI Commander and the Defence Minister and he had ordered those two men to handle the matter.
      “We have agreed on mutual respect and not to interfere in each other’s domestic business ... I think our relations with Australia are still in good condition,” President Widodo said, adding that it was being dealt with at an operational level.
      Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull last night welcomed Mr Widodo’s comments about “the bilateral relationship between Australia and Indonesia and his desire to resolve quickly (the) current issues”.
      The PM said both he and his Indonesian counterpart were committed to a relationship between their nations “based on common interests and mutual respect”.
      “I look forward to this matter being resolved as soon as possible,” he said.
      “I acknowledge and value President Widodo’s commitment to the strategic partnership between our two countries and value our personal friendship.”
      Originally published as Indonesia’s military threat ‘not true’

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      2) Podcast Punks for West Papua

      3) ’Alarming’ Indonesia military questioned military ties, experts say  
      4) Internal cable suggests Indonesia never intended to fully suspend military ties

      1) Editorial Canberra and Jakarta rift must urgently be repaired
      • The Australian

      Bilateral relationships as important as that between Jakarta and Canberra deserve better than the brouhaha surrounding the unilateral action by Indonesia’s army chief, General Gatot Nurmantyo, in suspending military ties with Australia. The disjointed and contradictory statements that have accompanied the move — amid firm indications President Joko Widodo was not even aware what his military chief had done — does not do Indonesia and its governing processes any credit. 
      It remains unclear what provoked General Gatot to take the action that he did. He is a long-time critic of Australia and the Australian military, and if there were issues about West Papua raised by teaching material supplied to an Indonesian Kopassus special forces officer training at a defence base in Perth, the Indonesian military chief seems to have been keen to exploit them to the full.
      General Gatot has admitted he received a statement of regret from the Australian military for whatever happened in Perth. Yet he has sought to conflate the issue further into one that includes his concern about the rotation of US marines through Darwin which, he has pointed out, is close to West Papua and Indonesia’s giant gas block. He also has raised issues about the alleged recruitment by Australia of Indonesian officers as informers.
      Added to the mix are claims that an Indonesian officer on the training course in Perth was offended by a poster that allegedly ridiculed his country’s founding five principles, the Pancasila. Reports also suggest the Indonesian military’s action is linked to Wikipedia references to the father-in-law of former president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and his controversial military service in West Papua. How this can relate to Australia in 2017 is unclear.
      The deeper mystery lies, however, in what appears to be General Gatot’s initiative in acting unilaterally to suspend military relations — or, rather, some aspects of them — without reference to Mr Joko or even Indonesia’s Defence Minister, Ryamizard Ryacudu. Mr Joko’s spokesman, Johan Budi, was emphatic in saying, “This was not a decision of the President,” while Mr Ryamizard emphasised that “relations with Australia are going great”. However, Mr Joko said yesterday he supported the decision to suspend military ties as a “matter of principle”. This statement underscores the difficulty the relationship is in. There is no doubt that, for whatever reason, General Gatot has sought to exploit events for his own ends.
      We understand the political challenge Mr Joko has in navigating this crisis. For reasons of domestic politics, he must not appear weak in relation to Australia. He will be mindful of concerns raised by General Gatot and Mr Ryamizard, although the military has clearly overstepped the bounds of its authority.
      Amid this confusion, it is imperative that Defence Minister Marise Payne and our senior military leaders move swiftly to provide Jakarta with the information and assurances that will repair whatever damage has been done to the bilateral relationship.
      Ms Payne says she has known about the matter since November and appears to have relied largely on senior Australian Defence Force officers to deal with it. An official report by Defence has not been completed, although The Australian understands Chief of Army Angus Campbell will visit Jakarta to convey the results.
      This bilateral relationship deserves our closest attention. We have been able to deal with previous crises because of the underlying strength and depth of the relationship. Edward Snowden’s disclosure about attempts by our Defence Signals Directorate to carry out surveillance of president Yudhoyono, his wife and his advisers posed a bigger threat to relations in 2013 than anything that conceivably could have happened at the Perth training base last year. Indeed, bilateral ties survived it and were soon restored to the mutually beneficial warmth that had long underpinned them. Similarly, tensions over the East Timor crisis in 1999 and the suspension of the live cattle trade in 2011 were soon overcome. So, too, was the fallout following the executions of members of the Bali Nine in 2015.
      What is needed now is similar maturity and good sense to avoid a major new rupture in relations. Australia must do what it can to speedily smooth whatever ruffled feathers there are. But it is no less incumbent on Indonesia to do the same and deal decisively with whatever internal pressures and motivations lie behind General Gatot taking the action that he did. It is in the interests of both Australia and Indonesia that cool heads prevail and there is a swift restoration of full military co-operation without delay.

      2) Podcast Punks for West Papua

      Chris talks to Documentary maker Ash Brennan about a film he made called "Punks for West Papua", after the region got thrown into the news spotlight this week
      Audio Player

      3) ’Alarming’ Indonesia military questioned military ties, experts say  
      Any further political rise of the head of Indonesia's armed forces, General Gatot Nurmantyo, could be a threat to Australia's vital military relationship with Indonesia, Australian Strategic Policy Institute head Peter Jennings said, adding he thought it was 'alarming' that the General appeared to be questioning the ties.
      After General Gatot announced on Wednesday all military co-operation between the two countries was affected, Indonesia softened its stance on Thursday night when a senior minister said the ban only applied to the special forces classes which sparked the diplomatic row.
      Australian National University Indonesian Politics Associate Professor Greg Fealy said this would have come straight from Indonesia's President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo and constituted "a complete back down".
      Jokowi is just being a bit delicate about it but the intent of what he did was unmistakeable. He said that yes Indonesians must not be insulted by other countries, but nonetheless he instructed his coordinating minister to go and make a very clear cut public statement that the disruption was just restricted to language training.

      We saw the president put back in his place the head of the armed forces," he said.
      Mr Jennings, a former Deputy Secretary in Defence, said while the current spat is unlikely to have a major long term impact on relations, it was alarming that they looked so fragile and General Gatot appeared to question the worth of the ties.
      "it has always, certainly in the last 10 years, it has been the defence relationship that has been the stable element of bilateral relationship even when there has been problems at the political level.
      "So what's been alarming about this incident is what used to be considered to the the sort of pillar of stability in relations which was the mil to mil contact seems to be now questioned by this individual," he said.
      Mr Jennings said it would be damaging if General Gatot succeeded in any political ambitions he might have.
      "If that is where he's heading then maybe that is going to complicate the defence relationship but it sounds to me like it would also complicate their relationship with the US and China," he said.
      General Gatot said on Thursday that the reason he made the decision to suspend military co-operation was there were "hurtful" teaching materials saying that West Papua, which Australia recognises as part of Indonesia, should be independent and other materials mocking Indonesia's founding principles, the Pancasila.
      While Defence Minister Marise Payne refused to confirm what the materials contained, she said they were removed and suggested they were not "culturally appropriate.
      Now, Greens leader Richard Di Natale slammed Senator Payne over the decision, saying if they were about West Papua then Australia had "betrayed" residents of the region which Australia officially recognises as part of Indonesia under the Lombok treaty.
      "The government had the opportunity to show some integrity and stand up for the human rights of the West Papuan people but instead they betrayed them. Rather than rewriting our military training manuals we should be rewriting our policy to help end one of the longest-standing human rights crises in our region," Mr Di Natale said.
      Indonesian media has reported that Defence Minister Ryamizard Ryacudu said the headmaster of the language school at the SAS base at Campbell Barracks has been suspended.
      But the Defence department said this was not so. "No, the principal has not been stood down. As Minister Payne has noted, the Army inquiry into the matter is not yet finalised," a spokesman for Defence said.
      Indonesia's special forces had been participating in language courses at the Australian special forces base at Campbell barracks in Perth.

      4) Internal cable suggests Indonesia never intended to fully suspend military ties 

      Jewel Topsfield
      Jakarta: An internal Indonesian military cable issued last month states the suspension of co-operation between the Australian and Indonesian military only affected activities under one sub-committee, suggesting Indonesia never intended to completely suspend military ties.
      The December 29 cable, seen by Fairfax Media, was sent on behalf of military chief Gatot Nurmantyo, and said activities under the joint operation and exercise sub committee were being halted.

      There are four sub-committees under the Australia Indonesia High Level Committee, which brings together the chiefs of both Australia and Indonesia's defence forces and convened for the first time in April 2013.
      Other sub-committees include intelligence and logistics.
      Indonesian military spokesman Major-General Wuryanto confirmed to Fairfax Media that navy joint patrols and co-operation between the two countries to combat people smuggling had never been affected by the suspension.
      For a dramatic two days it appeared Australia and Indonesia were facing another bilateral crisis after Indonesian newspaper Kompasbroke the story that an Indonesian officer had complained about material taught at Campbell Barracks, an Australian army base in Perth.
      The material related to sensitive issues including East Timor, West Papuan independence and Indonesia's state ideology, Pancasila.
      After multiple and perplexing statements from the government and military that seemed to indicate a suspension of all defence ties, chief security minister Wiranto finally issued a statement on Thursday evening saying that only activities involving language training in a special unit in Australia had been suspended.
      "This does not mean the termination of defence co-operation as a whole, as has been reported in the media lately," he said.
      Defence analyst Evan Laksmana from the ‎Centre for Strategic and International Studies in Indonesia said it was wrong to suggest Indonesia wanted a blanket ban on defence co-operation with Australia and was now backing down.
      "I have seen the letter from our side of things in which from the beginning it was always limited," he said.
      "I think there was confusion because there was at least 24 hours before there was clarification from the parties concerned about the extent to which there is a freeze."
      "I don't think it is true at all that ... we wanted a blanket freeze and now we are backing down."
      Mr Laksmana also said there was no solid evidence that this was an individual attempt by General Nurmantyo to suspend military co-operation because he didn't like Australia.
      "I think we need to be very careful with assigning personal motives to Gatot as to the reason behind the suspension," he said.
      The executive director of the Institute for Defence, Security and Peace Studies in Indonesia, Mufti Makarim, said the internal cable, which was sent to the Indonesian infantry, navy and air force chiefs, only mentioned military co-operation under the joint exercise and operations subcommittee.
      "It was not a postponement of all military cooperation between Indonesia and Australia," he said.
      Australian Defence Minister Marise Payne issued a carefully worded statement on Wednesday saying that "some interaction between the two defence organisations had been postponed" until the concerns raised by the Indonesian officer were resolved.
      "Co-operation in other areas is continuing," she said in the statement.
      President Joko Widodo appeared to confirm the diplomatic rift the following day saying that while it was an operational issue it was a matter of principle and Australia and Indonesia had agreed to stay out of each other's internal affairs.
      However his chief security minister later released the statement saying the suspension only affected the language training program and the problem would not interfere with bilateral relations.
      President Jokowi's press office later tweeted Mr Wiranto's statement with the comment: "Clear and direct"
      Indonesian defence expert Natalie Sambhi, a research fellow at the Perth USAsia Centre, believed some element of the suspension was certainly meant to be a reprimand to Australia because of the sensitivity of West Papua.  
      "I'm curious about why the  messaging out of Indonesia was so messy, not only between the agencies but also between Gatot's office and the navy," she said.
      "It suggests to me that this was always intended to be limited, in hindsight, now we think about it."

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      2) Indonesia condemns Papuan flag incident in Melbourne

      3) Indonesia restores military ties with Australia after latest neighborly dispute


      1) Indonesia condemns West Papua protest at its consulate in Melbourne
      Indonesia has condemned a small protest "in the strongest terms" after an activist broke into its consulate in Melbourne on Friday and held up the West Papuan flag.
      Indonesia's Foreign Ministry has requested Australia take action to prevent a similar incident happening, highlighting the sometimes delicate relationship between the two countries.  
      Earlier this week, Indonesia temporarily suspended military ties with Australia over material taught at an army base in Perth. The teaching material related to sensitive issues for Indonesia, including West Papua's bid for independence.  

      Indonesia has since backed down on the suspension. However, its military chief Gatot Nurmantyo maintains the curriculum taught at the Perth army barracks is "too painful to explain" because it allegedly discredited Indonesia's military.
      A video of the incident in Melbourne shows a man scaling a wall to gain entrance to the Indonesian consulate. He then climbs onto the consulate's roof and holds up the West Papuan flag.
      He then climbs down and holds up the flag outside the embassy.  
      "These criminal acts have violated the prevailing Commonwealth and Victoria State trespass laws in Australia and the Vienna Convention 1961," the Indonesia Foreign Ministry said in a statement.
      “The Government of Indonesia also requested the Australian authorities to take necessary measures to prevent [a] similar occurrence in the future."

      2) Indonesia condemns Papuan flag incident in Melbourne

      Tama Salim

      Jakarta | Sat, January 7, 2017 | 11:34 am
      Indonesia has condemned the flying of a Papuan Morning Star flag on the premises of an Indonesian mission in Melbourne, Australia, on Friday.
      Foreign Ministry spokesperson Arrmanatha Nasir called for the immediate arrest of the people responsible for what he called a "criminal act" that must be punished in accordance with the law.
      "The Indonesian government has conveyed protest to the Australian government and urged for the perpetrators to be strictly dealt with," Arrmanatha told The Jakarta Post late on Friday.
      The Morning Star, a symbol of the Papuan independence movement, was hoisted by a Caucasian suspect who, according to the ministry spokesman, broke into the Indonesian mission by scaling a wall "more than 2.5 meters-high" from an adjoining apartment building complex.
      Another person recorded the incident from outside the gate of the Indonesian office building. The action was carried out at 12:52 p.m. local time, when most Indonesian staffers were away for Friday prayers.
      Australian authorities are currently looking into the matter.
      The government also reminded Australia that it was responsible for the protection of every diplomatic and consular mission within its borders, in accordance with the 1961 and 1963 Vienna Conventions.

      "It is in this regard that the Indonesian government demands Australia to ensure and increase the protection of all Indonesian diplomatic and consular properties [in the country]," Arrmanatha said.
      The incident comes off the back of a fresh spat between the two neighboring countries, precipitated by the discovery of offensive teaching materials at an Australian military academy which, among other things, mocked Indonesia's state ideology, Pancasila, and suggested support for Papuan independence.
      As a result, Indonesia froze its defense cooperation with Australia as the latter's top brass scrambled to rectify the problem.
      The Papuan independence movement recently met a dead end in its efforts to seek legitimacy through the Melanesian Spearhead Group, as talks about its bid for full membership in the diaspora-based forum floundered. (evi)

      3) Indonesia restores military ties with Australia after latest neighborly dispute
      Yohanes Sulaiman The Conversation
      Cimahi, West Java | Sat, January 7, 2017 | 10:05 am

      The Indonesian government has confirmed that it will not suspend military cooperation with Australia after a top general said earlier in the week that ties between the two nations would be cut. The incident is just the latest episode in a rocky relationship between the neighbors.
      On January 4, Indonesian Military Chief Gatot Nurmantyo declared the suspension of Indonesia-Australia military cooperation, apparently because an Indonesian special forces commander trainer found materials at an Australian teaching facility that were insulting to both the Indonesian military and the state’s ideology of Pancasila.
      Pancasila, from the Sanskrit word for for “five”, panca, and the Javanese for “principles”, sila, is the name given to the official founding principles of the Indonesian state. The principles are: “The one God system (monotheism), just and civilised humanity, the unity of Indonesia, democracy and social justice for all.”
      The incident is part of the ups and downs of the Indonesia-Australia diplomatic and military relationship that dates back to 1945 when Indonesia first declared independence from both Japan, which had occupied the country in 1942 and the Dutch, who had colonised it in the 18th century.
      Neighbourhood blues
      In September 1945, Australian waterside workers imposed “a black ban” on all Dutch ships destined for Indonesia in Australian ports. Later, Australian government showed sympathy for its northern neighbour in the Dutch-Indonesia conflict, even while officially maintaining impartiality.
      Since then, however, the relationship between Australia and Indonesia has been rocky at times, depending on what Australia has perceived to be in its national interest. Australian public opinion opposed Indonesia’s desire to incorporate West Papua into the nation in the 1950s, for instance, and a low-level separatist conflict continues in the province.
      Australia initially supported Indonesia’s invasion of East Timor, but after the fall of president Suharto in 1998, then-Australian prime minister John Howard proposed a referendum on the issue of independence for East Timor.
      This led to the secession of East Timor from Indonesia. And the violence that ensued led Australia to send troops to East Timor under the auspices of the United Nations’ INTERFET (International Force East Timor).
      Defence cooperation between Australia and Indonesia has improved drastically since then: both countries need each other. For Australia, Indonesia is an important nation for its security and economic objectives as the country is its gateway to Asia.
      Indonesia, on the other hand, needs Australia as a strategic partner to modernize and further professionalize its military forces. Every year, Indonesia sends more than a hundred officers to Australia for training and education.
      Yet the distrust engendered by Australia’s intervention in East Timor lingers, and remains the root of current problems in the nations’ relationship. It still hovers in the background despite improvements in economic, military, and diplomatic relationship.
      Hidden agendas?
      General Gatot Nurmantyo is the perfect embodiment of this lack of trust. In March 2015, for instance, he suggested that Australia’s meddling in East Timor’s secession from Indonesia was part of a proxy war to secure oil.
      In December 2016, he ominously warned of Australia’s desire to take over the Masela Oil Block, which is close to Timor-Leste (as East Timor has been called since gaining independence) and Darwin. He also noted that Indonesia is currently surrounded by Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, and Malaysia, which all of which used to have problems with Indonesia.
      Many Indonesians share similar discomfort, though it might not as extreme as General Nurmantyo’s. Despite assurances from both US President Obama and Australia’s then-prime minister Julia Gillard that the goal of stationing 2,500 US troops in Darwin from 2017 was to counter China – and not to threaten Indonesia or the Southeast Asian region generally – many Indonesians still believe there’s a hidden agenda concerning both US and Australian interest in Indonesia’s abundant natural resources and Papua.
      Given this background, it should be no surprise that a homework assignment for an Indonesian Special Forces language student to write an essay supporting the argument “Papua should have independence because it was part of Melanesia” would touch a raw nerve.
      It confirmed General Nurmantyo’s worst expectations about Australia’s intentions, including that Indonesian officers training in Australia would be indoctrinated and recruited as spies.
      Contradictory messages
      At the same time, General Nurmantyo’s reaction caught other Indonesians completely off guard. Indonesian military’s spokesman, Major General Wuryanto, for instance, stated that the reason for the temporary freeze was technical matters (masalah teknis) and not due to insulting Pancasila.
      Even the normally nationalistic Indonesian Defence Minister, Ryamizard Ryacudu, played down the incident, saying that it was an isolated personal act that the Australian government had regretted. And he noted that Australia had apologised for the incident, which actually happened in mid-December 2016.
      To add to the confusion, a tweet from the presidential staff office suggested that the temporary halting of the military cooperation between Australia and Indonesia was only on joint training, education, officer exchange, and official visits.
      Later, however, in a letter that was followed by a press conference by Wiranto, the Coordinating Ministry for Politics, Law, and Security, stressed that the relationship freeze was limited only to language courses.

      Letter from the Coordinating Minister for Politics, Law, and Security.


      Work to do
      It seems from the different responses of several government ministers that General Nurmantyo’s decision to halt the military cooperation was abrupt, and that it came without any warning or coordination with other ministers – or even the military’s own spokesman.
      The relationship between Australia and Indonesia is clearly very important for the Indonesian government, given the response to General Nurmantyo’s announcement. It would have been simple for President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo and the rest of the cabinet to simply reaffirm what General Nuryantyo had proclaimed. But they value Indonesian-Australian military ties, and so Jokowi and the rest of the cabinet went into damage control mode to limit the fallout.
      Finally, the incident shows that trust between Australia and Indonesia remains fragile, since a language class writing assignment could cause such an outrage. Indonesia’s wounds from East Timor’s secession are clearly still very raw.
      Coupled with the uproar over revelations in 2013 that Australia wiretappedthen-president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono in 2009, which led to suspension of cooperation between the two countries, it shouldn’t be surprising that Indonesia remains wary of Australia’s intentions.
      Clearly, both the Australian and Indonesian governments still have a lot of homework to do to build trust between their nations.
      The Conversation
      Yohanes Sulaiman, Visting Lecturer in International Relations and Political Science at Indonesian Defense University & Lecturer, Universitas Jendral Achmad Yani
      This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.

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      Letter in todays SMH 7 Jan 2016

      'Special relationship' is house of cards

      The West Papuan solidarity movement has been calling on the Australian government for years to stop all ties with the Indonesian military. Indonesia has just done so ("Cutting ties a matter of principle", January 6). It's a pity it did not come from the Australian side because of ethical reasons i.e. because of the behaviour of the Indonesian military in West Papua.
      Throughout the past year the Indonesian security forces cracked down on numerous peaceful rallies with thousands of Papuans arrested. Although the majority of activists were eventually released, during the arrests activists are regularly beaten and in some cases face torture. The Australian government should note that's it's now 53 years since Indonesia took over administration of West Papua in 1963 and West Papuans are still marching in the streets calling for a real referendum unlike the sham so-called act of free choice that was held in 1969.
      We are continually told that Indonesia and Australia have a special relationship. What sort of relationship is it if an incident can occur because an Indonesian soldier does not like to see educational material about West Papua? The relationship appears to be a house of cards. The Australian government should realise the issue of West Papua is not going away and should be doing all it can to raise concern about the human rights situation in West Papua with the Indonesian government.
      Joe Collins Australia West Papua Association Mosman


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      2) Indonesia blocks 800,000 websites

      3) Raising Free Papua Movement flag is a crime: House
      1) Poverty Rate 28.54%, Slightly Lower in Papua

      TEMPO/Wisnu Agung Prasetyo

      THURSDAY, 05 JANUARY, 2017 | 06:10 WIB
      Poverty Rate 28.54%, Slightly Lower in Papua

      TEMPO.COJakarta - The Indonesia Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS) said poverty rate in the country`s poorest region Papua dropped slightly to 28.4% in September 2016 from 28.54 percent in March in the same year.
      The rate was much higher than 10.86% of the countrys average of poverty with 28 million people living below the poverty line in March 2016.
      Poverty rate in Papua is higher in rural areas where 37.07% of the population lived in poverty as against only 4.21% in urban areas.
      Food is the main factor contributing 72.31% to poverty with non food including housing, health , clothing, education contributing only 27.69%.
      In Bengkulu, the poverty rate was 17.03% in September 2016, improving from 17.23% in March 2016, the provincial Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS) said.
      There was a slight decline in the number of people living below the poverty line from 328,610 in Macdh , 2016 to 325,600 in September in the same year, the Bengkulu BPS office said.
      In urban areas the poverty rate was 16.16% or 98,070 persons and in rural areas it was 17.43% or 227,530 persons.

      2) Indonesia blocks 800,000 websites
      Jakarta | Sat, January 7, 2017 | 04:19 pm
      The Indonesian government has blocked 800,000 websites as of December last year, mostly websites containing pornographic material or gambling sites, an official said on Saturday.
      “Some 90 percent of them contained pornographic material or gambling applications, and some were simply spreading hoaxes,” Samuel Abrijani Pangerapan, the director general of Information Application at the Communications and Information Ministry, said in a discussion on Saturday as quoted by
      Samuel said the public could access more details through
      He said the government had produced a regulation as the legal basis to block the sites. He said the ministry had established a team to check up on reports about websites from the public.
      He denied that the government had implemented strict measures to monitor the cyber world.
      The ministry has blocked 766,633 sites related to pornography and 85 related to radicalism.
      Samuel said the owners of blocked sites could ask the ministry to lift the block after accepting some requirements.
      Last month, the ministry received criticism from democracy activists regarding its decision to block, a news site based in Papua. The Press Legal Aid Institute (LBH Pers) said the block constituted a violation of freedom of expression. (evi)


      3) Raising Free Papua Movement flag is a crime: House

      Minggu, 8 Januari 2017 23:43 WIB | 296 Views
      Jakarta (ANTARA News) - The hoisting of a separatist Free Papua Movement flag at the Indonesian Consulate General in Melbourne on Friday was a crime that had to be investigated by the Australian police.

      "The raising of the Free Papuan flag at the Indonesian Consulate General in Melbourne is a crime. The Australian police have to arrest them," Charles of Commission I of the House of Representatives (DPR) said here on Sunday.

      Charles said that the Australian police should investigate the intruders who entered illegally the Indonesian Consulate General and flew the Papuan flag.

      He said a diplomatic representative covers an extraterritorial region which is part of the sovereignty of the country it is representing.

      Therefore, he said, the Indonesian Consulate General in Melbourne is classified as Indonesias sovereign region which should be protected and based on the international law.

      "Therefore, as a host country, the Australian government has the obligation to protect all Indonesian diplomatic properties," the lawmaker said.

      He said Australia is an important trade partner of Indonesia, notably in the trade, tourism and the fight against terrorism.

      Therefore, all sides must maintain the nations sovereignty, self-dignity and respect for the interest of the nation.

      "I see there is an attempt to provoke the Indonesia-Australia relation in the run up to the visit of President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) to Australia," he said.

      Charles said that Australia must show its seriousness to process the crime because it has the potential to disturb the relations between Indonesia and Australia.

      The Indonesian government has earlier strongly criticized the criminal act done by separatist Free Papua Movement members who intruded into the premise of the Indonesian Consulate General and flew the separatist movements flag on Friday (Jan.6).

      Spokesman of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Arrmanatha Nasir, through a press statement here on Saturday, said the government had sent a protest to the Australian government, and demanded that the perpetrators be arrested and punished strictly according to law.(*)

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      2) What’s included in Australia’s formal co-operation agreements with Indonesia?
      3) Indonesia’s Joko Widodo ‘hopes’ to visit Australia soon despite military rift
      1) Joko moves to rein in Indon military chief
      14 MINUTES AGOJANUARY 9, 2017
      Tom Allard and Kanupriya Kapoor Reuters
      Indonesia's President Joko Widodo reproached his military chief in a meeting last week amid concerns the commander was "out of control" after he unilaterally suspended defence co-operation with Australia, two sources briefed on the meeting say.
      Widodo's intervention highlights alarm about General Gatot Nurmantyo, who promotes the notion that Indonesia is besieged by "proxy wars", in which foreign states seek to undermine the nation by manipulating non-state actors.
      Analysts and some of Widodo's aides are also concerned that Nurmantyo is laying the groundwork for an expansion of the military's role in civilian affairs in the world's third-largest democracy and may have political ambitions himself.
      Widodo, the first president from outside the military and political establishment, needed to move quickly to demonstrate his authority as the country's commander-in-chief, one senior government official said.
      "With Gatot, the feeling is like he's a little out of control," he said.
      Nurmantyo declared a rupture in military ties after an Indonesian officer found "offensive" teaching material while on a language training course in Australia late last year.
      The material suggested that Indonesia's Papua province should be independent and mocked the nation's state ideology, Pancasila, according to Nurmantyo.
      One of the officials told Reuters Widodo and others in the government were caught off guard when local media reported Nurmantyo's announcement of the suspension in military ties with Australia.
      While the general was not formally reprimanded, the official said, Widodo served him a warning during a meeting at a presidential palace in Bogor, outside Jakarta.
      The meeting was confirmed by another senior government aide, who also spoke on condition of anonymity.
      Nurmantyo declined requests to be interviewed and a military spokesman declined to comment on the meeting.
      The senior government official said: "We suspect that Gatot is exploiting this incident for his own political agenda, his own political ambition."
      "He has been making many public appearances and speeches lately," he said.
      "Frankly, we think many of them about proxy wars and the threat to Indonesia are absolutely ridiculous."
      In one speech, Nurmantyo predicted that a food shortage in China could trigger a flood of boat-borne refugees.
      He told listeners he would slaughter 10 cows and dump them into the sea to attract sharks that would devour the Chinese.
      One of the officials who disclosed Widodo's meeting with Nurmantyo said the military chief's job was safe, downplaying speculation that the general would be relieved of his duties.
      "For now, we are confident that he will not betray the president or the civilian government," he said.
      The ABC reported last week that Nurmantyo told an audience in Indonesia recently he believed the Australian military was attempting to recruit Indonesian soldiers sent to the country for training.
      Australian Defence Minister Marise Payne rejected the allegation.
      2) What’s included in Australia’s formal co-operation agreements with Indonesia?

      Australia's defence co-operation with Indonesia spans some of the most controversial issues in domestic and international politics today, including the fight against terrorism, refugee and asylum seeker movements, the South China Sea and cyber security challenges.
      Indonesia's move to suspend all military co-operation with Australia is the latest in a series of disputes between the two neighbours and risks the careful progress talked up by the Turnbull government and President Joko Widodo's administration.
      What is included in Australia's formal co-operation agreements with Indonesia?
      The most recent 2+2 Dialogue with both countries' foreign and defence ministers in October 2016 highlighted a "comprehensive strategic partnership with the objective of ensuring economic development, prosperity, peace and security in the region."
      As part of recent agreements, Australia has reiterated support for Indonesia's territorial integrity and sovereignty and agreed to work with Jakarta on maritime security, intelligence, humanitarian assistance and disaster relief as well as capability development and procurement.
      Indonesia has welcomed Australia's recent white paper on the development of northern Australia and agreed to increased defence industry and military modernisation co-operation to promote peace, stability and security in the Indo-Pacific region.

      The two countries complete regular military training together, with joint exercises and exchanges. They co-operate directly on controversial anti-people smuggling operations and on anti-radialisation efforts such as trying to stop foreign fighters joining overseas conflicts, including with Islamist groups in the Middle East.
      The first joint training exercise on Australian soil since 1995 took place in Darwin last year. It was considered a landmark event in the repair of the relationship since the East Timor crisis.

      The two countries have acknowledged a common threat from terrorism and established links between law enforcement and national security agencies, immigration and customs bodies and cyber security experts.

      In October Defence Force Chief Air Chief Marshal Mark Binskin hosted Indonesian National Armed Forces Commander, General Gatot Nurmantyo, in Canberra, as part of efforts to promote "mutual trust and cooperation". 
      On Thursday, Defence Minister Marise Payne said only some aspects of co-operation had been put on ice and negotiations about Indonesia's involvement in a multilateral military exercise planned for next month were ongoing.

      3) Indonesia’s Joko Widodo ‘hopes’ to visit Australia soon despite military rift

      JANUARY 9 2017 - 6:00PM
      Jakarta: Indonesia's foreign ministry says President Joko Widodo hopes to visit Australia in the first three months of this year in an indication the furore over offensive material at an Australian army base has not damaged the wider bilateral relationship.
      "We are still trying to find a date suitable for both leaders … there is a strong commitment from both sides to meet in the first quarter of this year," Foreign Ministry spokesman Arrmanatha Nasir told Fairfax Media.
      President Jokowi, as he is popularly known, postponed his state visit to Australia last year after a rally in November calling for Jakarta's Christian governor to be jailed for alleged blasphemy ended in violence.
      Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull said Australia would always warmly welcome a visit. "President Widodo has indicated his desire to visit and officials are actively working to find mutually convenient dates to reschedule the visit postponed in late 2016," he said.
      The Australian Defence Department has also confirmed that Exercise Cassowary, an annual training exercise involving Indonesian and Australian naval patrols, would proceed as planned.
      "The Royal Australian Navy has a series of bilateral exercises and activities with Indonesia in the coming months," a spokesman said.

      "There have been no recent changes to scheduled exercises or planned activities."
      Meanwhile, Foreign Minister Julie Bishop has stressed the Australian government takes seriously its obligations regarding the safety and security of foreign diplomats and diplomatic premises after a trespasser waved a West Papuan separatist flag on the roof of the Indonesian consulate-general in Melbourne on Friday.

      The incident, which The Jakarta Post described as a "fresh snag" in Indonesia and Australia relations, occurred just days after Indonesia's military chief revealed suggestions that West Papua should have independence was among curriculum he described as "too painful to explain" that was being taught at a Perth army base.
      The offensive material caused a suspension in defence ties between the two countries, although chief security minister Wiranto clarified late on Thursday that this only related to a language training program and military cooperation had not been completely severed.

      Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi said the break-in at the Indonesian Consulate General building on Friday was a "criminal act that is completely intolerable".
      She said in a statement she had communicated with Ms Bishop on Saturday to ensure the Australian government would conduct an investigation and legal process against the perpetrator of the crime.
      "The 1961 Vienna convention … states that "the receiving state is under a special duty to take all appropriate steps to protect the premises of the mission against any intrusion or damage and to prevent any disturbance of the peace of the mission or impairment of its dignity."
      Flying the separatist West Papuan "Morning Star" flag is banned in Indonesia, which is sensitive about the pro-independence movement and allegations of human rights violations in the restive province.
      Mr Nasir told Fairfax Media the main concern was that the trespass was able to occur in a known diplomatic area, with the offender clambering over a wall from a neighbouring private property.
      "If they are doing this within the context of the law it's fine, but the concern here is they are breaking the law and the security of the consular mission," he said.
      He pointed out the trespasser was Caucasian and not related to Indonesia.
      Mr Nasir said Ms Bishop had given a strong commitment that Australia would act urgently to apprehend the trespasser.
      An Australian Federal Police spokesman said investigations remain ongoing. It is understood charges are yet to be laid.
      Bob Lowry, the author of The Armed Forces of Indonesia, said there was still a lingering suspicion that Australia would change its mind and support an independent West Papua after its intervention in East Timor.
      "Despite the Lombok treaty, a lot of people are very concerned about that," he said.
      "They don't want a situation to open up in which large scale movements in support of that aspiration (independence) develop in places like Indonesia and Australia."

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      2) PDI-P questions military training for FPI members

      1) Indonesia, Australia should tackle separatist flag raising incident carefully: Prof Juwana

      Senin, 9 Januari 2017 19:49 WIB | 526 Views
      Pewarta: Azizah Fitriyanti

      Jakarta (ANTARA News) - Indonesia and Australia should be careful in addressing the incident of trespassing and raising of a separatist flag at the Indonesian General Consulate in Melbourne, University of Indonesias international law expert stated.

      "Both countries should be careful in addressing this incident, so it will not affect bilateral relations," University of Indonesias international law expert, Prof. Hikmahanto Juwana, remarked here on Monday.

      The Indonesian government had earlier strongly criticized the criminal act carried out by members of the separatist Free Papua Movement who trespassed into the premises of the Indonesian Consulate General and raised the separatist movements flag on Friday (January 6).

      Juwana noted that as two close neighboring countries, Indonesia and Australia have witnessed highs and lows in their bilateral relations, but separatism is a serious issue for Indonesia.

      Moreover, Indonesia had earlier suspended military training and education cooperation with Australia following the insulting remarks and content published in textbooks in an Australian institution.

      "It is hard not to relate the flag raising incident with the military cooperations suspension; the perpetrator seemed to have mocked Indonesia by raising the separatist flag," he said.

      Juwana expressed optimism that the Australian government would follow up on the protest and request made by the Indonesian Foreign Ministry with regard to the incident and realize the importance of increasing security arrangements at Indonesias missions.

      On the other hand, Indonesia should intensify its security measures for Australian missions to avoid a similar violation.

      "Officials of both governments should also meet to demonstrate to the public that the two countries are committed to maintaining good relations," Juwana added.

      By resolving tensions between high-ranking officials of Indonesia and Australia, it was expected that the issue would not escalate among the public that would then be more difficult to settle, Juwana noted.

      2) PDI-P questions military training for FPI members
      Margareth S. Aritonang The Jakarta Post
      Jakarta | Mon, January 9, 2017 | 06:50 pm

      Members of the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle have taken a different stance to fellow lawmakers by supporting the Indonesian Military’s (TNI) decision to strip an officer off his position for giving Bela Negara (state defense) training to members of the Islam Defender Front (FPI).

      PDI-P praised the TNI for a “quick response” by dismissing Lebak military commander Lt. Col. Czi Ubaidillah. Other lawmakers, such as Fadli Zon, had criticized the decision, saying training for FPI members was fine.

      “[The firing] shows that the TNI, as an institution, has admitted that there was a flawed procedure in arranging the training [in Lebak],” PDI-P executive member Andreas Hugo Pareira said Monday.

      Andreas, who is also a member of House of Representatives Commission I that oversees defense affairs, called on the military as well as the Defense Ministry to thoroughly review the defense training policy.

      According to Andreas, the TNI has yet to provide a clear definition of threats, particularly from the outside, that Indonesia must deal with in training ordinary citizens to defend the state.

      The state defense program has raised criticism from the public ever since it was initiated by the Defense Ministry last year, with people questioning the need to equip citizens with military skills. (evi)

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      Australia East Timor Friendship Association South Australia Inc
      AETFA-SA, PO BOX 240, GOODWOOD South Australia 5034 Australia PHONE: 61 8 8344 3511

      Australia West Papua Association South Australia  Inc   AWPA SA

      Post  Office Box 29, Kilkenny  5009   



      The Australia East Timor Friendship Association SA (AETFA SA) and the Australia West Papua Association SA (AWP SA) jointly released the following media statement today in response to the recent Indonesian military (TNI) backing down on its statement to cut military ties with Australia:

      It is interesting to see that the TNI’s ban on military cooperation has lasted little more than a day. Major General Wuryanto expressed outrage and that Indonesia was offended because some Australian military training materials contained criticism of the TNI in West Papua and someone had written a cheeky comment on a document containing Indonesia’s national credo, the Pancasila. Australia’s Defence Minister, claimed that it was a storm in a teacup, which indeed it was. 

      As Australia’s Defence Minister Marise Payne said the issue was a total overreaction on the part of the senior leadership of the TNI. This fact, however, did not stop her from grovelling to these generals who have a history of genocide, mass murder and gross human rights abuses in our region.

      Observers of Indonesian politics have seen such performances on numerous occasions by leading Indonesian military personnel or politicians time and time again. It is rather rich coming from a country that has committed crimes every bit as bad as the Nazis and the fascists during World War 2. These extreme right wing leaders also staged tantrums when references to their crimes were revealed – just as the TNI generals have.

      It was rather ironic that the person who was chosen by the Indonesian leadership to announce its backdown on the issue was General Wiranto who is the nation’s Politics, Law and Security Minister.

      In 2003, Wiranto was one of seven senior TNI commanders in the country to be indicted with crimes against humanity. The charges were laid by the UN's Serious Crimes Unit and relate to the murder and persecution of East Timorese independence supporters before and after the East Timor independence referendum of 1999 when an overwhelming percentage of  the population decided to be independent from Indonesia. The senior officers tried to use intimidation, violence and murder to thwart this outcome.

      Wiranto’s leadership of the TNI in East Timor during 1999 led to the deaths of nearly 2000 more East Timorese and the destruction of 80% of the nation’s infrastructure. The TNI had already wiped out about a 1/3 of East Timor’s population in its brutal and barbaric 24 year illegal occupation of the tiny nation.

      Australians have to ask themselves if a country like ours, whose leaders claim to stand for democracy, peace, international rule of law and fair play, should be involved in arming, training and cooperating with an organisation like the TNI, which to its many victims in Indonesia, West Papua, East Timor and Acheh is viewed as the largest terrorist force in our region

      The fact is that if a criminal like Wiranto had faced the Nuremberg Tribunal, he might well have received a term of imprisonment for life or even been executed for his crimes. Instead, he has been rewarded by President Joko Widodo and made a minister in his cabinet.  
      Amnesty International described Wiranto’s appointment as an insult to international human rights. 

      West Papuans have had to endure the bloody TNI jackboot since 1962 when the US forced a situation where the process by the Dutch government to give them their independence was abandonned and the TNI occupied the country. Belatedly in 1969, the Suharto dictatorship conducted a bogus Act of Choice referendum when a very small minority were forced to vote for integration into Indonesia. This process was anything but free and the TNI used repression and brutality to get the result its leaders wanted. 

      This was supposed to have occurred with UN supervision, but the fact was that there were too few UN personnel to ensure that it was a fair process free from intimidation.

      Human rights groups claim that during the TNI occupation about 500,000 people have lost their lives and that torture, sexual violence against women and girls. (including rape), poisonings and murders of independence leaders, mass murder and brutal repression occur continuously. 

      The TNI has 45,000 personnel in West Papua to ensure that expressions of freedom are stomped on very quickly, but also to ensure that the US corporation Freeport McMohRan can continue to make millions of dollars profit from West Papua’s copper and gold and that military business rackets and corruption and massive illegal logging can continue to occur.

      This is not an internal Indonesian matter as the Indonesian generals claim. It should be a great matter of international concern involving mass murder, genocide and many human rights abuses that can continue to occur. 

       It has to be asked why world leaders, who frequently preach to others about the rule of law and human rights, are strangely silent about the fact that they are silent about the incredible crimes that have been committed by the TNI war criminals and why they should be giving them military support at all. 

      Australians who care about human rights, the rule of law and fairness between nations should be questioning their federal politicians about why they are so compliant to the very corrupt and brutal TNI leaders.The Indonesian lobby in this country keep telling us that Indonesia is a democratic nation and we should not interfere in its internal affairs. It has to be acknowledged that there is more press freedom in Indonesia since the fall of the Suharto dictatorship, but the reality is that the TNI still has a very powerful sway over Indonesian politics that sees TNI war criminals holding government positions, standing for elections and forcing decisions on civilian political leaders.

      Australia should be promoting a UN ban on all military aid, cooperation and sales with the TNI until all the war criminals in its ranks are brought before an international tribunal to face justice, the TNI is withdrawn from West Papua and the Indonesian Government compensates all TNI victims and their families whether they are Indonesian, West Papuan, East Timorese, Achehnese, Australian (Balibo 5) and others.

      NOTE: the accompanying photo shows TNI personnel posing with the body of one of their West Papuan victims who they had just eviscerated. Wonderful people to play war games with!

      Andrew (Andy) Alcock
       Information Officer
      AETFA SA Inc

      Australia West Papua Association SA

      Phone:    61 8 83710480
                    0457 827 014

      Dave Arkins
      Australia West Papua Association SA

         ( AETFA SA was originally the Campaign for an Independent East Timor SA until Timor-Leste’s independence in 2002

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      1) TPN-OPM leader Goliat Tabuni support the struggle ULMWP
      2) ”Punks For West Papua” Documentary Filmmaker Praises Media Attention to West Papuan Cause 
      3) COMMENTARY: Jokowi should not cave, must tell Freeport to sell 51% stake, or else
      A google translate. Be-aware google translate can be a bit erratic.
      Original bahasa link at
      1) TPN-OPM leader Goliat Tabuni support the struggle ULMWP
      News Portal Papua No. 1 | Jubi,

                                   Ceremony SK 7 Kodap in the Highlands of Papua in Kodap Kwiyawagy - Doc. TPN / OPM
      Jayapura, Jubi - National Liberation Army (TPN) West Papua Free Papua Organization (OPM) led by General Goliath Tabuni declared officially supports the entire agenda of the struggle of the United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP).
      "TPNPB OPM fully supports ULMWP become a full member in MSG on the grounds that the people of West Papua is not Malay we are Melanesians," said Tabuni through a statement read by the command of Operation TPNPB OPM Lekagak G.Telegen in recording the video sent to the editor Jubi January 6 2017.
      Telenggen read the statement at a ceremony Decree 7th Regional Command (Kodap) in the Mountains of West Papua. The delivery ceremony took place at the Headquarters SK Kodap Kwiyawagy attended by thousands of people, hundreds of military TPN-OPM on December 19, 2016.
      Seven leaders of the regional command in attendance. Brigjend. Murib military commander of regional command Sinak. Kwiyawagy Kodap Commander Brigadier General. Biliru Murib and Ilaga Kodap Commander Brigadier General. Peni Murib and operations commander TPN-OPM Lekagak Telenggen menyeruhkan political elite in ULMWP stopped the fight factional interests.

      "Leaders ULMWP, NRFPB, WPNCL and PNWP segerah stop the race (compile) the cabinet and the constitution of their respective countries," he said in a statement.
      Because, he said, TPN-OPM does not recognize all of the cabinet and the constitution belongs to the faction. TPN-OPM only recognize the constitution of July 1, 1971. To the race, the race deplore TPNPB interests which greatly hindered West Papua People's struggle for liberation from colonial rule.
      Tabuni through general operations it also called on the Regional Command (Kodap) in all regions of West Papua implementing stages of the revolution. Revolution stages in accordance supreme commander command December 11, 2012 in Tingginambut.
      "The revolution that stage should be embodied in the national unity of command in the whole area of ​​the mountains, the coast of West Papua for the purpose Papua Merdeka not ask for autonomy, division or ask to eat and drink," he said.
      He said, the armed resistance and military TPNPB Indonesia, will not stop before the entrance of the UN peacekeeping mission in West Papua. Therefore, it menyeruhan to the countries of West Papua supporters around the world, that segerah urged the UN to send troops to Papua Peace to a stage of self-determination for the people of Papua melalalui referendum.
      Representing seven Kodap Mountains region of Papua, Kwiyawagy Kodap Commander Brigadier General. Biliru Murib says it is ready to implement the stages of the revolution. Stages of revolution within the limits of its territory.
      One langkaha definitely him, the Indonesian military could not enter the territory. The risk of cross-border is a war. He said he did not hesitate to pull out of ammunition.
      "If the Indonesian military was caught crossing a region that had stakes, TPNPB still be shot dead," he said without specifying the area clear and unequivocal.
      Civil society, the secretary of the Papua Customary Council Lapago region, Dominic Surabut, said none of the group of Papuans did not support the struggle ULMWP.
      "All elements including indigenous peoples mandate to ULMWP struggle," he said when asked to comment.
      He said, when asked the guerrilla war being waged TPN-OPM, DAP does not intervene in military matters. DAP just set the realm of indigenous territories with the focus of civil strife city.

      "War was an armed military affairs but we must understand that the Papuan struggle has now more advanced. The struggle of humanity and human rights through diplomatic channels, "he said. (*)

      Tuesday 10th January 2017
      2) ”Punks For West Papua” Documentary Filmmaker Praises Media Attention to West Papuan Cause 
      In recent days since the widespread coverage of Indonesian military halting cooperation with Australian Defence, the award winning “Punks For West Papua” documentary filmmaker Anthony ‘Ash’ Brennan has been invited to speak with several media outlets including Sydney radio station 2SM, Canberra’s 2CA and 2CC. Speaking to 2SM’s Grant Goldman, Brennan said “This latest action by Indonesia has given media coverage to the West Papuan cause. It’s very pleasing to see Australia is finally talking about West Papua... The Lombok Treaty signed in 2006 needs to be reviewed. As long as Indonesia continue with human rights abuses in the West Papua, how the Australian Government possibly respect Indonesia's sovereignty of the Province?”.
      The conflict in West Papua goes largely unreported by mainstream media primarily due to a media ban which is aggressively enforced by local security forces despite president Joko Widodo claiming to lift foreign media restrictions in 2015. That this latest threat to suspend cooperation with Australian Defence was not actually meant to be public knowledge also highlights the need to have journalists on the ground reporting these activities to the world that the Indonesians seem so desperate to hide. 
      The “Punks For West Papua” documentary has been one of the rare opportunities for local Papuan filmmakers to have their footage aired to the public, and the Free West Papuan campaign has provided links and information calling on supporters to ask their local government members to support media freedom in this troubled province:

      With demand increasing for viewings of the “Punks For West Papua” documentary, another tour of screening events will be announced soon including dates in Sydney, Canberra, Newcastle and Murwillumbah, with all proceeds going to the Free West Papua Campaign.
      For further media information, please contact P4WP Publicist:
      T: 0481 264 077

      3) COMMENTARY: Jokowi should not cave, must tell Freeport to sell 51% stake, or else
      Rendi A. Witular The Jakarta Post
      Jakarta | Tue, January 10, 2017 | 09:00 am
      Hardly any other element exerts the same level of attraction for mankind than gold. Economist John Maynard Keynes coined the commodity as a “barbarous relic”, yet people in modern times will still kill for it.
      It is perhaps the interminable allure of gold that has once again placed gold and copper producer PT Freeport Indonesia, a unit of politically wired United States miner Freeport McMoRan Inc. (FCX), in a far more superior curve when dealing with Indonesia.
      Freeport, Indonesia’s oldest foreign investor and biggest taxpayer, operates the world’s biggest integrated gold and copper mine in Indonesia’s most remote and poorest province, Papua, generating 98 percent of FCX’s consolidated gold sales and 19 percent of the company’s copper supply worth more than US$2.7 billion in 2015.
      Since commencing operations more than five decades ago, Freeport is synonymous domestically with gold, not copper, and is usually perceived with suspicions. All affairs related to the company have always been political, with many Indonesian politicians and activists referring to it as a symbol of US economic imperialism in Indonesia.
      Given the enormity, coupled with the geopolitical dynamic where several US policymakers have affiliation with the company, it is hard not to suspect the “Freeport factor” to be at play nowadays in the government’s upcoming plan to bend the 2009 Mining Law just to allow the company, and a few others, to continue to elude a ban on raw and partly processed mineral exports.
      Indonesia has been under global investor scrutiny in the past couple of weeks as they await to see whether the country is committed to indiscriminately enforcing the rule of law as it rushes to decide whether to maintain the current relaxation or to fully enforce the ban, as mandated by the law before the Jan. 11, 2017 deadline.
      The law stipulates that mineral ore miners must complete their smelters by 2014, when the export ban should have been fully put in place. The smelters are expected to bring in added value to the end products, as opposed to exporting ore in its raw or partly processed form.
      However, because none of the proposed smelters had been completed, including one by Freeport, the deadline was extended to 2017 by president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono through a government regulation, allowing Freeport and its fellow US miner Newmont to continue the exports despite no progress in their smelter constructions.
      If President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo maintains the relaxation, he will draw criticism similar to that raised in 2014 when Yudhoyono was accused of violating the law because a government regulation cannot overrule a law.
      However, a circulating draft government regulation has indicated the President may continue with the relaxation as well as provide many clauses that appear to benefit Freeport more than others.
      For example, according to the draft regulation, Freeport will not only be able to resume its exports but the company will be allowed to sell its shares based on a new calculation that will see the price soaring to a level where domestic buyers cannot afford them.
      Perhaps it is a mere coincidence that the draft was churned out after a letter from US Senator John McCain to Jokowi on Dec. 23, demanding Indonesia to facilitate Freeport, and the appointment of US billionaire Carl Icahn in late December as special adviser on regulatory reform to US president-elect Donald Trump. Icahn is a major FCX shareholder.
      Regulatory privileges for Freeport are not without precedent. Based on its contract of work (CoW ), the company was required to sell 51 percent of its shares to local shareholders by 2011.
      However, a string of regulations were issued along the way that eventually allowed Freeport to dodge the requirement to this date, and almost no officials have made a big deal out of it. FCX owns 90.64 percent of the company, while merely 9.36 percent is owned by the Indonesian government.
      No one expects Freeport to cease operations or to pull out from the country, as it is in the best interest of all to see the company remain profitable and employ many Papuans.
      However, the fairness surrounding deals with Freeport have always been put into question.
      Jokowi can continue with the ease in the export ban to facilitate Freeport, but he should not throw in the towel by not demanding more, particularly to force it to immediately sell 51 percent of its shares to local shareholders as stated in the CoW.
      After all, Freeport has always demanded that the government abide by the CoW, and it is fair to request Freeport to similarly do so.
      The main stake at play is no longer smelter construction and export permits, but divestment. This is where Freeport tends to hide from its obligations and uses other issues to distract the public from the real one.
      Perhaps the President needs to be reminded that such divestment is obligatory under the 1945 Constitution, Article 33 point 3: The land, the waters and the natural resources within shall be under the powers of the state and shall be used to the greatest benefit of the people.
      With many of his signature policies running aground, the last thing Jokowi wants is to be on the list of Indonesian leaders that have caved to US business interests.

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      2) Imparsial Criticizes Defense Program
      3) Indonesia to issue new mining rules this week -minister

      A row over ‘offensive’ training materials that led to Jakarta briefly break


      A row over ‘offensive’ training materials that led to Jakarta briefly breaking military ties with Canberra highlights sensitivities regarding Indonesia’s secular ideology

      8 JAN 2017

      Indonesian President Joko Widodo sits in the cockpit of a Sukhoi Su-30 aircraft next to his military chief Gatot Nurmantyo. Photo: AFP

      It is turning out to be a storm in a smaller-than-usual teacup, but the latest spat between Jakarta and Canberra over what was perceived to be insulting content in military training materials underlines once again the sensitivities surrounding Indonesia’s often brutal past.

      It also speaks to the current state of Jakarta’s domestic politics, with government sources revealing that President Joko Widodo didn’t know armed forces chief General Gatot Nurmantyo had suspended all military cooperation with Australia over the issue.

      Indeed, the sources say he only woke up to what was happening when his close adviser, chief maritime minister and retired special forces general Luhut Panjaitan, received a call last month from an Australian friend asking what more could be done beyond an apology and an investigation.

      As the episode broke in the media this week, political coordinating minister Wiranto, a one-time military commander himself, issued a hasty statement saying only language classes had been suspended, not the entire military relationship.

      Australia's Defence Minister Marise Payne has said the Australian military must ensure it produces “culturally appropriate” training material. Photo: AFP

      Widodo also sought to play down the fallout, saying relations remained in good shape. So did normally hard-nosed Defence Minister Ryamizard Ryacudu in a January 5 phone conversation with his Australian counterpart, Marise Payne. Payne has said the Australian military must produce “culturally appropriate” training material, which apparently means avoiding any reference to East Timor and Papua where Indonesia has a checkered past.

      The original complaint came from a special forces (Kopassus) language instructor and went up the chain of command to Nurmantyo, an ultra-nationalist with ambitions to run in the 2019 presidential elections.

      The armed forces chief is already in Widodo’s bad books for his alleged links with some of the Muslim groups that took part in the recent mass demonstrations against Jakarta Governor Basuki Purnama, who is currently on trial for blasphemy. The protests have rattled Widodo because at one point it appeared they were also directed at weakening him now Indonesia is only two years out from its next presidential election when he is expected to seek a second term.

      Protesters surround the entrance to the North Jakarta Court as Governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama – a Christian – attends his ongoing trial for blasphemy. Photo: AFP

      Nurmantyo has often caused a stir with his wild conspiracy theories, expressed in public speeches and in social media, about how foreigners are engaged in a proxy war to undermine and take over Indonesia.

      Last November, he claimed in a filmed lecture that Australia was trying to recruit young Indonesian officers, undergoing advanced training at various bases across the country, to be either spies or agents of influence.

      Conservative elements in the Indonesian Armed Forces have always been suspicious of foreign-trained officers, seeing them as being too favourably disposed towards Western views and attitudes.

      Nurmantyo’s predecessor, General Moeldoko, had similar presidential ambitions, but he quickly disappeared after retiring in July 2015. Observers believe the same future awaits Nurmantyo, who is unlikely to find a political party to support him.

      General Gatot Nurmantyo, left, with his predecessor General Moeldoko. Photo: AFP

      What offended the complainant, a Kopassus lieutenant, was the use of what he considered to be a derogatory Wikipedia biography of the late Sarwo Edhie Wibowo, former president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono’s father-in-law.

      The legendary special forces general, whose own son also later commanded the elite regiment, led the purge against the Communist Party of Indonesia in the mid-1960s which claimed the lives of an estimated 500,000 people. He also oversaw the so-called Act of Free Choice, a United Nations-sanctioned referendum – albeit involving only 1,025 Papuan leaders – under which the former Dutch-controlled territory reverted to Indonesian rule in 1969.

      Suspicious of the popular Wibowo as a potential rival for power, Suharto shuffled him off as ambassador to South Korea in 1973. He served there for five years, before returning to fill a variety of backwater posts until his death in 1989 at the age of 64.

      Indonesian Army special forces, or Kopassus, in Denpasar. Photo: AFP

      The Wibowo biography was not the only source of the lieutenant’s wrath. He was also upset over a poster on a wall at the Australian Special Air Service’s Perth headquarters, which ridiculed Pancasila, the ideology that defines Indonesia as a secular state. The offending poster instead referred to it as Pancagila, the last five letters making the Indonesian word for ‘crazy’, and replaced the five principles of Pancasila with snide references to corruption.

      Pancasila made up a big chunk of military instruction during the 32-year rule of President Suharto, something that always bemused foreign officers attending courses at Indonesia’s Army Command and Staff School. One of those officers has a much different view now. “What I saw only partially then, but understood later, was without Pancasila, Indonesia will revert to religion or ethnicity and that means a civil war worse than Aleppo [Syria],” he says.

      Pancasila is nowhere near as prominent in Indonesian education as it once was, but Widodo and other political and moderate religious leaders want to change that as they come under mounting pressure from hard-line Muslim groups seeking to turn the country into a Sharia state.

      It is ironic then that Pancasila has more relevance in unifying today’s democratic Indonesia than it did under Suharto, the authoritarian who used it as an instrument of power to keep a firm lid on Islamic activism. In that, the Australians would have been well advised to remove the offensive poster – rather than have an overzealous lieutenant turn it into a diplomatic incident. 

      John McBeth is the author of The Loner: President Yudhoyono’s Decade of Trial and Indecision

      TUESDAY, 10 JANUARY, 2017 | 21:36 WIB

      2) Imparsial Criticizes Defense Program

      TEMPO.COJakarta - Director of the Indonesian Human Rights Monitor (Imparsial) Al Araf, asserted that the 'defend the nation' program initiated by the Defense Ministry is not in accordance with Law No. 3/2002 on Nationa Security (The Law).

      Al Araf, quoting Article 9 of the Law, said in a written statement on Tuesday, January 10, 2017, that "referring to the Article, the 'defend the nation' program can only be initiated if there is a legal framework [on the program]."

      Al Araf argued that the lack of legal framework on the program will resulted in abuse of power. In addition, the program will put unnecessary burden to the State Budget.

      Al Araf said that the currently available defense budget is not enough to modernize Indonesia’s primary weapons defense system or to improve soldiers’ welfare. Al Araf added that the two factors are important to establish a highly-trained and professional army.

      "If the program uses budget other than the defense budget without proper regulation, it will definitely present possibilities for [budget] misappropriation," Al Araf said.

      Al Araf said that the 'defend the nation' program should be implemented in the form of increasing public involvement in developing the country by maintain its unity in diversity principle.



      3) Indonesia to issue new mining rules this week -minister

      ReutersJanuary 11, 2017

      (Recasts, adds quotes)

      By Wilda Asmarini and Bernadette Christina Munthe

      JAKARTA, Jan 10 (Reuters) - Indonesia will issue new rules for miners this week, the mining minister said late on Tuesday, which will cover contracts and permits, exports, taxes, divestment obligations and domestic processing requirements, among other issues.

      Indonesia announced in 2014 a ban on ore shipments to push miners to build smelters to process ore locally, but gave some concessions to concentrate producers after protests from the industry. As part of this push, a ban on the export of mineral concentrates from Indonesia is due to kick in on Jan. 12.

      Rules now being drafted will allow concentrate shipments to continue beyond that deadline in certain cases, Energy and Mineral Resources Minister Ignasius Jonan told reporters after a cabinet meeting.

      The new rules were needed "to clarify agreements on downstream mineral processing and other related matters," Jonan said, referring to directions from President Joko Widodo and rules on domestic processing set out in the 2009 Mining Law.

      The rules would have to maximise returns on Indonesia's natural resources, as mandated in the Constitution, while also considering increasing state revenues and employment opportunities, he said.

      "The government hopes for the creation of new work areas," he said. Foreign mine investors would need to divest 51 percent of their holdings "wherever possible," he added.

      Traders have been closely watching the situation given Indonesia is a major producer of metals such as copper and nickel.

      Any relaxation of Indonesia's ban on ore exports could impact nickel prices and nickel smelter investors, which have been supported by supply restrictions, including from the Philippines, which took Indonesia's place as the world's top nickel ore exporter in 2014.

      No mention was made of nickel or bauxite on Tuesday, but Jonan said the new rules would include obligations on domestic processing of low-grade ores. Last month Jonan said the government was considering allowing some nickel ore and bauxite exports.

      A change to the existing rules is critical for Phoenix, Arizona-based Freeport McMoRan, whose Grasberg operation in Indonesia currently exports around two-thirds of its output as copper concentrate.

      Freeport, along with state-controlled PT Aneka Tambang Tbk and other major miners, had lobbied President Joko Widodo's administration to ease the ban to allow more time for them to build the necessary smelters to process all the ore at home.

      A continuation of concentrate exports would be linked to the development of smelters, Jonan said on Tuesday, stopping short of providing details.

      In December, the government said Freeport would first need to switch over from its current contract of work (COW) to a special mining licence in order to clinch a new export permit.

      This would mean Freeport needs first to agree on new fiscal terms including taxes and royalties among other things, issues that may take longer to resolve.

      Freeport's exports from Indonesia were held up for more than six months in 2014 in a fractious export tax dispute connected to the country's mining rules, costing Southeast Asia's top economy more than $1 billion and putting thousands of jobs at risk. [ ]

      "Hopefully in 1, 2, 3 days this week this will all be finished," Jonan said.

      (Writing by Fergus Jensen; Editing by Alexandra Hudson)

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      2) Defense Ministry upholds training for Islam Defenders Front

      1) Detainment of four Papuan students for alleged treason extended

      Lita Aruperes The Jakarta Post
      Manado | Wed, January 11, 2017 | 11:10 am

      Dozens of students, who staged a rally at a dormitory for Papuan students on Jl. Kampus in Manado, North Sulawesi, were brought to North Sulawesi Police headquarters to be questioned on May 31. (JP/Lita Aruperes)

      The detention of four students from Papua who have been accused of treason by Manado Police, has been extended to Feb. 17 or 40 days since their arrest.
      Manado Police crime unit head Comr. Edwin Humokor said Tuesday the case dossiers had been submitted to the prosecutor’s office. “Their detention has been extended to simplify the investigation process,” Edwin said.
      He said the suspects violated article 106 of the Criminal Code on treason, which carried a maximum sentence of life imprisonment and 20 years as a minimum.
      The four are: William Wim, Emanuel Ukago, Panus Hesegem and Indonesian Consulate of the West Papua National Committee (KNPB) head Hizkia Meage.
      Lawyer Hendra Baramuli said he would file a pretrial motion to free the four.
      He said the four had only expressed their opinions and should not have been charged with treason.
      The four were arrested along with 81 other students in two locations in December last year. The others were released.
      The KNPB has been campaigning for self-determination in Papua and West Papua provinces, where collectively the two internationally have been referred to as West Papua to distinguish the region from Papua New Guinea. (evi)


      2) Defense Ministry upholds training for Islam Defenders Front
      Margareth S. Aritonang The Jakarta Post
      Jakarta | Wed, January 11, 2017 | 07:09 am

      God's soldiers — Islam Defenders Front (FPI) members express their anger at a recent protest. (Tempo/-)
      Contrary to the Indonesian Military (TNI), the Defense Ministry has defended Bela Negara (State Defense) training for members of the Islam Defenders Front (FPI).

      Defense Minister Ryamizard Ryacudu said on Tuesday that the military style training was for all citizens regardless of their backgrounds, including FPI members, but should be done properly. 

      "As long as we teach [the participants] good things, why not? All people of the country must defend the state. And so must the FPI," Ryamizard said.

      TNI spokesperson Maj. Gen. Wuryanto previously said the military institution had banned FPI members from undertaking the training after photos of a session in Lebak, Banten, were uploaded to the FPI's Instagram account @dpp_fpi. 

      The TNI later removed Lebak military commander Lt. Col. Czi Ubaidillah from his post for holding the training. Wuryanto gave his assurances that regional commanders throughout the country were prohibited from providing training to the FPI although the military has yet to issue an official letter to confirm such instructions. The FPI has posted more photos of similar trainings held by the military for its members in Madura, East Java. 

      Ryamizard said his office would conduct its own investigation into the incident in Lebak over a violation of proper procedures that led the public to question the Bela Negara program. (dmr)

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      2) TNI-ADF military cooperation yet to resume: Army spokesperson

      3) Indonesia seeks more influence overseas: Minister 
      4) TNI chief denies spat with Jokowi

      A google translate. Be-aware google translate can be a bit erratic.
      Original bahasa link at
      1) LP3BH: Increased Human Rights Violations in Papua in 2016
      Demo yang dilakukan oleh SORAK Bandung untuk mendukung hak penentuan hak nasib sendiri bagi Rakyat Papua di Bandung beberapa bulan lalu. (Dok Suara Papua)

      JAYAPURA, Institute of advocacy of human rights in Papua, Research, Study and Development of Legal Aid (LP3BH) Manokwari noted, human rights violations continue to increase significantly in Papua in the context pengekakangan and deprivation of the right to freedom of opinion (right to freedom of speech), the right to freedom of expression (right to freedom of expresion) as well as the right to freedom of association and assembly (right to freedom of assembly).
      LP3BH explained the facts pointed to was the use of a security approach that emphasizes the element of violence in dealing with any peaceful protest of the people of Papua are always expressed opinions and political views of different political histories of the integration of Papua, as well as demands for the opportunity to obtain the right to self-determination (right to self determination).
      LP3BH noted that in the early period of his administration, President Joko Widodo indeed initiate positive steps with intent and also promise to solve the problem of human rights violations were severe (gross violation of human rights) in the Land of Papua. The aim is obviously to restore the confidence of the people of Papua to the Indonesian government. This is actually in line with the letter f preamble of the Special Autonomy Law No. 21 ear 2001 for Papua Province, as amended by Act No. 35/2008.
      Indeed there is a policy to allow access by foreign journalists to enter the Land of Papua, but unfortunately because of the policy shaped the statement did not even followed up with specific regulations.
      "So until now the effects are no foreign journalists could freely and impartially sign and publish the real situation in Papua on the international scene in a transparent and accountable. Likewise, the granting amnesty to political prisoners (prisoners) as well as political prisoners (detainees) had no impact on no reoccurrence of this Cenderawasih earth, "he explained in a press release received not long ago.
      "Our records until the end of 2016, had almost 8,000 Papuans were constantly arrested, abused and detained and prosecuted, for expressing different political views peacefully. They were fi sejimlah big city in Papua like in Jayapura, Wamena, Merauke, Timika, Nabire, Serui, Biak, Manokwari, Sorong and Fakfak as well as some major cities outside Papua, such as Jakarta, Yogyakarta, Denpasar, Makassar and Manado, "said LP3BH.
      It is said, these facts point to the critical situation of human rights in the context of respect for and protection of the right to freedom of opinion, freedom of expression and the right to freedom of association and assembly are very deprived by the Government of Indonesia in Papua throughout the last 10 years.
      "It was done by using a mute violence and democracy through the implementation of Makar Articles 106 and 110 of the Criminal Code and Article 160 of the Criminal Code concerning incitement and disturbing public order," he said.
      Explained, LP3BH also noted that never appear to have a fair legal action, firmly and impartially by the TNI and police officers who are found involved in acts of violence dimension of human rights violations against civilians in Papua until the end of this year.
      "So the more foster continued impunity hard difuga state apparatus violent dimension of human rights violations without ever prosecuted in Papua," tulisanya.
      Meanwhile, the slightest unseen their Indonesian government's seriousness in giving political support full and unequivocal efforts disclosure and settlement of cases of human rights violations weight in Papua such as Wasior (2001), Wamena (2003), Paniai (2014).
      Political support from the Government, especially the President Jokowi very relevant and urgent for the sake of legal settlement of the three cases the appropriate mechanisms stipulated in the constitution of the Republic of Indonesia Number 26 Year 2000 on Human Rights Court.
      Affirmed, that the president should issue strict legal decision to stop the pattern of the security approach has proven to be a classic, outdated, not pro-democracy and human rights potentially violated throughout more than 50 years in the Land of Papua.
      "Likewise labeling separatist movement for the peaceful people of Papua are always driven Papuan youth today should be replaced with a pattern peaceful approach is more soft and promote dialogue as a medium that rewards on the values ​​of equality by always respecting each disagreements democratically and uphold the values ​​and principles of human rights itself, "he said.
      For it is written, LP3BH urged the Indonesian government under President Jokowi unyuk immediate demilitarization in Papua and eliminate models approach to security (security approach) in addressing the local political situation with a peaceful approach and dialogue.
      Mentioned, settlement of cases of human rights violations such as the weight of Wasior, Wamena, Paniai and also Sanggeng-Manokwari should be the main agenda for the government of Indonesia in the year 2017 work according to the rules and regulations that apply. "LP3BH and civil society / indigenous Papua is preparing legal steps to bring these four cases to international lines, where the Indonesian government can not show the commitment and political support are really in resolving these cases," he said.
      Announcers: Arnold Belau


      2) TNI-ADF military cooperation yet to resume: Army spokesperson

      Rabu, 11 Januari 2017 20:25 WIB | 429 Views

      Jakarta (ANTARA News) - The cooperation between the Indonesia military (TNI) and the Australian Defence Force (ADF) has yet to resume, army spokesperson Brigadier General Sabrar Fadhilah stated, Wednesday.

      "We are still awaiting the final decision of our leader," Fadhilah said.

      In his statement, he pointed out that the Indonesian language teaching program for the Australian army had been suspended due to an insult to Indonesias state ideology of Pancasila. 

      The insult - allegedly committed by some members of the Australian army - was witnessed by the Indonesian Special Forces group Kopassus, which had been trained together with the Australian Special Air Service at the units Campbell Barracks in Perth, last November.

      Nevertheless, Fadhilah underlined that the Indonesian army had been dispatched to Australia on behalf of the state, as part of a government-to-government partnership.

      "Hence, the final decision (whether to continue military cooperation) will be taken by the armys commander and top officials," Fadhilah affirmed.

      Australian Defence Minister Marise Payne has apologised to the Indonesian government and conveyed her regret over the behavior of the ADF members.

      This incident prompted TNI commander General Gatot Nurmantyo to suspend military cooperation with the ADF around mid-December 2016.

      Following the suspension, the joint military exercise and the exchange of military officers between the two countries have been put on hold. (*)


      3) Indonesia seeks more influence overseas: Minister 
      Tama Salim The Jakarta Post
      Jakarta | Wed, January 11, 2017 | 07:01 am
      Indonesia will forge ahead in the new year with a comprehensive foreign diplomacy agenda as it looks to elevate its presence on the international stage.
      Eschewing the ceremonial format of past annual statements, Foreign Minister Retno LP Marsudi announced 14 foreign policy priorities for Indonesia to pursue in 2017, focusing mainly on consolidating the country’s geostrategic importance.
      Engagement in its immediate regional vicinity will remain a big priority as Jakarta looks to strengthen its contributions to ASEAN ahead of the bloc’s 50th anniversary celebrations this year.
      To this end, Indonesia will continue building up ASEAN centrality and unity, implement the ASEAN Community Vision 2025 and back the constructive role of forums like the East Asian Summit as an ASEAN-led mechanism for maintaining regional peace and stability, Retno said.
      “Indonesia will ensure peace and stability in the region — and, once more, negotiations on the COC [Code of Conduct in the South China Sea] will be very important,” Retno said in Jakarta on Tuesday.
      In addressing the simmering debate over the South China Sea, where China and a number of ASEAN member states have competing claims, Retno said Indonesia looked to set a good example for its neighbors by expediting the settlement of a number of unresolved border disputes with Timor Leste and Malaysia this year. “Good fences make good neighbors,” she said.
      Indonesia will also focus on its engagements as chair of the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) — “a regional architecture that is badly needed”, the minister said — ahead of the IORA’s first summit ever, a landmark meeting in Jakarta that will commemorate the organization’s 20th anniversary in March.
      Additionally, Indonesia will continue its Look East policy, paying particular attention to engagements in the South Pacific, whether through the Melanesian Spearhead Group, the Pacific Island Forum, or the Pacific Island Development Forum.
      In its endeavors to contribute to world peace, Indonesia will continue to seek support for its bid to be a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council for the 2019 and 2020 period and work toward the deployment of 4,000 Indonesian peacekeepers by 2019.
      Retno also touched on Indonesia’s continuing support for the Palestinian agenda, which includes supporting the implementation of UN Resolution 2334 on illegal Israeli settlements and rallying support for or exerting international pressure toward achieving a two-state solution.
      In the economic sector, a point of interest for President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo, the government will “intensify development, trade and investments in potential countries”, particularly in non-traditional markets like Africa and Latin America, with the minister hinting that Indonesian trade delegations would be sent on a “tour” of the two regions this year.
      International relations expert Beginda Pakpahan, who was present at Tuesday’s event, heaped praise on the minister’s ability to discern the growing uncertainty in geopolitics, and adapt the country’s foreign policy priorities to address the most pressing issues.
      The University of Indonesia scholar said however that the ministry would have to prove itself in the coming weeks, especially in responding to the incoming US government.
      “With the situation developing so fast, I hope that the ministry is able to keep up. They have to be flexible, adapt quickly and respond accordingly,” Beginda told The Jakarta Post on Tuesday.
      4) TNI chief denies spat with Jokowi
      Marguerite Afra Sapiie The Jakarta Post
      Jakarta | Wed, January 11, 2017 | 06:39 pm
      Indonesian Military (TNI) chief Gen. Gatot Nurmantyo has denied reports claiming that President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo reprimanded the top military official for unilaterally suspending military cooperation with Australia.
      Speaking after a Christmas celebration event at the headquarters of the TNI complex on Wednesday, Gatot said the rumor of a spat between him and Jokowi over relations between the TNI and its counterpart the Australian Defense Force (ADF) was a hoax.
      "As I've said before, everything I've done [is acknowledged] by the President as he is my commander. Such warnings are not true," Gatot told reporters.
      Citing two government sources, Reuters recently reported that Jokowi “reproached” Gatot during a plenary Cabinet meeting at Bogor Palace last week, amid concerns the military chief was “out of control after he unilaterally suspended defense cooperation” with Australia.
      Last month, the TNI moved to halt a language exchange program with the ADF following the discovery of teaching material deemed offensive by an Indonesian officer at an Australian military academy in November.
      The material allegedly mocked Indonesia’s state ideology, Pancasila. Some teaching materials used in the academy allegedly discredited the TNI and tweaked Pancasila, which means five principles, to become “Pancagila”, or “five crazy principles”. (jun)
      Indonesian Navy signs procurement contract worth Rp 2.22t
      Nani Afrida The Jakarta Post
      Jakarta | Wed, January 11, 2017 | 05:57 pm
      The Indonesian Navy has signed procurement deals on goods and services worth Rp 2.22 trillion (US$170 million) with contractors, expecting to create efficiency, transparency and acceleration in the 2017 work plan.
      The deals include contracts for weapons procurement (Rp 1.6 trillion), facilities and infrastructure (Rp 409 billion), personnel equipment (Rp 118 billion), education facilities (Rp 48 billion) and research and development (Rp 12 billion).
      The contract signing ceremony took place simultaneously in eight areas, including the Navy headquarters in Cilangkap, in the Western Fleet Command (Koormabar), the Eastern Fleet Command (Koarmatim), and several naval bases in Padang, West Sumatra, Tanjung Pinang, Riau Islands,  Merauke in Papua, Pontianak, West Kalimantan, and Tarakan of North Kalimantan.
       “We expect the contract signings to speed up the Navy’s budget absorption in 2017,”Navy chief of staff Admiral Ade Supandi said in Jakarta on Wednesday (11/1).
      According to Ade, President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo has pledged the acceleration of work plans in ministries and institutions to improve performance and boost results. (jun)

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      More unit of Police Mobile Brigade corps sent to Papua

      Kamis, 12 Januari 2017 11:05 WIB | 318 Views
      Pontianak, W Kalimantan (ANTARA News) - Police have sent more unit of its mobile brigade to Papua to maintain security in the countrys easternmost province of Papua. 

      "On Wednesday night I just saw off 101 members of the Mobile Brigade Corps to Papua where they would be on duty under the Papua regional police," Head of the West Kalimantan Police Insp.Gen. Musyafak said here.

      The new unit under Adj. Sr.Com. Raymond M Masengi will be on duty in Papua for four months to replace a unit sent there previously. 

      The ceremony took place at the parking area of the Supadio airport of Pontianak from there they flew directly to Papua on board a Lion Air aircraft. 

      Musyafak told the members of the police special force to cooperate with local police members and the military in carrying out their duty in Papua. 

      Earlier this month, another unit of 120 members of the police mobile brigade corps already arrived in Papua from West Java.  

      The members of the special police force from the West Java police were to be stationed at the posts of Sinak, Ilu and Ilaga in mountainous district of Puncak Jaya.

      Upon arrival here from Java, Papua police chief Insp.Gen. Paulus told them to seek communications with local people as well as other police members and other members of security force.

      He warned them not to leave their post alone when they were on patrol, saying the areas around their posts are known to be often infiltrated by separatists.

      After being briefed by the police general, the members of the unit were flown to Wamena and from there they were split into smaller units to be stationed at different posts .

      Papua has remained a hot spot in the country with separatist rebels hiding in the mountain jungles launching sporadic attacks on the government police or military posts.(*)

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      • 2) Korean company bans forest clearing for Indonesian palm oil concessions
      • 3) Indonesia says Freeport, other miners halt exports
      • ———————————————————————————-

      Human Rights Watch World Report 2017
      World Report 2017 summarizes key human rights issues in more than 90 countries and territories worldwide. It reflects investigative work that Human Rights Watch staff undertook in 2016, usually in close partnership with human rights activists in the country in focus.
      In his introductory essay, Executive Director Kenneth Roth writes that a new generation of authoritarian populists seeks to overturn the concept of human rights protections, treating rights not as an essential check on official power but as an impediment to the majority will.
      1) Human Rights Watch Country report Indonesia
      Indonesia Events of 2016
      President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo’s rhetorical support for human rights has yet to translate into meaningful policy initiatives to address the country’s serious rights problems. In 2016, Jokowi notably failed to speak out against or otherwise address discriminatory statements and policies issued by senior government and military officials that have fueled violations of the rights of religious minorities and the country’s lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) population.
      Religious minorities in Indonesia continue to face discriminatory regulations and violent attacks by Islamist militant groups. Impunity for the security forces in the provinces of Papua and West Papua also remains a serious problem and dozens of Papuans remain imprisoned for nonviolent expression of their political views.
      In April 2016, the government broke a decades-long taboo on open discussion of the state-backed massacres of up to 1 million alleged Communists and others in 1965-1966, hosting a symposium for survivors and victim’s families to challenge the official narrative that the killings were a heroic defense of the nation against a Communist plot to overthrow the government.
      However, the government has provided no details of an officially mooted accountability process for the massacres, including when it might begin operations. Jokowi’s decision in July 2016 to appoint former General Wiranto as security minister, who was indicted by a UN-supported tribunal for crimes against humanity, has heightened concerns about his administration’s commitment to human rights and accountability.
      Jokowi continues to be outspoken in his support for the death penalty, making execution of convicted drug traffickers a symbol of his resolve as a leader. Indonesia executed four convicted drug traffickers in July 2016, but ordered a last-minute delay in the executions of 10 other death row prisoners pending a “comprehensive review” of their cases. The government has indicated that executions will continue in 2017.

      Thousands of children in Indonesia, some just 8 years old, are working in hazardous conditions on tobacco farms. 

      Freedom of Religion

      In January, Indonesian officials and security forces were complicit in the violent forced eviction of more than 7,000 members of the Gerakan Fajar Nusantara religious community, known as Gafatar, from their homes in East and West Kalimantan.
      Human Rights Watch research found that security forces failed to protect members of Gafatar, standing by while mobs from the ethnic Malay and Dayak communities looted and destroyed properties owned by group members, many of whom originally came from Java. Government officials transferred Gafatar members to unofficial detention centers and then to their home towns, not as a short-term safety measure, but apparently to end their presence on the island and dissolve the religious group.
      In March 2016, the Jokowi administration issued a decree banning Gafatar activities; punishments for violations include a maximum five-year prison term. The government also arrested three Gafatar leaders who face possible prison terms of life imprisonment on charges of blasphemy and treason.
      In January 2016, local government authorities banned the activities of the Ahmadiyah religious community in Subang, West Java. Neither Jokowi nor other national officials spoke out or intervened to lift the ban. That same month, local government officials on Bangka Island, located off the east coast of Sumatra, instructed the island’s Ahmadiyah community to convert to Sunni Islam or face forcible expulsion from the area. Neither Jokowi nor other central government officials spoke out in defense of the beleaguered Ahmadiyah communities. 
      In July 2016, a mob in the city of Tanjung Balai in northern Sumatra attacked and inflicted serious damage on three Buddhist temples associated with the city’s ethnic Chinese community. Police deny that the attack was sectarian and arrested seven suspects in the attack.

      Women’s and Girls’ Rights

      In June 2016, Indonesia’s Minister of Home Affairs Tjahjo Kumolo backtracked on his commitment to abolish rights-violating local and regional Sharia (Islamic law) regulations. Although his office annulled 3,143 other “problematic regional regulations” for violating the country’s credo of “unity in diversity” and although Indonesian law stipulates that regulation of religion is for national, not regional or local authorities, the ministry left in place all existing Sharia provisions, many of them discriminatory.
      Indonesia's official Commission on Violence against Women reported that, as of August 2016, the number of discriminatory national and local regulations targeting women had risen to 422, from 389 at the end of 2015. They include local laws compelling women and girls to don the hijab, or headscarf, in schools, government offices, and public spaces. While many of these laws require traditional Sunni Muslim garb both for women and men, research by Human Rights Watch indicates they disproportionately target women.
      A local bylaw implemented in August in Sumedang, West Java, forbids anyone with an “eye-catching appearance” from going out alone at night. The municipal government justified the regulation on the basis that it would help discourage sexual activity.


      The Jokowi administration has repeatedly said it intends to take a new approach to Indonesia’s easternmost provinces, Papua and West Papua (“Papua”), home to a low-level insurgency and a peaceful pro-independence movement, including by addressing human rights concerns. The reality has not matched the rhetoric.
      In April 2016, the government announced that it would seek accountability for 11 high-priority past human rights cases in Papua. They include the Biak massacre in July 1998, when security forces opened fire on participants at a peaceful flag-raising ceremony on the island, the military crackdown on Papuans in Wasior in 2001 and Wamena in 2003 that left dozens killed and thousands displaced, and the forced break-up of the Papuan People’s Congress in October 2011 that left three people dead and hundreds injured. However, the government has not provided any details as to when, where, and how the cases would be addressed.
      Indonesian authorities continue to restrict access by foreign journalists and rights monitors to the region. In January 2016, the Indonesian Embassy in Bangkok informed Bangkok-based France 24 correspondent Cyril Payen that it had denied his application for a journalist’s visa for a reporting trip to Papua.
      Indonesian government officials justified the visa rejection on the basis that Payen’s previous reporting, which focused on pro-independence sentiment in the region, was “biased and unbalanced.” Rather than engaging with Payen and France 24 to publicly challenge any inaccuracies in the previous reporting, authorities threatened to deny visas to Payen and any other France 24 journalists seeking to report from the country. Payen’s case highlights the gap between Jokowi’s announced “opening” of Papua to foreign media and the reality facing journalists still blocked from reporting there.
      On May 2, Indonesian police detained more than 1,500 supporters of Papuan independence for “lacking a permit to hold a rally.” Police released the detainees after several hours without charge, but their detention underlines the official lack of tolerance for peaceful expression of political aspirations in Papua. At the end of August 2016, 37 Papuan activists remained imprisoned after being convicted of rebellion or treason (“makar”), many for nonviolent “crimes” such as public display of the pro-independence Morning Star flag. 

      Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

      Starting in January 2016, high-ranking Indonesian officials made a series of vitriolic anti-LGBT statements and policy pronouncements, fueling increased threats and at times violent attacks on LGBT activistsand individuals, primarily by Islamist militants. In some cases, the threats and violence occurred in the presence, and with the tacit support, of government officials or security forces. 
      State institutions, including the National Broadcasting Commission and the National Child Protection Commission, issued censorship directives banning information and broadcasts that portrayed the lives of LGBT people as “normal” as well as so-called propaganda about LGBT lives. Ministries proposed discriminatory and regressive anti-LGBT laws.
      In July and August, the Constitutional Court heard a petition that proposed amending the criminal code to criminalize sex outside of marriage and same-sex sexual relations. During the initial hearings, the petitioners—led by a group called the Family Love Alliance—put forward ill-informed and bigoted testimony similar to the anti-LGBT rhetoric espoused by Indonesian officials and politicians earlier in the year. The government, the respondent in the case, said criminalizing sex out of wedlock would make “the sinner a criminal, and the government authoritarian,” a view echoed in testimony by the National Commission on Violence Against Women and other groups opposed to the petition. At time of writing the court had not yet ruled on the petition.

      Military Reform and Impunity

      Indonesia’s Attorney General Muhammad Prasetyo announced in May 2015 that the government would form a “Reconciliation Commission” to seek a “permanent solution for all unresolved human rights abuses” of the past half century. Prasetyo said the cases would include the state-sanctioned massacres of 1965-1966, in which the military and military-backed vigilantes killed up to 1 million people.
      The government provided no further details of when the “Reconciliation Commission” might begin operations or how the process of accountability would proceed. Paramilitary and nationalist groups that oppose accountability have criticized calls for redress for past rights abuses as an attempt “to revive communism.”
      Jokowi’s July 2016 decision to appoint Wiranto, indicted as a crimes against humanity suspect by a UN-backed tribunal, as security minister heightened concerns about the Jokowi administration’s commitment to human rights and accountability.

      Children’s Rights

      Thousands of children in Indonesia, some just 8 years old, are working in hazardous conditions on tobacco farms. Child tobacco workers are exposed to nicotine, handle toxic chemicals, use sharp tools, lift heavy loads, and work in extreme heat. The work can have lasting consequences for their health and development. Indonesian and multinational tobacco companies buy tobacco grown in Indonesia, but none do enough to ensure that children are not doing hazardous work on farms in their supply chains. Human Rights Watch has called on the Indonesian government and tobacco companies to prohibit children from work that involves direct contact with tobacco, inspect farms to ensure children are not in danger, and carry out an extensive public education and training program to raise awareness of the health risks to children of work in tobacco farming.

      Disability Rights

      Despite a 1977 government ban on the practice, more than 18,000 people with psychosocial disabilities (mental health conditions) in Indonesia are currently subjected to pasung—being shackled or locked up in small confined spaces—sometimes for months or years at a time.
      Due to prevalent stigma and the absence of adequate community-based support services or mental health care, people with psychosocial disabilities often end up locked-up in overcrowded and unsanitary institutions without their consent, where they face abuse ranging from physical and sexual violence to involuntary treatment including shackling, electroshock therapy, isolation, and forced contraception.
      The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Bill was passed by the Indonesian parliament in March 2016. While the bill represents a major advancement, it does not fully comply with the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, which Indonesia ratified in 2011.
      During a meeting with Human Rights Watch in April 2016, Indonesia’s minister of health, Nila Moeloek, orally committed to providing mental health medication in all 9,500 community health centers (puskesmas) across the country. Government implementation of this commitment could help turn the tide against shackling.

      Refugees and Asylum Seekers

      In June, the government acceded to international pressure and allowed a boatload of 44 Sri Lankans stranded on a beach in northern Aceh province to come ashore and receive assistance from UN and International Organization for Migration personnel. The decision followed a 10-day standoff in which Indonesian authorities refused to allow the group to disembark and instead insisted that the boat leave Indonesian waters after being resupplied and refueled.
      According to UN refugee agency data, as of February 2016 there were 13,829 refugees and asylum seekers in Indonesia, all living in legal limbo because Indonesia is not a party to the Refugee Convention and lacks an asylum law. This number included 4,723 people detained in immigration centers, including unaccompanied children.

      Key International Actors

      Jokowi’s support for the use of the death penalty against convicted drug traffickers has strained ties over the past year with close bilateral allies, including Australia. The likelihood of more executions in 2017 will continue to make that issue a sore point in Indonesia’s foreign relations.
      A July 2016 decision by a UN-backed tribunal in The Hague against China's claims in the South China Sea will bolster and ensure the continuance of joint military exercises and intelligence sharing with the United States in 2017. Indonesia’s own claims of an exclusive economic zone in that area may fuel more disputes between Indonesian navy patrols and Chinese fishing boats in the coming year. However, the Indonesian government’s passive and active complicity in hateful anti-LGBT rhetoric and moves toward discriminatory legislation over the past year will likely continue to be an irritant in US ties.
      In August, the US government called on Indonesia to “respect and uphold international rights and standards” after Jokowi’s spokesman Johan Budi declared that there was “no room” for the LGBT community in Indonesia. 


      Korean company Korindo has promised to conduct an assessment of 75,000 hectares of land concessions they have in Indonesian Papua.
      12 January 2017 /

      • Korindo came under scrutiny last year when U.S.-based environmental group Mighty Earth published a damning report on their practice of burning to clear land.
      • The report “Burning Paradise” was published on September 1, 2016 and alleged that Korindo had caused 30,000 hectares of deforestation and an estimated 894 fire hotspots since 2013.
      • The illegal, yet commonly-used practice of companies burning land to clear it, leads to an annual haze from forest and peatland fires.

      Korean company Korindo has said they will stop clearing forest for palm oil concessions until sustainability assessments can be made. The company has promised to conduct an assessment of the 75,000 hectares of remaining forests on their palm oil concessions in Indonesian Papua.
      U.S.-based environmental group Mighty Earth said in a statement on January 10 that they and their partners will be meeting with Korindo at the end of the month in the hopes that the company will agree to use the High Carbon Stock Approach methodology (HCSA) in its assessments.
      HCSA is regarded as the industry standard methodology for distinguishing forest areas from degraded land. In order to follow the HCSA standard, Korindo must use credible assessors, make assessments available to the public, and seek independent verification of compliance.
      Korindo’s moratorium and assessment comes just a few months after Mighty Earth and its partners released the report “Burning Paradise” on September 1, 2016. It alleged that Korindo had caused 30,000 hectares of deforestation and an estimated 894 fire hotspots since 2013, and led to swift investigations by the Indonesian government.
      According to the report, Korindo has been scrutinized for their practices for some time. Data published by Earthsight in November 2015 showed fires burning in areas that were going through conversion for oil palm in two locations owned by Korindo. Also in 2015, the company received a three-month permit suspension for fires at an industrial timber concession in Indonesian Borneo. Palm oil traders Wilmar and Musim Mas stopped sourcing from Korindo due to violations of their No Deforestation, No Peat and No Exploitation (NDPE) policies.
      It is illegal for companies in Indonesia to burn land to clear it, but it is still a common practice. The method fuels annual forest and peatland fires that fill the air in the region with a thick, choking haze. This haze affects other parts of Southeast Asia and has led to national health emergencies and a spike in greenhouse gas emissions. Fires were particularly bad in 2015, spurring a haze crisis that research indicates may have contributed to the premature deaths of around 100,000 people.
      The government has also brought criminal and civil charges against several companies for causing fires.

      COMMODITIES | Thu Jan 12, 2017 | 6:04am EST

      3) Indonesia says Freeport, other miners halt exports

      By Wilda Asmarini | JAKARTA

      Freeport-McMoRan and other miners have halted Indonesian shipments of copper concentrates to abide by a government ban on semi-processed metal ore exports that took effect on Thursday, a mining ministry official told Reuters.

      The stoppage could prove to be brief though as President Joko Widodo's administration hammers out new regulations that could ease the ban and allow the resumption of some exports.

      Mining Minister Ignasius Jonan is expected to hold a news conference on the new rules later on Thursday.

      The temporary halt in Indonesian copper exports was not expected to have an immediate impact on global copper prices due to China's ample metal stockpiles ahead of the Chinese New Year at the end of the month. It would take export delays of several weeks to bolster prices, traders said. 

      Indonesia announced in 2014 a ban on ore shipments to push miners to build smelters to process ore locally, although it allowed some concentrate exports to continue amid protests from the industry.

      The full ban, which also covers lead, zinc, iron and manganese concentrates, took effect on Thursday, meaning only shipments of fully processed metals were now allowed.

      Asked if shipments of copper concentrates from Freeport and Medco Energi unit Amman Mineral Nusatenggara have stopped, Coal and Minerals Director General Bambang Gatot said, "Yes, in accordance with the regulation."

      Freeport and Medco officials were not immediately available for comment on Thursday.

      A Freeport spokesman said on Wednesday that the firm was "working cooperatively with government officials to ensure that our operations can continue without interruption." The company has said its targeted production from its Grasberg mine was 180,000-200,000 tonnes of copper ore per day. 

      Government officials earlier this week said they would introduce new rules that would allow concentrate shipments to continue beyond Thursday's deadline in certain cases, but those revisions have yet to be finalised.

      Jakarta was also considering allowing the resumption of nickel ore and bauxite shipments, which have been prohibited since January 2014.

      Any relaxation of Indonesia's ban on nickel ore exports could affect nickel smelter investors as well as nickel prices, which have been supported by supply restrictions, including from the Philippines, which took Indonesia's place as the world's top nickel ore exporter in 2014. 

      Mining ministry's Gatot declined on Thursday to comment on when the new regulations would be released.

      (Additional reporting by Melanie Burton in Sydney; Writing by Fergus Jensen; Editing by Tom Hogue and Randy Fabi)


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      2) Sogavare starts MSG tour amid West Papua impasse
      3) Freeport, PT Amman Pay Rp2.5tn in Export Duty on Concentrates

      1) Solomon PM on tour of MSG capitals
      9:25 pm GMT+12, 12/01/2017, Solomon Islands

      Solomon Islands Prime Ministe Manasseh Sogavare departs today for his second Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) capital tour covering Port Vila, Suva and Port Moresby respectively.
      The visit to be made in Prime Minister Sogavare’s capacity as the MSG Chair will see the discussion of issues concerning and relevant to the MSG with fellow Melanesian leaders, Prime Minister Charlot Salwai of Vanuatu, Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama of Fiji, Prime Minister Peter O’Neill of Papua New Guinea and the Spokesperson of the FLNKS (Front de Libération Nationale Kanak et Socialiste) of New Caledonia,  Victor Tutugoro. 
      The MSG Chair will meet with Tutugoro in Port Vila.
      It is envisaged that during tour, the MSG Chair and Leaders will also endorse the Revised Criteria for Observer status, Associate Membership and new MSG Guidelines to the MSG.
      The Prime Minister’s eight member delegation includes his wife Emmy, Secretary to the MSG Chair, Rence Sore and two other officers from the Prime Minister’s Office, one officer from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and External Trade and two Close-Protection Police personnel.
      The delegation will return on 26 January.

      2) Sogavare starts MSG tour amid West Papua impasse
      1:26 pm today 
      The chair of the Melanesian Spearhead Group, the Solomon Islands prime minister Manasseh Sogavare, today starts a tour of the member states' capitals.
      This comes after last year's repeated failures to hold a summit with the other leaders of the MSG which has been split over how to position itself on the West Papua issue.
      Last month, some MSG foreign ministers met in Port Vila to consider membership criteria but Fiji's Frank Bainimarama was absent.
      Solomon Islands and Vanuatu have been open to accommodating West Papua as a full member while Fiji and Papua New Guinea are opposed to it.
      West Papua is a Melanesian part of Indonesia which, as an associate MSG member, wants to prevent the United Liberation Movement for West Papua from ever becoming a full member.
      Mr Sogavare is due in Port Vila today to meet his Vanuatu counterpart Charlot Salwai as well as the spokesperson for New Caledonia's FLNKS movement Victor Tutugoro.
      His tour will also take him to Suva and Port Moresby.

      FRIDAY, 13 JANUARY, 2017 | 10:46 WIB

      3) Freeport, PT Amman Pay Rp2.5tn in Export Duty on Concentrates

      TEMPO.COJakarta - Heru Pambudi, Director General of Customs and Excise, the Finance Ministry, said that PT Freeport Indonesia and PT Amman Mineral Nusa Tenggara in 2016 paid Rp2.5 trillion (USD187,716,000) in export duty on mineral concentrates.
      Heru elaborated that PT Freeport paid Rp1.23 trillion (USD92,356,272), whilst PT Amman Mineral Nusa paid Rp1.25 trillion (USD93,858,000).
      The office still awaits Energy Ministry confirmation on concentrate export regulations, including on proposed 10 percent export duty, before it can calculate the revenue from concentrate exports for 2017.
      Energy Minister Ignasius Jonan had earlier proposed 10 percent duty on concentrate export.
      The government has issued Government Regulation No. 1/2017 on the Fourth Revision to Government Regulation No. 23/2010 on Mineral and Coal Mining. As such, mining corporations will be allowed to continue to export mineral concentrates. They, however, need to make the switch from their current contract of work to special mining permit (IUPK).
      At present, a 5 percent duty is imposed on concentrate exports. The new tariff will be proposed to and evaluated by the Finance Minister.


      Indonesian defense minister tells Australia: Let bygones be bygones
      Safrin La Batu The Jakarta Post
      Jakarta | Fri, January 13, 2017 | 06:33 am
      Defense Minister Ryamizard Ryacudu said Thursday that the spat between Indonesia and Australia over an alleged insult of the former’s military and state ideology of Pancasila should not be prolonged.
      Ryamizard said he had communicated with Australian Defense Minister Marise Payne and told her that the two countries should move on from the spat, taking it only as a lesson that the two neighbors should respect each other more in the future.
      “I called her to say ‘let bygones be bygones’,” Ryamizard told reporters after attending an executive meeting to discuss the Indonesian defense strategy this year.
      “I also told her ‘let’s enlighten our subordinates so a problem like this will not repeat’,” he added.
      Early this month, Indonesian Military Commander Gen. Gatot Nurmantyo declared a temporary suspension of Indonesian-Australian military cooperation after a special force trainer found materials at an Australian teaching facility that could be perceived as having insulted both the Indonesian Military (TNI) and Pancasila.
      Australia has apologized over the alleged insult and promised to dispose of the materials deemed offensive by the TNI.
      Ryamizard previously said the Australian government was serious in probing the alleged insult and emphasized that the halt in military cooperation would not affect relations elsewhere. (evi)

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      2) Interpol: Red Alert!
      1) West Papua independence bid continues decades after 1969 UN backing
      Matt Connors, The Courier-Mail January 14, 2017 1:00am
      Video Sorong Samurai - Airileke Feat. Twin Tribe
       They gathered on Biak, a small island nestled in the crystalline waters of Cenderawasih Bay.
      In July 1969, hundreds of stoic Papuans stood and listened, sweating in the jungle heat. Standing witness were Reuters journalist Hugh Lunn and a Dutch newspaper colleague, Otto Kuyk.
      Those gathered were there to hear about the Act of Free Choice, a long-promised, 
      UN-backed vote to allow all the Papuan people a say in their independence.
      What they instead heard were the first murmurings of a broken promise that, to this day, plays an enduring role in the bond between Australia and its nearest neighbour, Indonesia.
      Just how pivotal played out in curious fashion last week when the TNI, the Indonesian armed forces, announced it had suspended all military ties with Australia.

      Indonesia’s program of transmigration has seen the Melanesian population in West Papua fall to 50 per cent, meaning support for separation is no longer in the majority.

      A member of Indonesia’s special forces, Kopassus, training at Perth’s SAS barracks months earlier, took offence at course material for suggesting West Papua was part of Melanesia.
      The suspension seemingly caught Canberra and our military brass off guard, even though they had spent months secretly trying to cool tensions.
      Lunn, one of Queensland’s most-loved authors and a former Courier-Mailjournalist, was not the least bit shocked by Indonesia’s reaction.
      Neither were a host of Australia’s top Indonesia watchers and members of the Free West Papua campaign.
      A minor spot fire, the suspension was reversed within 24 hours. While it reflects the internal power struggle between the military and President Joko Widodo, at its heart was the touchy subject of West Papuan independence and the “long shadow” of East Timor.
      “I’m always upset about it,” Lunn says of West Papua, a position he’s held for 48 years.
      Following stints in London, Singapore and Vietnam, where he witnessed the 1968 Tet Offensive, Lunn was Reuters’ correspondent in Indonesia in 1969. He and Dutchman Kuyk were the only Western reporters of the ground for the month-long, independence vote.

      An Indonesian security officer beats protester at Manokwari in August 1969 during the period when Indonesia held Act of Free Choice (AOFC) in West New Guinea.
      “When I heard they were conducting an Act of Free Choice, I thought it would be done in a democratic way and that everyone would get a vote,” he recalls.
      Instead, out of a population of 800,000, Indonesia selected 1025 Melanesians for the vote under the Indonesian consensus system of “musyawarah”. The UN oversaw the sham poll but ignored blatant voter intimidation.
      Lunn saw Indonesian soldiers bash Papuans and throw them in the back of army trucks.
      “People like me said ‘hold on, that’s not democracy’,” he recalls.
      Lunn complained about the violence and intimidation to a UN official, but was told Papua was “like a cancerous growth on the side of the UN that needed to be removed”.

      “I had a Papuan crying on my shoulder one night. He said ‘Is the UN going to save us?’ and I said ‘forget about it, you’re going to be part of Indonesia’ and he burst into tears.”

      Mark Davis gets rare access to the secretive region of West Papua to find out what's really happening in the struggle over independence from Indonesia

      The tears have rolled ever since – human rights violations, documented atrocities, thousands dead, disappearances and the 2001 murder of revered Papuan leader Theys Eluay have peppered the Papuan independence struggle.
      The armed resistance of the Free Papua Movement (OPM), uprisings and rebellions have given way in recent years to peaceful resistance. The often-fractured resistance movement has largely coalesced around the United Liberation Movement for West Papua, which formed in 2014 and includes exiled Papuan leaders such as Benny Wenda. It has started a regional and international diplomatic push with some success.
      Professor Jason McLeod, from the Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies at the University of Sydney, says the movement is becoming more organised and strategic.
      “The West Papuans are absolutely determined they will get their freedom and a chance to fairly and freely determine whether they want to be part of Indonesia or not,” McLeod says.
      But that determination is unlikely to count for zip with a cautious Australian Government, largely thanks to our critical role in East Timor regaining its independence from Indonesia in 1999.
      Bilateral relations remained poor until 2006, when the Howard government signed the Lombok Treaty, under which both countries pledge to respect each other’s sovereignty.
      And Foreign Minister Julie Bishop says: “Australia remains committed to the territorial integrity of Indonesia, including the Papuan provinces, as expressed by the Lombok Treaty between Australia and Indonesia.”

      Hugh Lunn, journalist.
      Victoria University Indonesian expert Dr Richard Chauvel says no matter how often Australia expresses respect for Indonesian sovereignty, it will always be met with distrust.
      “In Indonesian eyes, the unstated response is ‘that’s exactly what you said about East Timor’,” he says.
      Chauvel notes the suspension of military training by TNI commander Gatot Nurmantyo last week “reminds us, yet again, of the long shadow of East Timor”.
      “We as Australians tend to forget the sensitivities around East Timor. No country likes to lose provinces.
      “The suspicion of any Australian interest in West Papua goes back to that.”
      West Papuan dreams of independence may remain just that, according to another keen Indonesian watcher.
      Deakin University Professor of International Politics Damien Kingsbury cites a key difference to East Timor: It was forcibly annexed in 1975 and never internationally recognised as part of Indonesia, unlike West Papua.
      “Under international law, West Papua is part of Indonesia,” Kingsbury says.
      “The circumstances in which that happened are hugely problematic, but it was recognised by the UN.”
      Indonesia’s program of transmigration has seen the Melanesian population in West Papua fall to 50 per cent, meaning support for separation is no longer in the majority.
      About a quarter of Indonesia’s Budget stems from West Papua’s lucrative natural resources, including gold and copper. The TNI remains committed to retaining West Papua as a province, by force if necessary.
      Kingsbury says while Melanesians are definitely second-class citizens in their own land, the obstacles to independence can’t be easily traversed.
      “What they need to do is to aim for something that is achievable – a ‘land of peace’. Independence is not a likely outcome. The negotiations need to be around improving the social, economic and political circumstances of Melanesian West Papuans that makes a difference to their lives on the ground. Fifty per cent of something is better than 100 per cent of nothing.
      “The Act of Free Choice ... should not have been recognised but it was and has now been recognised for four decades.
      “It’s going to be extraordinarily difficult to change that.”
      2) Interpol: Red Alert!

      How states have used Interpol alerts to persecute exiled dissidents and refugees across international borders.

      12 Jan 2017 08:04 GMT PoliticsSecurityHuman Rights


      Interpol is the world's largest policing organisation connecting 190 member countries in the battle against international crime.

      But as representatives of the global law enforcement agency met at their General Assembly towards the end of 2016, they faced questions over a crucial crime fighting tool.

      In 2015, Interpol issued more than 11,000 "Red Notices" on behalf of member countries. These alerts inform countries that an individual is wanted for serious offences. It's then up to authorities in different countries to decide what action to take. 

      But human rights groups have suggested that some countries have used Interpol wanted notices to target political dissidents and opponents across borders, often with devastating consequences.

      People and Power sent Sarah Spiller and Callum Macrae to investigate.


      By Sarah Spiller and Callum Macrae 

      Benny Wenda still remembers the day when he found out he was the subject of an Interpol Red Notice. He had googled his name, and found the wanted alert.

      A campaigner for the independence of his native West Papua from Indonesia, Wenda had been granted asylum in the UK. The Interpol Red Notice said he was wanted for offences involving the use of weapons and explosives, charges Wenda had long insisted were brought by Indonesia to silence him. 

      At his home, Wenda told us of the fight to get his Interpol notice deleted, and the eventual conclusion - that the case against him was "predominantly political in nature". But it still left the question of how this could happen. How could a global policing organisation with the reputation of Interpol be used for apparently political ends?

      It was a question we were to hear frequently during the course of our research, meeting several individuals who said they had been unfairly targeted for extradition and arrest. 

      In Brussels, Bahar Kimyongur, an activist who has campaigned over human rights in Turkey, told us how an Interpol notice led to his detention in the Netherlands, Italy and Spain. Turkey had alleged Kimyongur had links with terrorism, but when European authorities investigated they concluded that the charges didn't stack up. Nevertheless, it took sustained pressure before Interpol confirmed they'd deleted data about him from their systems. It also took a huge toll on his family, Kimyongur told us.

      "Turkey had one single tool to crush me. It was Interpol," he said. 

      For Nadejda Atayeva being on the Interpol wanted list led to a "terrible feeling of injustice". Nadejda and her father Alim were accused of embezzlement after Alim spoke out against authorities in Uzbekistan - charges they dismiss as complete fiction.

      They were granted asylum in France, but, Nadejda said, the alert restricted her ability to travel and to tell her story. Interpol confirmed data about her was no longer on their records in 2015.

      Nadejda Atayeva President of the Human Rights Association in Central Asia [Al Jazeera] 

      Politically-motivated wanted alerts

      An online trawl through Interpol's Red Notices shows summaries of cases. But there is no requirement to make Red Notices public. In addition, we discovered another kind of alert circulated via Interpol data bases. These "diffusions" are described as "less formal" than Red Notices, and also used to request the arrest or location of an individual. 

      While the overwhelming majority of Interpol wanted alerts are clearly entirely legitimate, human rights groups have suggested those that may slip through the net pose a threat to Interpol's requirement for political neutrality.

      The UK-based NGO Fair Trials International is among those who have called on Interpol to introduce more rigorous checks, to ensure countries abide by Interpol's rules which forbid any intervention in activities of a political nature.

      "Interpol has been allowing itself to be used by oppressive regimes across the world to export the persecution of human rights defenders, journalists and political opponents," said Jago Russell, Fair Trials' chief executive. "It has to get used to saying no to member countries."

      'Completely Kafkaesque'

      During the course of our investigation, we not only heard stories about politically motivated wanted alerts, but frustration when it came to getting information out of Interpol. 

      US journalist and media consultant Michelle Betz described her struggle to find out about a Diffusion Notice. Along with other NGO staff, Betz was accused of operating illegally in Egypt in 2011.

      The charges were condemned as politically motivated - but some workers were given jail sentences in absentia. Betz then heard Egypt had asked Interpol for a Diffusion Notice. 

      After months of attempting to contact Interpol directly, her lawyer got in touch with an organisation called the Commission for the Control of Interpol's Files, (CCF) an independent body responsible for processing requests for access to information held by the organisation. 

      Things then took a strange turn. The commission informed her lawyer that they could contact Egypt about Betz's Diffusion, but that "in the present case, the consultation of Egypt" was "not advisable". Betz described her experience as "completely Kafkaesque". 

      Following sustained pressure, the CCF eventually informed Betz that information about her had been deleted from Interpol's files. But she was not alone in expressing frustration over the body, the CCF. 

      In Amsterdam, Azer Samadov told us how he was detained in 2009 at Schiphol airport on the basis of an Interpol alert. Samadov had been an anti-government activist in Azerbaijan.

      When several members of his movement were arrested he fled the country and ended up in the Netherlands where he was granted refugee status. The Dutch authorities eventually apologised for arresting Samadov. His lawyer then tried to find out what information Interpol held about him, contacting the CCF. 

      Six years on, the legal firm heard that the Interpol alert had disappeared, but this information came not from Interpol but the Dutch authorities. We asked the lawyer what he made of the CCF. His response: "Completely ineffective. It's a joke."

      The Interpol Global Complex for Innovation building (IGCI) in Singapore  [Wallace Woon/EPA] 

      Greater transparency and scrutiny of wanted alerts

      Bali, Indonesia, last autumn, was the setting for Interpol's 2016 General Assembly, a gathering of police chiefs from around the world. We went, too, in search of answers to the troubling matters we had uncovered. 

      Day three of the assembly was billed as the moment we might get responses to allegations over the misuse of Interpol's systems. We were told delegates had approved measures Interpol maintained would "strengthen the integrity of Interpol's information processing mechanisms". 

      But Nina Vajic, the chairwoman of the Commission for the Control of Interpol's Files, subsequently told us that while the changes could mean a more streamlined process in gaining information held by Interpol, the policing organisation would still rely on member countries to provide the data. 

      It seemed that at the heart of this, then, remained Interpol's relations with its member states - an issue behind one of the questions we asked Interpol's secretary-general, Jurgen Stock. Should Interpol name and shame the countries who were serial offenders when it came to abusive requests for wanted notices? 

      Stock said that if Interpol identified "non-compliance" with its rules, the organisation provided feedback to the member country. While such "non-compliance" with Interpol's rules was "the exception rather than the rule", Interpol took every case "very seriously". Interpol had introduced a task force to review every request "even more intensively".

      As delegates departed from Bali, Interpol insisted measures agreed at their annual assembly would mean greater transparency and scrutiny of wanted alerts. Critics are now waiting to see whether that's really going to happen. 

      The programme makers thank Dominic Brown for the use of footage from his documentary 'The Road to Home'. 

      Source: Al Jazeera News

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