Articles on this Page
- 06/04/14--13:41: _1) RUBEN MAGAY: PAP...
- 06/04/14--23:26: _1) Jokowi to open a...
- 06/06/14--01:25: _1) Two farmers foun...
- 06/06/14--14:23: _Senators Madigan an...
- 06/08/14--03:15: _1) Shoot Dead TNI c...
- 06/09/14--02:04: _1) Freeport skating...
- 06/09/14--15:11: _1) RESIDENTS NEAR B...
- 06/10/14--01:43: _1) Graphic novel ab...
- 06/10/14--14:01: _1) US goverment don...
- 06/11/14--04:51: _1) Indonesia Cancel...
- 06/11/14--15:09: _1) HERE ARE ISSUES ...
- 06/12/14--02:12: _1) NZ Govt - no com...
- 06/12/14--14:45: _Freedom of expressi...
- 06/13/14--01:44: _1) Indonesia remain...
- 06/13/14--14:27: _1) SICA supports fr...
- 06/14/14--01:45: _1) NZ ambassador de...
- 06/14/14--13:37: _1) Freeport makes g...
- 06/15/14--13:59: _1) More gun violenc...
- 06/16/14--13:25: _1) Cecum KNPB: Boyc...
- 06/17/14--14:01: _1) Prabowo or Jokow...
- 06/06/14--01:25: 1) Two farmers found dead in Papua
- 06/08/14--03:15: 1) Shoot Dead TNI commander of the TPN / OPM in Puncak Jaya
- 06/09/14--02:04: 1) Freeport skating on thin ice
- 06/09/14--15:11: 1) RESIDENTS NEAR BORDER REDUCE ACTIVITIES AFTER SHOOTING INCIDENT
- 06/10/14--01:43: 1) Graphic novel about West Papua released online
- 06/10/14--14:01: 1) US goverment donates $8 million for health program in Papua
- 06/11/14--15:09: 1) HERE ARE ISSUES DISCUSSED BY US AMBASSADOR AND PAPUA GOVERNOR
- 06/12/14--02:12: 1) NZ Govt - no complaints from Jakarta over Papua policing plan
- 06/12/14--14:45: Freedom of expression and Assembly in West Papua, Indonesia
- Published on Wednesday, 11 June 2014 13:00
- 06/13/14--01:44: 1) Indonesia remains sensitive over West Papua
- 06/13/14--14:27: 1) SICA supports freedom for West Papua people
1) RUBEN MAGAY: PAPUANS WANT INDEPENDENCE BECAUSE THEY ARE TREATED UNFAIRLY
3)INDONESIA: Journalists recording of Australian PM's phone call stirs row
Chairul, one of Indonesia’s richest men, made the statement after meeting with US-based Freeport McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc. CEO Richard Adkerson.
Elaborating, Chairul said problems hampering the negotiation process and issues related to the company’s construction of a smelter should soon be resolved to ensure that they would not affect Freeport’s operations and state revenues.
“We are trying to conclude the negotiation process as soon as possible. Hopefully, before the end of the current government,” he said.
It was Adkerson’s second meeting with top Indonesian government officials this year after a raw minerals export ban came into force on Jan. 12. Besides problems related to contract renegotiations, Freeport is now also in trouble because it has been unable to export its copper concentrate due to the ban.
Adkerson refused to make a comment after the meeting, but he looked unhappy.
Chairul said the Indonesian government and Freeport shared the same aspiration of reaching an agreement as soon as possible. “There are principle agreements in several areas. However, there are also several things that need to be harmonized,” Chairul told reporters after the meeting.
The talks were centered on a contract renegotiation mandated under the 2009 Mining Law. The negotiations cover six points: royalty adjustment, divestment, mine size, the use of local goods and services, contract extension and the obligation of domestic processing and refining activities.
The government’s ban on raw ore exports, a bid to add value to its mineral resources, has been lambasted by industry players, although miners had been given four years prior to build smelters and refineries.
In the face of intense criticism, the government decided to continue allowing the export of semi-finished minerals, such as concentrates, until 2017. This relaxation of the regulation is, however, meaningless as the government imposed progressively increasing export duties of up to 60 percent on exporters of semi-finished products.
Major miners such as Freeport Indonesia and PT Newmont Nusa Tenggara have refused to pay the duties, saying additional taxes contradicted their contracts. The companies have been trying to lobby the government to change course on the issue.
As the miners halt production and exports plummet, the government has been considering cutting the duties in exchange for a commitment from the companies to build domestic processing facilities. However, any decision on new export duties is now pending the completion of the renegotiation, Chairul said.
Renegotiations with Freeport are currently stalled on the issue of the certainty of the continuation of its mining activities when the company’s contract of work expires in 2021, according to mineral and coal director general R. Sukhyar.
“We have an understanding in principle but we need to deepen it. There is a legal matter concerning their wishes for contract extension and what is stated under our law,” Sukhyar told The Jakarta Post.
The border was re-opened at around 11.30am, according to a source at Wutung. At 3pm, members of the Organisai Papua Merdeka (OPM) launched a surprise attack, firing guns and injuring the two Indonesian soldiers.
Col Dominic Bulungol who is in charge of the PNG Defence Force operations told The National that they were not even aware of the reopening of the border.
“We do not know who made the decision for the reopening,” he said.
“It (should) be closed for the security of our people living along the border.”
He said the re-opening was unnecessary even though people relied on the Batas market on the other side of the border to conduct their business.
“We have shops in Vanimo and Wewak, East Sepik which is closer for our people. The shooting at
the border between OPM and Indonesia is not just about the closure,” he said.
Bulungol said the OPM militants were not targeting PNG soldiers although they could be caught in a cross-fire because of their location.
“The closure will also depend on all our border security arrangements, whether there is an effective security arrangement in place,” he said.
PNG Customs Border Security and Enforcement Wing Deputy Commissioner Waliya Abilo said Customs was not in control of the Batas market nor could it make decisions.
“If the Government wants us to assess a situation, then we will. We only get advice from the Government,” Abilo said.
FOREIGN AFFAIRS, DEFENCE AND TRADE LEGISLATION COMMITTEE Wednesday, 4 June 2014
Mr Cox: I will ask Ms Corcoran to come and assist in answering that question.
Ms Corcoran: Would you mind repeating the question please?
Senator MADIGAN: What aid projects are currently funded by the Australian government in the West Papuan province?
Ms Corcoran: At the moment we are providing a range of aid programs. In 2012-13 we spent approximately $22 million on aid programs in the Papuan provinces. Some of those are delivered specifically to those provinces and some of those are programs that have elements in Papuan provinces and elements in the rest of Indonesia. Just to take you through the details of those, through the Clinton Health Access Initiative, CHAI, we are addressing the high rates of HIV in the Papuan provinces. The program is providing HIV testing services and treats more than 20,000 people living with HIV. The program is running through 2012-13 to 2015-16.
FOREIGN AFFAIRS, DEFENCE AND TRADE LEGISLATION COMMITTEE
In the education sector we have provided 225 scholarships to applicants from West Papua for post-graduate study in Australia since 1999. We are working with UNICEF over 2010 to 2013 and with local governments to improve primary education in six districts, improving planning and literacy and numeracy teaching in schools.
In disaster risk reduction we are also partnering it with the Australian Red Cross and Oxfam, helping district governments in those provinces and local Red Cross branches and communities to prepare for natural disasters.
We are supporting the Indonesian government's program for community empowerment in the Papuan provinces which provides small grants to communities to build vital infrastructure in the provinces. Through our Australia-Indonesian Partnership for Rural Development, which is AIPD Rural, we are also helping to increase the incomes of poor farmers, including in Papua and West Papua provinces.
Senator MADIGAN: Could you take on notice to provide the committee with what current health and education statistics are available for the West Papuan province?
Ms Corcoran: I can take that on notice.
Senator MADIGAN: Does DFAT fund any human rights NGOs in West Papua, and which ones are they if
Ms Corcoran: I am not aware of that so I will have to take that on notice as well.
Senator MADIGAN: Moving onto Timor-Leste. I believe that currently Australia is involved in two legal cases with Timor-Leste. What impact have these legal cases had on Australia's relations with Timor-Leste?
Mr Varghese: We have sought to handle these two cases within the context of a bilateral relationship which remains a strong relationship. Clearly because we are in court we have a very different set of positions on the issues and we will have to see where those two cases end up, but it is a factor in the bilateral relationship. That is clearly the case but it does not mean that we do not continue to have a very strong and close relationship with East Timor.
Senator MADIGAN: Has Timor-Leste expressed any frustration with the current or previous governments' proceedings in the international courts?
Mr Varghese: We are engaged in litigation with them, so they may well express frustration. I am not aware of any direct representations to us that reflect frustration, but it would come with the territory.
Senator MADIGAN: In 2011 I believe the Timor-Leste government rejected the Chinese government's request to build a base in Timor-Leste. Did that concern the department?
Mr Varghese: The fact that they rejected the request?
Senator MADIGAN: Were you concerned about the Chinese requesting to build a base in East Timor?
Mr Varghese: Ultimately questions of East Timor's foreign and security policy are matters for East Timor. Our position on all of these issues is the importance of any initiatives and proposals to be entirely transparent. We do not make a decision for Timor-Leste about their dealings with other countries, that is a matter for them and the other country.
Mr Cox: Timor-Leste has received assistance from China over the years. The presidential palace was built for them by China, as was the foreign ministry. I think the normal development of relations between Timor-Leste and China, as with relations between China and the rest of the region generally, is something that is a matter for Timor, as the secretary says, but generally welcome building positive relations with foreign states.
Senator MADIGAN: So the department is not concerned that China was looking to build a base there?
Mr Varghese: I do not think that it was a proposal that really got into a lot of detail. To the extent that it did not get anywhere and it did not have any detail to begin with, I do not think it was something which we would necessarily have had to give a lot of policy attention to.
Senator MADIGAN: Previously our relationship with Indonesia was based on the Barwick theory, the Lombok Treaty and the JSCOT findings. What is the guiding principle now for the department with our relationship with Indonesia?
Mr Varghese: The Lombok Treaty is still a very important element, at least in terms of the formal relationship between Australia and Indonesia, but the overall framework within which we operate is that the relationship with Indonesia is one of our most important relationships. It has an important economic trade and investment dimension, a very important geopolitical and security dimension and an expanding people-to-people dimension. Indonesia is an important partner of us in regional institutions and works with us multilaterally, so it is a relationship in many dimensions, all of which are very important and underpinned by the fact that we are neighbours, that we both seek to have a comprehensive strategic partnership and that we are both democracies.
FOREIGN AFFAIRS, DEFENCE AND TRADE LEGISLATION COMMITTEE
Senator MADIGAN: Do you believe that human rights issues on the ground in West Papua have improved in the past 12 months?
Mr Varghese: I think the trend with human rights in Papua over an extended period of time has clearly been positive. If you compare the human rights situation in the Papuan provinces today with what they were 10 years ago there is a marked improvement. There continue to be human rights concerns and in our dialogue with Indonesia we address those issues and encourage them to address them. I think under President Yudhoyono the official approach to Papua has shown a very high degree of commitment to ensuring the development of the province and also to improving the human rights situation.
Senator MADIGAN: Are you able to enlighten the committee as to access to West Papua for the media and/or human rights watch organisations?
Mr Varghese: Mr Cox may want to add to this. We have raised this with Indonesia. We have encouraged them to provide greater access to the media. I think they have taken some steps to do that. In fact, I think very recently an SBS journalist has made a visit to the Papuan provinces. Mr Cox may have more details.
Mr Cox: Beyond journalists, our own ambassador was most recently there in November last year and we have teams of officials from the embassy visiting regularly. As the secretary says, we had groups in February. We had groups of officials going in March. I think Mark Davis of SBS Dateline was there recently as well, as was seen on television last night. I think there are restrictions on access of journalists. It is not easy to get access, but we continue to advocate for larger and wider access and for more transparency about the situation in the provinces.
Senator MADIGAN: Thank you.
Senator XENOPHON: I have some follow-up questions in relation to Senator Madigan's line of questioning
if I may have the call.
CHAIR: Yes, you may have the call.
Senator XENOPHON: I will just go to the secretary of the department. There are two disputes between Australia and Timor-Leste at the moment, one before the International Court of Justice and the other before an arbitration panel. Is that correct?
Mr Varghese: That is right.
Senator XENOPHON: Could you just outline for clarity—and I am not suggesting that you have not been
clear—what is being disputed before the International Court of Justice and before the arbitration panels?
Mr Varghese: I will ask our senior legal adviser, Ms Cooper, to address questions relating to the cases.
Ms Cooper: You are quite right that there are two cases on foot at the moment with East Timor. One is in the International Court of Justice and the other one is in the Permanent Court of Arbitration. In the first it relates to the seizure of some documents. That is the ICJ case by ASIO. There have been some provisional measures in relation to that. The ICJ has issued provisional measures in that and there will be a substantive hearing later in the year. The second is an arbitration that relates specifically to the validity of what is known as the CMATS Treaty.
Senator XENOPHON: In relation to the arbitration—
Senator Brandis: I am sorry to interrupt you, but for that reason, that is that there are two sets of pending proceedings at the moment, you will understand that there is very little that we are able to say about the matters that are the subject of the dispute.
Senator XENOPHON: Attorney, sometimes I am happy with very little. I will just continue asking questions. I am sure I will be pulled up if there is an issue by yourself or the Chair. This does not relate to the dispute and I am mindful of what you said. Is the arbitration before the international court or what was the terminology?
Ms Cooper: It is the Permanent Court of Arbitration. Senator XENOPHON: The Permanent Court of Arbitration? Ms Cooper: Yes.
Senator XENOPHON: I always worry about something being called permanent. Is it before that body rather than the International Court of Justice, because Australia withdrew from the maritime jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice back in 2002?
Ms Cooper: No, that is not right.
Senator Brandis: Perhaps I should take these questions. Senator XENOPHON: Yes. I am very happy for you to do that.
FOREIGN AFFAIRS, DEFENCE AND TRADE LEGISLATION COMMITTEE
Senator Brandis: I have been very closely involved with this in recent months. There is a dispute resolution mechanism and under that dispute resolution mechanism in the treaty any dispute is resolved before an arbitral tribunal, not the ICJ.
Senator XENOPHON: So it has nothing to do with Australia withdrawing from the maritime jurisdiction?
Senator Brandis: The reason it is before the arbitral tribunal rather than the ICJ is that the dispute resolution mechanism in the treaty provides that that is where disputes are resolved and that is the provision that has been invoked.
Senator XENOPHON: Thank you for clarifying that. I understand these are significant disputes with significant issues at stake. Is the government able to indicate in broad terms or to take on notice how much has been spent on litigating both the matter before the ICJ and the matter before the Permanent Court of Arbitration?
Senator Brandis: I will take that on notice. As you rightly say, these are fairly significant issues and there are a lot of lawyers involved. I will take on notice how much has been expended on legal fees.
Senator XENOPHON: I am happy for that. If you can also indicate both departmental time and external lawyers?
Senator Brandis: For you, Senator Xenophon, I will extend that to include the Attorney-General's Department officials even though this is not the Attorney-General's estimates. For you I will not take a pedantic point about this being asked in the wrong estimates.
Senator XENOPHON: Pedantry and law are not a bad combination sometimes. There is a reason for it, but I am grateful you will not get that point. I would like to go to the issue in relation to the ex-ASIS officer known as Witness K. Is the government able to advise whether his passport has been confiscated?
Senator Brandis: I am not going to be saying anything about Witness K.
Senator XENOPHON: Is there any impediment on Witness K attending to be a witness at the arbitration?
Senator Brandis: I am not going to be saying anything about Witness K.
Senator XENOPHON: Can I ask Ms Cooper, with the Permanent Court of Arbitration, whether there is a provision procedurally, for instance, for evidence to be taken by video link?
Ms Cooper: I could not answer that.
Senator Brandis: That is able to be done.
Senator XENOPHON: So even if Witness K's passport was confiscated—and I know you cannot tell me whether it was or not—the issue of Witness K being able to give evidence is not a live issue if it can be done via video link?
Senator Brandis: I am not going to be saying anything about Witness K and I am not going to be commenting on issues in the proceedings.
Senator XENOPHON: I have one more question on this. I will only be a couple of minutes, Chair. I am trying to be expeditious about this. Ms Cooper, the dispute as I understand it, relates to where the line should be in the treaty between Australia and Timor-Leste.
Ms Cooper: No, that is not right.
Senator XENOPHON: That is not the case?
Ms Cooper: It is not a case about maritime boundaries.
Senator XENOPHON: So it does not relate to that?
Senator Brandis: Ms Cooper is correct; that is not the issue in the case and by 'the case' I take it you are referring to the arbitration and not the proceedings in the ICJ.
Senator XENOPHON: Yes. I am sorry I did not clarify that.
Senator Brandis: That is not the issue in the arbitration but when you say it relates to it, it does in a loose sense. The court is not being asked to make orders in relation to the delimitation of maritime boundaries. That is not one of the orders sought in the case.
Senator XENOPHON: Is it a live issue in the case?
Senator Brandis: It all depends on what you mean by a live issue. There are certain assertions being made in the arbitration concerning the conduct of negotiations. That is what the arbitration is about. Now, depending on what the outcome of the arbitration is, then it is not impossible that that may bear on other issues. This is not
FOREIGN AFFAIRS, DEFENCE AND TRADE LEGISLATION COMMITTEE
exactly a state secret. The East Timorese are unhappy with what they see as the deal embodied in the treaty but the revisiting of those boundaries is not one of the grounds of relief sought specifically in the arbitration.
Senator XENOPHON: Thank you for clarifying that. Finally, if I can just go to the line of questioning of
Senator Hanson-Young in respect of Cambodia—I take it from what you say, Attorney, that you want to encourage Cambodia and work with them to emerge as a democratic country or to strengthen democratic institutions? There was a report in the Sydney Morning Herald of 11 October 2012 in relation to an AusAID project where a number of Cambodians were complaining about the project. This involved their resettlement or being displaced from their homes in respect of a railway project. Mr Cox, I do not know if that nod was in relation to my question or something else.
1) Shoot Dead TNI commander of the TPN / OPM in Puncak Jaya
Author: Admin MS | Sunday, June 8, 2014 13:39 Read: 274 Comments: 0
TPN / OPM women. Photo: Ist
Puncak Jaya, STEP MAGAZINE - Armed Forces Indonesian Army (TNI AD) from Infantry Battalion (Infantry) 751/Vira Jaya Sakti Military Command XVII / TRIKORA Tingginambut who served in Puncak Jaya, Papua Province claimed to have shot dead the commander of the National Liberation Army / Organization Free Papua Movement (TPN / OPM), Saturday (07/06/14) yesterday.
According to the press release received military Puspen majalahselangkah.com, gunfire occurred around 05.00 am, when soldiers on patrol in the area around Tingginambut, Puncak Jaya, Papua.
"In the firing contacts, we managed to shoot dead members of the OPM commander named Timika Wonda," said Maj. Gen. TNI Kapuspen Mochamad Fouad Basha in the press release.
TNI also get two long-barreled firearms. Written there, the intensity of patrol in Puncak Jaya further enhanced because adjacent to the Presidential Election ballot.
As of this writing, there is no description of the TPN / OPM is associated penemakan.
Known, the conflict in Papua last 50 years and there has been no comprehensive solution.
2) IN MERAUKE REGENCY, MALNOURISHMENT CHILDREN ARE FOUND EVERY YEAR
2) Freeport's Demand Slows Down Renegotiation
1) RESIDENTS NEAR BORDER REDUCE ACTIVITIES AFTER SHOOTING INCIDENT
1) Graphic novel about West Papua released online
2) Indonesia and Australia: mates no more?
1) US goverment donates $8 million for health program in Papua
The U.S. Ambassador to Indonesia, Robert Blake, said during his work visit to the Dosay Community Health Center in Jayapura on Tuesday, the 8 million dollar fund had been donated to the districts of Jayapura, Jayapura City, Jayawijaya and Mimika.
"The purpose of this donation is to improve local health administration capacity, so that the health of mothers and children will be better protected, particularly from the threats of HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis," Blake noted.
Through the United State Agency International Development (USAID), the U.S. government has been focusing on the work of health programs since March 2012, including the prevention of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria.
Blake added that USAID also cooperated with UNICEF and local non-government organizations (NGOs) in promoting HIV/AIDS awareness and prevention.
"Papua has the highest rank in the spread of HIV/AIDS in Indonesia, which is estimated to rise to 2.3 percent. Unfortunately, this number is increasing among the commercial sex workers and laborers, hence we are also cooperating with our partners in promoting the use of condoms to prevent HIV/AIDS," he said.
The other program that is funded by the U.S. government is malaria disease prevention by using mosquito nets, which were distributed to the local residents in Papua and West Papua Province.
"We also support the efforts to inform the people who are sick to go to the community health center," he noted.
During his work visit, Ambassador Blake also praised chief of Jayapura District Mathius Awitouw for his supports to the USAID program in the region.
USAID in Papua provides technical assistance to the Ministry of Health and the National AIDS Commission to accelerate the use of effective prevention measures, and to strengthen capacity to gather and use strategic information in response to the epidemic.
USAID also helps local NGOs increase organizational capacity and expand the reach of HIV/AIDS health services, and works with UNICEF to improve maternal and newborn care and prevent malaria in pregnancy.(*)
"The negotiations between Freeport and the Indonesian government will take place soon, and we hope an agreement can be reached that will benefit both parties," Blake stated in reply to a question posed by an Antara contributor about the divestment of PT Freeport Indonesia shares while visiting the Dosay health center here on Tuesday.
Blake said he was proud of Freeports contribution to Indonesia.
"We are proud of Freeports contribution to the economy of the people in Papua in particular and Indonesia in general. The negotiations between Freeport and the Indonesian government will take place soon, and we hope there will be an agreement that will benefit the two parties," he remarked.
In this way, Freeport will continue operating and providing jobs for the people in Papua and Indonesia, the ambassador added.
Blake noted that he will visit Freeport tomorrow and was keen to see its operations and corporate social responsibility activities.
"We have a lot of interests here. Besides health programs, we also help people in forest management, education, and sea protection," he stated when questioned about things that have attracted him to visit Papua.
According to Blake, Papua has its own superiority as compared to other regions in Indonesia.
"Papua is blessed with rich marine biodiversity," he pointed out.
Blake said that during his visit to Papua, he will also explore other possibilities for the US companies to invest in the region.
Ambassador Robert remarked that he also had plans to meet with regional government leaders as well as regional community leaders, such as religious and non-governmental organization leaders during his visit to Papua.
According to a press release issued by the US Embassy and received by Antara in Jayapura, the US ambassador will be in Papua from June 8 to 13.
According to the release, the US ambassador is scheduled to meet with several government officials, community figures, and alumni of the US-Indonesia exchange program and observe programs relating to HIV/AIDS education, marine biodiversity, and health service improvement programs funded by the US.
Reporting by Alfian Rumagit
EDITED BY INE
6) No Surrender to PT Inti Kebun Sejahtera
1) Indonesia Cancels NZ Police Training Program in Papua Over ‘Hidden Motives’
Jakarta. Indonesia has axed a multimillion dollar police training program in West Papua because police intelligence reports suggested there were “hidden motives” behind the New Zealand-funded program.
New Zealand’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (MFAT) confirmed late last month that the $5.4 million project, which was scheduled to start early this year, had been put off, but refused to answer specific questions about the issue.
On Tuesday, however, the deputy chief of the Indonesia National Police, Comr. Gen. Badrodin Haiti, cited concerns about the program’s motives as the reason for its cancellation.
“We refused it based on the input from head of [the] Police’s Security Intelligent agency, Comr. Gen. Suparni Parto, that there could be a hidden motive behind the aid,” he said.
The three-year program, funded by the New Zealand Aid program and run by the New Zealand Police, followed a pilot project in Papua and West Papua in 2009-10.
It would have seen two full-time New Zealand police staff deployed to the Indonesian National Police office in Jayapura for three years, as well as short-term specialists, and aimed to provide training for up to 1,000 Indonesian police officers.
In October last year, New Zealand foreign affairs minister Murray McCully said the training program would help support the Indonesian National Police to improve community policing skills in the Papua, West Papua and Maluku.
But the supposedly political nature of the aid was said to have caused concern among the Indonesia National Police, who have faced persistent criticism for their human rights record in the country’s easternmost regions.
Badrodin said that New Zealand had insisted on training police in the restive provinces, and had rebuffed offers to train members of Indonesia’s police force elsewhere.
“They refused when we offered to change the training location to our training center in Makassar or in Java island. So what is going on?” he said.
When approached by the Jakarta Globe for comment, New Zealand’s foreign affairs ministry declined to say anything beyond a limited three paragraph statement.
The statement said that the future of the program, or whether funding would be reallocated, would depend on “priorities for development assistance” agreed upon by New Zealand and the incoming Indonesian Government.
The New Zealand Police would continue to work with their Indonesian counterparts in other areas, the statement said, including the provision of trainers to the Jakarta Center for Law Enforcement Cooperation.
News of the training’s cancellation has been met with relief in some quarters.
One member of New Zealand’s Parliament has said the country should never have been providing aid that perpetuated “an oppressive status quo.”
“We need to have a positive relationship with Indonesia and engage with them respectfully on the West Papua issue, challenging them to negotiate for peace,” Green Party MP Catherine Delahunty said.
She said the community policing model — which emphasized community engagement — was successful in countries where the government had a “robust and genuine commitment to human rights” and communities that could trust police.
“The opposite situation exists in West Papua where the rhetoric of human rights is undermined daily,” Delahunty said.
Andreas Harsono, a researcher for Human Rights Watch in Indonesia, said the training program had “sent the wrong message,” because widespread impunity among security forces in the provinces persisted.
He cited two examples of alleged police abuses in Papua: the possible use of unnecessary lethal force by police against rock-throwing protesters in Papua in September 2013, and the crackdown of the Papuan People’s Congress in October 2011, where at least three people were killed and dozens injured.
“We repeatedly asked the Indonesian government to investigate abusive police officers in Papua but there’s no positive response from Jakarta,” Andreas said.
2) PAPUA GOVERNMENT MUST EXPLAIN CURRENT CONDITION OF PAPUA FOREST
1) HERE ARE ISSUES DISCUSSED BY US AMBASSADOR AND PAPUA GOVERNOR
2) Govt not to extend freeport contract before 2019: Minister
3) PAPUA POLICE CHIEF: RUDI OREREI SHOT DEAD
The New Zealand government says reported concerns about New Zealand's political motives in funding police training in the troubled Indonesian province of Papua have not been raised with its officials.
The five million US dollar project was due to start this year but cancelled last month after Indonesia pulled out.
According to the Jakarta Globe newspaper, the Indonesia Government pulled out over fears New Zealand had a hidden motive.
However, a spokesperson for the Ministry says the reported concerns have not been raised with the New Zealand Embassy in Jakarta.
Jakarta. Indonesian officials keep sending mixed messages regarding the contract renegotiation with Freeport Indonesia — with a minister saying it is imperative to give the local unit of US mining giant Freeport-McMoran Copper & Gold some sense of security, while an official said the matter was the authority of the next government.
Although the country’s mining law and derivative regulations rule that a proposal for an extension of a mining contract can only be submitted two years before the contract expires — in Freeport’s case it is in 2021, the miner is known to have requested a renewal and extension of its contract until 2041.
“We’re still discussing [renegotiations]. We haven’t reach a final decision yet but the most important thing is that we all want a win-win solution for this matter,” Freeport Indonesia spokeswoman Daisy Primayanti told the Jakarta Globe on Tuesday. “We are intensively trying to ensure that Freeport will get to operate normally again.”
Freeport has previously stated that it is planning to invest a total of $17 billion to develop underground pits of its Grasberg mine in Papua through 2041 — as the open pits have almost been entirely exploited. Freeport signed the work contract with the government in 1967, shortly after then president Suharto took office.
Energy and Mineral Resources Minister Jero Wacik said on Wednesday that he understood Freeport’s need for assurances, saying the government would collect inputs to see if it would be possible to renew the contract now despite the two-year rule — that means Freeport was supposed to only request for an extension in 2019.
“There is indeed a dilemma with the contract extension. There can be a problem if it is issued now,” Jero said on Wednesday.
“But the company wants to invest more than $12 billion; how can this proceed when there is no indication that [the contract] can be extended?” he said. “We have to find a way to avoid declaring an extension but at the same time allowing Freeport to feel comfortable. We’re still waiting for inputs from experts.”
Jero’s statement offers a possibility that Freeport may secure the contract extension — a more toned-down version than the statement issued last week by his subordinate Sukhyar, the director general for minerals and coal.
Sukhyar was as quoted as saying that the government agreed to extend the contract until 2041, and President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono was expected to sign a related memorandum of understanding before the end of his term in office in October.
The MoU contains six points: a value-added obligation, contractual period, size of operation, local content obligation, government revenue and divestment.
Among the points reportedly already agreed in the MoU are that Freeport would divest 20.64 percent of its shares to the state to meet the 30 percent divestment requirement. For now, Indonesia only owns 9.36 percent of Freeport shares.
Coordinating Minister for the Economy Chairul Tanjung reaffirmed that the extension of work contract with Freeport was the authority of the next government. He didn’t deny, though, that representatives of the government and Freeport were working on the MoU to offer the miner some form of assurance.
The MoU will be legally binding on the next government, and will be signed in 2019, he said.
But presidential advisor for economic affairs, Firmanzah, holds a different view, asserting that the president would not sign any vital policies, including Freeport’s contract extension, in the last few months of his term in office.
“The president has repeatedly said there no strategic policies will be implemented, including concerning the MoU with Free port,” Firmanzah said on Monday, as quoted by news portal tempo.co.
He emphasized that such “strategic policies” would only be taken care of by the new government elected in the upcoming July 9 presidential election.
Intensive discussions with Freeport concerning the work contract, Firmanzah added, are merely aimed at collecting suggestions for the next government regarding policies on the nation’s mineral resources.
Marwan Batubara, the director of energy think tank Indonesian Resources Studies, considered the result of the renegotiation a setback saying the 30 percent share promised to the Indonesian government was smaller than the minimum 51 percent mandated by existing regulations.
The government, though, is reportedly revising the regulations, with a foreign miner operating underground pits in this country obliged to divest only 30 percent of its share to the government.
“It’s a win-lose deal. We are losing so much with the deal,” Marwan said.
Gunawan, executive director of the Indonesian Human Rights Committee for Social Justice (IHCS), said the country suffered huge losses during at least the 2003-2010 period due to unfair negotiations between Freeport and the government.
“Based on IHCS’s calculation, state losses amount to Rp 2.56 trillion [$217.6 million] because Freeport pays only 1 percent of gold mining royalties to the government,” Gunawan said on Monday, according to metrotvnews.com.
He added, citing data obtained from the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK), that Indonesia loses $169 million per year because of delayed renegotiation of Freeport contract.
Marwan continued that the Indonesian government needed to carefully deal with the MoU.
Royalties, investment, local products, smelting, divestment and land operation indeed need to be reconsidered, because so far the contract with Freeport only gives Indonesia a little profit, Marwan said.
Although, he added, it is reasonable for Freeport to want to have a certainty due to the large number, they would invest in the underground operations at the Grasberg mine and the plan to build new smelter at Gresik, East Java, worth of $2,5 billion.
“But the most important is Indonesia’s interest in the investment sector should not be disturbed,” Marwan said. “We only got 3.75 percent in royalties [in the MoU]. It is 1.25 points smaller than what the government demanded previously.”
As much as 95.21 percent of Freeport’s gold reserves are in Papua, while around 30 percent of its the copper is located in the province, he said.
“If Freeport wants to extend its contract operation in Papua, it needs to increase the royalties [for the Indonesian government],” he added.
Marwan said the government needed to stay firm on such decisions, adding it would not scare foreign investors away because they were the ones who would lose most if they backed away from investing in Indonesia.
Pri Agung Rakhmanto, executive director of the ReforMiner Institute, another energy think tank, echoed the sentiment, saying there would not be any harmful consequences if Yudhoyono decided against signing any contract.
“Freeport’s contract will end in 2021, so why in hurry drafting a ‘new’ one?” he says. “There is no rule requiring the government to sign the contract now. Speaking of interest, it is Freeport who has an interest here.”
Marwan said compared to Yudhoyono, the two presidential candidates, Joko Widodo and Prabowo Subianto, are likely to have a stricter stance concerning the management of Indonesia’s natural resources — although the Prabowo camp has also sent mixed messages regarding the matter.
“For instance, Prabowo has often talked about nationalization,” Marwan said. “But his running mate, Hatta Rajasa, later clarified that nationalization was not on the cards — implying that the Prabowo camp has yet to be clear on its stance on our natural resources management.”
This week, the Prabowo-Hatta camp stated that there had been an unfair agreement concerning Freeport in the past.
But Hashim Djojohadikusumo, who is Prabowo’s brother and also deputy chief patron of the presidential candidate’s Great Indonesia Party (Gerindra), promised in what constitutes a contradiction, that Prabowo would not increase Freeport’s tax obligation if he was elected president.
In a video that recently circulated on the Internet website YouTube, Hashim was seen addressing US businesspeople during a gathering in Washington last year.
He said in his speech that Freeport should not worry about a tax increase because if Prabowo was elected, he would instead choose to increase income tax on individuals.
As for the Joko-Kalla camp, Marwan said, they would probably be less vague with their nationalistic stance.
“Joko has Kalla, who in the past showed a consistent commitment on state control over national assets,” he said.
Marwan cited the Inalum case when the government took over the company. It was Kalla who was clear to reject the extension of Japanese company’s contract.
Another case was when ExxonMobil wanted to extend its contract operation in East Natuna in the Riau Islands.
In 2008, when he was still Indonesia’s vice president, Kalla rejected the extension proposal and officially said ExxonMobil’s contract was terminated.
“If the next government decides not to extend the contract with Freeport, I’m sure Indonesia could handle its own resources regardless of technological shortcomings,” Marwan said.
“But it is like learning to ride a bicycle. At first, we may fall, but through that process of learning, we’ll eventually get it right,” he said. “Ninety-five percent of the human resources at Freeport is already our people. Although we do need foreign human resources whom we could hire.”
Rangga Prakoso contributed to the report.
3) First Ever Coal Shipment from Sorong
2. Review its policing policies in Papua and its training of security forces personnel to ensure that the rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly and the right not to be tortured and ill-treated are fully respected.
3. Order the unconditional release of West Papuan political prisoners as part of a comprehensive policy to end the punishment of free expression.
4. Fulfil its commitment to receive a visit from the Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression and facilitate free access to Papua.
2) UN Human Rights session hears of Papua deterioration
2) With Democracy, a Stronger Diplomacy for Indonesia
The country was an active player in international diplomacy during the New Order era of the late Suharto, but lacked legitimacy because of its poor record on human rights, former foreign minister Hassan Wirajuda said at a discussion in Jakarta.
Sixteen years after the strongman’s downfall, and with democratic reforms still being implemented, the country has won much-needed diplomatic currency thanks to its improved rights record and fast-growing economy.
“I can’t say that the reforms we enjoy today are [the result of] a revolution, but they were more of a corrective effort by the country for the injustices that we committed in the past to advance democracy,” Hassan said. “Before, there was no democracy. So now we’re strengthening our rule of law, our law enforcement, including eradicating the practices of corruption, collusion and nepotism, honoring our human rights [obligations], introducing regional autonomy, and finding ways to overcome various crises.”
In line with that progress, he said, Indonesia’s foreign policy has also improved during the reform era, particularly under President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono.
Hassan, who served as foreign minister from 2001 to 2009, including in Yudhoyono’s first administration from 2004 to 2009, said the president had shown that Indonesia could be a peace and unity to other countries by offering solutions to those countries in conflict such as in the Middle East and, closer to home, Myanmar, where ethnic Rohingya Muslims continue to be persecuted.
Jakarta’s top diplomats have in recent years become increasingly engaged in regional and wider international issues, while Indonesia’s participation at international forums have been marked by a more assertive stance.
Indonesia’s rise contrasts with its neighbors in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, many of which cannot claim to enjoy a true democracy.
Thailand last month experienced its 12th military coup in 80 years. Some civil liberties have suffered under the ruling parties in Singapore and Malaysia.
The Philippines enjoys a thriving democracy, but remains one of the deadliest places in the world for journalists, compared to Indonesia’s nearly unfettered press freedom.
Myanmar has begun introducing democratic reforms, but the military remains in charge of the government; in Cambodia, the government of Hun Sen has been widely accused of abuses of civil and human rights; and Vietnam is still nominally communist, while Laos is socialist.
However, Hassan warned that Indonesia still had several domestic issues that it needed to properly address if it wanted to increase its international clout, primarily its handling of low-level separatist insurgencies in Papua and Maluku, two of the least-developed regions in the country.
“There are human rights violations,” he admitted. “The people of Papua and Maluku continue to demand independence and sovereignty. But even though they’re free to voice their wishes, their demand to set up independent states cannot be accepted.”
Resolving both conflicts peacefully would boost Indonesia’s international standing significantly, experts say, citing the prominence afforded to the Yudhoyono administration after it managed to end a nearly three-decade armed insurgency in Aceh province in 2005.
Arif Susanto, an international relations lecturer at the London School of Public Relations, which hosted Thursday’s discussion, said he hoped the younger generation of Indonesians would play an increasing role in promoting political and foreign affairs issues and human rights concerns, including through social media.
With the advent and spread of this platform, he said, once-abstract issues like foreign affairs were now open to wide public discourse.
More and more, he said, it is the public, not the government, that has the say in determining policies.