Jayapura, Jubi – Papuan women traders urged the Jayapura city government to provide assistance for them in the form of capital.
“For those who sell outside, find no problems because they can sell directly. Yet for the traders who sell inside of the building cannot sell as usual because the building is now under renovation,” said coordinator of who are also members of Papuan Traders Solidarity (SOLPAP), Rev. Dora, at the office of mayor of Jayapura on last week.
She said Papuan traders also complained about the arrangement of the market as well as the Togel gambling that often occur in the location.
In a meeting in the mayor’s office on Thursday afternoon, Mayor of Jayapura, Benhur Tommy Mano said it only regulated and organized, and supervised the market and the market is only used as a meeting place for sellers and buyers. “I hope everyone to keep the area clean. And because it is temporary, I do not collect fees markets, they are free to sell as well as Paldam market,” Mano said.
He also requested to stop the gambling practice at the market. “I’m not authorized, the Jayapura City Government could not help because we only arrange it, while to build is from the province,” he said. (Sindung Sukoco/Tina)
2) Indonesian Minister visits FWCC
SITERI SAUVAKACOLO Thursday, October 15, 2015
THE Indonesian Minister for Women Empowerment and Child Protection, Dr Yohana Susana Yembise paid a courtesy visit to the Fiji Women's Crisis Centre today.
Among major issues discussed were the FWCC's stand on the free West Papua campaign and their concerns on domestic violence and violence against women and children.
Ms Yembise said they also had similar bodies like the FWCC back in Indonesia where women and children who are victims of violence report their complaints.
She said the most physical violence cases happened in West Papua and she was working with all the traditional leaders in West Papua to get them to understand about women empowerment and child protection.
Also, she said she would ensure that victims in West Papua are attended to and it is something she would work on this year.
Ms Yembise is originally from West Papua and has been in her ministerial position for the past year.
Semarang, Jubi – Member of Commission I of Papua Legislative Council, Laurenzus Kadepa criticized the actions of Jayapura city Police when dispersing the crowds and intimidation against one of Jubi journalists, Abeth You in Abepura on last week. He said that the action was unprofessional.
“Police approach against the demonstrators never change. Interestingly, even though the demonstration was not violent, it always leads to arrests, prosecution and destruction. What’s behind all this? ” said Kadepa on last week.
“Remember, police will be sturdy, robust if the people believe. Now it is the opposite, the people have no longer trust with its arrogant and brutal performance. It is not right to persecute journalists and damage journalistic tools and even arrest pastor , “he added.
The aim of mass action was to urge so that Paniai case on December 2014 be resolved immediately. Therefore, he thanked all parties are pushing for the completion of the case. “I really appreciate for the Brothers and Fr OFM, journalists, human rights defenders, students, NGOs, churches and traditional institutions, as well as all parties involved to enforce the law and human rights in this country, ” he said.
Jubi journalist, Abeth You explained first he himself saw students of the School of Philosophy and Theology (STFT) Fajar Timur Abepura were beaten and
drawn by the police, then he spontaneously took the camera to capture the moment. Yet suddenly one of the members the police came over and took the camera from his hands. “I had said that I am a journalist, but it was ignored by the police. He immediately deleted all photos that I took, “he told Jubi.
He continued, he also has issued a press card as an identity that he is a journalist but it was still ignored. “I was also strangled and threatened with a weapon and told to climb into the truck. When my camera was taken, I questioned to deputy chairman of jayapura police city (Wakapolres), why my camera was taken camera but he ignored it, “said Abeth You.
“After all the photos deleted, Wakapolres then came to me and apologized for the treatment of his members. I do not accept his apology because I want to know why all my attributes that I have as a journalist were taken he stated. (Arnold Belau/Tina)
Jayapura, Jubi – The chairman of the School of Philosophy and Theology (STFT) Fajar Timur Abepura, Pastor Neles Tebay Kebadabi, Pr., said the library on its campus is the best library in Papua. He said he hoped that the library can be used well.
“Students and faculty are asked to read books, journals at the library as well as to be able to read about the current situation and bring in prayer, reflection and testify it,” he said.
“It means that upon reflection, we put it in writing and publish it in the media, such as Cepos (Cendrawasih Pos), Jubi and many local and national newspapers, so that through the media we are witnessing,” said Pastor Neles
It was said during his speech at Anniversary of STFT Fajar Timur Hall Seminary in Padang bulan,, Jayapura city on last week.
The celebration was preceded by a Mass of thanksgiving rite led by Pastor Yanuarius You, Pr. who was accompanied by Father Neles Tebay, Pr. and Father Yan Java, SVD. In his sermon, Father Januarius said we should be grateful because STFT has produced human resources for church and state.
There were also alumni of STFT who became bishop (leader of the local church), that is Mgr. Aloysius Murwito, OFM, Bishop of the Diocese of Asmat and Mgr. John Philip Saklil, Pr., Bishop of the Diocese of Timika and many other pastors in Papua.
In addition, some state officials, such as Asmat regent, Intan Jaya, Paniai and legislators are also an alumnus of STFT. “For that we should be grateful to the Holy Spirit, because this school still exists because of God’s will, “said Father Januarius.
While the anniversary committee chairman, Agus Pawika in its report said to celebrate STFT anniversary, the committee has carried out several competitions, including soccer, volleyball and badminton competitions, as well as Bible quiz.
Meanwhile, chairman of the Foundation of the Catholic Theological College (STTK),Father Januarius Maatopai You, Pr. in his speech explained, had great hope to change the face of STFT better. Therefore, he was ready to make something while serving as chairman of the foundation “When I was appointed as chairman, I do not refuse because I have hope by 2019 there should be a breakthrough, ” he said.
He continued, there will be a master program. “Private Universities Coordinating Body ask to have more than one program. So, we will open master program in Theology. Hopefully in 2017, this master program will be started, “he hoped. (Hendrikus Bobii/Tina)
5) Government Allocates Rp 13.9 Trillion for Border Development
Kendari, Jubi – Minister of Home Affairs, Tjahjo Kumolo, said the government is currently prioritizing the acceleration program development of border regions for the next three years.
“There are 187 districts in the border area that go priority locations this year which is the border between Indonesia and Papua New Guinea, the border RI-Timor Leste, and Indonesia-Malaysia border,” said Tjahyo during a meeting with local government officials throughout South East Sulawesi Kendari on lst week.
He said, the border region now becomes the entrance of drugs in Indonesia. “Around 49 paths that used for the entrance of drug including foreigners also take the path, “he added.
About the budget, Tjahjo said this year through the National Agency Border Management (BNPP), the government allocated Rp 13.9 trillion for the border region. “The government will budget huge funds every year to revamping the border region. I believe in three years the appearance of the border region will be changed completely, “he said.
Tjahyo Kumolo visited Southeast Sulawesi in order to inaugurate Micro-hydro Plan Power current power in South Buton regency, Saturday (10/10/2015). (*)
Jayapura, Jubi – A Papuan legislator, Laurenzus Kadepa, questioned why the government of Papua Province, took part and signed the Declaration of the Melanesian brotherhood in Ambon, Maluku, on last week.
The member of Commission I of Papua Legislative Council on politics, governance, law and human rights said no study has proven that the three other provinces signing the declaration — Maluku, North Maluku and East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) — are also of the Melanesian race. “I hope Papua government explain the reasons why Papua participated in Melanesia declaration and government must be responsible for whether three other provinces are also Melanesia race,” he said.
“I do not agree with it. There should be first studied by the expert who is independent and not because of political interests, “said Kadepa via telephone to the Jubi on last week.
He continued, It should not because of political interests, or a handful of people that are involved in something that has not been verified. That could lead to polemics in the future, because of race and identity. “It is so quickly Provincial Government of Papua respond to it without comprehensive study. I’m disappointed with Papua province that too quickly made decisions and signed the petition. This issue of race and the future will be a big impact, “he said.
“So far there has been no official study which calls the Moluccas and NTT are Melanesians like Papua. It’s a matter of race. The future is still long, it must be taken into account, “he said again.
Papua, West Papua, East Nusa Tenggara, Maluku and North Maluku agreed to sign the Declaration of the Melanesian Brotherhood in the city of Ambon, Maluku, on Wednesday (07/10/2015) that attended by President Joko Widodo.
Constan Karma was appointed to represent the Governor of Papua give initials on declaration paper. Even though, the governor did not attend but the Governor of Papua, Lukas Enembe will sign the Declaration of the Melanesian Brotherhood. “Declaration of the Melanesian Brotherhood Indonesia is related to political interests to the interests of the countries associated with the eastern part of Indonesia. Communities in five provinces that signed the declaration is part of the Melanesian race or group, “said Karma. (Arjuna Pademme/Tina)
Jayapura, Jubi – Paniai Regional Customary Council Chief John NR. Gobai told the Customary People Institution (LMA) Biak and Supiori that recently launched by Lenis Kogoya is not allowed to come in Mee Pago customary area because it would only disturb the local community out there.
“I am not allowing Lenny Kogoya to come into Mee Pago customary area. This customary institution is not the same with the political party that could be established by appointment without consultation. The presence of this institution only disturbs the indigenous people and the existing customary governance,” Gobai said in Jayapura on last week.
According to him, the LMA provides an atmosphere that is confusing the indigenous people, but also would allow the investors take benefit to get business opportunities.
“Because he (Lenis Kogoya) will see a practical opportunity. Which door that is enable him to grow his business in Papua. If there is only a door, it would be easy for everyone to come, but if there are many customary institutions, people also can use the windows,” Gobai said.
He assumed the LMA is used as a campaign tool to promote the Jakarta’s goodness as well as a tool to harm Papua officials. “It seems people are not doing anything in Papua. I think he is doing campaign for himself for Papua Governor candidate in 2019, it’s ideal for him as the Indonesian President’s expert,” he said.
He is supposed to get involved in problem solving in Papua with the governor in order to encourage the justice enforcement. Earlier, the General Chairman of LMA Papua Province, Lenis Kogoya has launched the LMA representatives from 19 sub-districts in Biak Numfor Regency and LMA representatives in 5 sub-districts from Supiori Regency on Tuesday (6/10/2015) at Arumbay Hotel, Biak.
“I hope the launching of LMA Board at Biak Numfor and Supiori regencies could maintain the security situation, handle each programs and not take sides to a group or clan but being neutral. To the new board members, they must be ready to be a government’s partner,” said Lenis Kogoya who also the president’s special expert. After the inauguration, Lenis Kogoya put the first stone at Kampung Bosnik Bouw, Biak Timur Sub-district to build the office for LMB Biak Numfor that is planned for 2016. (Abeth You/rom)
Freeport wants certainty to spend $18 billion to build what would be the world’s biggest underground mine. But under law the government cannot begin to renegotiate until 2019, two years before the contract expires. (Antara Photo/Muhammad Adimaja)
Jakarta. Indonesian ministers are battling over control of U.S. mining giant Freeport-McMoRan’s future in the country, threatening to mar the president’s first trip to the United States later this month.
President Joko Widodo starts a five-day trip to Washington and San Francisco on Oct. 25, as investor sentiment in Southeast Asia’s largest economy brightens following a cabinet reshuffle and a series of new stimulus measures.
One of Widodo’s first stops will be with Freeport executives at a breakfast ahead of his meeting with U.S. President Barack Obama, according to a tentative schedule obtained by Reuters.
At the heart of talks will likely be Freeport’s years-long bid to renew its contract, allowing the firm to continue operating beyond 2021 at the lucrative Grasberg mine in Papua, one of the world’s biggest deposits of gold and copper.
Freeport wants certainty to spend $18 billion to build what would be the world’s biggest underground mine. But under law the government cannot begin to renegotiate until 2019, two years before the contract expires.
A mines ministry official said this month the rules were being revised, possibly allowing companies to propose an extension earlier.
Mines minister Sudirman Said assured Freeport in a letter last week that the government would “promptly” approve a contract extension once it completes the process later this year.
“For the government, it is better to make a decision instead of delaying the problem. If it’s postponed, it will burden the government,” Said Didu, the minister’s senior adviser, told reporters when asked about Freeport’s contract extension.
But Said’s boss, chief natural resources minister Rizal Ramli, and security czar Luhut Pandjaitan have sharply criticized Freeport’s 48-history in Indonesia and say a contract extension will not be decided for at least another four years.
“We have a regulation ... 2019, two years before the contract expires,” Pandjaitan told Reuters late Thursday. “We cannot change our regulation just because of Freeport.”
The mines ministry has dismissed statements from the two senior ministers on the issue, saying they do not have the authority to decide on such matters.
Didu said the mines ministry has Widodo’s support to extend the company’s contract as quickly as possible.
“The president doesn’t want many parties involved in this negotiation with Freeport because, based on experience, many parties have political and business interests.”
But when reporters asked the president on Friday to provide some clarity, Widodo said: “The extension can be done two years before the end of the contract, it means 2019.”
Freeport officials were not immediately available to comment.
Additional Reporting by Hidayat Setiaji and Kanupriya Kapoor
Pacific churches say Indonesia must seriously address human rights abuses and extra-judicial killings in Papua.
The call by the Pacific Conference of Churches comes after the killing of a student in Timika and Indonesia's denials at the UN General Assembly of human rights abuses in the territory it annexed in 1961.
The organisation's general secretary, the Reverend Francois Pihaatae, says the situation in Papua is made worse by Indonesian denials when the evidence of abuse was clear.
He says social media makes it impossible for Indonesia to hide the atrocities committed by its security forces on a people who want to determine their political future for themselves.
The Reverend Pihaatae says despite the obvious and overwhelming evidence, the Indonesian government insults the intelligence of Pacific people by its denials.
He says Papuans are killed and tortured merely because they want self-determination, a right guaranteed by the UN of which Indonesia is a member.
Jayapura, Papua (ANTARA News) - The governments of Indonesia and Papua New Guinea have agreed to open the Jayapura-Port Moresby flight route, reaching the decision at their two-day meeting that ended here on Friday.
"The opening of the new flight route linking Indonesia, particularly Papua, to Papua New Guinea will hopefully enhance economic cooperation between the two countries," Chief of the Border Area and Foreign Cooperation of the Papua Provincial Government, Suzana Wanggai, said here on Friday.
She said the opening of the new flight route will not only benefit bilateral and economic cooperation but will also allow both sides to develop other sectors.
"The agreement to open the new flight route was reached at wide-ranging talks between the two countries which also discussed commonly-debated issues such as security, borders and so on," she said.
The opening of the new flight route is also part of the effort to ensure connectivity between Papua and other areas and is in line with the vision and mission of the Papua governor and vice governor to develop their region, she said.
"Hopefully, the new flight route can be realized next year, enabling the two countries to soon develop the way they have planned," she said.
She added that the opening of the new flight route can also enhance bilateral relations and cooperation between the two neighboring countries.(*)
———————————————————————————————- 4) Statement by the LP3BH on President Jokowi’s forecoming visit to the USA
Statement by the Executive-Director of the LP3BH 15th October
President Joko Widodo, the head of state of the Republic of Indonesia, will be visiting the USA later this month. According to his schedule, he will pay a visit to President Barack Obama in Washington on 26th October.
As has been happening here in Indonesia, particularly in the Land of Papua for the past fifty ears, the POLRI, (Indonesian Police Force) and the TNI, (Army of Indonesia) continue to resort to violence, committing grave human rights violations as specified in Articles 7, 8 and 9 of Law 26/2000 on Human Rights Courts. Such operations are most frequently directed against the Papuan people (OAP).
Recently, POLRI directed their operations against six monks of the Catholic Church, which included aiming their weapons at a journalist from Media Online Suara Papua, Abraham Youw, who was intending to record this visit.
Such acts of violence will be a serious challenge for President Barack Obama when he welcomes the President of Indonesia in Washington.
According to the plan of the visit, the two heads of state will discuss the issue of human rights. This is according to an announcement by Keith Harper, the US ambassador to Indonesia, at a session of the Human Rights Council of the United Nations on Tuesday 13th October. According to the agenda of the visit, the two heads of state will discuss the most appropriate actions that need to be taken in compliance with the principle of basic human rights. It is very likely that media representatives will focus their attention on the fact that President Joko Widodo spent several years as a child in Jakarta.
It is widely expected that special attention will be paid to the issue of human rights and why it is that so many operations that violate human rights are organised against Papuan people whenever they take part in peaceful demonstrations.
As a lawyer and Defender of Human Rights in the Land of Papua, I am convinced that during the discussions between the two heads of state, attention will be drawn to the fact that grave human rights violations have been occurring in the Land of Papua for the past fifty years. We should bear in mind the fact that this issue has drawn the attention of regional and international meetings that have been held in the past few months by President Barack Obama. As the Executive-Director of the LP3BH (Institute of Research, Analysing and Development of Human Rights), I urge the President of the Republic of Indonesia to do everything he possibly can as the head of state of the Republic of Indonesia, to ensure that the security forces of Indonesia put an end to acts of repression in the Land of Papua. The security forces in the Land of Papua should not be allowed to continue to engage in repressive operations whenever the Papuan people hold peaceful demonstrations.
In my opinion, the security forces in the Land of Papua need to be thoroughly overhauled so as to ensure that they comply fully with the principles of peace and human rights. This must involve all the stakeholders in the Land of Papua, including those groups which are always being referred to as separatists. Translated by Carmel Budiardjo, Recipient of the Right Livelihood Award, 1995.
Long-distance passport and visa application services have been launched by the Law and Human Rights Ministry in Sorong, Papua, on Friday.
Initiated by Sorong Immigration Office head Sigit Setyawan, the services will enable the residents of Fakfak, Raja Ampat and Kaimana regencies to apply for visas and passports without having to come all the way to Sorong. Using the new system, they can easily send the required documents by email or submit them through immigration posts in respective regions.
After the documents are received, the Sorong Immigration Office will conduct a verification process. After being verified, local immigration officers will visit the applicants' home to take photos and fingerprints. The passport will then be issued within three days.
Regarding Sorong's poor internet connection, the ministry's director general of immigration Ronny F. Sompie said that he was optimistic the issue would improve over time and thus increased the service's effectiveness.
“We want to help the people who live in remote areas to be able to apply for passports without having to spend a lot of money just to travel to Sorong. Since the geographic condition in Papua is a little different than in other parts of Indonesia, we'd like to spend a small amount of funds to assist and facilitate the people of Sorong and its neighboring regions,” said Ronny.
A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) has been signed between the ministry and the regents of Raja Ampat, Fakfak and Kaimana during the service’s launching ceremony on Friday. (nov/kes)(++++)
Nethy Dharma Somba, thejakartapost.com, Jayapura | National | Fri, October 16 2015, 7:20 PM -
Officials closed Mozes Kilangin airport in Timika for two days following haze coming from the southern part of Papua, officials said on Friday.
John Rettob, transportation and information office chief, said that the visibility in the airport was only 500 meters out of the minimum 1,500 m required by the Transportation Ministry.
"Smog has been seen in Timika since last week but the density kept rising especially over the past two days when the visibility only reached 500 m," he said.
John said that regular flights to Timika of national flag carrier Garuda Indonesia and private carriers Sriwijaya Air and Air Fast could not operate in the airport since Thursday.
"Timika is currently closed because no airplanes can come in or out from here," he said.
The haze also disrupted shipping as boats and ships are banned from getting out of Timika port.
John said that the smog is coming from the southern part of Indonesia's eastern most province.
Sem Padamma, chief of the Jayapura branch of the Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG), said that the hot spots are recorded in two districts, 92 hotspots in Merauke district and 12 in Merauke district.
He explained that as the wind blew from south to north, the haze was sent to Timika even though no hot spots were found there.
Based on BMKG data, the hot spots had started since the beginning of September and were not only in the southern part of Papua but in the neighboring West Papua province as well.
"We did not know whether the source of the haze is forest or land fires. We only found hot spots on our radar," Sem said.
Brig. Gen Supartodi, military resort commander of Anim Ti Waninggap, said that local people burned land during the dry season, which caused the hot spots.
"They expected grass to grow in the burned land during the rainy season for a hunting place," he said adding that he had assigned his personnel to cooperate with the locals to extinguish fires if hot spots were found. (rin)
HUMAN rights violations particularly on women and young children in West Papua have been looked into by stakeholders in Indonesia.
These stakeholders, according to the Minister for Women Empowerment and Child Protection Dr Yohana Susana Yembise, included her and a team of non-government organisation representatives.
Ms Yembise revealed this in her courtesy visit to the Fiji Women's Crisis Centre yesterday.
She was posed a question by the FWCC legal officer Lili Vuiyasawa if victims of human rights violation have access to the human rights commission in terms of legally challenging their cases.
"We have the commission of violence against women in Jakarta and they are working very closely with the NGOs in West Papua. So they have been working together and I am sure they will come up with some solutions regarding this," Ms Yembise said.
"They sometimes come to me and we all work together and they report cases to me and we all work together to answer problems in West Papua."
FWCC co-ordinator Shameema Ali said the recent announcement by the Indonesian Government for a special envoy on West Papua was a positive announcement.
"We encourage the Indonesian Government to consider the wishes of the people of West Papua expressed through the Melanesian Spearhead Group and the Pacific Islands Forum and most recently at the UN General Assembly for the need for an independent fact-finding mission," Ms Ali said.
"We urge the Indonesian Government to consider the beginnings of a process that will heal the land of Papua.
"We remain committed to the issue of resolving the ongoing conflict in West Papua peacefully."
Ms Yembise is originally from West Papua and has been in her ministerial position for the past year.
West Papua is a disputed territory which was annexed by Indonesia from the Netherlands in 1969, which until then had been occupied by the Dutch.
2) Indonesian healthcare in focus as haze worsens; NASA data show Papua ablaze
16th October 2015 / Mongabay Haze Beat
Local governments are facing calls to expand healthcare access while data from a NASA satellite shows the region of Papua reeling from hundreds of fires.
Indonesian politician Fahira Idris called on health authorities to carry out additional diagnostic checks on infants.
Data from a NASA satellite show hundreds of fires have burned in Papua over the last week.
The minster in charge of Indonesia haze operation said the situation deteriorated Friday as air quality in Palangkaraya descended to dangerous levels.
Indonesia’s ability to treat potentially fatal haze-related illnesses is being drawn into sharper focus after a politician called on health authorities to treat infants regardless of whether their families are covered by state health insurance.
Potentially fatal air quality returned to the capital of Central Kalimantan province on Friday as Indonesia’s meteorology agency recorded the local pollutant index at 1272, far exceeding the “dangerous” threshold. Air quality in the South Sumatra capital Palembang was in the “unhealthy” range at 257, while Jambi was declared “hazardous” at 568.
An image posted on Twitter purporting to show Palangkaraya at 3 p.m. local time.
As air quality worsened on Friday, Indonesian media continued to publish reports of infant deaths due to respiratory diseases. Three babies are reported to have died in Palembang alone so far, though the number has not been verified.
Fifteen-month-old Latifa is reported to have died from a respiratory infection. She is understood to have been moved from intensive care in one of the city’s better-equipped hospitals to a lower-grade facility after her parents were unable to meet her medical bills. The case is instructive of the fatal consequences of the haze and Indonesia’s inability to provide adequate treatment to those most at risk.
Air quality in Singapore remained in the lower end of the “unhealthy” range on Friday as the city state’s environment agency warned prevailing winds could bring more haze over the weekend. The Washington correspondent of Singapore’s main state newspaper, the Straits Times, writes that Indonesia and the region could learn from the U.S. and Canada’s approach to combating wildfires. Elsewhere, one Singaporean writes of his recent experiences delivering free face masks in Palangkaraya.
Malaysian Prime Minster Najib Razak used his speech at a regional summit to call on the scientific community to innovate means of addressing the causes of wildfires.
“We have suffered from the haze problem for 18 years and I hope our science advisers can advise the countries concerned on how to cope with slash and burns and how do you prevent fire in peatlands, whether it’s deliberate or due to climate change,” Najib said
While most coverage of this year’s crisis has focused on Kalimantan and Sumatra, the region of Papua in Indonesia’s far east is also burning.
Jayapura, Jubi – Papua legislator Laurenzus Kadepa cast doubts on reports that a commander of West Papua Liberation Army/Papua Free Movement (OPM), Goliath Tabuni, has laid down arms and become a timber businessman.
He questioned the accuracy of the reports about Tabuni, who is based in Tinggi Nambut, Puncak Jaya Regency, saying that the desire for independence is not something that could be easily abandoned.
As the OPM Commander, Tabuni would not accept offers easily. “I am not sure that Goliat Tabuni has come down. Because the ideology is priceless,” Kadepa said on Tuesday (13/10/2015).
He also had other reason that some times ago the Papua Police has named Goliath Tabuni in the wanted list. Even the Inspector General Yotje Mende who acted as Papua Police Chief at that time said although Tabuni was surrender himself, he would still facing the legal process. “So, I doubt it. However, if this is true, I hope there is no more shooting incident happened in Puncak Jaya in the future,” he said.
Kadepa, who’s the member of Commission I of the Papua Legislative Council for Politic, Legal and Human Right Affairs, further said the story of Keli Kwalikm the OPM Commander in Mimika is the lesson learned. At that time, the security forces shot dead Keli Kwalik, someone who accused being responsible on several acts of shooting in Mimika region. But after his dead, the shooting still continues to happen in that region. “It means there are those who play the game, and Keli Kwalik was only become the scapegoat. Now, Goliath Tabuni was reportedly step down. But is that guarantee for there is no more shooting? However, the steps taken by Puncak Jaya Regent Henock Ibo to ensure the security of his territorial should be appreciated,” he said.
Earlier, in a number of media coverage, Goliath Tabuni was reported to change his way of life to a businessman of timber. Puncak Jaya Regent Henock Ibo said the local government has donated a chainsaw and fuels for him. (Arjuna Pademme/rom)
Semarang, Jubi – Dozens of police officers reportedly surrounded the secretariat of the West Papua National Committee (KNPB) in Sentani on Tuesday (13/10/2015), while the Chairman of KNPB Sentani Region, Allen Halitopo, said the police only made up an alibi.
“Yesterday, the Police were coming full-equipped. They accused the KNPB organizing an activity, while we didn’t,” Halitopo told Jubi by phone on Wednesday (14/10/2015). According to them, the Police have watched the secretariat since midday and leaved the scene at night. He further said the Police are deliberately looking for an alibi to trap the KNPB that until now is still consistent to mediate the aspirations and needs of Papuans.
Meanwhile, the Chairman of the Central KNPB, Victor F Yeimo confirmed the incident to Jubi. “That’s right. The Police were surrounded the secretariat of KNPB Region. We still don’t know what’s their intention,” he said.
Until this news was written down, reporter was not able to get some information and from the Jayapura Police Chief to confirm the incident. (Arnold Belau/rom)
Jayapura, Jubi – The Chairwoman of Commission V of the Papua Legislative Council, Yakoba Lokbere, urged the Police to take stern action over the burning of the Church GKPPD Mandumpang Resort Keras, Suro Sub-district, Aceh Singkil Regency, Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam Province on Tuesday (13/10/2015).
Lokbere stated the incident shouldn’t be happened in Indonesia, which engaged with Pancasila (State’s Philosophy), particularly the first principle and the slogan Bhineka Tunggal Ika (Unite in Diversity). “We must uphold the mutual respect among the interfaith community. So why should our Christian brothers in Aceh become the victims to see their church was burned by some irresponsible people?” Lokbere told Jubi in Jayapura City on Wednesday (14/10/2015).
Further, she said the Indonesian Constitution clearly says that citizens have the right to have religion according to their faith. The burning of the house of worship is certainly violating the Indonesian Law. “I remind people for not giving a negative respect on Tolikara case, because it had been settled very well. All religious leaders have also agreed to solve this case with the kinship of the Muslim and Christian communities,” she said.
She added she is very concern about the incident happened in Aceh. Thus, she expected the Police would take a prompt action to immediately arrest the perpetrators and prosecute them in accordance to the Law. According to her, both regions (Papua and Aceh) are the regions with the Special Autonomy Law, which should be maintained without hurting the people who live there. “I appeal to the people of Papua not to be provoked by this case. Let the Police to handle this. Do not only point at Tolikara but the similar case happened at Singkil must also get the same attention. The Police should observe this case smartly,” she said.
As reported by merdeka.com, the Indonesian Police Chief General Badrodin Haiti explained about the chronology of mass dispute in Gunung Meriah Sub-district, Aceh Singkil Region. He said the incident which caused the burning of the church and killed two residents and wounded four people as well was triggered by the demolition of houses of worships that considered have no permit. “It connected with the case of 21 churches that have no construction permit, so the local youngsters were intended to discipline it,” Badrodin said at his official resident in Jakarta on Tuesday (13/10/2015).
Before it’s executed, Haiti said the local government and religious leaders agreed the demolition would be conducted after 19 October 2014. But, some local residents have taken prompt action by burning out a church. “It seems local residents didn’t admit acknowledge those who represent them at the meeting,” he said. (Roy Ratumakin/rom
The intensity of smoke produced by peatland and forest fires has remained at alarming levels in many parts of the country, reaching as far as Papua, which usually does not suffer from forest fires.
In Deli Serdang regency, North Sumatra, the operator of Kualanamu International Airport reported that thick haze in several regions in Sumatra had affected at least eight flights scheduled to depart on Saturday from the province’s biggest airport.
“Four flights have been cancelled and four others have been delayed due to thick haze that has been blanketing the destination cities,” Kualanamu duty manager Jasirin said on Saturday.
Visibility at the airport, meanwhile, was recorded at 1,000 meters on Saturday, 500 meters below the normal level.
The four cancelled flights, according to Jasirin, were operated by Garuda Indonesia, Citilink, Lion Air and Wings Air. The Garuda flight was initially scheduled to leave Kualanamu for Lhokseumawe, Aceh, while the one operated by Wings was supposed to fly to Sibolga, North Sumatra. The two flights operated by Citilink and Lion Air were scheduled to fly to Batam, Riau Islands.
Due to the disruptions, Kualanamu’s departure hall was packed with stranded airline passengers by Saturday afternoon.
Many regions in Indonesia, including Riau, Jambi, North Sumatra, South Sumatra and Central Kalimantan, have been struggling for the past several months to anticipate the impacts of smoke produced by both man-made and natural land and forest fires.
On Friday, the Health Ministry reported that the haze crisis had caused more than 425,000 people in the worst-affected provinces to suffer from acute respiratory infections. The disaster, meanwhile, has also been exacerbated by this year’s long dry season triggered by the El Niño weather phenomenon, and has recently spread eastward.
In Papua, local authorities have since Thursday closed Mozes Kilangin International Airport in Timika, Mimika regency, due to thick haze that has severely reduced visibility in the area.
“The visibility has dropped from 500 meters on Friday to only 400 meters today [Saturday],” Mimika Transportation, Communications and Information Agency head John Rettob said, adding that he suspected the haze came from land and forest fires in the southern part of Papua.
Earlier on Friday, the Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency’s (BMKG) Region V Jayapura office reported that it had detected 104 hot spots in southern areas, with 92 spotted in Merauke regency and the remaining 12 in Mappi regency.
Local residents have also expressed disappointment on the worsening air pollution.
“Timika has become dark due to the haze, even though we have been switching on lights in the afternoon,” said Saldi, a local resident.
In South Sulawesi, the Maros Disaster Mitigation Agency (BPBD) on Saturday reported that it had deployed personnel to extinguish fires that had been spotted in some parts of Bantimurung-Bulusaraung National Park in Cenrana district.
Maros BPBD head Sayuti said the fires had initially come from a neighboring educational forest, which belongs to Hasanuddin University (Unhas) and has been recently burned by fires.
“Although we managed to put out fires in the Unhas forest, they spread to some parts of the nearby conservation forest since yesterday [Friday],” Sayuti said.
A recent study, meanwhile, has revealed the catastrophic impact of forest fires in Indonesia, catapulting the country’s CO2 emissions over Germany’s total annual emissions.
The study, done by VU University Amsterdam, showed that land and forest fires in Indonesia this year had released an estimated one billion metric tons, or a gigaton, of carbon dioxide as of Wednesday.
“Fire emissions are already higher than Germany’s total CO2 emissions, and the fire season is not over yet,” said Guido van der Werf, a researcher at the university who keeps a database that tracks global emissions from wildfires.
Furthermore, since September, daily emissions from Indonesia’s fires exceeded daily emissions from the entire US economy, which is 20 times larger than Indonesia’s, on 26 days, according to the World Resources Institute (WRI).
Jayapura, Jubi – The Police released six Catholic seminarians arrested during a demonstration demanding the settlement of the shootings of four students in Paniai on 8 December 2014.
They were released after an hour and half being stuck in the Police truck in front of Abepura Police Station with other protesters. “We’ve been released after an hour and half inside that truck,” Bruder Yulianus Pawika OFM said in the press conference organized by Solidarity for Papua Human Right Violation’s Victims, Independent Student Forum, USTJ Student Executive Body, Garda P, GMKI and Paniai Regional Customary Council at KontraS Papua Office, Padang Bulan, Abepura, Jayapura City on last week.
Pawika said there are 18 seminarians and monks involved in the protest. According to him, their involvement has no political intention but the call of conscience on humanity of Papuans who continue to be slaughtered. “We get involved because of feeling compelled. Franciscan existed in Papua since 1936. It came because of Papuans, the humans, not because of State or others. So when we saw humans were killed, beaten, we are very upset,” he seriously said.
Related to the arrest, Pawika said he couldn’t accept the Police’s act for being arrogant. The Police didn’t communicate with the protesters. They came with their truck close to the protesters without thinking they might hit them. “The Police almost hit us. Yesterday the protesters almost died. Couldn’t we just talk?” he said.
Represeting Augustinian Order, Fr. Florentinus Sedik OSA, who also involved in the protest, said their involvement in the protest was a call to remind the government who doesn’t care about the shooting victims’ right. “We came down because the humanity value of shooting victims might be forgotten,” he seriously said.
He said their involvement was of life reflection in the abbey. Monastic life is full of rules and prayer but it would never safe the human’s life that continues to be scarified. “To whom we do pray? Young people were killed easily; Papuans would disappear in twenty years. Even God would never allow the life of human would dismiss by force. We have obligation to speak about it,” he said. (Mawel Benny/rom)
Jayapura, Jubi – A human rights group condemned Jayapura Municipality Police for mishandling a peace protest to demand justice over the Paniai Case, 8 December 2014.
“We regretted that in the forced dissolution of peace demonstration, there are numbers of students, activists, youths, and seminarians had been arrested, tortured and dumped into the Police’s truck to be brought to the Abepura Police Station,” said Solidarity for Papua Human Right Violation Victims (SKP-HAM).
“The Police also acted arrogantly and violently to the pressmen (reporters from Jubi, Cepos) who wanted to cover the demonstration,” the Coordinator of SKP-HAM Papua, Paneas Lobber said in KontraS Papua Office on Friday (09/10).
The observer on International Affairs from Cenderawasih University, Marinus Yaung said the rally held on last Thursday (08/10/2015) was not against the Law of the Republic of Indonesia, so the Police could not disperse it with easy. “We are still asking and demanding the President Joko Widodo to fulfill his promise on resolution of Paniai Case when he came to Papua on National Christmas event last year. Thus, the Police must know and understand the flow of the rally,” he said.
In order to respond the action of forced dissolution, SKP-HAM made statements as follows: (1) the demonstration on Thursday (08/10) have been conducted in a peaceful, in which the mass did not delivery speeches of separatism and did not conduct anarchy, thus it couldn’t be forcedly dispersed by the Police; (2) The act of forced dissolution by the Police is a cruel act that stain the value of humanity and makes people no longer dare to express their opinion and voice the truth in public though it’s guaranteed by Indonesian Constitution; (3) Condemns the forced dissolution by the Police because it does not respect the freedom of gathering, the freedom of expression and the freedom to voice aspirations that guaranteed by the principles of democracy; (4) Demands the responsibility and professionalism of the Police officers in tackling the peace demonstrations; (5) Asks the Papua Police Chief to dismiss the Jayapura Municipal Police Deputy Chief Albertus Adreana who had been careless and anarchy in tackling the peace demonstration by SKP-HAM. (Abeth You/rom)
TEMPO.CO,Jakarta - Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources Sudirman Said said that the mining giant PT Freeport Indonesia could continue its operation until 30 December 2021.
PT Freeport Indonesian Spokesperson Riza Pratama saw it as a positive signal for the company to continue its operation in Indonesia.
"There is a positive signal. But it’s not enough. Certainly, there will be a work contract and it will be changed into a special mining business permit (IUPK). That’s a long process,” he said last week.
Freeport, he added, had asked for a legal and fiscal certainly after it was given a contract extension.
He went on to say that this legal and fiscal certainty is to ensure that there will ne no changes of Freeport’s obligation if Indonesia has a new government.
Authorities at Rendani Airport in Manokwari, West Papua imposed airspace restrictions on Sunday as thick smoke from land and forest fires reduced visibility to below 2,000 meters.
“A Garuda flight scheduled to fly into Manokwari today has been canceled. Hopefully conditions improve and planes will be able to land tomorrow,” General manager of the Jayapura branch of Garuda Indonesia, Wahyu, told thejakartapost.com on Sunday. The company informed passengers of the cancellation via text message.
Wahyu explained that smoke began covering the area on Saturday; however, pilots were able to land at the airport during the day. “Today, our flight will not transit in Manokwari. It will fly directly to Sorong and then to Makassar,” he said.
Meanwhile, an airport official requesting anonymity said thick smoke had shrouded Manokwari since Sunday morning, forcing several airlines to cancel flights. Only an Express flight from Sorong managed to land in Rendani.
The head of the Meteorology, Climatology, Geophysics Agency (BMKG) Jayapura, Sem Padamma, said thick smoke covering Manokwari came from several hot spots in areas around Ransiki.
Padamma further said that BMKGJayapura had detected five hot spots across Manokwari on Sunday, namely in South Manokwari and Pegunungan Arfak, which recorded two hot spots each, and one hot spot in Manokwari city.
Padamma said that apart from Manokwari, three other areas in West Papua, namely Bintuni, South Sorong, and the Gulf of Berauw, were blanketed with smoke.
Head of BMKG Jayapura said smoke covering Mosez Kilangin Airport in Timika had begun to recede. “The sky is getting clearer. Hopefully, flights can land at the airport on Monday,” he said. (ebf)
West Papua Oil Palm Atlas: The companies behind the plantation explosion
During the last few decades, Indonesia’s oil palm industry has been growing rapidly, but with the vast majority of this expansion on the islands of Borneo and Sumatra. With large tracts of land increasingly difficult to find in those regions, plantation companies are now shifting their attention to the Maluku archipelago and especially to conflict-ridden West Papua. While in 2005 there were only five oil palm plantation companies operating in West Papua, by the end of 2014 there were already 21 operational plantations. This rapid expansion is set to continue with many more companies having already obtained an initial location permit. If all these plantations were to be developed, more than 2.6 million hectares of land would be used up, the vast majority of which is currently tropical forest and the home of many indigenous peoples groups. AwasMIFEE, Pusaka and six other organisations recently published “The West Papua Oil Palm Atlas” in an attempt to break the isolation of this region, in a context where communities choosing to oppose plantation companies often feel intimidated by state security forces that back up the companies.
The oil palm industry’s rapid growth in West Papua is having serious adverse effects on its indigenous population. For almost every single existing plantation, there have been reports that indigenous peoples have lost out when the forests they depend on for their livelihoods become oil palm plantations. Besides, almost without exception, these plantations have caused conflicts with and within indigenous communities who depend on the forest – most lowland Papuans are hunters and gatherers to some degree. The conflicts have centred around communities' refusal to hand over their land, demand for justice in the cases where they feel the land has been taken from them by deceit or intimidation, horizontal conflicts between neighbouring villages or clans, action by indigenous workers who feel they are being exploited, or aggression by police or military working as security guards for the plantation companies.
Although Indonesian law does recognise communal land rights for indigenous communities with customary use of the land, in reality, those communities often face considerable pressure to give up that land. When affected communities do get some compensation, they rarely get more than US$30 per hectare, with some cases of compensation of as little as US$3 per hectare reported. This pressure is further fuelled by the fact that local administrations and companies are often reluctant to share information about permits, meaning that communities often know nothing of the plantation plans until a company shows up trying to acquire their land.
Who are the companies involved this expansion?
The many companies controlling the oil palm industry in Papua often use local names, or names which give the impression of being pro-people and pro-environment. In reality, they are often controlled by members of the business elite and part of large corporate groups working with multinational companies. Typically, these companies also have businesses in other sectors, such as logging, industrial tree plantations, mining or industrial-scale fishing, both in Papua and in other parts of Indonesia.
Some of these corporate groups are linked to some of Indonesia’s richest business entities according to Forbes (2014) data, including the Raja Garuda Mas group, the Sinar Mas group, the Salim group and the Rajawali group. Most of them have more than one concession for oil palm plantations, and some have other businesses, like the Rajawali group which is also developing sugar-cane plantations in the Merauke area. Other major companies involved are the Austindo Nusantara Jaya Group, which is also developing the Sago Palm processing industry in the Metamani area of South Sorong and an electricity plant in Tembagapura, Mimika; the Kayu Lapis Indonesia Group, which has its roots in logging, and is the largest operator of timber concessions in Papua; the Medco Group, which is also active in industrial timber plantations, pulp and mining around Papua; and the Korindo Group, which is using the timber extracted from the land for oil palm plantations for its plywood business. Moreover, other foreign companies operating in Papua are the Tadmax group from Malaysia, Pacific Interlink from Yemen, the Genting Group from Malaysia, the Noble Group from Hong Kong, and the Carson Cumberbatch from Sri Lanka. In contrast with other parts of Indonesia, only one oil palm plantation is operated by a state company: PTPN II in Arso.
Apart from these big national and transnational companies, the West Papua Oil Palm Atlas also shows that there are several other “mysterious” companies that pioneer new investments, profiting from their links with local governments to obtain permits for the plantations. These companies operate very discreetly and try to avoid having any kind of public profile. They don’t have websites, their offices in Jakarta have no company names and refuse to give out any information. These companies include the Menara Group, which obtained permits for seven subsidiaries before selling most of them, and PT Pusaka Agro Sejahtera Group, which also managed to receive plantation permits. There are indications that the main interest of this kind of companies is speculative - once all the permits have been obtained, the plantation company would then be sold on to another company, very likely to one of the big national or transnational companies that have bigger access to capital. This type of shady behind-closed-doors business practice however, makes it further impossible for indigenous communities to gain respect their rights as responsibilities shift with the sale of the companies that originally obtained the permit while the new owners often reject responsibilities for unpaid compensation etc.
Below are two of the many sections from the Atlas that portray concrete examples of what is going on in the region:
“Timber companies see the future lies in oil palm”
In 2003, the Kayu Lapis Indonesia Group was the biggest logging company in Papua, operating 1.4 million hectares of concessions. One of their largest concessions was in Sorong, PT Intimpura, where it also owned a huge wood factory producing 264,000 cubic metres of plywood per year. But like several other timber companies, the Group opted to shift its investment into the expanding oil palm industry a few years before its forest management permit was due to run out in 2009. Using its links with the local government, it managed to obtain permits for five subsidiary companies in the next few years to start oil palm plantations. Currently, two of these subsidiaries are operational. PT Henrison Inti Persada (HIP) in Klamono is the most advanced, having received the final permit in 2006 - although it had already started planting oil palm illegally a few years before.
PT HIP established its plantation on the land of the Mooi people through trickery and by making promises to provide new facilities or education support that have not yet materialised. The compensation given to communities was exceptionally low, even compared to other cases around Papua. In one documented case, ancestral land was handed over for 30 000 Rupiah per hectare (around US$3). In 2010, PT HIP was sold to the Noble Group, a Hong Kong-based agricultural commodities trading company. Noble became a member of the Round Table on Sustainable Oil Palm which allows it to apply for sustainability certification that facilitates access to premium markets. As the new owner, Noble cannot be held responsible for the illegal logging and land-grabbing that took place when PT HIP was owned by the Kayu Lapis Indonesia Group. As a consequence, Noble can present itself with a “respectable image” despite all the destruction and harm to local communities.
“Oil and gas below ground, palm oil above ground”
Bintuni Bay is the centre of oil and gas development in West Papua, with UK-company BP, Malaysian-company Genting Oil and Italian-company Eni Oil extracting or exploring reserves. Designated by the government as a key area for energy and industrial development in Papua, Ferrostaal from Germany and LG from Korea, together with local partners, both want to develop ethanol plants, and the Indonesian state-owned fertilizer company PT Pupuk Indonesia is also lining up to invest. Once covered with rainforest and mangrove forest, Bintuni Bay is in the process of being turned into an industrial landscape, with industrial oil palm plantations as a key part of the picture, since nowadays oil can also be extracted from trees.
PT Varita Majutama – now owned by the Malaysian company Genting Berhad – was the first to arrive in the area in 1996, developing three blocks of 6,460, 5,510 and 5,300 hectares respectively. The company confronted conflicts with the local populations since the beginning. In 2007 and 2012 some of the affected communities around Tofoi blockaded the plantations as the company continued to ignore their demands. The company nevertheless continued to expand. In January 2013, another 35,371 hectares of land were released by the Forestry Ministry to be planted with oil palm. The indigenous peoples around Tofoi also have to contend with two oil companies operating on their land, Genting Oil and Eni Oil, which bring further problems, including an increased police and military presence. In 2012 for example, the Kamisopa and Sodefa clans disputed the boundaries of land, until a fight broke out. Police brought criminal accusations against one man, and then forced his brother to sign a document handing over rights to their ancestral land to Genting Oil – threatening that if he didn’t, his younger brother would face five years in prison.
The West Papua Oil Palm Atlas is an important warning of the growing expansion of these plantations as well as a clear picture of who are the actors benefiting from this boost. Using the excuse of the conflict around the independence movement, the Indonesian government makes it very difficult for international observers to access this region. This has probably added to the lack of awareness internationally about the threats towards forests and the populations in West Papua that depend on them for their livelihoods. With sound research and detailed maps for each area of the Papua region which confronts different and manifold threats from the extractivist and industrialization model, the Atlas can also be seen as a call-out to stand in solidarity with the many communities confronting this industry.
4) Richard Joweni dies, This Comments Various activists Papua Merdeka (Part I)
By: Oktovianus Pogau | Sunday, October 18, 2015 - 08:25 pm | Read: 388 times
JAYAPURA, SUARAPAPUA.com --- Various activist of the Free Papua express condolences over the death of the Chairman of the Military Council of the West Papua National Liberation Army (TPN-PB), Brigadier General Richard Hans Uriah Joweni, on October 16, 2015, in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea.
West Papua National Coalition for Liberation (WPNCL), through the Facebook page condole on kepergiaan Joweni, and insists he is a true warrior who tracks should be an example for the young generation of Papua.
"During the 73 years of his life, the deceased had devoted himself to the fight for the liberation of the Nation State and West Papua. May the devotion of the deceased can be an inspiration and motivation for the efforts of the State and the liberation of West Papuans, "wrote WPNCL.
Meanwhile, Chairman of the National Committee of West Papua (KNPB), Victor F. Yeimo, also expressed condolences, saying he is the true militants are very wise, and have shown a very high fighting spirit.
"Tribute to you a great commander, the true militants, nationalist leader, Richard Hans Yoweni. Goodbye. Kan imprinted here sgala service your loyalty to the country West Papua, "said Yeimo.
Oridek Ap, son of Arnold Clemens Ap almahum from the Netherlands joined expressed his condolences over the kepergiaan Joweni.
"Please accept my condolences. The late father of Richard Yoweni go on the same date as his colleagues (late) Mr. Kelly Kwalik and (late) Tete Seth Rumkorem, on 16 October. Our younger generation to keep fighting continues. Cyrus! "Said Oridek.
Andy Ayamiseba, figures Free Papua who have settled in Port Villa, Vanuatu, joined expressed his condolences.
"Goodbye hero and a great leader of the nation of Papua. Rest in peace at home father of eternal and immortal, "he said.
John Anari, Papua young activists stated, "Sioooooooo .......... Goodbye my father who always advised me in the jungles of Papua's natural Rimba Raya. Your enthusiasm and motivation are always embedded die in me to stand firm to continue your struggle until the Morning Star to be hoisted throughout the country of our ancestors forever, "he wrote.
Meanwhile, activists of the Free Papua, Ruhukail Constantinople, who has long lived in Papua New Guinea joined expressed sorrow and condolences over kepergiaan General Joweni.
"You have gone for ever returning to the Father's house with calm and peaceful. Work and dedication to the nation for decades in the jungles of Papua will be the motivation for the younger generation to continue to Papua Papua free from colonialism Indonesian occupation. National hero farewell. Until we meet at the feet of Jesus. Rest In Peace my hero, the hero who never turn back and surrender, "he said.
Gunawawn Inggeruhi, youth leaders from Nabire participate condolences, "Goodbye General. Richard. H. Joweni, your spirit, spirit, we as soldiers will continue the struggle till the land and the people of Papua free spirit. All the advice you will be our grasp, "he said.
The deceased is the chairman WPNCL, a political organization which was founded in 2008 and is based in Port Villa, Vanuatu.
He also served as chairman of the Military Council of National Liberation of West Papua, and has been operating in the northern coastal areas.
The deceased also provide support for Unitied Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP), the umbrella organization that didirkan resistance in Vanuatu, December 2014 ago. He also served sebaga ULMWP council committee. Goodbye true rebel. (CONTINUE)
Uria Hans Joweni, passed away on 16 October – Jubi
Jayapura, Jubi – The people of Papua, especially the West Papua Liberation Army (TPN) has mourned the death of a charismatic figure in Brigadier General Richard Joweni.
The man whose real name was Uria Hans Joweni, passed away on 16 October at 23:00 Papua time at 72.
Joweni had been taken to the Vanimo Hospital to get medical treatment for gastrointestinal problems and physical weakness related to old age, after spending half of his life or 48 years as a guerilla fighter in the jungles of Papua.
His death is a great loss particularly for his three children because his wife had earlier passed away on 22 September 2014 due to illness. The late General Joweni who was the Supreme Commander of West Papua Revolutionary Liberation Army (TRP PB) Liberation Army was born on 3 December 1943 at a village located in Teluk Wondama Regency, West Papua Province.
As the TRP PB Supreme Commander, he headed 9 Papua Regional Command and 10 Military Command that partially covered the Papua Highland areas. General Joweni also the Chairman of West Papua National Coalition for Liberation (WPNCL) that incorporated with the United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP) to fight for West Papua through diplomacy at the MSG (Melanesian Spearhead Group) Forum and PIF (Pacific Islands Forum).
Besides leading the guerilla, he was also known as a diplomat who lobbied a number of leaders of Melanesian countries at South Pacific to support West Papua for independence. For his services to Papua and as the Supreme Commander of West Papua Revolutionary Liberation army, he was awarded the tittle of the General of Guerilla (Posthumous) during his funeral procession at Endokisi Yokari Village, Tanah Merah, Jayapura Region.
According to Jonah Wenda, the TRP PB Military Council spokesperson, in addition to be known as a persistent guerilla soldier in the jungle, Richard Joweni was also known as a charismatic figure in leading the struggle to the national liberation of West Papua nation. “He has taught ways to fight in dignity, peaceful and respect to others,” recalled Wenda.
Further he said, in order to continue the leadership at TRP PB, the Colonel Amos Serondanya is appointed to temporarily replace the late General Joweni until the next determination of the Supreme Commander. The determination would be held after fourteen days of mourning that is marked by rising the Morning-Star flag at half-mash in both military and Papua regional commands under TRP PB.
The funeral ceremony of the late Richard Joweni was held peacefully with the worship and military procession to honor him. The late Richard Joweni joined the West Papua Liberation Army in 1968 when he was 25 years old. Previously he had worked as a clerk in the Government of Netherlands in Papua. When the guerilla was led by Seth Rumkorem, he got several strategic positions until he was later appointed as the Supreme Commander of the West Papua National Liberation Army (TPN PB) until his death. (J. Howay/rom)
Jayapura, Jubi – The planed transmigration program in Papua proposed by Minister of Rural, Remote Development Area and Transmigration, Marwan Jafar, is a demographic threat to indigenous Papuans, warned Papua Governor Lukas Enembe.
“We have rejected this Central Government’s program. If they are still put it into their agenda, it should be the local transmigration instead of sending people from Java or other regions to Papua,” Enembe said on last week.
“Replacing poor people to Papua means to bring problems to Papua. It would not only bring the economic, employment of social problems, but I am worried that the transmigration would demolish the population of indigenous Papuans. I am afraid that within ten to twenty years the indigenous Papuans would disappear from this land,” Enembe told Jubi at the Governor’s Official Resident in Jayapura on Saturday evening (17/10/2015).
The governor said until now no party has the accurate data about the number of indigenous Papuans in Papua. So how to protect the indigenous Papuans of the transmigration program is still continued without any data on the population of indigenous Papuans? “We are still struggling with some issues of education, health, infrastructure and empowerment of indigenous Papuans. The transmigration would add the problem faced by the local government. Moreover if those who brought in are people without expertise thus it would not give benefit to the development in this land,” said Enembe.
In the early September, the Minister Marwan Jafar demonstrated his attitude to opposite the statement of the President Indonesia, Joko Widodo about to stop the transmigration program in Papua. Instead of support the president’s statement; he made his statement to expand the transmigration program in Papua. He said the program of sending poor people from the crowd area to less population area who also provided with cash and land has been proven to be “success” in Merauke. “Merauke could be regarded as the border area that has been successful in implementing the transmigration and agricultural development program in the eastern Indonesia,” Marwan told reporters in Jakarta. He added Merauke is “the heaven for transmigrants”. He predicted that 275 thousand people have been moved to Merauke since Indonesia’s annexation towards West Papua in 1969.
He said the transmigration program would increase the production as well as support the government’s plan to develop 1.2 million hectares of paddy fields in Merauke under the Merauke Integrated Rice Estate (MIRE) Project. (Victor Mambor/rom)
Jayapura, Jubi – Members of the Papua Legislative Council have voiced their support for plans by land tenure owners of PT. Freeport’s mining area to file a lawsuit against the giant mining company.
The Chairman of Papua Legislative Council, Yunus Wonda, said the parliament backed the step. “The copy of lawsuit has sent to the countries whose hold the Freeport’s share. People demanded the payment of the tenure right. If conversed in rupiah, it worth 600 trillion rupiahs excluding the royalty. Since it started the operation since 1967, Freeport never paid the tenure right to the community,” Yunus Wonda told last week.
Further he said what Freeport had done is not outstanding. Papuan people are still poor. No need to talk about the overall Papuans but those who live at the surrounding of Freeport’s mining are, namely Amungme, Kamoro, Damal and other indigenous tribes, are still living in poverty. “The Central Government and the President of Freeport in Jakarta must be aware that the landowners are indigenous Papuans. Do not let the greedy behavior closes their eyes. People in Jakarta are busy talking about Freeport, they are not aware that the mining area is settled in Papua, it operates in the tenure land of indigenous Papuans,” he said.
Further, he said the Central Government should be aware about it, it’s like if someone wants to visit to someone else’s house, he should respect the host. Greed shouldn’t close the eyes of the Central Government. “There’s land tenure owners, the local government, why should the greedy Central Officials talk about Freeport? They are not being ashamed or aware that the mining area is located in Papua. Is it Papua is no man’s land? Don’t be greed. Please involved the Papuans, the Papua Government, because the Freeport’s mining area is belong to them,” he said. (Arjuna Pademme/rom)
Jayapura, Papua. West Papua has declared itself as the world's "first conservation province" in a signed declaration on Monday, in an bid to formally dedicate its efforts to conservation purposes.
The signing of a declaration by West Papua governor Abraham Ataruri took place at the gubernatorial office in the provincial capital of Manokwari, and was attended by Home Affairs Minister Tjahjo Kumolo and West Papua district heads.
The West Papua governor admits to being the brainchild of the idea, which is intended on protecting and managing the province's natural resources in a collective effort by its residents.
“This declaration [of transforming West Papua into a conservation site] will help us maintain and manage our natural resources wisely and continuously so that [...] the future generation can enjoy them,” Abraham said.
In order to support West Papua's to function as a conservation province, the local government has created a working group (Pokja), members of which include the People's Assembly of West Papua, the West Papua legislative council, Papua State University, and international NGOs such as WWF Indonesia, Conservation International (CI) and The Nature Conservancy (TNC).
Together, they are in the process of preparing regional bills (Ranperdasus) to govern the conservation site.
West Papua is world famous for its rich marine ecosystem and diverse flora and fauna
PT Freeport Indonesia will benefit local capital market if permitted to conduct its obligatory share divestment through an initial public offering (IPO), a Financial Services Authority (OJK) executive believes.
The commissioner for capital market supervisor at OJK, Nurhaida, said that the IPO would be a good opportunity for Indonesians to own shares of the US-based mining company.
"A company with great value in the capital market would increase its market capitalization significantly," said Nurhaida in Jakarta on Monday.
By conducting an IPO, Nurhaida said, Freeport would be listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX), and as a listed company, the giant gold and copper miner would have to adhere to good governance.
"As a public company, the performance of Freeport Indonesia would be being monitored and supervised by the OJK,” she asserted.
She added that the government had not yet decided how to set up the divestment scheme.
According to Nurhaida, if the divestment is done through an IPO, the government would have to revise Government Regulation (PP) No. 77/2014.
Earlier, Finance Minister Bambang Brodjonegoro claimed to have talked with the Energy and Natural Resources Minister Sudirman Said on this issue.
Under PP No. 77/2014 on mineral and coal-mining business activity, Freeport must divest 10.64 percent of its shares to the government by Oct. 14. After accepting the offer, the government has 90 days to negotiate with Freeport.
Freeport Indonesia, a subsidiary of US-based giant Freeport McMoRan Inc., intends to meet the government’s requirement that it divest 30 percent of its shares to Indonesian parties. The share divestment is part of a deal between the company and the government as they re-negotiate Freeport’s contract of work (CoW) as mandated by the 2009 Mining Law.
Freeport Indonesia is currently 90.64 percent owned by Freeport McMoran and 9.36 percent owned by the Indonesian government. To meet the government’s requirement, the company must offer another 20.64 percent of its shares to Indonesian shareholders. (dan)
Margareth S. Aritonang, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Headlines | Mon, October 19 2015, 6:07 PM -
The Indonesian Military (TNI) has demanded overwhelming authority in a planned presidential decree (Perpres) that would not only position it directly under the President but would also give it more authority in dealing with security affairs.
Amid the already increasing role of the military in carrying out civilian functions, such as guarding prisons, helping farmers plant rice, as well as securing railway networks and public transportation, the decree would only strengthen the TNI’s role in non-combat operations.
A draft of the decree, a copy of which was recently obtained by The Jakarta Post, would give the TNI a legal basis on which to use weapons to impose security on non-military threats.
Article 7, for example, would grant the TNI authority to deal with crimes that are supposedly handled by the National Police. This includes terrorism, smuggling and cracking down on narcotics.
The TNI would also have authority to help the operation of local governments and provide protections to Indonesian citizens overseas.
In a bid to cement its legality in the civilian sphere, Article 4 of the draft stipulates that the “TNI is an instrument of the state for defense and security affairs that is equal to a ministry and is under the President”.
Such a clause is apparently in contradiction to the 2004 Law on the TNI that prohibits the institution from handling security affairs unless requested by the National Police, or by the order of the President.
Former TNI chief Gen. (ret) Moeldoko told the Post that the draft was formulated by the TNI during his leadership, aiming to “adjust the TNI with the current situation”.
“The Perpres is basically expected to increase the role of the TNI in non-military operations,” Moeldoko said.
As the draft decree was submitted in July to the State Palace, the TNI is now awaiting President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo’s approval.
Since 2013, the TNI has been seeking numerous civilian jobs because most of its 450,000 active personnel stood idle following the end of the separatist movement in Aceh in 2005 and the abating similar threat in Indonesia’s most remote province of Papua. Incursions by foreign militaries are deemed a far-fetched notion.
Unlike during former president Soeharto’s dictatorship, which ended in the reform movement of 1998 after he ruled for more than three decades, the military’s clout in politics and civilian affairs has been dramatically reduced over fears that strong military roles in non-combat operations will bring back the trauma of authoritarian rule.
In 2000, the TNI’s authority in security affairs was stripped as part of a democratic reform movement with the National Police, which was granted with the sole authority to handle security and was removed from the TNI command structure.
Military expert Mufti Makarim argued that involving military in domestic security affairs would not only overlap the job carried out by the police but also set precedents and legal justifications for the TNI to further aspire in political, social and economic affairs.
“A number of memorandums of understanding [MoUs] the TNI sealed with non-military institutions are already worrying enough as they will allow the military to deeply meddle with public life,” Mufti said, adding that approving the proposed decree would only make things worse.
TNI spokesperson Maj. Gen. Tatang Sulaiman refused to comment on the matter, saying only: “I don’t know anything about it. I have never been involved in any meetings to discuss it.,”
If the decree is approved, the TNI will no longer be under the auspices of the Defense Ministry and will have equal footing with the National Police and other ministries, which are directly under the President.
The draft decree commands the TNI to coordinate with the Defense Ministry in formulating policies and strategies related to defense, including in the matter of budgeting.
Such stipulations also contradict the 2004 Law on the TNI that does not set TNI’s position as equal to a ministry.
“Granting the TNI an equal position to a ministry is a setback because it is against efforts to reform the military, particularly in upholding the supremacy of civil society over the military,” said Poengky Indarti of human rights watchdog Imparsial.
Moeldoko, the chief architect of the proposed decree, played down concerns over the TNI’s role in civilian affairs, ensuring that the TNI would only be engaged in a limited scope of civilian jobs.
However, he emphasized the importance of placing the TNI independently under the President’s direct control.
“The President holds control over the military. This is why we refer to the President as the highest commander of the TNI. Thus, the TNI is supposed to be under him not a minister,” Moeldoko said. -
7) Papua fires send haze to Micronesia; Indonesia elections commission hints at environment debate
19th October 2015 / Mongabay Haze Beat
Fires in Papua are torching parts of the region as voices in the archipelago begin to call for the environment to be included as a topic of debate ahead of vital local elections on December 9.
The Guam Department for Homeland Security released a health warning after smog reached western Micronesia.
Indonesia's elections commission is facing calls to increase the prominence of the environment in election debates and prepare more information on candidates' environmental credentials.
Schools in Malaysia will remain closed on Tuesday while breathing air in Singapore remained in the "unhealthy" range Monday.
Focus on potentially fatal smog from Indonesia’s wildfires shifted eastward on Monday as meteorologists registered light haze reaching as far as Micronesia. Burning in Papua, Indonesia’s easternmost region, has become increasingly fierce in recent days, canceling flights, damaging air quality for the local population and pushing light pollution into the Pacific.
“Multiple wildfires across Indonesia and Papua New Guinea and southwest winds across western Micronesia have pushed diffuse haze into the Marianas,” the Guam Department for Homeland Security said in a statement on Monday. “As a precaution, those with respiratory issues should limit their time outdoors.”
“The Merauke Integrated Food and Energy Estate (MIFEE), an industrial-scale agricultural project, has been taking shape since 2010,” the petition reads. “In only four to five years, more than one million hectares – a quarter of [Merauke] district – fell into the hands of agricultural corporations that are clearing the land for oil palms, sugarcane and eucalyptus.”
Smoke emerges from a slope on the Wondama Bay in West Papua on October 12. Photo by Duma Sanda
Meanwhile the chairman of Indonesia’s elections commission said environmental issues could play a greater role in debates ahead of the archipelago’s local elections on December 9.
“I think it could be interesting because the momentum is there right now,” Husni Kamil Malik said.
The national director of the Indonesian Forum for the Environment (Walhi), a prominent environmental pressure group, said the elections commission should look to provide data on a candidate’s relationship with companies involved in forestry or agriculture.
Haze in Palangkaraya, which has seen the worst air quality of this year’s disaster, closed schools again on Monday. The local pollutant standards index was in the “dangerous” range again on Monday morning, forcing the city’s mayor to announce all schools would be shut for three days, the sixth time authorities have been forced to shut schools in the Central Kalimantan capital.
Meteorologists in Singapore said Monday that haze in the city state should ease in the coming weeks as seasonal wind direction begins to shift. Schools in several Malaysian states will remain closed again on Tuesday as smog continued to blanket several parts of the country.
A burned forest in Wamena, a town in West Papua, is shown in August. Photo by Asrida Elisabeth
Article published by Mongabay Haze Beat on October 19, 2015.
State-Owned Enterprises (BUMN) Minister Rini Soemarno is set to encourage state-owned aluminum maker PT Indonesia Asahan Aluminium (Inalum) and state-owned diversified miner PT Aneka Tambang (Antam) to purchase shares as part of PT Freeport Indonesia's upcoming share divestment.
“The ministry is currently conducting detailed calculations and analysis to see how Inalum should join in Freeport’s share divestment," said Rini in Jakarta on Monday as quoted by Antara news agency.
According to Rini, the BUMNs were financially ready to increase the government's shares in Freeport thanks to the full support of state-owned banks such as Bank Mandiri, BRI and BNI.
"We feel that Inalum should join in since it doesn’t yet own any mines and thus can hopefully serve as an effective Freeport shareholder," said Rini. She added that the banks would certainly be eager to support [the plan] since Inalum had very strong finances and Freeport was of great strategic value.
"Other than domestic companies, international financial institutions will definitely compete to help fund the purchase as well," said Rini.
Antam, which currently focuses on a smelter-grade alumina refinery in Mempawah, West Kalimantan, is considered a strong and effective partner for potentially assisting Inalum to take purchase a slice of Freeport.
Rini added that the ministry was currently completing a study on the share divestment.
"[We expect] the study will be completed before the end of October. We will soon submit a proposal to the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry," said Rini.
Under PP No. 77/2014 on mineral and coal mining business activity, Freeport must divest 10.64 percent of its shares to the government by Oct. 14, to bring Indonesian ownership of the company up to 20 percent. After accepting an offer, the government has 90 days to negotiate with Freeport. (ags/kes)(++++)
Hundreds of Indonesian Military personnel have been dispatched to extinguish spot fires across southern Papua that have caused thick smoke and disrupted flights at Mosez Kilangin Airport over the last two weeks.
“Currently, around 300 military personnel have been deployed to put out fires in several areas, especially in Merauke and Mappi regencies,” Kodam XVII/Cendrawasih commander Maj. Gen. Hinsa Siburian told thejakartapost.comon Monday. He was speaking on the sidelines of his visit to Kepi, the capital of Mappi regency, to monitor the handling of fires in the area.
“From the aircraft, we could clearly see spot fires that have spread across Mappi, Merauke and Kimaan Island. The spot fires are not only in one place but scattered across several areas, some close to villages,” said Hinsa.
He said that Papuans burn land to make it more fertile. “It is the habit of local people to burn land during the dry season in the hope that new buds will grow. This habit has been passed down for generations but it is unfortunate that this year, the dry season is a bit longer so spot fires have quickly spread,” said Hinsa.
Military personnel deployed to extinguish the fire are also tasked with sharing information with local communities about extinguishing fires and how to not burn land.
“The land they have burned is not meant for plantations. They burn land near their settlements or land they will use for hunting,” said Hinsa.
“The burned land is in Mappi and Merauke but it has disrupted flights in Timika and affected other activities,” he added.
Separately, the head of Timika’s Transportation, Communications and Information Agency, John Rettob, said that as of Monday the Mosez Kilangin Airport in Timika was still unable to operate. “It is still closed,” he said. The airport has not taken any aircraft arrivals since Thursday as smoke has reduced visibility to only 500 meters.
According to the Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) Papua, the number of spot fires in Papua and West Papua has reached 219, comprising 169 spots in Papua and 50 in West Papua. (ebf)(++++)
TEMPO.CO, Jakarta-Sriwijaya Air management admitted for the first time they experience flight cancellations because of the haze that in Papua, airline officials said Monday, October 19.
"It's a unique incident, this is the first time we experienced cancellations due to haze in Timika," said Sriwijaya Air Corporate Communications Agus Sujono to Tempo on Monday.
Sriwijaya Air cancelled flights four times due to haze in Timika. The four flights are on the routes from Jakarta to Timika, Timika to Jayapura, Timika to Sorong and Timika to Makasar.
Previously, Timika Meteorology station forecaster Ardy Onda Ndaya Sipatu said according to Terra and Aqua satellites observations, there are 142 hotspots in Merauke and surrounding areas, triggering thick haze in the southern region of Papua.
"According to the latest satellite observation data, there are 142 hotspots spread around Merauke, Yos Sudarso Island until Mappi. The number of fires is increasing compared to previous day that reached 131," said Ardy in Timika on Saturday.
Since Thursday all flight activities at the Kilangin Moses airport in Timika, especially wide-bodied planes such as Garuda Indonesia, Sriwijaya Air and Airfast Indonesia had to be canceled.
"These conditions had greatly affect the aviation sector. Garuda Indonesia and Sriwijaya Air has not landed in Timika since October 15. Since Friday and Saturday, October 17, larger planes had not landed in Timika. Smaller planes are still operating," said Ardy.
TEMPO.CO, Jakarta - Whatever the government's decision on Freeport Indonesia, the 1945 Constitution must be its main point of reference. The Constitution clearly states that the soil, water and natural resources of Indonesia must be managed by the state and must be exploited to the maximum for the benefit of the Indonesian people. The government is mandated to put this principle above all in its negotiations with the American company before its contract of work ends in 2021.
In line with the latest government regulation, negotiations on Freeport's contract extension must take place two years before its expiration date. By comparison, in the risky oil and gas sector, investors are given the opportunity to submit their contract extensions 10 years before their expiration date. So, we can understand if Freeport wants an earlier decision, given that the company plans to invest another US$18 billion, or more than Rp 240 trillion, over the next few years.
Renegotiations are normal whenever one or both parties find an unfair element in the previous contract. And it is not unusual if there are new issues that must be mutually-agreed upon, before the contract can be extended. In 1991, the New Order regime requested improvements to the Contract of Work I that was agreed on 1967, long before the end of the 30-year agreement.
The question now is whether Freeport is the best choice and whether it provides the most benefit for Indonesia. The minister of energy and mineral resources should consider this carefully before he submits his proposal to President Joko Widodo. The new formula must give the people and the regional government an opportunity to obtain the best possible benefit from the mining of the gold, copper, silver and other minerals from their own land.
The government must not weaken in the face of the immense capital involved. The current uncertain economic situation should not weaken its negotiating position. Yes, we need to open the door wide to investors and prevent those already in the country from leaving but foreign investors in Indonesia should only be welcomed with one condition: that their business benefits the people of this nation.
The government must use these accelerated negotiations as an opportunity to ensure that it obtains a larger contribution from Freeport's operations in Papua. The 1 percent royalty paid since 1967 is too little in proportion to the profits Freeport earns from mining in Papua. Many nations obtain royalties above 5 percent out of similar mining operations.
This is why the President or the energy minister must explain why they have only asked for around 3.5 percent in these negotiations. Additionally, why was the government too quick in agreeing to reduce Freeport's concession area from 213,000 hectares to 90,000 hectares, despite Law No. 4/2009 on Mineral and Coal Mining, limiting production areas to a maximum of 25,000 hectares? In the new agreement, there must be no special treatment or exceptions.
Every point negotiated must be backed by strong and rational arguments. The policy of divesting 30 percent of shares in 2019 must be monitored carefully to ensure that it is implemented without any vested interests or collusion. The obligation to build a smelter to process the mining products, as well as the requirement to acquire a bigger portion of domestic goods and services, should not be negotiable.
Indonesia has a much stronger bargaining position than it had when the Suharto regime renewed Freeport's contract of work in 1992. Jokowi has more ammunition and better weapons to back him up: for Freeport, 2.27 billion tons of ore reserves in its concession area is a gold mine. The government must stand firm because Freeport will fight hard to prevent its concessions from slipping out of its hands. (*)
Read the full story in this week's edition of Tempo English Magazine
5) WPNCL PRESS RELEASE
WEST PAPUA NATIONAL COALITION FOR LIBERATION
Secretariat: Box 1571, Port Vila, Republic of Vanuatu,
When injustice becomes law Resistance becomes duty
Date: 17 October 2015
BRIG. GEN. URIA RICHARD JOWENY, COMMANDER OF
WEST PAPUA NATIONAL LIBERATION ARMY (TPN) AND
CHAIRMAN OF WPNCL HAD PASSED AWAY
(4 December 1942 – 16 October 2015)
Brig. Gen. Joweny passed away at 11.00 pm on Friday, 16 October 2015 in Jayapura and was buried with Military honor on Sunday 18 October 2015 at his jungle Head Quarters. He is succeeded by 2 sons and 1 daughter. His passing was received with deep sorrow by families and friends especially members of TPN and the independence movements as a whole because his Wife Johanna had just passed away on 22 September 2015. His passing is a temporary setback for the independence movement because the movement had just completed its Congress following the results of this year‘s MSG and PIF decisions. There were structural adjustments to be made and appointments to fill the position of Vice Chairman due to the passing of Dr. John Ondawame and earlier the passing of Pacific Rep. Clemens Runawery. There were also major recommendations to be followed through with the agenda for self-determination and independence. His leadership would be greatly missed.
Brig. Gen. Uria Richard Joweny is the longest serving Commander of the Military Wing (TPN) of the Free Papua Movement (OPM). He rarely mentioned his home Village in Wondama of the Manokwari region. As a Papuan nationalist he feels at home anywhere in West Papua. His wisdom and strong sense of Patriotism is reflected all the time in his leadership that always places unity and cooperation at the center of his decisions. He is highly disciplined and always lead by example. On duty he is tough but off duty he is humble and easy to crack jokes with. He is a complete role model for those that he command. He is utterly religious and observed and practiced his Christian faith daily.
He was Chief of Staff under Gen. Rumkorem responsible for political education during TPN 3-4 months Military training. He earned the position of Brig. Gen. after he established TPN regional commands throughout West Papua. He recommended regional commanders like Kwalik, Jogi, Awom etc for appointment by Gen. Rumkorem.
Uria Yoweny joined the OPM at the age of 23 but during his teenage years he was active as leader of Youth Fellowship for his Church in down town Jayapura. After he came back from 2 years study in Java he worked for the Department of Commerce and Industries. While working he joined the underground nationalist movement called PENTANA that maintained communications with OPM leaders Jacob Prai and Agus Jerisetouw near the border with PNG.In 1968 there was active recruitment by KKPB now TPN run by former PVK Sergeant Tukayo. Uria left his job and together with some members of PENTANA including Rex Rumakiek, Dan Kafiar, Louis Nussy, Louis Bonay and others from Colleges around Jayapura took to the mountains to join the training.
In early 1970 the air of anger and the fighting spirit was still high because of the bad results of the act of free choice a few months earlier.There were highly skilled public servants from the Dutch era who just walked off from their jobs. Brig, Gen. Seth Rumkorem and some of his men also follow the example of Uria and went bush. There was no need for recruitment people took to the mountains willingly looking for training and arms. Being a skilled youth worker Uria was active in arranging meetings and organizing people in the camps and assisted with the staff. His administrative skills were recognized by the other leaders and become an important member of the staff at the Victoria Head Quarters of TPN. Not for long he was promoted to Chief of Staff by Gen. Rumkorem.
On 1 July 1971 Brig. Gen Seth Rumkorem and Jacob Prai unilaterally proclaimed the independent State of West Papua. Brig. Gen Seth Rumkorem was made President while Mr. Jacob Prai was the Chairman of the Senate. The proclamation they claimed, was West Papuan people’s response to the fraudulent act of free choice of 1969.They declared Waris a liberated zone where they set up the offices of the Provisional Revolutionary Government (RPG) of the Republic of West Papua. Uria was appointed the Minister of Information. In 1976 Mr. Jacob Prai attempted a coup against Rumkorem but failed so he set up another government called Defacto. The conflict was not contained and spread to become conflict between highlanders and coastal people. TPN was split and the Senate in disarray. TPN was weakened considerably and could not respond effectively to the Indonesian attacks causing many deaths. The original Victoria was abandoned; many members of the RPG sought asylum overseas while Uria and Rumkorem took the remaining TPN personnel away from the border area. In 1982 as Rumkorem was preparing to travel overseas, Uria was appointed Minister of Defense.
Vanuatu that since independence in July 1980 declared its support for OPM was very concerned about the disunity within the OPM. The late PM. Fr. Walter Lini and Barak Sope, then Secretary General of Vanuaaku Pati worked with Andy Ayamiseba the Manager of the Black Brothers and OPM representative Rex Rumakiek to try and find a solution to the disunity. Finally, a break through. Both leaders accepted an invitation by the governmentto come to Vanuatu to resolve their conflict. They were told that if they don’t unite it would be hard for Vanuatu to take the case to international forums. On the 10 of August 1986 Prai and Rumkorem signed what was known as Port Vila Declaration.
Once again Port Vila became host to another West Papuan leaders meeting when WPNCL was inaugurated in April 2008. It was in this meeting that Uria Richard Joweny was elected as Chairman of WPNCL, the late Dr. John Ondawame Vice Chairman and Rex Rumakiek, Secretary General; all members of OPM.Brig. Gen. Uria Richard Jowey had visited Vanuatu and met with leaders of the country. He has also visited Fji, Solomon Islands and Papua New Guinea. Under his Chairmanship West Papua was officially placed on MSG agenda and West Papuan right of self-determination being recognized.
In 2014 when Vanuatu once again hosted a unitary meeting on the request of MSG, Uria Yoweny led a delegation of 100 leaders and members of WPNCL (TPN/OPM, Presidium Dewan Papua, Dewan Adat, WPNCL, KNPB/PNWP, dan Bintang-14). These leaders managed to come as far as Port Moresby. They could not continue on to Port Vila due to lack of finance. The new body United Liberation Movement for Wes Papua was established without their presence. They remained in Port Moresby until the Secretary General arrived from Port Vila to brief them before they could go home. They all support the Saralana Declaration of Unity in respect of Vanuatu people and their government.
Uria Yoweny is maybe gone but his legacy of true Papuan patriot will remain with us forever.
For further details contact,
Rex Rumakiek, Secretary General, +61414149001,
Andy Ayamiseba, Head of Vanuatu Mission, +678 7740808
Paula Makabory, Head of Australian Mission, +61 423451540
Cendrawasih University, WWF to manage protected area in Papua
Selasa, 20 Oktober 2015 22:54 WIB | 366 Views
Sentani, Papua (ANTARA News) - World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is in collaboration with Cendrawasih University, Jayapura, Papua province, to manage the protected areas in Asmat district, Papua Province.
Communication Campaign and Outreach Coordinator of WWF Indonesia-Papua Program Andhiani M Kumalasari said here on Tuesday that the WWF is in collaboration with researchers from Cendrawasih University Papua to conduct research on biodiversity in Rawa Baki and Vriendscape.
"Rawa Baki and Vriendscape were not protected areas but we want to add these to the list of the protected areas because some researches show there are many rare endemic species inhabiting the area," she remarked.
She said the rare endemic plants in the region consist of 52 genera and 30 species.
Based on a herpetofauna survey (the reptiles and amphibians of a particular region, habitat, or geological period), 23 species of amphibians and reptiles are found in Rawa Baki and Vriendscape.
Also, 66 species of birds from 28 families inhabit the areas, of which 26 are protected birds.
According to Andhiani, in the area along Siret and Vriendschap rivers, there are 21 species of fish, from 18 genera and 15 families, in which 16 are endemic.
"As a result of such research, we propose that these two regions should be in the list of protected areas," she said.(*)
1) Indonesia-Papua New Guinea Oil and Gas Collaboration
TEMPO.CO,Jakarta-The Indonesian government is planning to cooperate with Papua New Guinea to develop the national oil and gas sector in Eastern Indonesia. The Energy and Mineral Resource Ministry has launched a shift of focus on exploration and exploitation of oil and gas activities within the vicinity.
“Private sectors also have the opportunity to take advantage of this cooperation,” said Director General of Oil and Gas, I Gusti Nyoman Wiratmadja as cited by the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resource on Wednesday, October 21.
The collaboration will be done through the information exchange of oil and gas policy of the two countries, feasibility of study and survey as well as in the policy management for liquid natural gas. These activities will be supervised by the newly formed Indonesia-Papua New Guinea oil and gas task force.
The task force, Wiratmadja said, is the implementation from the MoU created in 2013. For the long term, Wiratmadja expects the collaboration will be included in a more realistic agreement.
Wiratmadja uttered that related State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs) including PT Pertamina and PT Pupuk Indonesia also have the chance to rake the advantages from the collaboration. The fertilizer factory will also be incorporated in the development plan within Eastern Indonesia’s border.
In the presentation, Wiratmaja conveyed that Papua New Guinea owns hefty oil and gas and mineral contents. Unfortunately, little could only be explored. “Indonesia has been focusing on the western region,” he said.
2) Indonesia says Papuans can benefit from more competition
Updated at 4:30 pm today
The new Pharaa Market under construction in Sentani, Papua
Photo: RNZI/Koroi Hawkins
An Indonesian government representative on development in Papua says the region's indigenous communities can benefit from learning more about trade, rather than just bartering.
Judith Dipodiputro is overseeing the construction of a major new market facility for Papuans to sell homegrown and fresh products in Sentani.
It is the latest in Jakarta's efforts to foster grassroots involvement in development in Papua.
Many Papuans complain that Indonesia's transmigration programme over the years has left them as bystanders to in economic activity while non-Papuans dominate.
Ms Dipodiputro says there is a need for Papuan communities to learn to be competitive.
Some tribes as very competitive, are traders, since hundreds of years. Some tribes are not really traders, they are more - let's say - living on a day by day, so they don't really have his concept of competing in trade. But we have to work on creating a balance, of bringing them into a competitive level that is acceptable to them as well.
Jayapura, Jubi – Native Papuans in seven indigenous territories will welcome the arrival of a fact-finding team from the Pacific Island Forum (PIF) to investigate human rights violations in Papua.
The spokesman of the United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP), Edison Waromi said it is important because PIF investigation team will investigate all the problems that occurred in Papua.
“We hope tribal leaders in seven indigenous territories will welcome it,” said Edison Waromi in celebration of the success of the delegation ULMWP won the issue of West Papua in the PIF to the issue of West Papua becoming an official speech in the annual meeting at the United Nations this year in Waena, Heram district, Jayapura city on last week.
While one member of the working team of ULMWP, Markus Haluk said that the need for readiness of the Papuan people to present data and facts about human rights violations since 1961 in Papua. “Newspaper clippings from 1965 has, or the data that we have, are prepared. We show them,” said former General Secretary of AMPTPI.
“We want to tell that we are not silent. We continue to fight until ULMWP get its status as an observer in MSG and PIF will come to for conduct the investigation and we will welcome this, “he said again.
Mama Yosepha Alomang, who received Yap Thiam Hien Award in recognition of her achievement in Defensing Human Rights said, it’s time for Papua to be free from slavery in Indonesia. “Young people must unite and fight peacefully without violence. We must join together,” she added. (Mawel/Abeth You)
4) Muslim and Christian faiths co-exist, says Papua Reverend
Updated at 2:52 pm today
A Papua church leader says media reports about the recent burning of a small mosque in Tolikara have largely mis-represented relations between different faiths.
Reverend Dormon Wandikbo, is a leading member of GIDI, or Gereja Injili di Indonesia, a Protestant church which, unlike other leading Protestant churches in Papua, has a presence in other parts of Indonesia.
Reverend Wandikbo was in Jayapura this month to meet with representatives of the GIDI church from Jakarta to foster economic empowerment by members of their church.
He says the Tolikara incident was not a conflict between Muslims and GIDI Christians as reported by mainstream media.
Because Muslims and GIDI people there, they don't know what happened there. There's another people who created the conflict. Because we know during twenty years, nothing happened there. But last incident, in July, it happened and we know that it was created by other people there.
Reverend Wandikbo says the two faiths generally co-exist well in Papua.
He adds that two teenagers arrested for the incident should be freed.
Meanwhile, he admits that the Papua region does have isolated cases of religious extremism which had the potential to cause problems for society.
One year on, Joko Widodo has disappointed electors, who expected a hands-on approach from a progressive president, particularly in tackling rampant corruption and boosting the economy.
A survey conducted by Indo Barometer shows public satisfaction with Widodo and Vice President Jusuf Kala has fallen to 46 percent in September, from 57 percent last March.
Joko Widodo, who is known as "Jokowi" swept to power on a wave of popular support for his hands-on approach and his image as a corruption-free, fresh face in a country long dominated by oligarchs from the era of former dictator, General Suharto.
The biggest disappointments regard several issues on which he had strongly campaigned on, such as fighting rampant corruption, one of the country's main problems.
He recently faced criticism over his nomination of a controversial figure as the new national police chief, a close friend of his, that most Indonesians believe to be corrupt.
"He made a lot of mistakes in his first year so I would call it a fisaco because it was actually something that would have been avoided," Yohanes Sulaiman, a political professor at the University of Defense in Jakarta, told RFI.
"It destroyed Jokowi's credibility in his fight against corruption. It made a lot of people angry really. He had set the bar very high, and people's expectations were too. We'll have to see what's next now..."
He blames Jokowi for the nomination, saying it triggered a row between the notoriously corrupt police and the popular anti-graft agency, which accused the nominee of bribery.
Another point of his campaign was to reform the government's plans on economy.
He got off to a good start by cutting fuel subsidies that ate up a huge chunk of the government's budget. That in turn freed up billions of dollars to invest in the slowing economy.
But his attempts to attract foreign investors have been undercut by protectionist policies announced by his ministers, such as the abrupt cancellation of thousands of import licences.
"He has really increased spending on infrastructure, which I think a lot of economists hope will push economic growth. But he has a couple of problems: Global economic conditions are not particularly favorable," Dave McRae, a senior research fellow at the Asia Institute, told RFI.
"A lot of his budget assumptions are based on a level of growth that Indonesia isn't simply going to be able to achieve. And at the same time, you have Jokowi stressing that foreign investment is really important for Indonesia, yet his ministers pull out of deals. So I think you need a clearer policy agenda there on the economic front."
And on an international level, he started off by launching a massive anti-drug campaign within the country, and to show how serious he was, he has not succumbed to international pressure over the execution of several foreign drug convicts.
"He tried to deal with human rights problems, he released five political prisonners, he opened up Papua... But there are still 90 other political prisonners. There are still a lot of issues for foreign journalists going to Papua," Andreas Harsono, the Human Rights Watch representative in indonesia told RFI.
"He also ordered the executions of 12 death row convicts, this year only. Including Brazilian, Nigerian, Australian citizens, and still has a French man (Serge Atlaoui) on death row right now. These are problematic decisions, especially considering it's straining the relations between countries who are withdrawing their ambassadors."
One year on, it might be too early to see clearly where Jokowi is headed, but he undoubtely has a lot on his plate for the next four years.
Dozens of students marched on the Indonesian Embassy in the New Zealand capital, Wellington, today to protest over continuing violence from the security forces in West Papua.
The students, many of them from Melanesian countries, had walked from Victoria University and were joined by several MPs, including the Green Party's Catherine Delahunty.
She says it is important the Indonesian diplomats understand the levels of concern in this country at the ongoing violence directed at the indigenous Melanesian people in West Papua.
"Despite alleged improvements around representation on the MSG [Melanesian Spearhead Group] and the Pacific Forum talking about a fact-finding mission, there are still deaths, there are still military killings happening. So just a month ago, people may have heard two young students were killed. And I think these students here, believe they are the ones who can speak out - they are speaking for all of those who don’t have a voice.”
Wamena, Jubi – The bishop of Jayapura Diocese, Leo Labaladjar, OFM said demonstrations conducted by human rights activists with the Catholic monks served as a reminder to the police to immediately uncover cases of human rights violations that have been occurring repeatedly.
“Actually, the police should have not arrested the demonstrators. This protest was only a reminder to solve human right cases that have been ignored. So I think the rally should have not been dispersed and arrested. For what?” Bishop Leo Labajadjar, OFM said at Pastoran Bunda Maria Pikhe distrik Pisugi Jayawijaya regency on last week.
He then asked the police to truly work and maintain public safety. “Especially there are a lot of criminal acts. The public safety must be maintained, “he said.
According to him, police’s mission to build unity for change should be realized in Papua so the public can see the change. (Wesai H/Tina)
Merauke, Jubi- A number of seventh and eighth grade students at SMP Buti were found to be not able to read or write properly because of no having strong foundation at the primary level.
This was conveyed by principal of SMPN Buti, Paschalis Tethool to Jubi at his office on last week. “I have asked all students’ advisers to record who have not been able to write and read well,” he said.
He continued, after we have the data, there will be a special teacher to teach them in the morning and afternoon. “Frankly, these students feel inferior in the classroom and make them sometimes do not want to go to school,” he said.
“For me the challenge is to ensure that the students will be able to read and write well, so they do not feel inferior and stiff when being with other friends in the classroom,” he said.
Meanwhile, members of the Regional Representatives Council (DPRD) of Merauke, Hilarius Ulukyanan said a number of children who can not write and read well, because during elementary school, they did not get better attention from the teachers, especially in the teaching and learning activities. (Frans L Kobun/ Tina)
Jayapura, Jubi – The head of Education and Culture of Papua, Elias Wonda, said some teachers in the mountainous region.still lacked teaching certification.
“A number of teachers have not taken teacher certification tests or it means government failed to reach its target this year” said Wonda, in Jayapura on last week.
According to him, there are less than 29 teachers who have been certified where, as many as 10 thousand teachers will be retired. “We are in Papua would have a shortage of teachers because many teachers will retire next year,” he added.
Nevertheless, he admitted there are several education departments have good programs. One of them is work together with the University of Cendrawasih, where the university sends lectures to teach so that teachers do not need to come to the Jayapura. “Their program is very good, and this is very helpful,” he said again.
He then said although we can not reach the target, but we are optimistic that next year the rest of teachers will be certified. “Our target, it must be completed next year, especially in the mountainous region. We also expect the support from the government of regency and city” he said.
Earlier, the Regional Secretary of Papua, Hery Dosinaen said safety factors cause many teachers to serve in rural areas of Papua leave the task. In addition welfare issues also are important to look at and need to find the solutions. “This is what makes the jealousy of other teachers, where many teachers are moved to be head of department, echelon III, IV,” said Hery. (Alexander Loen)
Jayapura, Jubi – The head of School and Vocational Education Office of Jayapura, Nurhadi, said that four of tenth grade students of senior high school in Jayapura city could not read properly.
“Based on information given by Papua Legislative Council, there are ten, but I found four of them who cannot read properly at the schools, the three of them are students of SMAN 3 which is one of the best school in Papua and one is a student of SMA 6 Skouw Muaratami,” said Nurhadi to Jubi on last week.
It was found that these students graduated from outside Jayapura city. Therefore, a team from education department and teachers conduct intensive reading class for them. “All three of these students were selected from chosen junior high school outside Jayapura city. We will not quit them,” he said.
Meanwhile, the other student graduated from junior high school located at border. “We will also give attention particularly by preparing learning strategy at the border area welll,” he added.
For other schools, Nurhadi acknowledged, he has not received the report, yet he will continue to check it “I have done some investigation for schools that accepted students from outside the region such as SMA Taruna Bhakti and but no reports from the principal,” he said.
Earlier, secretary of commission V of Papua Legislative Council on Education and Health, Nason Uti felt sad with the information. “If the information is correct, we regret it happened. Moreover, if there is a student graduated from junior high school in this city, “said Nason on Tuesday (09/29/2015).
According to him, the regions such as Jayapura city, Jayapura regency, Nabire, Mimika, Jayawijaya, and Merauke become a barometer of education in preparing the Human Resources (HR) in Papua.
“Teachers should not be messing around. They should be able to create quality human resources. This country needs a leader who has the capacity that can compete at international level. If there are high school students can not read, then finding the cause,” he said. (Sindung Sukoco/ Tina)
Several flights at Moses Kilangin Airport in Timika, Mimika regency, Papua, were canceled on Wednesday morning because as a thick haze from nearby fires brought visibility down to around 1 kilometer.
According to Timika meteorology station spokesperson Dwi Christanto, the region's cool weather has kept the haze from dissipating, leaving it to blanket the airport instead.
"Weather conditions in Timika will improve if the number of hot spots in Merauke regency are reduced and firefighting is maximized," said Dwi on Wednesday as quoted by Antara news agency.
Since Oct. 15, the airport has been unable to serve wide-body aircraft such as those from Garuda Indonesia, Sriwijaya Air and Airfast Indonesia.
On Tuesday, 257 hot spots were detected by NASA’s Terra and Aqua satellites in Papua and Maluku, up from 229 the previous day. Yos Sudarso Island in Merauke regency and the border area between Merauke and Mappi regencies were said to have the most hot spots.
Meanwhile, the number of hot spots in South Sumatra has also increased, rising to 530 on Wednesday, spread across 16 regencies and cities. This increase comes despite the area having been the focus of foreign aid as requested by President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo. Two days ago, there were only 163 hot spots in South Sumatra.
"The number of hot spots detected in South Sumatra in October has been fluctuating. It will decrease for a few days, but the next day drastically increase, just like today," said spokesperson for the Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) South Sumatra, Indra Purnama.
Ogan Komering Ilir regency is home to most of South Sumatra’s hot spots, with 356, followed by Musi Rawas with 50 hot spots, Musi Banyuasin with 35, Banyuasin with 34, Lahat with 13, North Musi Rawas with 11 and Ogan Komering Ulu with 10. (kes)(++++)
Jakarta. One of two Indonesian government-owned companies, miner Aneka Tambang or aluminium producer Inalum, should buy the stake that Freeport-McMoran's plans to divest in its Indonesian unit, the country's state-owned enterprise minister said.
Freeport Indonesia is looking to divest 10.6 percent of the company as part of the process of extending its contract to operate its huge copper and gold mine in the region of Papua beyond 2021. It must propose the divestment share price to the government this month.
The comments from SOE Minister Rini Soemarno come as ministers have been battling over control of US mining giant Freeport's future in the country, threatening to mar President Joko Widodo's five-day trip to the United States later this month.
"We propose that state-owned enterprises can take the divested share," Soemarno told reporters on Wednesday. "There are two possibilities: Antam and Inalum."
Indonesia's government, which already has a 9.4-percent stake in Freeport Indonesia, will have 90 days to decide on the divestment proposal once it has been received.
Freeport has no issues relating to the proposed divestment as long as it has a "legal basis and a clear mechanism", said company spokesman Riza Pratama. The US miner would prefer to make the divestment through an initial public offering, he added.
An IPO has previously been backed by Indonesian mines ministry officials.
Aneka Tambang was willing to take the Freeport Indonesia stake, Chief Executive Tedy Badrujaman told a parliamentary hearing on Wednesday, although the state-owned nickel miner would need help from financial institutions to fund the acquisition.
Such discussions had already begun, he added.
Inalum did not immediately respond to requests for comment.
Ahead of Widodo's first trip to the United States next week, ambassador Robert Blake told reporters on Wednesday that Freeport was not actually seeking a contract extension, but instead wanted assurances that when its current contract expires, it would be extended.
"Freeport is ready to start investing in the underground mine in Papua but of course they need some assurances that their contract will be extended so they can recoup some of their investment," said Blake, speaking in Jakarta.
Earlier this month, Indonesian government officials said they planned to amend rules on mining contract renewals by the end of the year, which would allow companies to propose an extension 10 years before their contracts expire.
Present rules only allows talks on an extension to start two years before a contract is due to end.
2) INDONESIAN PRESIDENT FAILS TO KEEP MEDIA FREEDOM PLEDGES IN FIRST YEAR
PUBLISHED ON TUESDAY 20 OCTOBER 2015.
Reporters Without Borders is very disappointed by President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo’s performance as regards freedom of information and media freedom during his first year in office.
“Despite the democratic hopes raised by his election, Joko Widodo’s presidency is far from meeting expectations with regard to access to information,” said Benjamin Ismaïl, the head of the Reporters Without Borders Asia-Pacific desk.
“The authorities continue to suppress information and Jokowi’s campaign pledge to open up the West Papua region to foreign journalists was just an illusion. If journalists can go there – under certain conditions – they are closely watched, exposing their sources to reprisals by the authorities.”
The former governor of Jakarta, Jokowi began his term well. His inauguration on 20 October 2014 was followed a few days later by the release of French journalists Valentine Bourrat and Thomas Dandois.
Bourrat and Dandois had fallen victim to Indonesia’s restrictive practices in West Papua (the western half of the island of New Guinea) and were sentenced to two and a half months in prison for violating Indonesia’s draconian immigration laws by doing a report there after entering the country on tourist visas.
Their fixer, Areki Wanimbo, was only released after being held for eight months.
Ever since annexing the West Papua region in 1963, the Indonesia authorities have restricted access for foreign journalists because of acts of violence against civilians and the government’s crackdown on the separatist movements operating there. The few journalists managing to visit the region, which is an information “black hole,” have been closely watched.
The decision allowed New Zealand’s Maori TV to do a report on the ethnic Papuan community for its “Native Affairs” programme. This was the first report of this kind in more than 50 years.
But there is no guarantee of lasting access to information in the region. Certain army factions that have profited from Indonesia’s occupation are expected to continue to oppose media coverage. It is also highly unlikely that the authorities will let journalists investigate all the human rights violations that have taken place since annexation.
Jokowi’s announcement – made while Indonesia was in the international spotlight following the death sentences pass on seven foreigners for drug trafficking – has all the hallmarks of a smokescreen designed to fob off international public opinion and add some temporary gloss to Indonesia’s image.
While foreign reporters are no longer openly targeted in the West Papua region, the authorities still have their fixers and sources in their sights. Two fixers working for a French journalist were arrested and questioned by the police at the start of this month.
The authorities also restrict the freedom of local journalists. Abeth You, a reporter for the TabloidJubi.com website, was attacked by police on 8 October while covering a demonstration in Jayapura, the West Papua region’s biggest city. It was organized by Solidarity for Victims of Human Rights Violations in Papua.
After the police bundled You into a truck, an officer seized his camera and deleted all his photos – all the while threatening him with his gun. Even when they have press cards, local journalists covering demonstrations continue to be treated by the police as demonstrators.
Coverage of certain sensitive subjects also continues to be closely controlled in the rest of Indonesia. British journalists Rebecca Prosser and Neil Bonner are still awaiting a verdict in their trial after being arrested for reportedly filming a reenaction of pirates attacking an oil tanker in the Malacca Strait, near Singapore.
Rear Admiral Taufiqurrahman said shortly after their arrest that "what they were reenacting (…) could tarnish the image of the Malacca Strait as a crime-prone area.” The two journalists have been held since May under Indonesia’s immigration laws.
In a couple of months, we will know whether Jokowi’s presidency has caused Indonesia to fall in the 2016 Reporters Without Borders press freedom index.
3) Allegations regarding a trial in West Papua
Statement by the Executive-Director of the LP3BH
A statement recently made by Zakarias Horota, speaking on behalf of the Secretariat of the Papuan Traditional Council of Regional III, Doberai, regarding the case in Bintuni against my client, Semuel Jitmau of the TNI AD is extremely damaging and in violation of the law. The statement was published in a local media outlet in Sorong preceding the verdict that is due to be announced by the Military Tribunal.
Speaking as the Legal Counsel, I would like to make it clear to Mr Horota that the rights of persons appearing before such a court are equal whether the person is being accused of corruption or for acts that are life threatening, which is the case regarding the allegations against my client, Semuel Jitmau. If Mr Horota were to take the trouble of reading recent accounts in the media, it is clear as has been stated by
the Regional Commander (Danrem) and by the Military Commander on a number of occasions, that if a person is charged with murder , even
if the person is a member of the Indonesian Amy, the trial will proceed in accordance with the law.
I would like to make it clear that up until this moment, I myself as the legal counsel of Mr Jitmau, have not received any information about whether my client is being charged as a suspect by POM DAM XVII Cenderawasih, Jayapura. Even if he is regarded as a suspect,
the principle of innocence is a firm guarantee of his rights, even in a military court here in Indonesia. It would appear that comments that were made by Mr Horota are very damaging in this regard..
I would like to warn Mr Horota to stop making statements in the local printed and electronic media that appear to be an attempt to make allegations against my client that could result in counter charges against him.and be would a threat against the interests of my client.
Yan Christian Warinussy Executive Director of the Institute of Research, Analysing and Development of the Law. Translated by Carmel Budiardjo
1) Call for Indonesia to focus more on development in Papua
Updated at 7:36 pm today
A West Papuan NGO representative focussed on development, environment and rights says the indigenous people of Indonesia's Papua region need a more attentive development effort from Jakarta.
Septer Manufandu, who is the executive secretary at Jerat Papua, says development involving Papuans continues to lag, partly due to a lack of recognition of various basic rights of Papuans and also because government agencies aren't always listening to the needs of Papuans.
Mr Manufandu told Johnny Blades that while Indonesia's government system accommodates a big budget for Papua development, and provisions for rights protections, it's not always observed on the ground.
Septer Manufandu: In the National Government committed how to handle the human rights in Indonesia but specifically in Papua. Because they have a human right commission in national level, and then also they have regulation, how to, regulation about the human rights. And then also every institution in Government thinks about the human right, knowledge, but the problem is behaviour of the aparatus in Papua also military and police not chance.
Johnny Blades: It hasn't changed at all? I mean recently we heard the military commander apologising, even the Police?
SM: Yeah the top level is changing, but in practically in the ground no, I think so.
JB: What is the chances of reform in those forces, do you think it's going to happen?
SM: Yeah, will say in the nation specific in Papua, trying to move government, to seriously, how to use, the national agenda for make change in Indonesia, specific in Papua. The Papua Police from Government perspective is like red area, that's why different context to how to deal with the Papua issue. Sometimes we, difficult to deal with the military or Government because their perspective about the Papua people and also Papua place is like distance between them, and between us. We have Papua people talking about development, development rights. They say ah you want to want to fill it all and when we are talking about the land, right of the land, we are talking about the right of the health, when we are talking about the right of education. They said ah we already give the money, sent the money, huge money to you under specific autonomy law. But how you can still, you want more money, you want more freedom.
JB: So you think the think the government has a clear vision of how to provide those basic services properly?
SM: For my own perspective, we said the Government of Indonesia under now, run away from the root problems. The root problem is, used to be Papua have like, Papua people like traumatised about the situation. Traumatised just, we can deal not with, deal with the money, deal with how to build the trust, and build the communication. When we want to, talking about the trust, talking about the traumatise we invite them, sit together and talking. Not just blame you lack of capacity, not just blame them primitive, not just blame you already sent more money to the Government here.
JB: Has special autonomy failed in your view?
SW: Yeah, based on the recent evaluation Papua people possibly already make the evaluation. Also the University, Cendrawasih University also make the evaluation. The data we can use to negotiate again with the Government how to make the big chance about the situation in Papua, regular, start from Government and then immigration. But also how to build the development planning, as people to involve in the development planning, not just like come and then see and then writing the planning, and then send to Government for, get them more money.
JB: There are plans for carving up Papua into yet another province or two, that's going to be problematic do you think?
SW: Still the separate, the Papua for three or four province, still we can't issue until now. Now the Government have plan for create more province in Papua. Like highlands province, south province, around Merauke and neighbour district. Also Sarmi, Sarmi district, Sarmi province they still have agenda for that. My opinion is we don't need the province, we just need development. When we are talking about development, concrete development in the district, in the sub-district. How to government create good facility in the, education, health, in the sub-district and the district. Not create more province, it seems like we create new problems, and then a lot of money can transfer from central government to province and then many corruption in the province level and then they don't care about the situation on the ground. That's why I said focus on how to improve the development in the sub-district and the village and also the district.
A note of caution has been sounded about Indonesian government plans to carve up another province out of Papua region.
This comes as lawmakers look set to create two more provinces in the Indonesian territory of New Guinea.
Plans to create more than the two existing provinces in the Papua region have been on the table for years but are considered by opponents to be against Papua's special autonomy provisions.
Septer Manufandu of the NGO, Jerat Papua, says Papua doesn't need more provinces, it needs development
"When we're talking about development, concrete development in the district and in the sub-district, how do government create good facility in education, health, in the sub-district and the district - [and] not create more problems ... it seems like we create the new problems."
Septer Manufandu says development involving Papuans continues to lag, partly due to a lack of recognition for the basic rights of Papuans and also because government agencies aren't always listening to the needs of Papuans.
4) A Papua church leader says religious extremism has the potential to cause problems for local society.
Religious extremism lurks in Papua, says Reverend
Updated at 11:47 am today
Reverend Dormon Wandikbo is a leading member of the GIDI, or Gereja Injili di Indonesia, a Protestant church which, unlike other leading Protestant churches in Papua, has a presence in other parts of Indonesia.
He says media reports about the recent burning of a small mosque in Tolikara largely mis-represented relations between different faiths.
He says the Tolikara incident was not a conflict between Muslims and GIDI Christians as reported by mainstream media.
"Because Muslims and GIDI people there, they don't know what happened there. There's another people who created the conflict. Because we know during 20 years, nothing happened there. But last incident, in July, it happened and we know that it was created by other people there."
Reverend Wandikbo adds that two teenagers arrested for the incident should be freed.
He says while local followers of Muslim and Christian faiths generally coexist peacefully, there are isolated cases of extremist radicalization of religion in Papua.
"The issue exists here, and I think this issue will create a new conflict. But in Papua we recognise that there is a Muslim group that we call Front Pembela Islam which already exists here."
The reverend was in Jayapura this month to meet with representatives of the GIDI church from Jakarta to foster economic empowerment by members of their church.
Timika, Jubi – The haze that blankets the city of Timika has disrupted flights and triggered a rise in betel nut prices.
Betel nut proces have risen to 200,000 per kilogram, a more than 100 percent increase from 75,000 per kg previously. “It’s been four days the sale was decreased. No supplies from Jayapura today, while the price of local betel nut is slightly rising,” said Udin who sell the betel nut at the location of old Swadaya Market on Monday (19/10/2015).
He said the haze blankets Timika for last few days has stopped the flight from and to Timika and cause the lack of betel nut supplies of both sellers and distributors at the ex-Swadaya Market. “The stocks of local betel nut is still enough but the price is higher than Jayapura’s,” he said.
The local betel nut is sold for 20 thousand rupiahs per stack.
Since the haze covered the city, the betel nut selling activity is reduced. The tables are usually used to put the betel nut are clean, because the traders are temporary not closed. A resident of ex-Swadaya Market, Karel Kogoya, said the haze has caused him difficult to find the betel nut. “I have a habit of chewing the betel nut. Although the price of the local betel nut is higher, I still buy it. No Jayapura’s betel nut,” he said.
Based on the information on the ground, earlier the betel nut was sold for five to ten thousand rupiahs per stack (five to ten fruits), but now its price becomes two to thirty thousand rupiahs per stack. (Eveerth Joumilena/rom)
Indonesia has to reject any efforts aimed at carrying out PT Freeport Indonesia’s obligation to sell shares through an initial public offering (IPO), said Commission VII member from the National Democratic Party Kurtubi Umar.
He rejected Sudirman Said’s opinion about Freeport’s possible IPO to implement the divestment obligation. The Finance Minister was also reportedly supporting the IPO option, in agreement with Indonesia Stock Exchange’s (IDX) CEO.
"The objectives of the mandatory divestment would fail if it was done through an IPO. In my opinion, the state must buy the shares through a state-owned enterprise [SOE]," he said as quoted by kompas.comon Monday in Jakarta.
The State Owned Enterprise (SOE) Minister Rini Soemarno had asked PT Aneka Tambang Tbk and PT Inalum to act on behalf of the government to purchase the divested 10 percent of shares from Freeport Indonesia.
Antam is Indonesia’s SOE operating in gold mining and gold processing in Indonesia while Inalum is a metal producer SOE that is now eyeing the construction of a new mine.
Through an IPO, Kurtubi said, the state would not gain any real benefit from the divestment as Freeport might buy back its floating shares—after the IPO was conducted—through foreign special purpose vehicles (SPV).
According to the law, Freeport has to divest 10.64 percent of its shares to the government, increasing Indonesia’s stake in the giant copper and gold miner to 20 percent, from the preliminary ownership of 9.46 percent.
By 2019, Freeport—the subsidiary of the US’ giant miner Freeport McMoran Inc.--has to sell 30 percent of its shares to Indonesia. (ags/dan)(++++)
The Governor of Indonesia's Papua province Lukas Enembe says moves to form a Melanesian Brotherhood among five Indonesian provinces is mainly about politics.
The governor was explaining his reluctance to travel to the recent signing of the Brotherhood agreement in Ambong.
It followed July’s decision by the Melanesian Spearhead Group to grant observer status to the United Liberation Movement for West Papua.
The MSG is also considering a role in the group for the five Indonesia provinces which Jakarta says have strong Melanesian ethnic stock: East Nusa Tenggara, Maluku, North Maluku, Papua and West Papua.
Governor Enembe says this group is full of political interests.
"I'm part of the Indonesian government in Papua. So I have no interests in talking on politics or even international affairs. Because we don't have right to talk about international affairs. That's Jakarta's problem, it's not our problem. I can't see this point of including the five provinces. Jakarta can just do it on behalf of us. So we don't need to be included."
The MSG's full members are Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Fiji, Vanuatu and New Caledonia's FLNKS Movement.
Indonesia itself has associate member status at the MSG.
Jayapura, Jubi – The destruction of Papuan culture is gradually happening and is threatening the lives of indigenous people, a student group said.
The issue at heart is not the reduced number of Papuans, or a number of birth and mortality. But the most important is the lost of cultural values, replacement pattern (ignoring the sacred land), a ban to used the local languages in some urban schools, as well as the lost of local content education in school, said the Chaiman of Papua Highland Student Association in Indonesia (AMPTPI) for Eastern Indonesia Region, Natan Naftali Tebai.
He said the most crucial is the lost of tenure rights on land, water and the values of life. “The process of land conversation such as the sago forest was destroyed becoming the oil palm plantation was counted as the process of the extermination towards the values and heritage plant in Papua,” Tebai said in Jayapura on Monday (19/10/2015).
According to him, once Papua was recognized as the sago barn but it is now recognized as the oil palm barn. During the time the number of population in Papua is still politicized by some bureaucracy elites, therefore the population of Papua blooms up to more than three million. “The Papua Provincial Government should be firm and realistic about the population number of indigenous people. The Regional Parliament, Papua Representative Council, Papua’s People Assembly and Papua Provincial Government do not stay still and watch the reality of genocide,” Tebay said.
He added they must establish the strategic stages, such as forming the Special Regional Regulation, establishing the particular institution to manage the migrants and provide sanctions over them if necessary.
“This is also prohibiting the development process. The Central Government also implements several policies that are not synergy with the Governor’s policies. Thus the regents and majors must observe this situation, therefore they shouldn’t necessarily ask the Central Government for supports,” he said.
It could be seen through several oil palm plantation companies, illegal logging and illegal fishing were happened without prior communication with the Provincial Government.
Further he asked the Papua Governor to immediately issue the regulation about the population restriction and form a special body about the population issue in Papua. He also suggested the requirement of the regulation of local transmigration regulation both people and government officials.
Earlier, the Papua Governor Lukas Enembe said the transmigration program in Papua initiated by the Minister of Village, Rural Development and Transmigration Marwan Jafar was a depopulation threat for indigenous Papua. “We have rejected the transmigration program from the Central Government. If still want to realize it, it should be a local transmigration instead of replacing people from Java or other regions to Papua. Replacing poor people to Papua means taking a problem to Papua. It’s not only related to the economy or the employment or the social problem, but I do worried that the program would reduce the number of indigenous Papua on this land in ten or twenty years; depopulation of indigenous Papua,” Enembe told Jubi at his official resident on Saturday evening (17/10/2015) in Jayapura.
Further he said until today no institution has the valid data about the number of indigenous People. So how could we protect the indigenous Papua of the transmigration is still running without knowing the accurate data on the number of indigenous people. (Abeth You/rom)
Jakarta, Jubi – International NGO Forum on Indonesia Development (INFID) expressed support for the government’s demand for PT. Freeport to divest its shares, saying it should be done within this year.
However, INFID executive director Sugeng Bahagijo said the organization has not conducted a study on the matter and was inviting other parties to support the divestment. “I think the Minister Rizal Ramli has said enough and we, including people from Papua, must give him the support,” he told Jubi during the break in the Sixth Financial Transparency Conference held in Jakarta in the cooperation of the Financial Transparency Coalition, Prakarsa Jakarta and Transparency International Indonesia on Tuesday (20/10/2015).
According to him, although his institution has not yet conducted a research and study about PT. Freeport’s divestment in Indonesia, but the Minister Rizal Ramly has mentioned it for several times. “About the sale of shares to other parties through the Initial Public Offering (IPO), we should be careful because Freeport might purchase it through other companies while the money was actually from theirs,” he said.
Earlier, the Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources, Sudirman Said, told reporters in Jakarta after meeting with the Commission VII/Indonesian House of Representative on Monday (19/10/2015) that PT. Freeport’s share divestment should be executed within this year.
According to him, the mechanism of divestment is delivered to the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of State-Owned Enterprise because the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources is attempting the divestment could be realized within this year, said the Minister Said.
Further, the Article 112 of Regulation 112 UU No.4/2009 states that after five years of operation, the business entities holding the Mining Business Permit (IUP) and Special Mining Business Permit (IUPK) whose shares owned by the foreign company must divest their shares to the Government, Local Government, State-Owned Company, and the Regional Owned Company as well. Further it’s regulated in the Government Regulation (PP) No.7/2014 about the implementation of the Mineral and Coal Business Activity. PT. Indonesia Asahan Aluminium Persero (Inalum) told Kompas.com on Monday (19/10/2015) about their readiness to divest PT. Freeport’s shares, but it still calculates the shares values it would take. Also it is still considering to take it by their own or incorporating with other companies.
“In term of internal cash condition, we’re ready. But related to the amounts (should be prepared), we should calculate it first,” said the Inalum Executive Director Winardi while saying the calculation would lead whether financing resource would be 100 percent from the company’s cash flow or credits from the bank.
He admitted buying Freeport’s divestment is the assignment of the Minister of State-Owned Enterprise (BUMN) Rini M. Soemarno. He said if State or State Company took over the shares, Indonesia would get more economic profit from PT. Freeport than by the Initial Public Offering (IPO).
Earlier, the Coordinating Minister of Maritime Rizal Ramli said the contract extension for PT. Freeport would not give benefit to Indonesia because it only pays one percent royalty. Ramli stated three points in regards to Freeport’s contract extension: first, he called the official who agreed about the extension as misguided, since the Indonesian Government is still not missing a lot of things, because during the period of 1967-2014, Freeport only paid one percent of gold royalty to Indonesia, while it paid 6 percent to other countries.
Second, Freeport was not responsive in managing the toxic waste which endanger the environment, especially in Indonesia. The third reason is Freeport has not implemented its obligation as the contract of work holder, namely divestment of some shares to Indonesian company. Further, the contract extension is illegal or against the law because the extension could be done at least two years before termination. (Dominggus Mampioper/rom)
10) Indonesia-Papua New Guinea Gas Cooperation Begins
TEMPO.CO, Jakarta - The Indonesian government has started to collaborate with Papua New Guinea Papua to develop oil and gas blocks located in the eastern parts of Indonesia.
I Gusti Nyoman Wiratmadja, director general of oil and gas at the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry, said the cooperation is in line with the DG's plan to move the sector's activities towards the east.
"Privates can also gain profits from this collaboration," Nyoman said on Wednesday, October 21.
In the initial stage, the two nations will swap information on oil and gas policies, hold joint surveys and studies, and manage liquefied natural gas (LNG). All activities will be supervised by a recently established working group comprising of experts from both countries.
Wiratmadja said several SOEs that can benefit from the cooperation include PT Pertamina (Persero) and PT Pupuk Indonesia (Persero).
"Papua New Guinea has a bountiful of oil, gas and mineral recources that are barely explored," Nyoman said.
In May, President Joko Widodo signed three bilateral agreements in the energy sector with the New Guinean government during his visit there.
The agreements cover operational cooperation for border-area oil and gas resources, license easing for the construction of fertilizer plants, and electricity sales-and-purchase (SPA) agreement between PT PLN (Persero) and PNG Power Ltd.
1) West Papuan women left isolated and beset by violence under Indonesian rule
Rochelle Jones Thursday 22 October 2015 21.43 AEDT
When the Indonesian president Joko Widodo visits the White House later this month,
human rights violations in West Papua should be firmly on the agenda
A woman in Jayapura, West Papua, holds the grandchild of the murdered independence leader Theys Eluay,
who is seen in the portrait to her right. Photograph: Idealink Photography/Alamy
West Papuans have struggled for their freedom since they were annexed by Indonesia and robbed of their right to a fair referendum in 1969. While the independence struggle slowly gains more visibility due to a courageous network of civilian journalists on the ground, it is the stories and struggles of West Papuan women that are often silenced.
Under Indonesian rule, indigenous West Papuans are routinely subjected to violence and oppression. They have been disenfranchised, tortured, threatened and murdered, suffering multiple rights violations affecting their economy, land, culture, political participation, dignity and survival. Indeed, a 2013 Sydney University study called the situation “slow-motion genocide”, arguing that Indonesia has acted with intent in its strict control over the population – and with impunity over human rights violations such as the Biak massacre in 1998. The Asian Human Rights Commission has also described the situation as genocide.
President Joko Widodo recently announced lifting the decades-long restrictions on foreign media, but so far this appears to be little more than diplomatic lip service. Foreign journalists still require screening; they are not allowed to report on anything that “discredits” Indonesia, and are excluded from “forbidden areas”. The restrictions have meant that the rest of the world hasn’t paid attention to the situation for West Papuans – and women in particular have felt this isolation.
The introduction to the report read: “We have experienced rape and sexual abuse in detention, in the grasslands, while seeking refuge, no matter where we were when the army and police conducted operations in the name of security. Furthermore, in our own homes we repeatedly have been victims of violence. When we cry for help, they say, ‘That’s a family matter, take care of it in the family.’”
The hope was that the broad pattern of violence against women could be exposed and addressed.
Unfortunately, little has changed for West Papuan women since the report was published in 2010. Ferry Marisan worked on the study and is the director of the Institute for the Study and Advocacy of Human Rights in West Papua. She says that, though the report was distributed to parliamentarians and various state institutions – including the provincial government of Papua province, regency and municipal governments, police and the military – the government still fails to protect the rights of women, and violence continues.
The capture of data on violence against women in West Papua is inadequate. Organisations like Komnas Perempuan (the independent national commission on violence against women) attempt to document cases of gender-based violence across Indonesia. In 2011, for example, they documented 119,107 cases of violence against women. Their most recent “annual note”, from 2014, mentions multiple forms of violence suffered by indigenous women in Papua, resulting variously from armed conflicts between state security forces and armed civilian groups, conflicts over claims for natural resources, and discriminatory policies.
Legal and policy frameworks that deal specifically with violence against women do exist, starting with the Indonesian criminal code. Indonesia has also ratified the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (Cedaw) in 1984.
However, while the framework is there, and the government has taken steps to improve women’s rights and protections, there is a lack of political will at all levels. Indonesia’s last periodic report to Cedaw, carried out in 2011, acknowledged a “lack of synergy and coordination among decision-makers”, adding: “This has led to a situation where many women’s rights issues remain unattended, both at the central, and much more so, at the regional levels. Many parties … have identified many discriminatory regional bylaws.”
In West Papua, special autonomy law No 21 (Otsus) was passed in 2001 as part of a plan to transfer political, economic and cultural authority to the Papuan people. However, the majorityregard Otsus as a way of pouring an abundance of cash into the province that that will end up in the hands of corrupt local politicians, and as a mechanism to silence calls for independence.
Widodo pledged to champion human rights during his time in office but, more than 12 months into his term, little has changed. International pressure will be crucial in pushing for Indonesia to at least live up to its obligations under international law – or, at best, to support West Papua’s desire for self-determination and push for a referendum, as in East Timor in 1999.
As West Papuans remain under Indonesian rule, women’s rights will continue to be caught in the middle. Groups supporting self-determination recently came together in the United Liberation Movement for West Papua, a broad coalition looking to press their case within West Papua and internationally. For an end to the violence, and especially for the women of West Papua, independence must be taken seriously.
2) Transmigration deemed critical threat to Papuans
Updated 16 minutes ago
The Governor of Indonesia's Papua province has warned that indigenous Papuans could disappear as a people if they remain marginalised in their own land.
Lukas Enembe's warning came as he delivered a stern rebuke for transmigration - Indonesia's state programme of resettling people from over-populated regions into less crowded regions such as Papua.
Mr Enembe has called for an end to transmigration in its current form which has changed the face of society in Papua in recent years.
However Jakarta has recently recommitted to it, with various national government figures arguing transmigration is beneficial to Papuans by encouraging them to learn new skills and to compete in modern systems.
One government spokesperson explained that Indonesians have a right to move around the republic without hindrance.
But the Governor says indigenous people struggle to compete with the migrants in economic terms, and warns transmigration introduces new social problems and further dilutes Papuan culture.
"If you asked me 10 or 20 years again in the future, I thought Papuans might be gone already, if we don't protect them. I mean, they'll vanish because nowadays we haven't got the exact number of Papuans but it's decreasing very rapidly."
Meanwhile, Lukas Enembe says Papua needs a new, remodelled package of the special autonomy which Indonesia granted it a decade and a half ago, one which he says must focus serious efforts on building Papuan capacity and protect their interests as a sustainable society.
The current special autonomy package was formally rejected by the Papuan People’s Assembly several years ago.
Australia to focus on economic interests over Papua bid
Updated at 1:32 pm today
Australia's new Prime Minister has indicated that his government will prioritise economic interests over support to reinscribe West Papua on the UN list of territories to be decolonised.
Australia's new Prime Minister has indicated that his government will prioritise economic interests over support to reinscribe West Papua on the UN list of territories to be decolonised.
The sign came via a letter from Malcolm Turnbull in response to correspondence by the United Liberation Movement for West Papua.
The ULMWP petitioned Mr Turnbull to bring serious attention about Indonesia's Papua region at the United Nations and for support for a Solomon Islands push for West Papuan de-colonisation to be considered.
The prime minister's reply doesn't mention West Papua, but asserts that "to succeed in a rapidly expanding global market and to remain a high wage, generous social welfare net first world economy, we need to be more agile, creative, productive and innovative".
The ULMWP ambassador for Australia and Pacific countries, Amatus Douw, says it's hard to get Canberra to change its stand, given its economic interests in Indonesia.
"He explained that he's only concerned about Australia's economic prosperity, that's what he's saying in that letter. And I know how many Australian companies are operating in West Papua, including Rio Tinto which is one of the biggest shareholder companies from Australia (in Freeport McMoran's Papua operations), and also the other mining companies operating in West Papua as well."
Mr Douw says it is encouraging that the ULMWP has a dialogue with Canberra and will continue to advocate on the matter.
He says numerous parties in Australia's political spectrum do support the West Papuan self-determination bid.
He points out that Papuans made a great effort to help Australia stave off its enemies in New Guinea during World War II, and that Canberra has a moral obligation to help West Papuans.
The relationship between Australians and West Papuans, he says, requires commitment into the future.
This year has seen a new development in the Papuan struggle. The resistance against Indonesia’s rule over the territory of the western half of New Guinea is no longer led by the old guard of Papuans who had experienced Dutch colonial rule and had witnessed the 1969 Act of Free Choice that resulted in Papua’s integration into the Republic of Indonesia.
Today’s resistance is no longer directed from Papua’s jungles by a commander of the National Liberation Army of West Papua, a military wing of Papuan resistance groups called the Free Papua Movement known as Organisasi Papua Merdeka (OPM).
The resistance is now organized and led by the younger generation of Papuans.
The shootings and torture of Papuans that has gone on since December 2014 until today, accompanied by various incidents of unrest, indicate that the young Papuans who were outsiders in the past are now front-liners in the Papuan resistance.
The latest shooting of young Papuans — as recorded by police and NGOs, among others — took place on Sept. 28 in Timika, the capital of Mimika regency. Kaleb Bagau, 21, was shot to death and Erfando Sabarofak, 17, sustained injuries during shooting by the police.
On Aug. 28, responding to Papuans gathering in front of a Catholic church for a thanksgiving celebration, two military members opened fire in Timika, resulting in the killing of two Papuans, Yulianus Okoare, 18, and Imanuel Marimau, 23. The shooting injured Thomas Apoka, 16, and three others in their early 20s — Moses Umapi, Marinus Apokapo and Moses Imipu.
On Aug. 27, three young Papuans, Wilhelmus Awom, 26, Soleman Yom, 27, and Yafet Awom, 19, were abducted and severely tortured by police in Jayapura, the capital of Papua province.
On July 17, 12 Papuans were shot by security personnel in Karubaga, the capital of Tolikara regency, in the central highland. One, Endi Wanimbo, 15, was killed and 11 others were injured by the shootings. The shooting was a response to Papuans who had protested. ________
The shooting of Papuans might not reflect institutional policy of the military and police.
On June 25, Yoseni Agapa, 15, was shot to death, allegedly by security forces, in Ugapuga village, Dogiyai regency.
On March 19, a clash erupted between police and hundreds of young Papuans who had gathered in Dekai, the capital of Yahukimo regency, to show support for the formation of the United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP). One was killed and Intel Senegil, 16, was wounded by the shooting. Meanwhile three young men, Elkius Kobak, 23, Putih Bahabol, 28, and Era Kobak, 26, were arrested and detained by the police.
On Dec. 8, 2014, some 22 Papuans were shot, allegedly by security forces, in Enarotali, the capital of Paniai regency. Four — 17-year-olds Alpius Youw, Yulian Yeimo and Alpius Gobai and Simon Degei, 18 — were killed on the spot. Meanwhile some 18 others were injured and taken to the hospital for further medical treatment. The Papuans were shot while they were holding a peaceful demonstration, while performing a traditional dance, to call for justice.
Each of these violent incidents could be isolated cases. They might not have been planned actions. They might have occurred accidentally out of misunderstanding. The shooting of Papuans might not reflect institutional policy of the military and police. Nevertheless, the fact shows that all of the victims of the violent conflicts are indigenous Papuans from 15 to 27 years old. Many were high school students.
The young Papuans were killed because this generation of native Papuans makes up the front-liners in the resistance against the military and police who are representative of Indonesia.
These young Papuans do not know the Dutch language at all, only Indonesian. They were born in 1990s and therefore educated by the government of Indonesia, but resist Indonesia.
They opt for unarmed resistance. They manifest their resistance through peaceful demonstrations in all the towns of Papua and West Papua provinces.
They also openly argue with the military and or the police, with the full knowledge that they might be beaten, tortured, detainedor even murdered.
As a result, the military and police are forced to deal with the young Papuans. Many clashes, therefore, take place between the security forces and the young Papuans. The young people-led Papuan resistance is no longer based in the jungle, nor in remote and isolated villages.
Rather, as manifested by the above cases, young people are resisting the security forces in Papua towns such as Timika, Karubaga, Enarotali and Jayapura.
The Papuan resistance is no longer a secret war. It is an open campaign visible to all urban dwellers.
The youth use cellular phone facilities and Internet networks available in all Papuan towns to easily and immediately spread the news of their resistance and the killing and torture of Papuans, especially through local and national media and social media.
Consequently, many people within and beyond Indonesia obtain information about the human right abuses from Papua and West Papua, although foreign journalists are not allowed to visit the region.
With the formation of the ULMWP, young Papuans raise resistance against Indonesia with better coordination and communicate their aspirations in one united voice to all parties concerned.
The military and police should leave the security approach and refrain from the shooting and torture of Papuans. The government needs to explore more peaceful ways to deal with young Papuans. To engage in dialogue with the Papuans represented by the ULMWP would be helpful in seeking a just and peaceful solution to the Papua issue.
The continuation of the security approach being applied in Papua and West Papua will, in turn, damage Indonesia’s image in the eyes of the international community. Consequently, the Papuan resistance will become an international issue and Indonesia will face international pressure.
The writer is a lecturer at the Fajar Timur School of Philosophy and coordinator of the Papua Peace Network in Abepura. In 2013 he was awarded the Tji Hak Soon Justice and Peace Award in Seoul.
2) Glimpse at Papuan experience under Indonesian rule
Updated at 7:21 pm on 23 October 2015
For the first time, Radio New Zealand International journalists have been able to enter Indonesia's eastern region of Papua, offering us a glimpse at a Melanesian society long closed off from outside access.
For the first time, Radio New Zealand International journalists have been able to enter Indonesia's eastern region of Papua.
Papua has long been restricted to outside access, but during a visit to the region in May Indonesia's president Joko Widodo announced that foreign journalists were now free to enter.
RNZI's Johnny Blades and Koroi Hawkins took up the opportunity.
Johnny spoke to Don Wiseman who asked how easy it was to get a visa to enter Papua as a journalist.
JOHNNY BLADES: It was pretty difficult and a lengthy process. There's a lot of endorsements from local officials that were required in order to advance the application. It took months. So many hoops to jump through. It's still not clear that various wings of government understand the role that journalists are supposed to fill. I detected a kind of suspision among various officials that foreign journalists are agents tasked with destabilising Papua region.
DON WISEMAN: Did you experience any restrictions while doing your work in Papua?
JB: Not directly. Although access to officials is hard to secure. But I think the main thing, coming in, is knowledge of the threats and attacks that local journalists in Papua have faced. That's restrictive enough, in a way.
DW: So, you got there, what was it like? How do Papuans fare as part of Indonesia, which is a huge country that has undergone significant democratic reforms in the last decade or so, and with an economy that has made big strides in recent years?
JB: It was just a glimpse of course and we didn't look at the whole region, but it seems like the Papuans are just sort of by-standers to, for instance, economic activity, which we hear so much about. In the capital Jayapura, and as is typical of the urban areas, the vast majority of the businesses are run by Javanese and other non-Papuan Indonesians. Papuans appear to have very few jobs, they struggle that much more for educational opportunities. These were things that were supposed to be created under the Special Autonomy package that Jakarta granted Papua some fourteen, fifteen years ago. Papua region's two provinces have, I understand, the biggest budgets of all the Indonesian provinces, but it's said that for years a lot of this money has been misdirected, hasn't made it through to grassroots communities. People I spoke to explained that often the money is diverted to business interests of personnel with Indonesia's military and security forces, who have quite a presence in Papua, and their various family and friends who have migrated to Papua at a steady rate for years.
DW: The Papuans have been stressing their identity as Melanesians. So culturally, how does this Melanesian identity stand in this wider Indonesian context?
JB: It's just been overwhelmed, it seems, by the greater Indonesian culture. Papuans you speak to - as you say - identify as being Melanesian before Indonesian. That's generally the case. But Papua culture is not very visible. This has a lot to do with the ongoing policy of transmigration. Transmigration is a state-sponsored programme whereby people from over-populated parts of the republic are resettled in less crowded regions, particularly Papua. And it's just meant this rapid change in the demographic fabric of Papua society. The estimate is that Papuans are no longer the majority of the population. So it's been overwhelming: as I said the jobs and business activities are dominated by non-Papuans. Subsequently, I think the Papuans culture has sort of been pushed to the side. It's possibly a little stronger in the rural areas and the Highlands, but these are also the parts where we're hearing more of the alleged abuses by security forces, crack-downs on any form of expression of self-determination aspirations or complaints about (lack of) access to basic services. But in recent times, interestingly the government has made recent moves to showcase Melanesian culture, and has also has been pushing a formal co-operation between this new bloc of five provinces that Jakarta says have clear traces of Melanesian ethnic stock. That is: East Nusa Tenggara, Maluku, North Maluku, Papua and West Papua. Now, this move can be seen in relation to the decision by the Melanesian Spearhead Group to recently consider having the five provinces formally involved at the MSG with associate membership status. That of course, follows on from the MSG's decision to grant observer status to the United Liberation Movement for West Papua.
DW: Now, if Indonesia's Jokowi government is persisting with transmigration, this is really a regression, isn't it?
JB: Government figures say transmigration is actually helping Papuans to become more competitive in trade and learn more skills. On another note, the Jokowi government is doing things which it seems previous government haven't often done, and there's a lot of hope around this: freeing political prisoners, opening up Papua to foreign media, and it seems to be taking a new hands-on approach to fostering grassroots development among Papuans. we went and saw a big new market that the government is building for the Mamamamas in Sentani, supposedly to help their trade become more efficient, to make the most of their talents, to diversify their products and so forth. So, Jakarta is trying something.
DW: So, a recognition of their Papuaness?
JB: Yes. Yet the government figures explain it in such a way that it's almost trying to modernise the Papuans (their traditional ways). They talk about how the Mamas sit on the floor to sell their produce, as is typical of Melanesian markets. They want them to gradually learn to sit up in a chair. Is this being imposed on the Papuans? Are they trying to change their culture? It's still unclear.
DW: We continue to hear of this dissatisfaction among Papuans with life under Indonesian rule, particularly about not benefiting from exploitation of the vast natural resources which we know exist there. Were there signs of this?
JB: Definitely. It's a subject which the Papuans talk about a lot. The Papua provincial Governor Lukas Enembe was criticising the operations of Freeport McMoran, that US company which operates a huge mine in Papua province that is the single largest corporate tax payer. Enembe and others say Papuans have had practically no benefits from the mine since it began operations in the 1960s, and that there's been no real compensation to the landowners while the whole mountain ecosystem where the mine is located has been ruined. Interestingly, the landowners from the Freeport mine area are suing Freeport for something like 15 billion US dollars, and Enembe says he wants a divestment system put in place whereby a greater share of this mining operation is given directly to Papua province so that they can get some control over the mining resource and over their land.
Manokwari, Jubi – The Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics station (BMKG) in Sorong city, West Papua, said satellite images showed 51 forest fire locations there .
“The largest forest fires caused heavy smog to spread to Inanwatan, South Sorong Regency,” the head of BMKG Jefman Station, Frans Rahawarin stated in Sorong on Tuesday (20/10/2015).
He added, there are also seven largest forest fires in Fakfak which resulted airport to be closed down temporarily due to smog. He further said these hot spots will continue to spread if not addressed immediately.
Therefore, he hoped the local authorities coordinate with BMKG to show the hot spots so they can be extinguished.
He also urged people to not do the burning of land and forests, to reduce forest fires that can affect air pollution that will harm public health. He said the forest fires in South Sorong Regency and Fakfak lead to smog blanketed the town of Sorong and surrounding areas so that visibility is decreased. “The haze from forest fires will continue to increase and if not addressed then the next week predicted that the activity in Sorong city will be paralyzed as a result of the smog,” he said.
He added, the haze can be resolved in two ways, first is to extinguish forest fire points by humans and the second is precipitation, but rainfall is predicted to occur in November. (*)
Timika, Jubi – Regency (Regency) Mimika has finally declared the haze problem as a region-wide disaster because it has a major impact on daily life.
Regional secretary of Mimika, Ausilius You in Timika, this week, said the decision was taken after following the situation and conditions in the past week. Smog in the area was the result of growing forest fires in Merauke, Mappi and Yos Sudarso Island, he said.
Officials held an emergency meeting to discuss the issue with the head of the Regional Disaster Management Agency (BPBD), Julian Sasarari, Head of the Department of Communication and Information (Dishubkominfo), Jhon Rettob. Head of Health Office (DHO), Erens Meokbun and a number of assistant and expert staff at his office. “During the meeting, Mimika regional government has prepared a letter to the Governor of Papua and the central government about the circumstances that happened today,” he said.
He added that he has instructed the relevant agencies to work together in handling this issue. In addition, there will be a meeting to discuss it as well as to anticipate the economic impact of this disaster. “There will be a distribution of masks to the public. We also anticipate the impact of the economy. Particularly to employers and the public,” he said.
Meanwhile, John Rettob said smog that plagued this region has occurred during the month. However, the intensity of haze was felt in the last week. “We had a meeting with several relevant agencies, including BMKG, reported that there are about 1800 smoke points in Yos Sudarso Island, Merauke, and Mappi. As a result of wind southeast Mimika affected, including Fakfak,” he said.
He continued, due to this haze, number of Garuda and Sriwijaya flights in and out Mozes Kilangin Airport since Thursday (15/10/2015) and Friday (17/10/2015) were delayed. ” Many of passengers are piled around 700 people. Only two ways that could make smog completed, whether waiting until January or coordinating with the provincial and central government, ” he added.
He said, based on the Regulation of the Minister of Transportation (Permenhub) No. 77 of 2011 on insurance delay planes, lost baggage and accident, when passing 4 hours will be given compensation of 300 thousand, and if more than 4 hours, then passengers venue will be provided by the airline operator. “Except the passengers from Makassar to Timika, but had to switch to Jayapura, then it is the responsibility of the operator,” he explained.
However, for the passenger who is not carrying out the flight, and had already bought the tickets, but the case of bad weather, then there is no replacement cost. Only if he would cancel his departure. ” This is natural condition, then it can not be applied. It should be understood by the passengers and the public, “he said. (Eveerth)
Merauke, Jubi – Merauke police were deployed to the area of PT Agriprima Cipta Persada (ACP) in Muting district to extinguish forest fires after about 50 hectares of land were burned.
Chief of operational division of Merauke police, Marthen Koagouw, told Jubi in his office on Tuesday (20/10/2015) that in addition to helping to extinguish the fire, police will also investigate the incident. “We’re not sure if members of the public or the company started the fire,” he said.
Furthermore he said, a number of witnesses will be examined by a task force team that was formed to facilitate the process of further investigations. He continued, this team will also conduct an investigation in a few other places like in Okaba and Kimaam related fires in the district.
“Yes, we are just starting from Muting and later will move to other places to ask for information from the local community in order to further investigation,” he said.
Head of the Meteorology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) of Merauke, Sugeng Widarko said, fire – forests have begun occurred nearly all districts. Only at most point the fire is in some villages in Tabonji village. (Frans L Kobun)
Jayapura, Jubi – The border between Merauke and Papua New Guinea (PNG) is prone to drug and fuel smuggling, a Papua legislator said. A member of Commission I of the Papua Legislative Council on politics, foreign relations, governance, law and human rights, Kusmanto said, to minimize smuggling, surveillance in the border region of Merauke-PNG needed to be strengthened.
“Yes I think supervision should be tightened not only in official entrances but also the unofficial entrances,” said Kusmanto onTuesday (20/10/2015). He said smugglers often brought their illegal goods from PNG to Marauke through the unofficial entrances that often escape observation border services.
“During this time Merauke residents often transact with residents of PNG. For example people of Merauke sell antlers or meat to the people of PNG or sometimes barter for goods from PNG,” he said.
This happened not only on the Merauke-PNG border, but also in border areas in Skow, Muara Tami District, Jayapura City.
Early September, the chairman of the Council of Indigenous Keerom, Papua, Herman Yoku told reporters that in the area of Keerom there are three unoffiical entrances for carrying illegal goods to Jayapura and the surrounding areas which are in the District of Waris, Senggi, and Komratoro. “Remember there are four border crossings in Keerom district. Three of them are footpaths. Three of the area is timber business competition, alcohol and even drugs, “said Yoku at the time. (Arjuna Pademme)
7) Papua New Guinea to resettle refugees from Australian camps, Papua province
There were no further details on where in PNG the refugees would be resettled, whether they would be allowed freedom of movement and what employment rights they would be given
Agence France-Presse @afp Published 5:26 PM, October 23, 2015 Updated 5:26 PM, October 23, 2015
SYDNEY, Australia – Papua New Guinea said Friday, October 23that refugees held in contentious Australian-run detention camps will be resettled on the island, amid fresh scrutiny over the treatment of asylum seekers in the remote facilities.
The policy will encompass not just refugees from Australian camps but also those from Indonesia's Papua province and others who arrive independently.
Under Canberra's tough immigration policy, asylum seekers who try to enter Australia by boat are turned back or sent to camps on Nauru and PNG's Manus Island.
They are blocked from resettlement in Australia even if they are found to be genuine refugees.
Since the Manus Island processing camp was opened under the previous Australian Labor government 3 years ago, some 50 asylum seekers have reportedly had their refugee applications approved.
More than 900 men are held on Manus Island, while some 600 men, women and children are detained on Nauru, according to immigration figures from last month.
Those in Manus who are found to be refugees are housed in Australian-funded accommodation but not allowed to work, subject to a curfew and not permitted to leave the island, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation has reported.
"Papua New Guinea has a proud tradition of helping people in need," PNG's immigration minister Rimbink Pato said in a statement.
There were no further details on where in PNG the refugees from Manus would be resettled, whether they would be allowed freedom of movement and what employment rights they would be given.
The government only noted that the Manus refugees would be given work at "various locations" in a scheme starting soon.
At the same time, more than 2,000 refugees from Papua would have their citizenship applications assessed from next month, it added.
The announcement was welcomed by Pato's Australian counterpart Peter Dutton, who said it "demonstrates that people who are on Manus have the potential, if they're found to be owed protection, to be settled in Papua New Guinea but they will not be settling in Australia".
"And we're able to provide others with assistance to return to their country of origin if they're found not to be owed protection and that's a very important step," Dutton told reporters on Friday.
There have been several protests by asylum seekers at the Manus facility, including a riot in February 2014 when Iranian man Reza Barati died and 69 people were injured.
Canberra has also been under pressure in the past few weeks over the treatment of female asylum seekers held at the Nauru camp who were allegedly raped, according to Australian media reports.
At the same time, medical professionals and refugee advocates have voiced fears a new Australian whistle-blower law could block colleagues working at the detention facilities from reporting abuse allegations.
The PNG announcement came a day after Nauruan police raided the offices of international charity Save the Children for the second time this month, reportedly looking for the source of leaks to Australian media about the plight of asylum seekers. – Rappler.com
As one of the few western journalists ever allowed in the remote and desperately poor Indonesian region, Bachelard set out to test Indonesian President Joko Widodo's claim that better health, education and economic infrastructure would reduce agitation for a free Papuan state.
The judges congratulated Bachelard for weaving a "complex story that challenges the preconceptions surrounding what occurs in a little known part of our immediate region".
Photojournalist Edwina Pickles won the Best Photojournalism award for her depiction of life at Dadaab, the world's biggest refugee camp. The desert Kenyan settlement is home to more than 350,000 refugees, most of them Somali and more than half under the age of 18.
Pickles' photographs highlighted "the resilience of women and children" living in this harshest of environments, the judges said.
Adam Morton was also awarded a special commendation in the Climate Change Issues category for his report, "The Road to Paris", in The Sunday Age.
In total, seven finalists from Fairfax Media were acknowledged at the awards, which were presented at The Pavilion arts centre in Melbourne on Friday night.
Dozens of residents blocked the street around the three-way junction Hom-Hom/Pattimura, Wamena, Jayawijaya Regency – Jubi
Wamena, Jubi – Dozens of residents blocked the street around the three-way junction Hom-Hom/Pattimura, Wamena, Jayawijaya Regency, to protest against the shortages and high prices of basic commodities in this area.
They used their motorcycles to block the road. “Currently it’s hard to get the products, moreover the prices are so expensive. No matter is it fuel or cement or drinking water or even such a thing like candy,” a resident Entanus Itlay who joint in the rally told in front of the Jayapura Police Chief Semmy Ronny Thabaa on Wednesday (21/10/2015).
The residents run a rally because they are tense against the price rising and the shortages of daily basic commodities from the last month. The price of some commodities such as fuel (diesel, gasoline and kerosene), rice, instant noodle, bottled water, cement and other construction materials has increased and out of stock. In some retailers, the stocks are running out and the prices are gradually increased. For example, the price of cement has increased between RP 600 thousand to 900 thousand per sack, and the fuel, the price is between Rp 50 thousand to 100 thousand per litter, while the supplies of diesel and kerosene is very limited.
The Papua Police Chief Ronny Thabaa said in front of the crowd that the Police have seriously tackled the issue of the shortages of fuel. “The Police had commitment to crack those who hoard the fuel supplies. However, there is also an obstacle such as the limited flight. So I hope people could understand it,” said Thabaa. After getting explanation from the Police Chief, people were finally spread out and return to their activities.
The Head of Jayawijaya Industry, Trade and Cooperation Office, Semuel Munua, ensured to monitor the distribution and delivery of goods from Jayapura to Jayawijaya Regency and to stabilize the prices for couple next days. However, he said the price could not be reduced at once but gradually. “If the flight schedule is back to normal and the supplies are ready in the market, the price will certainly normal as usual,” said Munua.
“I ask the traders for not taking benefit on this situation and raise the price too high,” he said.
According to him, the increasing of price in Jayawijaya Regency is related to the problem of air transportation. But now the cargo flight has already operated normally as usual. “Not all is back to normal, but at least nine aircrafts such as Trigana, Jayawijaya Dirgantara, Cardig Air, Deraya have started their flight. Even, the Provincial Government is ready to support the shortages of supplies in Jayawijaya. I hope they still can help us,” he said. (Islami/rom)
Jayapura, Jubi – The forest fires that have occurred in Papua and other Indonesian regions are not a regional-level disaster because it happened due to the human negligence, the Executive Director of Yayasan Pusaka, Y.L. Franky, said.
“What’s called as regional disaster is a situation caused by nature, but in this case it was deliberately burned,” he said.
“There is an intentional factor and human’s negligence. Thus, it is not appropriate to call it as regional disaster,” he said on Wednesday (21/10/2015).
Based on the satellite data by the National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (Lapan) on 5 September 2015, there are 200 fire spots in Merauke Regency and surrounding areas, particularly in Naukenjerai, Semangga, Kurik, Ilwayab, Tamboji sub-districts in Merauke Regency. “Gazing at the fire spots, those fires might be involved both old and new companies as the culprits. The companies’ negligence; that is our question. Today the fire spots are founded either in the oil palm plantations or the forest concessions. According to the regulation opening the forest by burning is prohibited,” he said. But the worst haze disaster was happened in the second week of October 2015, which led to flight delays in Timika and Ambon.
Franky asked the corporates and the State to be responsible. “People are aggrieved as well as the environment, while the corporates got profit. The cost of land opening is lower but damaging and endangering the human’s life. A disaster leads to a pleasure and benefit for the corporates only,” he said.
According to him, the burning as an alternative to sterilize the soil in oil palm plantation and forest concession is a modus that had happened long time ago in other regions, such as Sumatera and Kalimantan, although it has been prohibited. Therefore, it’s a duty of the Central Government to resolve the fires that were occurred recently. “The Government should take appropriate measures to prevent the fires and ask the corporates to be responsible,” he added.
He asks the Government to not declare the case of fires as regional disaster but penalize the relevant corporates according to the Law. “This current case of fires is a crime against humanity. In other region, it has taken the casualties. And it has happened many times, again and again,” he said.
Meanwhile, the member of Commission I of the Papua Representative Council, Laurenzus Kadepa, said the land fire is not appropriated to be called as disaster; there might be an intentional factor. “In my opinion, the government should call it as national disaster, or it was happened because of dry season. It’s not appropriate. It demonstrates the government’s inability to resolve the problem. The government should find who’s the architect and what’s his motive. It could be done on purpose because the land fires are almost occurred in some Papuan areas,” Kadepa told Jubi by phone on Wednesday afternoon (21/10/21015).
Further he said, these incidents might have connection with the political interest, given the regional heads election would be held simultaneously in eleven regencies in Papua on 9 December 2015. “There’s a possibility about the political interest involved the investors and candidates related to the oil palm project. My advice is leave that interest, safe the Papuan forest for our children,” he said.
Antara News Agency earlier reported the Cenderawasih XVII Military Regional Commander Major General Hinsa Siburian said until now there’s no report said that the major cause of forest fire in the southern Papua was because of land clearing for plantation. “The cause of fire is more related to the natural and human factors that worsen the condition because people prefer to open the farming land by burning,” said Siburian in Merauke on Tuesday (20/10/2015). (Angela/Arjuna/rom)
Jayapura, Jubi – Regional Police (Polda) Papua have deployed personnel from each police station to investigate wildfires in some areas in Papua.
Papua Police spokesman, Commissioner Patrige Renwarin said in Merauke that there are seven investigators from the local police to conduct further investigation including examining a number of witnesses. “The bush grass on the left and right of Etambo road to Muting, Merauke was burned and the fire was extinguished. The land belongs to Agri Prima Cipta Persada, “said Sr. (Pol) Patrige on Wednesday (21/10/2015).
According to him, the burned land was 50 hectares. Now police are investigating the cause of the fire. Whether deliberately burnt or burning. “For the other areas, I have no report whether there is an investigation or not,” he said.
He further said, he had not been informed if the Police Headquarters sent 15 investigators to investigate fires in Papua. “That I know there are two teams from Makassar come to investigate. I don’t know whether a team from the Police Headquarters will be coming as well,” he said.
Land fires not only happened in Papua and West Papua, the Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics (BMKG) Jefman Station in Sorong city, West Papua noted there are 51 forest fires were detected satellite. “The point of the largest forest fires cause heavy smoke spread Inanwatan, South Sorong Regency,” the Head of BMKG Jefman Station Frans Rahawarin in Sorong on Tuesday (20/10/2015).
In addition to South Sorong Regency, he said, there are also seven largest forest fires that caused airport in Fakfak is closed due to smog. (Arjuna Pademme/Tina)
Merauke, Jubi – ATW 174 commander, Brigadier General (TNI) Supartodi said some police officers and military personnel are backing the sale of illicit liquor in Papua.
“I also want to emphasize, there are still security forces who are hesitant to take action against those who sell alcohol,” he said during a face-to-face along with traditional leaders, community leaders and religious leaders in the Hall Kodim 1707 on Tuesday night (20/10/2015).
He also hoped the people who know the identity of the soldiers that involved in the sale of alcohol, to immediately report.
A few days ago, his members conducted the control of liquor (alcohol) supplied from the outside as well as ‘sopi’ gin produced by community. “We did it because the situation in the area is concerning,” he said.
The impact of alcohol will make the situation uncomfortable and many lives lost. Therefore, the generation should be saved by eradicating the illegal liquor circulating in the community. “I would like to ask all you are in this room, how much is revenue (PAD)withdrawn from alcohol? Do we pay more attention to earnings or care on human lives?,” he said.
He added, the meeting aims to find the best solution that there must be limits supplied in Papua and must have complete documents.
Meanwhile, H. Rustam said the need for the Regional Regulation (Perda) to be issued by the government on alcohol. (Frans L Kobun/Tina)
6) Ubud Writers Festival Prohibited to Discuss 1965 Massacre
TEMPO.CO, Jakarta-Founder of the Ubud Writers & Readers Festival, Janet DeNeefe expressed her disappointment over the banning of panel sessions to discuss the 1965 massacre, known as the G30S/1965 in the festival which is held from October 28 to November 1, 2015.
“As a Festival, our mission is to create an open platform where people can come together to discuss the issues that affect us,” she said in a press release on the festival’s website.
“1965 is an event that has and continues to influence many Indonesians and as such, we chose to dedicate a proportion of the program to enriching our understanding about this, through themes of reconciliation and remembrance,” she said.
Throughout the festival’s twelevth year, this is the first time the prestigious festival is under fire from the government. Janet said, the series of panel sessions forced to be cancelled were dedicated to reconciliation and remembrance of the 1965 Communist repression in Indonesia.
Janet also said they had tried hard to negotiate with local authorities ahead of time before the festival is held. Unfortunately, they did not receive any response from the local government.
“The team has worked extremely hard over the past few weeks to try and ensure that these program sessions would go ahead,” said Janet. “It’s extremely disappointing and saddening that after all our efforts, and those of our panelists and partners, we are unable to host these sessions without jeopardizing the rest of the Festival.”
In the period between 1965 and 1966, it was estimated between 500,000 to one million people were killed after being labeled communists in the transition to the ‘New Order’.
By: Editor | Saturday, October 24, 2015 - 23:53 pm | Read: 61 times
Secretariat KNPB in Sentani, Jayapura, Papua (Photo: Ist).
JAYAPURA, SUARAPAPUA.com --- Again, the secretariat of the West Papua National Committee (KNPB) region Sentani, Jayapura regency, Papua, was raided by police on Saturday (24/10/2015) At 14:30 approximately WP.
Chairman KNPB Sentani, Halitopo Allen says, the raid conducted police officers from the Police Jayapura district.
"Members of the police along the Papua Police Mobile Brigade platoon led Jayapura Police Chief Adjunct Senior Commissioner Siagian Sondra, raided the secretariat KNPB Sentani," he told suarapapua.com from Sentani.
Explained, the keamanana officers approached the secretariat KNPB Sentani region by using 2 Dalmas car containing members of the armed police, and three cars Provost and 3 Avanza car.
According Halitopo, Jayapura Police Chief and Police ordered dozens of police surrounded the office of the secretariat so that no KNPB activity there.
"After the police chief ordered, its members and the directly Brimob raided the whole house," he explained.
Not only that, Halitopo added, the security forces also remove paint secretariat KNPB Sentani region. Morning Star patterned wall paint was removed and repainted with white paint.
General Secretary of the Central KNPB, Ones Suhuniyap justify it.
According Ones, when penggerebek, KNPB activists who are in direct secretariat expelled.
"This is the umpteenth time to the security forces acted brutally," he said.
The same action performed when dozens of police surrounded the Secretariat KNPB Sentani region, on Tuesday (10/13/2015) then.
Cabinet Secretary Pramono Anung says issues surrounding the work contract between Freeport McMoran Copper & Gold Inc., which operates the world’s largest gold mine in Grasberg, Papua, and the Indonesian government will not come up in discussions when President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo visits the US from Oct. 25 to 30.
“Energy and Mineral Resources Minister Sudirman Said cancelled his departure; so, there is no more speculation [on possible discussions about Freeport],” he said as quoted by kompas.com on Sunday. The Cabinet secretary spoke to journalists at Halim Perdanakusumah Airport in East Jakarta on Saturday evening.
Pramono said that during his US business trip, President Jokowi would visit both the western and eastern parts of the country. In the east, President Jokowi would meet with US President Barack Obama, members of the US Congress, ministers and lobby groups to discuss the roles Indonesia and the US could play in the world.
“Surely, issues related to cooperation between the two countries in the fields of politics and the economy, as well as the signing of agreements in defense and security, will also be parts of the talks in the meetings,” said Pramono.
In his visit to the western parts of the US, he added, President Jokowi would visit Silicon Valley to meet with business players involved in digital technology and the creative economy, including the CEOs of several technology companies like Apple, Google and Microsoft.
“So, the President will have two types of visits, namely formal and informal, in the US. This is just like what we want, in which in the US the President will not only have a state visit, but also discuss problems related to the development of our digital technology and creative economy,” said Pramono.
He added that the President wanted people living in villages across Indonesia to understand and be involved in the use of digital technologies.
“Our villages minister [Villages, Disadvantaged Regions and Transmigration Minister Marwan Jafar] will follow up on the talks. Google has been willing to help us [to expand digital technology use],” he said.
Pramono went on to say that there was quite a huge amount of village funds that could be used to expand access to digital technology. He said that was why President Jokowi wanted to use his US visit to specifically explore opportunities to boost villages’ knowledge and interest in digital technologies.
Pramono said that in his US trip, President Jokowi was accompanied by a delegation of digital technology and creative economy developers, such as the founders of mobile-application-based motorcycle taxi company Go-Jek, local e-commerce giant Tokopedia and Indonesia’s largest online forum Kaskus.
“They are young entrepreneurs who are creative in digital technologies and the creative economy. That’s why they are involved in this US business trip, so that they can have more knowledge and understanding of the businesses because Silicon Valley has an increasing international influence,” said Pramono. (ebf)
2) Jokowi to pursue $19.5 billion of business deals with US firms -
Hans Nicholas Jong, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Headlines | Sun, October 25 2015, 2:36 PM -
President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo departed on Saturday to the US on his first visit to the superpower, where he is scheduled to hold a meeting with President Barack Obama and tech leaders of Silicon Valley.
Speaking before taking his flight aboard the presidential aircraft at Halim Perdanakusuma Air Base in East Jakarta, Jokowi gave details about some of his objectives during the four-day visit.
“The main objective of this visit is to boost bilateral cooperation between Indonesia and the US, particularly in investment and trade. I will also pursue [cooperation in] digital and creative economy industries. And also develop democracy and tolerance,” Jokowi said in a press briefing
Jokowi is scheduled to meet Obama as well as the chamber of commerce on Monday. On Tuesday, Jokowi is expected to meet with the US foreign commerce committee and fund managers at the Willard InterContinental Hotel in Washington, DC. On the same day, he will also deliver a speech at US think tank Brookings Institution.
On the second leg of the visit in San Francisco, Jokowi will meet with leaders from Microsoft, Apple, Google and Facebook.
“In San Francisco, our main objective is to develop a technological axis and see directly the successes of the US in developing its digital and creative economy,” Jokowi said. “And we hope the benefit of this digital and creative economy can be felt by all Indonesians, including those living in rural areas.”
During the visit, business deals worth US$19.5 billion, including joint projects between Indonesian state utilities and US firms in the power sector, are set to be announced, according to Indonesian officials who spoke on the condition of anonymity.
Obama, who lived in Indonesia as a child, visited the country twice during his first term, as he sought to put more emphasis on thus ties with Asia.
But like many countries in the region, Indonesia remains careful about balancing its relations with the US and China, the world’s economic powerhouse. Indonesia doesn’t count itself among the nations contesting for islands in the disputed South China Sea, although it is concerned that China’s expansive maritime claims extend into the waters of Indonesia’s Natuna Islands, where Indonesian officials say they want more US investment.
The Jokowi administration, driven by its decision to project Indonesia as a military power, especially a naval power, has sought to strengthen defense and security ties with the US.
The presidential visit is the culmination of a series of visits by the top brass of Indonesia’s defense establishment over the last 12 months.
Indonesia’s then naval chief of staff, Adm. Marsetio, visited the US in October 2014. Gen. Moeldoko, the then chief of the Indonesian Military visited the US in December 2014. Furthermore, Defense Minister Ryacudu Ryamizard, visited the US in May 2015.
In this context, the presidential visit may secure substantive bilateral defense and security cooperation in the areas of defense procurement and the development of domestic defense industries.
“I hope my visit to the US will contribute to peace and welfare for all,” Jokowi said, without elaborating on the details of the security discussions that he will have with Obama.
Jonah Blank, an expert on Asia at RAND Corp., said one area where Jokowi had a chance to make his mark with Obama was on climate change. His visit comes ahead of a global climate change summit to take place in Paris in December where the US will be pushing nations to set binding targets for reducing emissions.
Indonesia is a major source of greenhouse gas emissions. Researchers estimate that since September, emissions from Indonesia’s rampant land and forest fires exceeded the average daily emissions from all US economic activities, as many of the fires are on peat lands that are extremely rich in carbon. ______________________________________
3 West Papuan events in Sydney on the 1st, 2nd & 3rd November.
——————————————————————————————————————-Free West Papua campaign Sydney
1) West Papua ChariTea & Global Day of Mourning
Sunday November 1st 1:30pm - 3:30pm
Venue The Gold Room Liverpool City Library
170 George Street, Liverpool, New South Wales
Dress Code All black Theme
The Sydney Campaign has decided on this initiative that we will be holding every month to raise awareness, brainstorm, socialise and raise much needed funds for the campaign.
If you are interested in attending, supporting and learning more about West Papua please message this page for more details.
We encourage everyone who will be attending to Wear Black to this event as we will also be commemorating The Global Day of Mourning.
Featuring the documentary Film The Road To Home by British filmmaker Dominic Brown and an introduction to The Free West Papua Campaign powerpoint presentation.
The West Papua Project
invites you to the premier screening of the film by West Papuan filmmaker
2) Wensi Fatubun: “The Forgotten Struggle”
This film tells of lives shattered by the 1998 Biak Massacre and the unrelenting efforts of victims and activists to achieve justice in its aftermath.
Followed by a Q&A with Wensi, chaired by Cammi Webb-Gannon (Coordinator, West Papua Project, USYD)
Monday November 2, 2015
5PM – 6:30PM
Seminar Room 114 Mackie Building
Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies
The University of Sydney
Wensi Fatubun is a filmmaker, photographer and human rights activist from West Papua who works closely with JPIC MSC, SKP Merauke, SKP Timika, JPIC OSA, JPIC Franciscan, Franciscan International and various Catholic NGOs to advocate for human rights case in West Papua at the national level in Indonesia and at the United Nations. From 2008, he has been involved with building the initiative Papuan Voices which mentors young Papuans in using video to tell their own stories. Since 2012, he has been developing the Dayak Voices movement in Kalimantan and Tombo Manggarai on Flores island, also mentoring young people in using video as advocacy. Recently, he has started training young Papuans in using video as evidence and in video archiving. Check out his latest article for Tapol: http://www.tapol.org/news/eyes-papuans-video-advocacy-process.
The West Papua Project presents a panel on
3) “Is Pacific solidarity for Papua on the rise?”
Budi Hernawan (Research Fellow, Abdurrahman Wahid Centre for Interfaith Dialogue and Peace, University of Indonesia)
TEMPO.CO, Jakarta-Papuan Regional Representative Council member Charles Simaremare said that Papuan people want PT Freeport Indonesia to open their office in Papua. It is because the royalty given to Freeport never made it into the region directly. “Freeport office is located in Jakarta, its royalty goes into central government,” stated Charles on Sunday, October 25.
In Papua, said Charles, local people are merely spectators of the American company. They’re not allowed to get close to the mining site. “Only lately 30 percent of Papuans become Freeport’s employee. Even that is for [non-managerial] level.”
However, he stated, treatment received by local employees is completely the opposite of their expatriate counterparts. He was sorry Freeport never build smelters in Papua, even after the company has been digging for gold for 40 years.
VP of Corporate Communications Freeport Indonesia Riza Pratama said that Freepoty will not build any smelter in Papua due to low infrastructure there. Riza claimed that the company has given bigger royalty to Indonesia instead of the sum they give to their parent company in America. “60 percent is returned to Indonesia, and 40 percent goes to Freeport,” he added.
2) Papua Ready to Buy Freeport Share, Charles Simaremare Says
TEMPO.CO, Jakarta-Papuas’s local House of Parliament member Charles Simaremare said he is thrilled to hear PT Freeport Indonesia’s plan to divest its shares.
However, Charles requests that the central government also involves the local government. “Please involve the local government, as it also has the desire to own Freeport shares,” he said in Jakarta on Sunday, October 25.
Charles mentioned his urge to own Freeport share is because the government never involved the local parliament to discuss the purchasing of Freeport shares, the Papuan people have only been acted as `viewers`.
“It’s like we’re being left out by the government and Freeport. They negotiate alone, so we do not know,” said Charles. He claims to have reported the matter to President Joko Widodo, however, the President has yet responded to the issue.
Charles said the local government will think of a way to purchase the share once the central government has given a signal. The local government plans to partner with Bank Papua and local companies having solid strong economy.
“Papua is rich, all eyes are on Papua,” said Charles. The local government is ready if it’s asked to purchase Freeport shares.
Energy and Mineral Resource Minister Sudirman Said say Freeport will first offer its shares to the central government and state-owned enterprise (SOE). In this phase, the Finance Minister and SOE Minister will be involved.
If the government is not interested, then the shares will be offered to the local government and regional-owned enterprise. If the local government refuses to purchase it, then it will go to stock sales in the Jakarta Stock Exchange or Initial Public Offering (IPO) to be offered to private parties.