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    2) House to examine minister  over Freeport saga
    3) Freeport hits legal hurdle  carrying out IPO
    4) PDIP: Freeport Must be Evaluated
    —————————————————————————



    HTTP://EN.TEMPO.CO/READ/NEWS/2015/11/18/055719900/EIGHT-FOREIGN-JOURNALISTS-SPEAKS-ABOUT-PRESS-FREEDOM-IN-PAPUA

    WEDNESDAY, 18 NOVEMBER, 2015 | 09:44 WIB

    TEMPO/Machfoed Gembong
    1) EIGHT FOREIGN JOURNALISTS SPEAKS ABOUT PRESS FREEDOM IN PAPUA

    TEMPO.COJakarta - Eight journalists from the Asia Pacific and African countries met with representatives of the Indonesian Journalist Network Tuesday for talks on press freedom in Papua and West Papua Provinces.
    In attendance were Timoci Tavaiviti Vula of the Fiji Sun, Royson Willie with Vanuatu Daily Post, Alfred Solomon Sasoko and Loji Mathias Avla of the Solomon Islands, Elias Aweke Tedesse from Focus Magazine in Ethiopia, Rasoamaromaka Rejo with Radio National of Madagascar, Anthony Mochama Ontita from The Standard in Kenya, and Mashaka Bonifas Mgeta with The Guardian in Tanzania.
    As part of programs scheduled during their visit to Jayapura, the capital city of Papua Province, they participated in the Indonesian Foreign Ministry-sponsored Journalist Visit Program, meeting with Jorsul Sattuan of TV One, Alfian Rumagit from Antara news agency, Marcel Benhur Kellen with Media Indonesia Daily, Edi Siswanto of MNC Group, Richard Jackson Mayor of Suluh Papua, and Harlet dan Vian with Dhara Pos.
    At the meeting, the visiting journalists asked about and clarified various issues related to Papua, including the practice of press freedom, the methods of conducting impartial news reporting on human rights issues, and methods of securing accurate information on events occurring in remote areas.
    The dialogue was productive. Elias Aweke Tedesse, for instance, suggested to his Indonesian counterparts that it would be good for them to create synergy with international press organizations because, in doing so, they would gain greater opportunities for boosting their professional capacity and networking abilities.
    "Even if journalists in Papua need financial support for in-depth news reporting, they can likely get that. Of course, a credible proposal for gaining this financial support is necessary," he stated.
    Meanwhile, Secretary of the IJN-Papua and West Papua Chapters Jorsul Sattuan noted that local journalists enjoyed adequate freedom of the press in performing their jobs. "We are free enough when reporting on events in the community. Of course, we need to care for our professional values and journalistic standards," he stressed.
    Compared to many other countries, there was no curfew in Papua and West Papua Provinces. "Thus, we and the general public can perform our routine activities freely, 24 hours a day," he said.
    The foreign journalists were in Jayapura as part of the Journalist Visit Program, which took place from November 8 through 18, 2015. Besides visiting Jayapura, they also visited Jakarta, Bekasi, Sukabumi, and Bandung (West Java).
     
    ANTARA
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    http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2015/11/19/house-examine-minister-over-freeport-saga.html
    2) House to examine minister  over Freeport saga
    Erika Anindita, thejakartapost.com, Jakarta | National | Thu, November 19 2015, 9:43 PM - 
    The House of Representatives’ ethics council (MKD) plans to examine Energy and Mineral Resources Minister Sudirman Said over his controversial reporting of two top figures for misconduct. 
    Minister Sudirman submitted a Freeport “scandal report” to the ethics council, including a transcript of a recorded conversation allegedly between House Speaker Setya Novanto, oil trader Muhammad Reza Chalid and Freeport Indonesia president director Maroef Sjamsoeddin, who is also a former National Intelligence Agency (BIN) deputy chairman.
    “We hope the examination will be held next week,” council deputy chairman Junimart Girsang said on Thursday.
    According to the report, Setya and Reza repeatedly mentioned Coordinating Political, Legal and Security Affairs Minister Luhut Panjaitan, who is also considered the right-hand man of President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo, as having a role in making the deal successful. 
    Junimart said the examination was aimed at verifying the three page-transcript and recorded material directly with the minister.
    He added that the council would also submit the file on the transcript to the National Police's Criminal Investigation Corps (Bareskrim) for forensic analysis, after being listened to by him and his deputy chairmen Hardi Soesilo and Sufi Dasco Ahmad.
    Junimart said the examination would be a test for the council to regain public trust, adding that he hope Bareskrim could make the audio recording clearer before the questioning took place. 
    According to Junimart, the council will also summon the four figures reportedly recorded or mentioned in the recording, namely Setya, Reza, Maroef and Luhut, next week.
    “We will scrutinize all of them,” Junimart asserted. (dan)
    ————————————————————————-

    3) Freeport hits legal hurdle  carrying out IPO
    PT Freeport Indonesia’s plan to carry out an initial public offering (IPO) to fulfill its mandatory divestment obligations has faced another hurdle after a senior mining official said that such a responsibility had no legal basis.

    “What we have now is a regulation stating that the company has to make an offer to the government. An IPO cannot be carried out because it has no legal basis. Therefore, the divestment process has to be performed based on the existing regulations,” said Bambang Gatot Ariyono, the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry’s director general for mineral and coal.

    The statement was made amid allegations that a prominent legislator was caught on tape asking for a share allocation from the subsidiary of the US mining giant Freeport McMoRan Inc.

    Energy and Mineral Resources Minister Sudirman Said reported House Speaker Setya Novanto to the House ethics council this week, accusing him of using the names of President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo and Jusuf Kalla without their knowledge to demand 20 percent of the Freeport shares as part of the aforementioned divestment program.

    Under the regulations, the subsidiary company is required to divest up to 30 percent of its shares to Indonesian shareholders. The share-purchase priority is given to the central government, provincial government and regency or municipal administrations.

    As the government already owns 9.36 percent of the company’s shares, Freeport is only required to offer the remaining 20.64 percent under the mandatory divestment.

    Funding has been an issue for the central government and regional administrations in absorbing the shares, prompting the government to consider proposing that state-owned enterprises (SOEs), including PT Aneka Tambang and PT Inalum absorb the share.

    The question now is whether the divestment will be performed based on a government regulation released last year or through an IPO. The first option is already on the table, but financially complex, while the second is expected to have more transparency but lack a legal basis.
    A special staff member at the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry, Nizar Suhendra, said an IPO remained an option.

    “The Energy and Mineral Resources Minister considers that an IPO will offer more established supervisory infrastructure. However, it surely needs a legal framework and the government has to discuss the matter with all stakeholders. The government will make a decision in the very near future,” he said.

    According to Bambang, a warning letter has been sent to Freeport Indonesia instructing it to make its offer to the government in accordance with the implementation of the 2014 law. “They seem to still be calculating the various possibilities. They will deliver the offer very shortly and we will assess the fair value before sending it to the Finance Ministry to determine the purchaser[s] of the shares,” he said.

    However, Freeport Indonesia has said that it is unlikely to submit an offer anytime soon.

    “We are waiting for a legal framework and a clear mechanism from the government,” company spokesperson Riza Pratama said.

    Freeport Indonesia, which is currently 90.64 percent owned by Freeport McMoRan, has said earlier that it preferred divestment through an IPO for transparency and accountability.

    A similar divestment has been previously carried out by Freeport Indonesia. Under its 1991 contract of work, the US company was required to release 51 percent of its shares. In accordance with the 1991 contract, the company released 9.36 percent to the government and another 9.36 percent to a local firm, PT Indocopper Investama, which was controlled by the politically connected Bakrie family. The company never took any action regarding the remaining 32.28 percent of shares. However, Freeport bought a 51 percent share of Indocopper a year later and the remaining 49 percent in 1997. Under a new regulation, Freeport is required only to divest 30 percent.

    Last year’s memorandum of understanding between the mineral and coal directorate general and Freeport Indonesia regarding the amendment of the contract of work also stipulated that if the government was not interested in the divestment, then within three years the company could offer the shares to other Indonesian nationals, including listing them on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX).

    Despite the contract of work and the MoU, Bambang said that an IPO mechanism would still need a legal framework.

    ———————————————————————————
    http://en.tempo.co/read/news/2015/11/18/055720107/PDIP-Freeport-Must-be-Evaluated

    WEDNESDAY, 18 NOVEMBER, 2015 | 21:44 WIB
    4) PDIP: Freeport Must be Evaluated

    TEMPO.COJakarta - After urging Setya Novanto to resign from his post as the House of Representatives (House) Speaker, Masinton Pasaribu, a politician from the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDIP) asked the government to evaluate PT Freeport Indonesia. Masinton viewed the exposure of talks between the House speaker and the US mining company as a scandal.
    "The scandal must be used a momentum to evaluate PT Freeport’s existence in Indonesia," Masinton said at the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) building in South Jakarta on Wednesday, November 18, 2015.
    Masinton added that Freeport failed to provide significant contribution for Indonesia over the last few decades. As PT Freeport Indonesia's contract will expire in 2021, the government must decide whether it will be extended in 2019.
    The Indonesian government had indicated that it will extend the contract as long as Freeport is committed to build smelters, divest its shares and provide benefits for people in Papua. In terms of the divestment, Setya had reportedly asked Freeport's shares by profiteering names of President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo and Vice President Jusuf "JK" Kalla.
    The plot was later exposed by Energy and Mineral Resources Minister Sudirman Said. Sudirman reported the case to the House's Honorary Council (MKD), resulting in demands for Setya to resign from his position. Another PDIP politician Adian Napitulu expressed his concern that Setya could intervene with MKD's decision.
    Masinton added that Freeport had violated a number of regulations, including causing damages to the environment.
    "In addition to investigating SN [Setya Novanto], who was reported to the MKD, PT Freeport must be evaluated," Masinton said. 
    FRISKI RIANA


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    2) Dateline Pacific evening edition for 20 November 2015
    3) Another soldier fired,  imprisoned after fatal  shooting 
    4) Hopes more Papua prisoners to be freed
    ————————————————————————
    1) Papuan rebel leader walks  free after 11 years
    Nethy Dharma Somba, Ina Parlina and Fedina S. Sundaryani, The Jakarta Post, Jayapura/Jakarta | Archipelago | Fri, November 20 2015, 3:10 PM -
    After 11 years behind bars, Papuan pro-independence leader Filep Jacob Semuel Karma, 56, was released on Thursday from prison by the government, a move applauded by democracy activists as a promising step toward resolving problems in one of the country’s least-developed regions. 

    In 2004, the Jayapura District Court sentenced Filep to 15 years in prison for treason after he led a ceremony to hoist the Bintang Kejora (Morning Star) flag at an independence rally in Trikora Square in Abepura, Jayapura, on Dec. 1 that year. 

    A cultural symbol of the region, the flag is also associated with the Free Papua Movement (OPM), which campaigns for Papua to be independent of Indonesia. 

    Following the rally, Filep and Yusak Pakage, another pro-independence activist, were immediately arrested and brought to trial; Yusak, convicted of the same crime, was sentenced to 10 years in prison.

    Filep was eligible to walk free after receiving combined remissions of 50 months.

    His release on Thursday was officiated through the signing of a document of release by Abepura Penitentiary chief warden Bagus Kurniawan and Filep’s son-in-law Abraham Bonay and lawyer Olga Hamadi.

    Filep, however, refused to leave his finger prints on his photograph and in the prison’s registration book.

    Olga said that Filep had the right not to leave his fingerprints, adding that she had received the official notice of Filep’s release on Wednesday. 
    Filep, meanwhile, refused to comment further, saying that he would talk to the press next week.

    “I haven’t got any plan ahead after my release, which has come suddenly. I was forced to leave, just like I was forced to be in [prison],” Filep said, while waiting for his release documents to be finalized.

    Outside Abepura Penitentiary, dozens of supporters of the Free Papua National Committee (KNPB) repeatedly cried pro-independence slogans as Filep emerged.

    The situation remained peaceable, though hundreds of police personnel were deployed to guard the city’s Ekspo Waena compound, where Filep joined a thanksgiving prayer for the seventh anniversary of the KNPB shortly after his release.
    Meanwhile in Jakarta, Coordinating Political, Legal and Security Affairs Minister Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan said that no special security measure had been put in place in Papua following Filep’s release. “The security we have now is security for all,” he said.

    The central government has long been accused of being solely interested in Papua’s rich natural resources, with little regard for its people.

    Separately, Commission for Missing Persons and Victims of Violence (Kontras) chairman Haris Azhar called Filep’s early release a “democratic inevitability”, adding that Filep should never have been imprisoned for exercising his right to freedom of expression. He cautioned, however, that Filep’s release was just one small step toward resolving Papua’s many problems.

    “While the release is commendable, Papua still has many problems that need to be resolved with concrete action from the government,” he said.

    Pastor Neles Tebay, the coordinator of the Papua Peaceful Network, meanwhile, saw Filep’s release as a signal from President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo’s administration that the long-standing conflicts in Papua would be resolved peacefully.

    International Civilians of Strengthening (ICS) Papua director Yusak Reba, meanwhile, said that Filep’s release would not silence Free Papua supporters.

    “They will continue their struggle for freedom, in defiance of Indonesian law,” he said.
    —————————————————-
    2) Dateline Pacific evening edition for 20 November 2015
    Updated at 4:09 pm on 20 November 2015

    A Papuan separatist leader walks free from jail after more than a decade in prison; Also in Papua, Indonesia told to embrace transparency; NZ's Pacific community rallies for Jonah; Vanuatu releases new cyclone map for season; Next generation of Fiji journalists told to be catylysts for change; and the Pacific is urged to invest more in agriculture.
    • Play
    •  Download:Ogg  |  MP3
    •  Audio duration:( 22:20 )
    ———————————————————
    3) Another soldier fired,  imprisoned after fatal  shooting 
    Nethy Dharma Somba, The Jakarta Post, Jayapura | Archipelago | Fri, November 20 2015, 3:15 PM -
    The panel of judges at the Jayapura Military Court in Papua dismissed First Sgt. Ashar from the Indonesian Army on Thursday, sentencing him to nine years’ imprisonment for his involvement in a shooting incident that killed two civilians in Mimika regency.

    Ashar, who served with the Military District Command (Kodim) 1710/Timika, is the third soldier to have been dishonorably discharged and sent to jail in the case.

    Speaking in a verdict hearing in Timika, the capital of Mimika regency, presiding judge, Lt. Col. Ventje Bulo said that Ashar had been proven to have violated Article 338 Point 1 and 3 of the Criminal Code on murder and Article 351 Point 1 and 2 on aggravated assault.

    “The defendant’s actions were against the humanitarian instinct as it cost the lives of others’,” he said.

    The verdict, however, was lighter than that demanded by military prosecutors, who recommended an 11-year prison term and a dishonorable discharge.

    Ashar, along with three fellow soldiers, First Pvt. Imanuel Imbiri, First Pvt. Makher Rehatta and Chief Pvt. Gregorius R. Geta, were charged with firing gunshots at local residents who were holding a thanksgiving ceremony in front of the Koprapoka Catholic Church in Mimika on Aug. 28.

    The incident began when locals became infuriated with Makher and Imanuel for breaking through a road barrier at high speed while riding on motorcycles.

    Imanuel, who was on the back of the motorcycle, then descended from the vehicle and brandished a knife at the locals, who later chased both soldiers away. The soldiers then ran to a guard post, grabbed guns and then returned to the church.

    Ashar and Gregorius, followed along on another motorcycle, bringing rifles with them. Ashar fired his rifle and so did Makher, killing two civilians from the Kamoro tribe, Herman Mairimau and Yulianus Okoare, and injured four others.

    The four soldiers were reportedly under the influence of alcohol when they committed the offence.

    Soon after the shooting incident, local residents carried the bodies of the victims to the Kodam base and placed them in the middle of the street in a show of their anger. The bodies were moved to the Koprapoka church only after negotiations were held with Papua Police chief Brig. Gen. Paulus Waterpauw, mediated by Pastor Amandus Rahaded.

    During the hearing, Ventje said Ashar’s action had proven that he had disobeyed an instruction from the Cenderawasih Military Regional Command (Kodam) chief to protect the local community.

    Last week, the same court also dishonorably discharged Makher and Gregorius and sentenced each of them to 12 and three years in prison, respectively. The panel of judges argued in their verdict that the actions of the two soldiers could trigger a security instability in Mimika that could expand to other regions in Papua.

    Imanuel, meanwhile, is still awaiting for his verdict hearing.

    Kamoro community figure Marianus Maknaipeku earlier said that local residents had appreciated efforts from military leaders to run the trial in a transparent manner. He also applauded the Jayapura Military Court for conducting the military trial in Mimika, instead of the Papuan provincial capital of Jayapura, so that locals could directly observe.

    “We ask for one thing, a transparent process, until the dismissal, so that we can really be sure that the perpetrators will no longer remain members of the military,” he said.

    ———————————————————-
    4) Hopes more Papua prisoners to be freed
    Updated at 2:15 pm on 20 November 2015



    Amnesty International New Zealand says there's no doubt that mounting international pressure played a part in the release of West Papua's most high profile political prisoner after a decade in jail.
    Filep Karma was yesterday freed from a prison on the outskirts of Jayapura, the capital of Indonesia's Papua province, to an emotional welcome by hundreds of cheering supporters.
    Amnesty New Zealand's activism manager Margaret Taylor says Karma, who was jailed for raising a pro-independence flag at a political ceremony in 2004, should never have been detained in the first place.
    She says they are hopeful that increasing international attention on Papua might lead to the release of more prisoners of conscience.
    "Filep was quite high profile but there are any other number of prisoners of conscience in Papua and of course president Widodo has made a number of visits to that province and has made a commitment to address human rights abuses there and not least releasing some prisoners of conscience."
    Margaret Taylor says Filep Karma could have been released at anytime in the last 10 years if he agreed he had any degree of guilt but declined and is being released on his own terms.

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    3) NO HEALTH WORKERS AT YOWONG

    6) Merauke Burns – but were the plantations to blame?

    7) Oil palm plantation development & forest fires in southern Papua, September-October 2015

    8) The Release of Filep Karma Upholds the Principle of Human Rights in Papua
    ———————————————————————————————-


    New PIF logo – Suplied

    Semarang, Jubi – Vice Chairman of Advisory Council of the Union Churches of Indonesia, the Rev. Phil Karel Erari said it will endorse the recommendation of the Pacific Islands Forum to send a fact-finding mission team to Papua could be done under the United Nations.
    “Concerning to the fact-finding mission team for West Papua as recommended by the PIF, we will push it to become the UN mandate. Once it was realized, Indonesia could not do anything to intervene it,” Erari told Jubi on last week from Jakarta.
    He said if it was done under the United Nations, the Government of Indonesia would conform this mandate and also would be forced by the United Nations Fact Finding Mission. Because if was done under PIF countries, Indonesia would certainly reject it. “So it is expected the UN Fact Finding Mission and PIF Fact Finding Mission could be together to find fact in West Papua. Also it could be conducted through MSG, because Indonesia is also part of it as the Associated Member. This issue also could be pushed by ULMWP through MSG,” he said.
    Meanwhile, as earlier reported by Jubi, the Secretary General of the United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP), Octovianus Mote said a fact- finding mission team has been established. The leaders of Pacific countries have taken action, and they would send a fact-finding mission team to Papua before September 2016.
    ‘They will come to Papua to find the fact of human right violations. They come not only to see the graves but also dig it if necessary and at that time Indonesia has not choice except to permit them to do it. In Papua, they (security forces) could burn and close their traces. But they could not close the access of hundred thousands of victims who’ve been submitted to MSG, PIF, UN Human Rights Council,” Mote told Jubi on Tuesday (10/11/2015).
    But according to Mote, if later Indonesia does not permit the fact-finding mission tea 
     m coming to Indonesia, it is the right of Indonesia. “No one can force or reject it, so Indonesia could not lie to the world by saying no human right violations occurred because the fact is they do not allow the fact-finding mission team. The Pacific countries leaders would decide the next step if they were rejected,” he said. (Arnold Belau/rom)

    ————————————————————-
    Victor Mambor Nov 15, 2015
    Jayapura, Jubi – The Papua Education and Culture Office urged both municipal and regional governments to employ teaching faculty graduates from local universities, including from the University of Cenderawasih.
    The Head of Papua Education and Culture Office, Elias Wonda said on Sunday (15/11/2015) in Jayapura even though the local governments are responsible for the teachers’ recruitment process in their respective regencies, there’s no harm optimizing the existing manpower in Papua.
    “The regents should prioritize the teaching graduates in Papua to be recruited, please consult to the Rector if they need more graduates, so the university could take action to improve the number,” he said.
    According to Wonda, each year the University of Cenderawasih produces 500 teaching graduates, so the local governments should look this local potential first before deciding to recruit teachers from outside of Papua. “I am glad if it is realized, but many regents prefer to hire teachers from outside of Papua,” he said.
    He further explained according to the Papua Education Office’s data, the number of teachers hired under the ‘Indonesia Cerdas’ program in Papua and West Papua provinces is 800 people, while each year the university produces hundreds of teachers. “For 500 teaching graduates of the University of Cendrawasih, where would they go? Since the local governments do not have intention to recruit them. It needs to be evaluated,” said Wonda.
    Earlier, on Wednesday (14/10/2015), the Chairman of Indonesia Cerdas Institute, Shepard Supit told the missionary teachers who so-called the transformation educators in Papua are not merely teaching but also implementing the community development works. “The community development works are including the training and counseling in order to improve the human resources quality in Papua,” said Supit. (Alexander Loen/rom)


    ———————————————————————————————
    3) NO HEALTH WORKERS AT YOWONG
    Victor MamborNov 16, 2015
    Jayapura, Jubi – For the last six months there have been no health workers at the public health sub-center (Pustu) of Yowong Village located alongside of Abepura Highway in Arso Sub-district of Keerom Regency.
    The only nurse who serves at the Pustu is currently on study leave.
    “Before he continued his study, we asked him to talk to the Health Office to assign another staffer, but no one was assigned to replace him,” a resident Marten Dyan told at home on sunday (15/11/2015).
    He said the residents were struggling to get medical treatment if they were ill or got accident. They must take the patients to Arso Swakarsa in Keerom or Abepura Public Hospital in Jayapura Municipality. “It also depends on their ability to pay. Sometimes we use the motorbikes, or sometimes we use the public transportation,” he said.
    The Pustu building looks deserted, while the local residents desperately need the medical staff, especially for emergency. Generally, people who are mostly indigenous Papua have high risk of malaria disease. “Well, it is normal for the farmers to often get malaria disease,” he said.
    The similar complain also come from the residents of Baboria Village where Pustu has not established yet. To get medical treatment, people should go to Arso 8, Dukwia Village or Arso I, which the distance between two locations is approximately two kilometers. “People used to go to the nearest location by motorbikes, and for those who have no motorbike, they usually asked their neighbors to drop because no public transportation here,” Roy Kogoya, a resident who has 25 years living in the village. (Mawel Benny/rom)

    ————————————————————————-
    Victor Mambor Nov 15, 2015
    Jayapura, Jubi – Papua’s Head of Manpower and Population Affairs Department, Yan Piet Rawar, defended government policy on population, saying the province is not the only one facing demographic problems.
    He said demographic challenges were not only a national issue, but an international one as well. To address this issue, indigenous Papuans should be empowered.
    “For example, why the mapping on the number of Papuan population is needed? It is to solve the problem and to find out the root of problem as well as the number of population. But these data couldn’t be applied for discrimination. Data on indigenous Papua and others must be accurate to answer the problem in Papua,” Rawar said on last week.
    Regarding to the pressure of Commission IV of Papua Legislative Council over Manpower Office to immediately socialize and implement the Special Regulation on Population No. 15/2008 is the right step, Rawar said. But it should be done through affirmative steps. For example, why the rate of population growth of indigenous Papua is low. It should be connected with the aspect of health. Why the quality of Papua employees is still poor? It should be improved. “It’s needed. But the basic services, education, health are universal. Discrimination is not allowed. The health service at the hospital is universal, it’s about the human rights of everyone,” he said.
    He said everyone need health and security services. And it has started; later it would be a mapping. “How many population of Papua, its dissemination and what’s the problem. But up to now we have not conducted a survey, so there’s no accurate data,” he said.
    Earlier, the Vice Chairman of Commission IV of the Papua Legislative Council for Population Affairs, Nioulen Kotouki said the commission wants the Papua Manpower and Population Affairs Office to socialize and implement the Special Regulation on Population immediately.
    He said this special regulation was the elaboration of the Papua Special Regulation. Its implementation does not to discriminate the non-Papua, but to protect the indigenous Papua instead. He further said the regulation is also to restrict the migrants’ wave to Papua, because more and more migrants come to Papua would increasingly marginalize the indigenous Papuan. (Arjuna Pademme/rom)



    ————————————————————————-
    Victor MamborNov 16, 2015

    Jayapura, Jubi – A Papua legislator, Nason Utti, recognized that public health services in several hospitals in Papua are poor. People often complain of not getting appropriate services as expected. He said he is currently tasked with improving services at hospitals.
    “Our recent assignment is health services improvement. I admit the service is still poor. Many doctors think they are not well paid by the public hospitals, so many of them serve in private clinics,” Utti told on sunday (15/11/2015).
    According to him, in order to improve the public health services in some regions, the Papua Governor Lukas Enembe made a policy to prompt the establishment of regional public hospitals in five customary areas, namely Saireri, Mamta, Lapago, Meepago and Anim Ha.
    “For example, for Saireri customary area, the hospitals are built in Biak and Serui, while for Meepago customary area, the hospital is currently built in Nabire, but another hospitals would be built also in Paniai, Intan Jaya, Mimika, Deiyai and Dogiyai. And for Lapago customary area, Wamena Public Hospital, which is now on B Grade, was accelerated to get C and B Grades. It also applied for its surrounded areas, Merauke and Jayapura as well,” he said.
    The hospital whose services are often got people’s complaints is Dok II Public Hospital, from the medical services to the stock of medicines. Some time ago, a patient Esye Karubuy complained of the exhaustion of the stock of medicines for patients at the Chemotherapy unit of this hospital. Due to many issues and complaints against the service of Dok II Public Hospital, the Papua Governor Lukas Enembe said he would restructure the hospital management.
    “What has been complained against the Dok II Public Hospital must be a reality, so in the future we will structure it, from the manager to staffs of the hospital,” Enembe said in the mid September. (Arjuna Pademme/rom)



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    https://awasmifee.potager.org/?p=1346

    6) Merauke Burns – but were the plantations to blame?

    The rains have finally arrived, putting out the forest fires that raged across Indonesia through the last few months. Forest burning takes place every dry season, but this year an especially strong El Nino phenomenon meant that the dry season was longer and dryer, and the fires were especially bad.
    The worst crises were, as in other years, on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, where human pressure on the forest is high, and deep peat soils mean that fires can burn for months. However this dry season there were also significantly more fires than usual in southern Papua, in Merauke and Mappi regencies. Timika, nearly 600 kilometres away, suffered from smoke haze as a result.
    Merauke has become in recent years the main focus for the growth of industrial agriculture in Papua, due to various incarnations of  a central government project, the Merauke Integrated Food and Energy Estate, and associated oil palm plantations. But is there a link between these development plans and the fires? awasMIFEE presents two articles to address this question. The first is an analysis of satellite photographs in two of Korindo’s plantations where clear evidence of fire on is found on newly-deforested land, by Sam Lawson of Earthsight. This article aims to complement that research by looking at the link between fire and deforestation in other plantations over the last four years, and the wider situation in Merauke.

    Many fires outside plantation areas.

    Fire hotspot data shows that the fires were found throughout the southern part of Merauke, where the vegetation is made up of mixed forest and grassland. Some of these fires were within plantation concession boundaries (unsurprisingly, since undeveloped plantation concessions cover well over a million hectares, more than a quarter of Merauke’s land area). There were a few concentrations of hotspots in areas where plantation companies are known to be active (Medco’s timber plantation in Zanegi village and woodchip factory in Boepe, Rajawali’s sugar cane plantation near Domande, PT Agriprima Cipta Persada and PT Agrinusa Persada Mulia’s oil palm plantations in Muting). However, as there were also many, many other fires away from these areas, there is insufficient evidence to conclude in these cases that fires were started by the companies.
    Another important point is that some of the highest concentrations of fires were in areas where there are no plantations planned – such as Dolok Island, and the western part of Mappi Regency. It’s also worth pointing out that there were also a lot of fires across the border in Papua New Guinea, especially along the Fly River which flows close to the border.
    The conclusion is: while it is certainly possible that some of the fires were connected with agricultural development, the high number of hotspots outside areas earmarked for plantations means it is likely that many of them were started for other reasons.

    The big exception: Korindo.

    In the more densely forested north-eastern part of Merauke, there were less fires. However when you look at where those fires were, you see a very strong pattern – many of them were clustered within oil palm concessions. What’s more, the hotspots (marked in orange) show a very strong correlation with data on areas deforested in 2015.1
    Three of those concessions are owned by the Korindo Group. PT Tunas Sawa Erma (which has been operating since 1998 but has not developed the whole concession) PT Dongin Prabhawa (which started land clearance in 2011) and PT Papua Agro Lestari (which appears to have just started clearing land in the last few months). Another is PT Bio Inti Agrindo (operating since 2012), which is owned by Daewoo International Corporation, but known to have a close relationship to Korindo.
    Here’s a closer look at two of them: PT Dongin Prabhawa and PT Bio Inti Agrindo:

    This is quite strong evidence to indicate that these companies may have been using fire to clear land, a practice which is illegal in Indonesia. This evidence is further reinforced if we look at fire data for previous years.  It appears that there have been fires in the concessions each year, and the fire locations closely follow each successive year’s cutting plans. The implication is that Korindo and Daewoo International companies appear to have been regularly using fire to clear land since 2012.
    The following maps use a different source of deforestation data – tree cover loss data from the University of Maryland – which gives an indication of which bits of forest were cut each year, and this is overlaid with the hotspots detected by NASA MODIS satellites the same year. Both sets of data are available to browse on the www.globalforestwatch.org website, but due to the way that site is structured you can’t see them simultaneously like this.
    Here’s some views of PT Dongin Prabhawa’s concession in 2012,2013 and 2014. The purple areas were the areas deforested that year. The orange dots are the hotspots recorded in the same year. You can see that in 2012, there were several fires in the area cleared, in 2013 fires burned in areas cleared that year and the year before, and then in 2014 fires broke out in more newly cleared blocks.

    A similar pattern can be seen in PT Bio Inti Agrindo’s concession. Forest clearance started in the north-western corner of the concession, and moved eastward, including in 2014 clearing the corridor that eventually connects the larger eastern block of the concession. There were concentrations of hotspots in 2012 and 2013 in the western block, at the same time that deforestation was taking place there.

    Just to the north of PT Bio Inti Agrindo is PT Berkat Cipta Abadi, another Korindo subsidiary which started clearing in 2012. Here too, the fires closely mirrored the deforestation pattern, with a particularly high concentration in 2014

    1. Deforestation data is from Sam Lawson’s analysis of Landsat satellites, tracing the difference between images dated late January 2015 to late October 2015.  
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    7) Oil palm plantation development & forest fires in southern Papua, September-October 2015

    by Sam Lawson, Earthsight

    Summary:

    Analysis of satellite data clearly demonstrates forest fires burning in areas undergoing conversion for oil palm in two locations in southern Papua. One of these areas is intact primary forest, while part of the other is on peat soil. The concessions concerned are both owned by the large Korean conglomerate Korindo.
    It is illegal in Indonesia for companies to clear land using fire, and oil palm concession holders are also legally required to have in place appropriate fire prevention and fire-fighting measures. Though on its own the evidence below does not prove any wrongdoing by the company or its subsidiaries or contractors, it should justify further investigation by the Indonesian authorities.

    Figure 1: Southern Papua, showing boundaries of oil palm conversion concessions (yellow), forest clearance for oil palm during September-October 2015 (red) and location of case studies below.

    Case Study 1: PT Papua Agro Lestari (Korindo group)1

    Between 1st September and 9th November 2015, more than 230 fire hotspots were detected by the NASA MODIS satellite within an area of intact primary forest undergoing plantation development near the PNG border in PT Papua Agro Lestari, Merauke district (see Figure 2).

    Figure 2: Fire hotspots 1st Sept – 9th Nov 2015 in PT Papua Agro Lestari (yellow boundary). Red boundary shows area of forest cleared for plantation development up to 24th October 2015. Green background shows that the area was previously intact primary forest.2
    Landsat images confirm the existence of fires within this area, and clearly show how they are related to oil palm plantation development.
    On 6th September 2015, a fire is clearly visible burning in the plantation (see Figure 4). The next cloud-free image, from 24th October 2015, also shows a fire burning, in an area which was still primary forest 7 weeks earlier (Figure 3).
    In just 7 weeks between during Sept-October 2015, 1000 hectares of primary forest were cleared, a much faster rate than could plausibly have been achieved by other means.

    Figures 3 & 4: Fires visible in oil palm plantation under development in PT PAL, September & October 2015

    Case Study 2: PT Tunas Sawaerma (Korindo)

    During the same period, more than 100 fire hotspots were recorded by the NASA satellite in an area currently being cleared of degraded primary forest for oil palm in PT Tunas Sawaerma, a concession in Boven Digoel district which is also owned by Korean conglomerate Korindo (see Figure 5).

    Figure 5: Fire hotspots 1st Sept-9th Nov 2015 inside Korindo’s PT Tunas Sawaerma oil palm concession (yellow). Red/orange boundary shows area of forest cleared for plantation development up to 24th October 2015. Blue line indicates peat soils. The orange boundary shows the areas cleared between 6th September and 24th October 2015 (( Sources: Peat soils – Wetlands International, 2004. For all other data see reference for Figure 2 ))
    Again, Landsat satellite images confirm the existence of fires within this area of recent development. An image from 24th October clearly shows a large fire within the area under development. Comparison with an image from the beginning of September shows that the area concerned remained forested previously, though new plantation roads had been cut (see Figures 6 and 7).
    Many of the fire hotspots in the Korindo concession are on peat soils, as is some of the area newly cleared by fire during September/October 2015 (see Figure 5).

    1. The Linked-In page of the Assistant Manager of Plasma (Smallholder) plantation development at PT PAL identifies the company as being part of the Korindo group – https://www.linkedin.com/in/yovita-natalia-b5168882  [awasMIFEE note: previously on this site it had been thought that ownership of PT Papua Agro Lestari had been transferred to the Daewoo International Corporation. Although the situation is confusing, and there appears to be close cooperation between the two companies, several pieces of evidence indicate that the company is still part of  the Korindo Group]  
    2. Sources: Background – Degraded (light green) and intact (dark green) primary forest, from Margono, B. Primary forest cover loss in Indonesia over 2000–2012. Nature Climate Change,doi:10.1038/nclimate2277; spots – NASA MODIS fire hotspots, “NASA Active Fires.” NASA FIRMS. Accessed through Global Forest Watch on 15th November 2015; concession boundary – Ministry of Forestry GIS portal map of Forestland releases, accessed 9th November 2015; extent of new oil palm development (red/orange line) – based on analysis of Landsat satellite images from 25/1/15, 6/9/15, 24/10/15.  
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    8) The Release of Filep Karma Upholds the Principle of Human Rights in Papua
    Statement by the Executive Director of the LP3BH
    20 November 2015

      On behalf of the Institute of Research, Analysis and Development of Legal Aid  - Manokwari [LP3BH], I welcome the release of one of the
    pro-Papua Merdeka political prisoners, Filep Karma on 19 November 2015.   Bapak [Father] Filep Karma is now a former political prisoner.  He
    was arrested on 1  December 2004 and was sentenced to fifteen years at his trial at the District Court of Jayapura on 26 May, 2005.

      Karma was charged for an action under Article 106 and Article 110 of the Criminal Code [KUHP].

       He has spent more than ten years in prison for activities that he was involved in in accordance with the principles of the freedom of
    expression and the freedom of assembly.   On that occasion, he made a speech and raised the Morning Star
    Flag on 1 December 2004. He refrained from any actions of violence nor was he armed with any weapons.

      Despite all that, he was one of a number of people who were arrested, imprisoned and charged in a Court of Law by a State that
    simply ignored his basic rights as a free citizen, entitled to protection under Article 28 of the 1945 Constitution of Indonesia.

       During his imprisonment, he was treated in ways that are in violation of humanitarianism and basic human rights that are
    universally recognised.  The only thing he was doing was to give expression to his opinions
    that are in conflict with the views of the State. His actions on that occasion did not in any way  destabilise anything politically or
    disrupt law and order.  The LP3BH calls on the Government of Indonesia and the Head of
    State, President Ir H. Joko Widodo to take the opportunity of release of Filip Karma  to launching  a series of actions to release  all the
    political prisoners, including those who have been tried (napol), who
    are serving sentences in a number of prisons in towns and cities throughout the Land of West Papua.

       Take for example the cases of three activists  of the KNPB [National Committee of West Papua], Alexander Nekenem, Maikel Aso aka
    Yoram Magai and Narko Murib aka Nopinus Humawak who were tried in the District Court in Manokwari. They too, like Filep Karma, were accused
    of inciting  other people to get involved in activities violating the law  and charged under Article 160 of the KUHP, together with Article
    55 of the Criminal Code.

       At a subsequent hearing in their trial, on 19 November, the Prosecutor  called for the three men to be sentenced to two years
    each, with deduction for the time already spent in prison.   These charges were extremely severe for the three  accused who had refrained from perpetrating any acts of violence nor did they incite others to engage in any unlawful activities. Nothing that they did resulted in anyone else being killed or injured or cause any material
    damage on that day, 20 May, 2015 in Amban-Manokwari, Province of West Papua.
    Peace!
    Yan Christian Warinussy, Executive Director of the LP3BH.
    [Translated by Carmel Budiardjo, Recipent of the Right Livelihod Award, 1995]

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    1) Papua campaigner coming to grips with release
    2) In Denouement of $2b Freeport Shakedown, Cabinet Fractures Appear
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    http://www.radionz.co.nz/international/programmes/datelinepacific/audio/201779637/papua-campaigner-coming-to-grips-with-release

    1) Papua campaigner coming to grips with release
    20 Nov 2015

    Human Rights Watch says Filep Karma is still coming to terms with his release after 11 years in prison in which he became West Papua's most high profile political prisoner.
    PlayDownload:Ogg  |  MP3Audio duration:( 3′ :10″ )


    Transcript
    Human Rights Watch says Filep Karma is still coming to terms with his release after 11 years in prison in which he became West Papua's most high profile political prisoner.
    Filep Karma was yesterday freed from a prison on the outskirts of Jayapura, the capital of Indonesia's Papua province.
    Karma was jailed for raising a pro-independence flag at a political ceremony in 2004.
    Human Rights Watch's Indonesia spokesperson, Andreas Harsono, spoke to Karma this morning and says although his release was anticipated, it's still come as a bit of a shock.
    ANDREAS HARSONO: He did not expect the release to be that fast. You can imagine if you stay in a house, in this case a prison for 11 years and suddenly you are asked to leave your house in the next 24 hours, he is mentally shocked but of course his family and himself they enjoy a good time, they had a family dinner last night, he also met with hundreds of Papuan activists, just commoners, common people who welcomed him. He is happy but at the same time he is weary because you know 11 years in prison and suddenly being released and he told me that he would like to take a break, he would like to cool himself down, to calm himself down, he needs time to re-integrate into his family, society, friends and dealing with other expectations that the people of Papua have on him becoming, you know their effective leader.
    BRIDGET TUNNICLIFFE: Once he's taken some time to rest and recover do you think that he will continue to be outspoken?
    AH: Well, knowing him for several years he is quite a stubborn man, I think he will be like what he is, he will be outspoken you know.
    BT: Do you think that there might be a softening on part of the Indonesian government and we may see more people being released?
    AH: Well I don't know but Human Rights Watch calls on the government to release all political prisoners. There are about 100 now because after May when President Joko Widodo released five prisoners, 14 more were arrested in Papua. In fact I just had a chat this morning with a top official in Jakarta, I told them that 'look this is very good to release Filep Karma but again there are still many others who are in jail because of their peaceful political activities and they should be released' and she offered me to meet with another high ranking very influential official in Jakarta to discuss again the list of names of people that should be released.
    ---------------------
    http://jakartaglobe.beritasatu.com/news/denouement-2b-freeport-shakedown-cabinet-fractures-appear/
    2)
    In Denouement of $2b Freeport Shakedown, Cabinet Fractures Appear
    Jakarta Globe | on 3:39 PM November 2015
    Jakarta. Cracks are beginning to show in the highest levels of President Joko Widodo’s cabinet amid the unraveling of what could be the single biggest corruption case in Indonesian history.

    Luhut Pandjaitan, the chief security minister, said at a press conference in Jakarta on Thursday that he found it “very strange” that the energy minister, Sudirman Said, had filed a complaint with the House of Representatives alleging an attempted shakedown by House Speaker Setya Novanto of copper and gold miner Freeport Indonesia.

    Luhut, whose name comes up frequently in the transcript of a recording of the alleged conspiracy, questioned Sudirman’s motive for taking the issue public.

    “I feel it’s very strange. Why would Minister S.S. report this? You’d have to ask him yourselves,” he told reporters.

    Sudirman alleges that Setya, in a meeting in June with Freeport Indonesia chief executive Maroef Sjamsoeddin and businessman Muhammad Riza Chalid, sought to have a 20 percent stake in the company divested through him, on the pretext that the shares would go to President Joko Widodo and Vice President Jusuf Kalla.

    In exchange, the House speaker gave his reassurances that the company – the single biggest taxpayer in Indonesia – would be allowed to continue operating. The key to making it all work, Setya is recorded as saying “lies with Pak Luhut and with myself.”

    Setya initially denied the allegation of a shakedown, but on Thursday finally admitted to it, saying he was joking when he demanded the shares.

    Sudirman on Thursday confirmed speculation that the recording was made by Maroef, whom he said had been suspicious about Setya’s requests to talk. The meeting is alleged to have been the third between the parties, and took place at the Ritz-Carlton Pacific Place hotel in South Jakarta.

    “Based on the information from the [Freeport Indonesia] CEO, Pak M.S., indications of something fishy were already apparent in the first and second meetings,” Sudirman told Detik on Thursday. “So to protect himself, Pak M.S recorded [the conversation during] the third meeting.”

    Freeport Indonesia’s parent company, Arizona-based Freeport McMoRan, holds a 90.64 percent stake in the miner, and is require to gradually bring that figure down to 70 percent by 2019, starting with a 10 percent divestment this year.

    Maroef’s predecessor as CEO, Rozik B. Soetjipto, last year estimated the value of a 10 percent stake at around $2 billion. If the shakedown allegation is confirmed, that would make this case by far the single biggest corruption conspiracy in Indonesia’s history.

    The vast potential tied up in such a deal was apparently not lost on Riza, the businessman said to have sat in on the meeting with Setya and Maroef.

    “Freeport runs, you’re happy, we’re happy,” he is recorded as saying, apparent to Maroef. “We’ll get together and play golf, we’ll buy a nice private jet…”

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    Just Kidding, Setya Says of His Request for 20% Stake in Freeport
    By : Markus Junianto Sihaloho | on 3:22 PM November 19, 2015

    Jakarta. House of Representatives speaker Setya Novanto finally conceded that he did ask for a 20 percent stake at miner Freeport Indonesia during a June meeting with the firm's executives, but claimed it had been a joke.
    Speaking to reporters on Wednesday evening, Setya said it was the Freeport executives who  initiated the June meeting.
    The miner, he added, wanted a guarantee that its contract with the Indonesian government would be extended to 2041.
    The government has said that renegotiations with Freeport will only start in 2019, two years before the company's contract is due to expire. But Freeport is looking to invest $17 billion in developing underground pits for its Grasberg mine in Papua through 2041 and is therefore seeking a guarantee its operations can legally continue.

    The company's parent company, Arizona-based Freeport-McMoRan has offered to divest its current 90.64 percent stake in Freeport Indonesia to 70 percent, with the remainder to be controlled by the Indonesian government.
    Setya was accused by Energy Minister Sudirman Said of attempting to shake down the miner for 20 percent of the divestment.
    The House speaker on Tuesday admitted speaking with Freeport executives, but denied the allegations of extortion. He now claims businessman Muhammad Riza Chalid was with him at the meeting.
    “My friend [Riza] jokingly wanted to know how much of Freeport's stake [Freeport-McMoran] is willing to divest,” he said.
    Indonesia's contract with Freeport “has been ongoing for the last 40 years, yet the [Indonesian] government only owns 9 percent of the stake... Out of all the options available, why not take [the divestment plan]?”
    Setya added that he had also lobbied the mining giant to build a smelter outside of Papua, where Freeport's mine is located, as the government requires all mining companies to process their mining output locally by 2017.
    The government has insisted that the smelter be built in the underdeveloped province.
    “I also brought up the idea of a power plant [for the smelter]. We could work together [to build] the power plant, because I know [Freeport] doesn't have one,” he continued.

    “The conversation was casual. But [Freeport executives] must have been suspicious [of my jokes].”
    Unbeknownst to Setya and Riza, the executives had recorded the conversation, a copy of which was given to Sudirman who in turn passed it on to the House of Representatives Ethics Council.
    Sudirman accused Setya of trying to extort Freeport on the pretext of representing President Joko Widodo and Vice President Jusuf Kalla. Setya, Sudirman alleges, demanded that the Freeport Indonesia shares be divested through him.
    When asked whether he had indeed told Freeport executives that 11 percent of the shares would be given to the president and the other 9 percent to the vice president as the minister accuses, Setya said he had merely repeated what Joko had told him, inadvertently negating his earlier claims that it had all been a joke.
    “I remembered what the president had told me. I was merely passing on the message," the speaker said. “I did not ask for the shares of myself. There's no way I would do that for I respect the ethics code applied in Indonesia, in the United States and the world.
    “Of course I would leave the public to judge this matter. I would never use the president and vice president's names [for my own gain]. I am the head of a government institution. Why would I do that?”

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    2) Eight Abepura Prisoners Obtain Decennial Remission
    4) Salvaging Democracy for West Papuans in the Face of Australia-Indonesia Obstruction
    5) House Ethics Council Begins Setya Freeport Shakedown Probe

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    1) KNPB Spokesperson: Papuans are in Charge of its Own Fate 
    Victor MamborNov 20, 2015

    Jayapura, Jubi – Papua is capable of standing on its own feet, Central West Papua National Committee (KNPB) spokesperson Bazoka Logo asserted.
    “Papuans can take a lead without anyone’s help,” accompanying Warpo Wetipo and other colleagues he told Jubi during the final volley match of KNPB Cup I volleyball tournament held at Taman Budaya Expo, Jayapura City on last week.
    He said his statement was related to the tournament that was held without outside contributions.
    “All donation was provided by the people of West Papua. It indicates that we Papuans can stand on our land on our own,” Bazoka said.
    He further cited a religious quote from the late I.S. Kijne (Wasior, 25 October 2015), “Upon this stone, I laid the civilization of Papuans. Even if he was genius, wise and well educated, but he shall not able to lead this nation. It would arise and lead themselves,” said Kijne that written on so-called today as the civilization stone. “The message becomes the important historical site in the civilization of the West Papua nation.
    His prophecy will become a certainty that still has no answer until today. But, we are sure it will be answered someday,” he said.
    Meanwhile the Chairman Committee of KNPB Cup I 2015, Warpo Wetipa said today nationalism has found it way. Through this tournament, it has shown a will to be united. (Abeth You/rom)


    ——————————————————
    2) Eight Abepura Prisoners Obtain Decennial Remission
    Victor Mambor Nov 21, 2015
    Jayapura, Jubi – Eight prisoners of Abepura Prison, Papua, were granted sentence cuts given every 10 years under Indonesian Law. Prisoners who obtained remission are those who previously given the general and special such as in public holiday.
    The current decennial remission was applied in 2015, which was given to eight prisoners including the prominent Papua’s political prisoner Filep Jacob Samuel Karma who’s sentenced for 15 years to peacefully stand for Papua independence.
    Karma once refused both general and decennial remission offered by the government. He planned to pursue his fifteen years ‘contract’ at the Abepura Prison until 2019, though finally he was ‘forced’ out on 19 November 2015.
    The Head of The Prisoners Division of the Law and Human Rights Ministry of Papua Region, Johan Yarangga said the decennial remission is merely given once every ten years to the prisoners who have undergone a minimum of six months of detentions and considered a good behavior. The remission is given to all types of prisoners, both criminal and political prisoners and to those who have obtained a general or special remission.
    Further, Yarangga who’s former Abepura Prison Chief said of eight prisoners given the remission, only Filep Karma is directly released while the seven prisoners still undergo their remaining detention period. “Except Filep Karma, seven prisoners are still in jail to undergo their remaining detention period,” he said.
    The decennial remission is referring to the Indonesian Ministry of Law and Human Right’s Decree No: W.30-300-PK.01.01.02 Year 2015 dated 15 October 2015 of Law and Human Rights Regional Papua Office. The Ministry Official Abner Banosro on behalf the Indonesian Minister of Law and Human Rights Affairs signed the decree. Yarangga said the eight prisoners are consisting of seven regular prisoners and a political prisoner.
    They are Agus Risdiyanto with a month and 15 days remission; Ir. Ahkmad Yusmam MM (2 months); Aloysius Leonard Fanghoy SE (2 months); Asmar Hamza Batjo (3 months); Musrifah SE (2 months); Oktovianus Karet SE (2 months); Amirudin Bedu (1 month, 15 days), political prisoner Drs. Filep J. Samuel Karma with three months remission.
    Karma’s Attorney Olga Hamadi said the decennial remission is a prisoner’s right including her client. Though her client refused the offer, she revealed her client didn’t get the same right like other prisoners. “His rights as prisoner to get meals, health service, and so on was gone. And other prisoner will also occupy his jail. He certainly should get out, getting remission is his right,” said Hamadi.
    Earlier, Karma refused the remission from the Indonesian Government including the decennial remission. According to him, for the security reason, he preferred to stay in jail rather to become a free man, which he considers more risk. Karma told Jubi at the time before his release on last week ,” This remission gives no different as if escaping from the small jail to the big one. The Indonesian jail, the imperialist jail.” (Yuliana Lantipo/rom)
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    Victor Mambor Nov 20, 2015
    Jakarta, Jubi – The Indonesian Institute of Science (LIPI) and Papua Peace Network (JDP) held the 7th Exploratory Summit on 17-19 November 2015 at Sentul City, Bogor to discuss the roots of problems in Papua. The previous meetings were held at Jimbaran (Bali), Manado, Lombok, Yogyakarta, Semarang and Jakarta.
    “The 7th summit is aimed to (1) discuss the root of political, legal, security and human rights issues in Papua in addition to discussing contributions from participants and speakers in order to materialize Papua as Peace Land,” LIPI researcher Dr. Adriana Elisabeth who led the Road Map Papua study told Jubi on Thursday (19/11/2015) at Hotel Haris, Sentul City.
    Further, she said the meeting was also to anticipate the potential for violence in the run up to the simultaneous regional head elections on 9 December 2015.
    She said representatives of government ministries, security agencies, univerisities, non-governmental organizations and the media, including Jubi, participated in the meeting.
    Dr. Neles Tebai said the exploratory meeting has discussed several issues related to externalization or regionalization of Papua conflict issues in the Asia Pacific region. “It’s including the recognition of the United Liberation Movement of West Papua (ULMWP) as observer in the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) in June 2015. Regionalization gets intents along with the discussion on human right violations issue in Papua during the Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) in Port Moresby in 2015, which resulted several recommendations including to send the fact finding team against human right violations in Papua. It indicates the conflict of violence and human right violation are still happening in Papua,” said Tebay.
    Additionally, he also said the meeting also discussed about the plan to form the Military Regional Command in Manokwari, West Papua Province and Mobile Brigade Headquarters in Wamena. “The objection from mostly Papuan people on the establishment of Military Regional Command could potentially arise the further mistrust towards the Indonesian Government,” Tebay said.
    Both Dr. Adriana and Pater Neles also said the implementation of simultaneous regional head election on 9 December 2015 in 11 regencies of Papua Province and 9 regencies of West Papua Province is disposed to conflict as the ‘noken’ system is still applied in some regencies.
    “In some polling stations in the Central Highland area, the regional head election would use the noken system referred to the Melanesian cultural tradition. According to the Constitutional Court Decree No. 47-48 Year 2009, the voting used the noken system is legal, but it has a tendency to be manipulated,” Dr. Adriana said.
    “Besides, the implementation of regional head election in Pegunungan Bintang Regency and Yahukimo Regency are full risk of geographical and access of transportation of polling box distribution due to the long-distance of the capital city to the polling stations. Another violence potency related to the regional head election is supporters’ crash that potentially occurred in Nabire, Waropen, Keerom, dan Boven Digoel,” added Pater Neles.
    Through this 7th exploratory meeting, LIPI, JDP and participants further said both resources have resulted several inputs for the local governments related to the political and security affairs as well as legal and human right issues in Papua.
    Here following seven recommendations for the government: 1) State to the public about the progress of investigation and obstacles in the process of human right violation solving in Papua; (2) Conduct socialization about the urgency of Military Regional Command in West Papua Province and Mobile Brigade Headquarters in Wamena; (3) Guarantee the transparent and neutrality of the election commissionaires, Police/Military personnel and civil servants in the implementation of simultaneous regional head election in Papua; 4) Appoint a diplomat who understand the Papua issues in responding the externalization or regionalization of Papua issues; 5) Build a peace in Papua through a gradual process of dialog by involving the relevant stakeholders; (6) Guarantee the implementation of the Law No. 21/2001 about the Special Autonomy for Papua Province as amended in the Law No.35/2008 could run optimal and consistent; and (7) Strengthen the coordination of three pillars (Local Government, Local Parliament and People’s Assembly) in Papua related to the optimization of the Law No. 21/2001 on the Special Autonomy for Papua Province as amended in the Law No. 35/2008. (Victor Mambor/rom)

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    4)

    Salvaging Democracy for West Papuans in the Face of Australia-Indonesia Obstruction

    The Asia-Pacific Journal, Vol. 13, Issue. 45, No. 1, November 23, 2015

    Camellia Webb-Gannon

    Introduction
    This article argues that the democratic ideals espoused by Australia and Indonesia fall short in application to West Papua and West Papuans, and notes that such shortcomings are legitimated by mainstream media’s exoticist portrayals of West Papuans, particularly in Australia. The antidemocratic policies and processes of each government with regard to West Papua actually enable the (by and large) “good” bilateral relations at the state level to remain intact. However, this article contends that democracy, as practiced by civil society actors at the grassroots and digital network level in Australia and West Papua, creates cracks in the official Australia-Indonesia state relationship. Australian concerns over Indonesian human rights abuses in West Papua have traditionally been overlooked at the state level in favor of pursuing an amicable bilateral relationship.
    However by forging digital activist networks locally and internationally—including building West Papuan-indigenous Australian partnerships, West Papuans are participating in a grassroots democratization process with global outreach, refusing to be sacrificed on the altar of regional realpolitik. The article concludes with a cautionary account of an apparent attempt by an opportunistic Australian political movement to hijack West Papuan democratization for its own ends, a threat West Papuan and Australian civil society activists are currently moving to contain……………….

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    5) House Ethics Council Begins Setya Freeport Shakedown Probe
    By : Hotman Siregar | on 11:50 AM November 23, 2015
    Jakarta. House of Representatives' Ethics Council on Monday begins an internal meeting to determine the fate of House speaker Setya Novanto after his alleged financial shakedown of mining giant Freeport Indonesia.

    "This is a massive case which must be solved for the sake of the country and nation," Junimart Girsang, deputy chairman of the Ethics Council, told reporters in Jakarta.
    Junimart pointed out that at the meeting, which he expected to be "open for public," experts would face the Ethics Council and submit verification results of a recording conversation between Setya, Freeport Indonesia president director Maroef Sjamsoeddin and businessman M. Riza Chalid, which allegedly proves the huge shakedown attempt.
    The recording was enclosed with a complaint lodged by Energy and Mineral Resources Minister Sudirman Said who claimed that the Golkar politician, in a meeting in June with Maroef and Riza, sought to have a 20 percent stake in the company divested through him, on the pretext that the shares would go to President Joko Widodo and Vice President Jusuf Kalla.

    "[The Ethics Council] meeting will last a maximum seven days during which period we will keep in touch with the plaintiffs, defendants and everyone else who is in the recording," Junimart said.
    Junimart ensured that the Ethics Council would only give sanctions for any violations of regulations for House members if Setya was proven guilty.
    Setya is currently also facing a possible motion of no confidence, as legislators claim his alleged misconduct has disgraced the House.
    The motion — initiated by lawmakers from the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P), the National Democratic (NasDem) Party, the People's Conscience (Hanura) Party and the National Awakening Party (PKB) — is expected to be submitted today.


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    1) KNPB Spokesperson: Papuans are in Charge of its Own Fate 
    2) Eight Abepura Prisoners Obtain Decennial Remission
    4) Salvaging Democracy for West Papuans in the Face of Australia-Indonesia Obstruction
    5) House Ethics Council Begins Setya Freeport Shakedown Probe

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    1) KNPB Spokesperson: Papuans are in Charge of its Own Fate 
    Victor MamborNov 20, 2015

    Jayapura, Jubi – Papua is capable of standing on its own feet, Central West Papua National Committee (KNPB) spokesperson Bazoka Logo asserted.
    “Papuans can take a lead without anyone’s help,” accompanying Warpo Wetipo and other colleagues he told Jubi during the final volley match of KNPB Cup I volleyball tournament held at Taman Budaya Expo, Jayapura City on last week.
    He said his statement was related to the tournament that was held without outside contributions.
    “All donation was provided by the people of West Papua. It indicates that we Papuans can stand on our land on our own,” Bazoka said.
    He further cited a religious quote from the late I.S. Kijne (Wasior, 25 October 2015), “Upon this stone, I laid the civilization of Papuans. Even if he was genius, wise and well educated, but he shall not able to lead this nation. It would arise and lead themselves,” said Kijne that written on so-called today as the civilization stone. “The message becomes the important historical site in the civilization of the West Papua nation.
    His prophecy will become a certainty that still has no answer until today. But, we are sure it will be answered someday,” he said.
    Meanwhile the Chairman Committee of KNPB Cup I 2015, Warpo Wetipa said today nationalism has found it way. Through this tournament, it has shown a will to be united. (Abeth You/rom)


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    2) Eight Abepura Prisoners Obtain Decennial Remission
    Victor Mambor Nov 21, 2015
    Jayapura, Jubi – Eight prisoners of Abepura Prison, Papua, were granted sentence cuts given every 10 years under Indonesian Law. Prisoners who obtained remission are those who previously given the general and special such as in public holiday.
    The current decennial remission was applied in 2015, which was given to eight prisoners including the prominent Papua’s political prisoner Filep Jacob Samuel Karma who’s sentenced for 15 years to peacefully stand for Papua independence.
    Karma once refused both general and decennial remission offered by the government. He planned to pursue his fifteen years ‘contract’ at the Abepura Prison until 2019, though finally he was ‘forced’ out on 19 November 2015.
    The Head of The Prisoners Division of the Law and Human Rights Ministry of Papua Region, Johan Yarangga said the decennial remission is merely given once every ten years to the prisoners who have undergone a minimum of six months of detentions and considered a good behavior. The remission is given to all types of prisoners, both criminal and political prisoners and to those who have obtained a general or special remission.
    Further, Yarangga who’s former Abepura Prison Chief said of eight prisoners given the remission, only Filep Karma is directly released while the seven prisoners still undergo their remaining detention period. “Except Filep Karma, seven prisoners are still in jail to undergo their remaining detention period,” he said.
    The decennial remission is referring to the Indonesian Ministry of Law and Human Right’s Decree No: W.30-300-PK.01.01.02 Year 2015 dated 15 October 2015 of Law and Human Rights Regional Papua Office. The Ministry Official Abner Banosro on behalf the Indonesian Minister of Law and Human Rights Affairs signed the decree. Yarangga said the eight prisoners are consisting of seven regular prisoners and a political prisoner.
    They are Agus Risdiyanto with a month and 15 days remission; Ir. Ahkmad Yusmam MM (2 months); Aloysius Leonard Fanghoy SE (2 months); Asmar Hamza Batjo (3 months); Musrifah SE (2 months); Oktovianus Karet SE (2 months); Amirudin Bedu (1 month, 15 days), political prisoner Drs. Filep J. Samuel Karma with three months remission.
    Karma’s Attorney Olga Hamadi said the decennial remission is a prisoner’s right including her client. Though her client refused the offer, she revealed her client didn’t get the same right like other prisoners. “His rights as prisoner to get meals, health service, and so on was gone. And other prisoner will also occupy his jail. He certainly should get out, getting remission is his right,” said Hamadi.
    Earlier, Karma refused the remission from the Indonesian Government including the decennial remission. According to him, for the security reason, he preferred to stay in jail rather to become a free man, which he considers more risk. Karma told Jubi at the time before his release on last week ,” This remission gives no different as if escaping from the small jail to the big one. The Indonesian jail, the imperialist jail.” (Yuliana Lantipo/rom)
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    Victor Mambor Nov 20, 2015
    Jakarta, Jubi – The Indonesian Institute of Science (LIPI) and Papua Peace Network (JDP) held the 7th Exploratory Summit on 17-19 November 2015 at Sentul City, Bogor to discuss the roots of problems in Papua. The previous meetings were held at Jimbaran (Bali), Manado, Lombok, Yogyakarta, Semarang and Jakarta.
    “The 7th summit is aimed to (1) discuss the root of political, legal, security and human rights issues in Papua in addition to discussing contributions from participants and speakers in order to materialize Papua as Peace Land,” LIPI researcher Dr. Adriana Elisabeth who led the Road Map Papua study told Jubi on Thursday (19/11/2015) at Hotel Haris, Sentul City.
    Further, she said the meeting was also to anticipate the potential for violence in the run up to the simultaneous regional head elections on 9 December 2015.
    She said representatives of government ministries, security agencies, univerisities, non-governmental organizations and the media, including Jubi, participated in the meeting.
    Dr. Neles Tebai said the exploratory meeting has discussed several issues related to externalization or regionalization of Papua conflict issues in the Asia Pacific region. “It’s including the recognition of the United Liberation Movement of West Papua (ULMWP) as observer in the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) in June 2015. Regionalization gets intents along with the discussion on human right violations issue in Papua during the Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) in Port Moresby in 2015, which resulted several recommendations including to send the fact finding team against human right violations in Papua. It indicates the conflict of violence and human right violation are still happening in Papua,” said Tebay.
    Additionally, he also said the meeting also discussed about the plan to form the Military Regional Command in Manokwari, West Papua Province and Mobile Brigade Headquarters in Wamena. “The objection from mostly Papuan people on the establishment of Military Regional Command could potentially arise the further mistrust towards the Indonesian Government,” Tebay said.
    Both Dr. Adriana and Pater Neles also said the implementation of simultaneous regional head election on 9 December 2015 in 11 regencies of Papua Province and 9 regencies of West Papua Province is disposed to conflict as the ‘noken’ system is still applied in some regencies.
    “In some polling stations in the Central Highland area, the regional head election would use the noken system referred to the Melanesian cultural tradition. According to the Constitutional Court Decree No. 47-48 Year 2009, the voting used the noken system is legal, but it has a tendency to be manipulated,” Dr. Adriana said.
    “Besides, the implementation of regional head election in Pegunungan Bintang Regency and Yahukimo Regency are full risk of geographical and access of transportation of polling box distribution due to the long-distance of the capital city to the polling stations. Another violence potency related to the regional head election is supporters’ crash that potentially occurred in Nabire, Waropen, Keerom, dan Boven Digoel,” added Pater Neles.
    Through this 7th exploratory meeting, LIPI, JDP and participants further said both resources have resulted several inputs for the local governments related to the political and security affairs as well as legal and human right issues in Papua.
    Here following seven recommendations for the government: 1) State to the public about the progress of investigation and obstacles in the process of human right violation solving in Papua; (2) Conduct socialization about the urgency of Military Regional Command in West Papua Province and Mobile Brigade Headquarters in Wamena; (3) Guarantee the transparent and neutrality of the election commissionaires, Police/Military personnel and civil servants in the implementation of simultaneous regional head election in Papua; 4) Appoint a diplomat who understand the Papua issues in responding the externalization or regionalization of Papua issues; 5) Build a peace in Papua through a gradual process of dialog by involving the relevant stakeholders; (6) Guarantee the implementation of the Law No. 21/2001 about the Special Autonomy for Papua Province as amended in the Law No.35/2008 could run optimal and consistent; and (7) Strengthen the coordination of three pillars (Local Government, Local Parliament and People’s Assembly) in Papua related to the optimization of the Law No. 21/2001 on the Special Autonomy for Papua Province as amended in the Law No. 35/2008. (Victor Mambor/rom)

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    4)

    Salvaging Democracy for West Papuans in the Face of Australia-Indonesia Obstruction

    The Asia-Pacific Journal, Vol. 13, Issue. 45, No. 1, November 23, 2015

    Camellia Webb-Gannon

    Introduction
    This article argues that the democratic ideals espoused by Australia and Indonesia fall short in application to West Papua and West Papuans, and notes that such shortcomings are legitimated by mainstream media’s exoticist portrayals of West Papuans, particularly in Australia. The antidemocratic policies and processes of each government with regard to West Papua actually enable the (by and large) “good” bilateral relations at the state level to remain intact. However, this article contends that democracy, as practiced by civil society actors at the grassroots and digital network level in Australia and West Papua, creates cracks in the official Australia-Indonesia state relationship. Australian concerns over Indonesian human rights abuses in West Papua have traditionally been overlooked at the state level in favor of pursuing an amicable bilateral relationship.
    However by forging digital activist networks locally and internationally—including building West Papuan-indigenous Australian partnerships, West Papuans are participating in a grassroots democratization process with global outreach, refusing to be sacrificed on the altar of regional realpolitik. The article concludes with a cautionary account of an apparent attempt by an opportunistic Australian political movement to hijack West Papuan democratization for its own ends, a threat West Papuan and Australian civil society activists are currently moving to contain……………….

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    5) House Ethics Council Begins Setya Freeport Shakedown Probe
    By : Hotman Siregar | on 11:50 AM November 23, 2015
    Jakarta. House of Representatives' Ethics Council on Monday begins an internal meeting to determine the fate of House speaker Setya Novanto after his alleged financial shakedown of mining giant Freeport Indonesia.
    "This is a massive case which must be solved for the sake of the country and nation," Junimart Girsang, deputy chairman of the Ethics Council, told reporters in Jakarta.
    Junimart pointed out that at the meeting, which he expected to be "open for public," experts would face the Ethics Council and submit verification results of a recording conversation between Setya, Freeport Indonesia president director Maroef Sjamsoeddin and businessman M. Riza Chalid, which allegedly proves the huge shakedown attempt.
    The recording was enclosed with a complaint lodged by Energy and Mineral Resources Minister Sudirman Said who claimed that the Golkar politician, in a meeting in June with Maroef and Riza, sought to have a 20 percent stake in the company divested through him, on the pretext that the shares would go to President Joko Widodo and Vice President Jusuf Kalla.
    "[The Ethics Council] meeting will last a maximum seven days during which period we will keep in touch with the plaintiffs, defendants and everyone else who is in the recording," Junimart said.
    Junimart ensured that the Ethics Council would only give sanctions for any violations of regulations for House members if Setya was proven guilty.
    Setya is currently also facing a possible motion of no confidence, as legislators claim his alleged misconduct has disgraced the House.
    The motion — initiated by lawmakers from the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P), the National Democratic (NasDem) Party, the People's Conscience (Hanura) Party and the National Awakening Party (PKB) — is expected to be submitted today.

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    2) Jokowi Ask Ministers to End Polemic on Freeport
    3) Dispatches: Indonesia Frees Papuan Political Prisoner

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    TUESDAY, 24 NOVEMBER, 2015 | 08:42 WIB
    1) Soldiers Seize Rifle in RI-PNG Borders

    TEMPO.COJayapura-Indonesian soldiers stationed on the Papua New Guinea border have seized a rifle and 33 rounds of 5.56-mm ammunition from a resident.
    "The rifle and tens of rounds of ammunition were confiscated when the 406/CK task force at the Bompay post, led by 1st Lt. Karno, conducted a raid on the street connecting Bompay village to Senggi village," said commander of the 406/CK infantry battalion Lt. Col, Aswin Kartawijaya, in a press statement released on Monday, November 23.
    According to Col Kartawijaya, soldiers seized the rifle from Jefri while he was crossing the border, along with three people in a car.
    "Based on the results of the investigation, the rifle is usually used to hunt animals in the forest," he said.
    The seizure indicated that many residents living near the borders possess rifles, he said.
    "For its part, we will continue conducting raids and patrols on the street connecting Bompay and Senggi villages. The rifle and rounds of ammunition and their suspected owner will be handed over to the chief of the 172/PWY military resort command as commander of the operation implementation command," he said.
    He noted that his soldiers will continue conducting raids to create a safe situation along the borders.
    Commander of the operations implementation command Col. Sugiyono praised the military personnel for their job well done.
    ANTARA
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    TUESDAY, 24 NOVEMBER, 2015 | 07:30 WIB
    2) Jokowi Ask Ministers to End Polemic on Freeport

    TEMPO.COBogor-President Joko Widodo asked his ministers to ended the polemic regarding contract extension of PT Freeport Indonesia. Minister were also reminded not to fall for the political process in the Parliament Honor Council (MKD), that is trying Speaker of the House Setya Novanto.
    "I make this clear, avoid collision between ministries. Do not start a public debate that reflects differences,” said President Jokowi before the start of a cabinet meeting at the presidential palace in Bogor, West Java, on Monday. The President also said that differences between ministries and state institutions should only be presented in the cabinet meeting forum.
    Cabinet Secretary Pramono Agung added that the President respects and wait for the whole process in MKD. The government, said Pramono, will not interfere in the political process in the House. “Whether the session will be open or closed, it is the authority of the House. The government will not interfere," said Pramono.
    The Freeport contract extension polemic occurred between the Coordinating Minister for Political, Legal and Security Affairs, Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan, and Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources, Sudirman Said. Luhut publicly denounced Sudirman’s step to report Speaker of the House Setya Novanto to MKD because of profiteering the president’s name to ask for Freeport shares.
    According to Luhut, Sudirman Said’s efforts are not preceded by any notice to the president. As a result, Luhut considered Sudirman’s report to MKD was his own initiative. Later, Vice President Jusuf Kalla asserted that Sudirman had reported to the president before submitting evidence, transcripts and recordings, containing voice recordings of Setya Novanto to MKD.
    After the cabinet meeting, Luhut confirmed that the president prohibited his ministers to openly debate the Freeport contract extension. The President, said Luhut, has instructed Cabinet Secretary Pramono Agung to explain the divestment, the extension of the contract of work, and the benefits of Freeport for the people of Papua. On the matter of profiteering on behalf of the President, Vice President, and himself by Setya Novanto, Luhut said: "I told you, I do not want to answer."
    ANANDA TERESIA | FAIZ NASHRILLAH | SITA
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    2) RI expected to release  more Papuan political prisoners 
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    1) 41 kids die from mystery  disease in Papua
    Nethy Dharma Somba, The Jakarta Post, Jayapura | Headlines | Tue, November 24 2015, 6:27 PM -
    A large number of children, many below the age of seven, have died of an unexplained disease in Mbuwa district, Nduga regency, Papua, following the start of the rainy season in early November.

    A medical team consisting of health workers from Nduga, Wamena and Jayawijaya regencies arrived at the location but have yet to ascertain the cause of the deaths.

    “As many as 41 children have died, as of today. They present with a slight illness at first but die shortly after these initial signs. The medical team from Nduga Health Office, assisted by the Wamena Health Office may have returned home, but the cause of these deaths remains uncertain,” said Mbuwa district chief Erias Gwijangge, during a call to The Jakarta Post on Monday. 

    Erias said Nduga and surrounding areas had experienced drought and were exposed to haze from forest fires. Rain only fell in the past month. When the rain began, a number of livestock, such as pigs and poultry, also died abruptly.

    “Many of the children died prior to the livestock but there was no report of child fatalities, only in the last three days,” said Erias.

    When contacted by the Post, Wamena City community health clinic analysis member Yan Hubi, who joined the trip to Mbuwa district, said his clinic analyzed blood samples of the children to find out if the children had been infected by malaria, but all were negative.

    Yan returned to Mbuwa on Nov. 17. A doctor and several other medical workers are also continuing to conduct medical treatment in Mbuwa.

    According to Yan, when a long drought hit the Pegunungan Tengah mountain range region in 1998, including Nduga, a malaria epidemic took place and killed hundreds of people. The symptoms of those who died were similar to the recent deaths.

    “They initially caught the flu, then diarrhea and then later, they died. We asked for malaria analysis, conducted a rapid test in the district and later a microscopic test at a lab in Wamena. Of the 70 blood samples, all were negative for malaria,” said Yan, who was also involved in blood analysis during the 1998 malaria epidemic in the Pegunungan Tengah region.

    Indonesia is among 22 countries in the Asia-Pacific region that face a malaria endemic that causes an estimated 32 million infections and more than 47,000 deaths annually. 

    Five provinces including Papua, West Papua, Maluku, North Maluku and East Nusa Tenggara contribute to escalating malaria cases in Indonesia, with 1.38 infections per 1,000 people reported in 2014.

    Last month, Bill Gates, cochair of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Ray Chambers, the UN Secretary-General’s special envoy for financing the Health Millennium Development Goals for Malaria, launched an in-depth report on the measures required to eradicate malaria.

    Pegunungan Tengah member of the Papua People’s Assembly (MRP) Luis Madai said the deaths of the 41 children should be immediately investigated by the Nduga regency and Papua provincial administrations, as well as the Health Ministry.

    “It is a tragedy and every stakeholder must immediately take measures to resolve the incident. We must immediately find out the causes and provide help,” said Madai.

    He added the Pegunungan Tengah region was hit by the hog cholera virus from 2005 to 2010 that caused thousands of livestock, especially pigs, to die. “We fear the virus has mutated to humans and this must immediately be analyzed,” said Madai.

    Madai has urged the Papua Health Office to declare the deaths of the 41 children as an extraordinary occurrence, as a matter of immediate urgency, to ensure the issue receives significant and sufficient handling so as to prevent the epidemic in Mbuwa from spreading to other areas in the Pegunungan Tengah region.

    Nduga regency gained autonomy from Jayawijaya regency based on Law No. 6/2008 and was inaugurated as a definitive regency on July 21, 2008. 

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    2) RI expected to release  more Papuan political prisoners 

    thejakartapost.com, Jakarta | National | Tue, November 24 2015, 1:46 PM
    Rights group Human Rights Watch (HRW) has praised an Indonesian government move to release Papuan political prisoner Filep Karma, who has spent 11 years behind bars for raising the Morning Star flag, a West Papua independence symbol.
    “This raises hopes that others arrested for exercising their rights to free expression and association in Indonesia may also be released,” HRW deputy Asia director Phelim Kine said in a statement on Monday.
    Originally sentenced to 15 years in prison, Karma was released on Nov. 19 thanks to remissions he received.
    HRW noted that in November 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention called Filep a political prisoner and asked the Indonesian government to release him “immediately and unconditionally”, but the latter rejected the recommendation.
    “Some hope that President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo’s willingness to release Karma shows that his government may finally make meaningful moves to empty Indonesian prisons of the dozens of other political prisoners [they hold],” said Kine.
    During a visit to Jayapura, Papua, in May, President Jokowi announced clemency for five Papuan political prisoners. However, NGO Papuans Behind Bars lists a total of 38 Papuans who are currently locked up or awaiting trial on charges that violate their freedom of expression and association.
    Meanwhile, the Tamasu human rights group reports that there are an estimated 29 political prisoners in the Maluku Islands.
    HRW says most political prisoners in Indonesia were convicted of makar (rebellion or treason). Both the Papuan Morning Star flag and the Benang Raja (rainbow) flag of the Republic of South Maluku (RMS) are banned, along with other symbols, flags and logos that relate to separatist movements, it says.
    “Jokowi should make the release of all of Indonesia’s remaining political prisoners a political priority,” Kine said.
    “Until he does, every one of those political prisoners makes a mockery of Indonesia’s claim to be a rights-respecting nation,” he declared. (ebf)(+)

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    4) Churches and citizens in  Papua reject circumcision -
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    General Chairman of the Central West Papua National Committee, Victor Yeimo – Jubi


    Victor Mambor Nov 24, 2015
    Nabire, Jubi – General Chairman of the Central West Papua National Committee, Victor Yeimo, urged Indonesia and the United States to withdraw from Papua. 
    “To Indonesian colonialists and American imperialists, we are Papuans, the nation you’ve occupied and robbed, we convey that we are surprised, disgusted and sick of watching you act like wild animals living in our garden,” Yeimo said on Monday (23/11/2015).
    He said the dispute over PT. Freeport Indonesia’s contract extension demonstrates the colonialistic and imperialistic tendencies of the two countries.
    No better future is in sight for Papuans under Indonesian rule, he said.
    “We only ask for the right of self-determination that have been sabotaged in 1969 by the United States of America and the Republic of Indonesia for the presence of Freeport McMoRand in West Papua territorial in 1967,” he said.
    He claimed that Freeport was the main reason behind the implementation of Act of Free Choice in 1969  that certainly has violated international law and human rights principles. Therefore, he will keep asking PT. FI to be terminated and exit from Papua.
    “Therefore we ask Freeport to stop operating in West Papua until the completion of the political status of West Papua thoroughly, democratically and peacefully according to the appropriated universal principles through referendum,” he said.
    He also condemned a number of elites and culprits who talk on behalf of Papua nation to get involved in the political and economic compromise with Indonesia and the United States. “Because, everything related to politic and economy partnership in West Papua territorial is fully in the hands of KNPB as mediator of West Papua’s struggle to fight for their self-determination,” he said.
    Earlier, Papua Governor Lukas Enembe claimed the provincial government had never been involved by the central government concerning to contract extension of PT. Freeport Indonesia located in Mimika Regency.
    “So, if Freeport or other parties said they have involved the government, what government? Because the Papua Provincial Government is the representative of the central government at regional level,” he said in Jayapura on Monday (16/11/2015). (Abeth You/rom)

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    Victor Mambor Nov 24, 2015
    Jayapura, Jubi – Papua legislator Laurenzus Kandepa said House of Representatives speaker Setya Novanto has tarnished the reputation of the legislature because his alleged attempt to extort Freeport Indonesia over contract extension negotiations, but the mining compnay is no better. 
    “Freeport is worst than Novanto who used the president and vice-president’s names concerning to the contract extension with PT. Freeport,” Kadepa said.
    “All this time Freeport has never respected the land tenure owners. What it has given to the seven tribes is not comparable to local natural resources it took,” Kadepa told Jubi by phone on Monday (23/11/2015).
    According to him, Freeport ignored the voices of the Papuan people, the landowners and local government in Papua.
    “Freeport accommodates only the interest of Jakarta while it’s located in Papua. It’s certainly not right,” he said.
    Even so, he agreed if Setya Novanto to be prosecuted according to the Law. But, he further said, it doesn’t mean Freeport could think they are fine. “It’s time to abolish mafia. The attitude shown by Freeport Chief in the recording must be appreciated,” he said. According to him, the central government’s officials to not just take benefit from Freeport, while the landowners in Papua never had been considered though its operation area are located in Papua.
    “Today the people’s House of Representative means nothing in this country. However we also should question the Freeport’s alibi to record their conversation,” he said.
    Setya Novanto himself admitted the publictor Mambor Nov 24, 2015shed recording transcript was his conversation with Freeport Chief, but it is not complete. He regretted it.  “If the transcript is complete, you will find out that Freeport has good intention. Therefore I regret it. My conversation had good intention. I suspect there is certain purpose in distributing the conversation transcript, furthermore it’s not complete,” said Setya Novanto as cited from various online media. (Arjuna Pademme/rom)
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    Victor Mambor Nov 24, 2015

    Jayapura, Jubi – Papuan Legislator from Tolikara Electoral area, Orwan Tolli Wone, criticized the trial against two GIDI young members JW and AK related to the incident occurred in Tolikara on 17 July 2015.
    Wone, who’s Deputy Chairman of the Commission I of the Papua Representative Council for Politics, Government, Law and Human Rights Affairs, said he suspected there are parties who forced the Tolikara Muslim figure Ustadz Ali Muktar to testify in the trial.
    “I assume there are those want to force Ustadz Ali Muktar to testify on the trial. Please stop it. Do not mess up the situation. Ustadz Ali Muktar also knew the problem is over,” said Wone on Monday (23/11/2015).
    According to him, Ustadz Ali is certainly do not want to misstep. He knew if he made a mistake, people would have questioned his attitude. “Finally he tried to escape. He is an ustadz (religious teacher), so he won’t do a mistake,” he said.
    Further Wone asked the law enforcement in particular the prosecutor to terminate the legal process against JW and AK. He said do not let the situation arising clash among people, while now people in Tolikara are now living in harmony, secured and peaceful. He said stop to play a scenario to charge both suspects with lawsuits. “It’s not too complicated issue. GIDI and Muslim in Tolikara have agreed to reconcile. The local government has been built Mushola (small mosque) and stalls that were burned in the incident. But certain parties want the case taken to the court. I assume there is a political interest behind it,” he said.
    He said now the public emphasizes the law enforcement in this case that the law was not executed according to the principle of justice. 11 people were shot and one was died but it has never been investigated.
    “They are also Indonesian citizens, are they? But why did it get less attention from the Military Commander, Papua Police Chief and other officials to investigate it. It’s a failure of law enforcement in Papua.  Do not because of law it triggers a friction in the community.  “Because if the trial against both suspects still continue, people would think they are discriminated, especially the shooting victims families,” he added.
    Earlier, the trial of Tolikara incident on Tuesday (17/11/2015) was suspended to Thursday (19/11/2015) due to the absence of witnesses including Ustadz Ali Muhktar who was in Java for the family reason. When contacted by Jubi,
    Ali Muktar said he would like to come if he was asked to. However, right now he cannot leave his wife who currently under medical treatment. “Yes, if I was asked I will go there (Jayapura), but currently my wife must get a therapy, so I must accompany her,” he said by phone at that time.
    According to him he expected the interfaith communities in Tolikara could live peacefully as previous. Related to the request to withdraw his report and release the two young men, he said he also should ask the opinion from other Muslim community in Tolikara. “I really understand if these young men were still in custody, people in Tolikara must feel uncomforted. I want them to be released, their legal process to be terminated, but also must think the Muslim communities in Tolikara. (Arjuna Pademme/rom)
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    4) Churches and citizens in  Papua reject circumcision - 

    thejakartapost.com, Jakarta | Archipelago | Wed, November 25 2015, 3:49 PM -
    Arguing based on religious belief, citizens and church leaders in Paniai regency, Papua, have rejected a local hospital policy of circumcising boys and men to help curb the spread of HIV/AIDS.
    Febur Mote, head of the Paniai regional hospital, said on Wednesday that several churches immediately destroyed the invitations flyers they received. He said that the predominantly Christian population of Paniai was against circumcision because they believed that God's creation must not be altered, and because the practice is widely believed to be something done by Muslims and not Christians.
    "The Health Office only wanted to promote [circumcision] to prevent HIV/AIDS and other sexual transmitted diseases," Febur said as quoted by Antara news agency.
    The hospital had tried to educate people about the health benefits of circumcision but, as Febur explains, it proved a difficult task to change people’s minds.
    Despite the rejections, the hospital will continue to promote circumcision to government agencies (SKPD), churches and schools around Paniai.
    “So far, as a result of our efforts, only 67 people have been circumcised. A large portion of the population have rejected it,” he said.
    The Papua AIDS Eradication Commission (KPAD) revealed that people infected with AIDS had grown at an alarming rate in Indonesia's eastern-most province, with the disease having affecting 19,000 people since the virus was first detected in Merauke in 1992, KPAD secretary Constant Karma said in July. She further explained that circumcision prevented men from contracting venereal diseases, a stepping stone in the spread of HIV/AIDS.
    In 2007, the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNAIDS argued that circumcising men in high-risk AIDS areas could reduce the risk of HIV infection by approximately 60 percent. (liz/rin)(+)


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    2) Carbon Emission Reduction Needs Synchronization : BPLH Papua Province

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    http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/1894178-in-remote-indonesia-dont-blame-the-locals-for-conservation-concerns/

    1) In Remote Indonesia, Don’t Blame the Locals for Conservation Concerns

    By Arleen Richards, Epoch Times | November 24, 2015 Last Updated: November 24, 2015 6:47 pm



    A conservation expert and his team challenged the notion that expert help from the outside is the only way to preserve some of the world’s most valuable and unique ecosystems.
    Ecologist Douglas Sheil and his team started on a conservation mission in 2004. Experts in establishing relationships with remote communities, the team was sent to villages of West Papua, Indonesia by Conservation International (CI) to pave the way for the America-based NGO to come in and assess conservation needs.
    But after living for a while in two villages in the Mamberamo-Foja region, the team discovered something—villagers already had a protective system in place, and they were conserving the land quite well.
    Three years later, he went back and documented what they were doing as a case study, which he and his co-authors recently published.
    The study addresses a conflict Sheil has seen before: professional conservation organizations saying they need to protect unique resource-rich lands, and locals not getting credit for already protecting the land and often getting blamed for not doing it right.

    Papua Nature Reserve

    Papua used to shelter the largest, untouched tropical forest wilderness in the Asia-Pacific region, according to a 2010 study Sheil co-authored. New Guinea, the second largest island on Earth (the west half of which belongs to Indonesia), is home to an estimated 14,000 to 25,000 unknown plant species. Indonesia is one of the world’s most biologically diverse countries.

    The Mamberamo lowlands are dissected by meandering rivers, and crocodile infested swamps, Papua, Indonesia. (Courtesy of Douglas Sheil)
    In 1991, the Indonesian government declared the region a nature reserve in need of conservation protection, but the military Dictatorship—led by Indonesian president Suharto—wanted to plant oil palm and sold off land after very little consultation, said Sheil in a Skype conversation from Norway. But not in Mamberamo as it was too remote.
    “But of course those people were there when the nature reserve was declared and nobody ever asked them their views about declaring it. So in a sense it’s kind of ridiculous,” said Sheil.
    Today the land is still a reserve on paper, so technically there shouldn’t be people living there. But the communities do know that, probably due to Sheil’s work, and since no conservation staff has ever moved in, the communities are still the ones managing the land.

    Making Friends

    In the 1990s, there was uncontrolled logging and widespread forest fires in the region, which severely shattered precious forest ecosystems.
    In 2000, after the fall of the Suharto dictatorship, CI wanted to go into the remote Mamberamo-Foja region and visit the sacred mountains to develop a conservation support program.

    The organization had initial discussions with a few communities but couldn’t work in the mountains where they thought many special species existed because the locals were distrustful and wouldn’t let them in. 
    In 2004, Sheil and his team were hired to help. A professor at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Sheil was working for the non-profit Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) at the time. CIFOR works to help decision-makers and communities determine how best to conserve forests and landscapes.
    Sheil had led several expeditions in other countries for CIFOR and was often the spokesperson called on to establish relationships with remote communities.
    He went in with a team of 25, which included Papua students to help with building trust. They spent several weeks without running water, sleeping in huts on floors made from loose branches, and many of his team caught malaria despite taking antimalarial medication.
    Over time, he said, these naturally kind and generous people warm up to outsiders, and he can genuinely make friends. By the end, they were able to get the permission for CI.

    Pattern of Conflict

    Sheil explained what happened next: “CI’s team of biologists went in and discovered lots of new species and made a lot of publicity out of that,” he said. He recalled some news articles at the time suggesting that communities would exploit the resources and kill all the birds of paradise for profit. 
    These “new” species weren’t new to the local people of course, who were already taking care of the land without outside help.

    For these groups of people, their land is very much their identity.


    In his experience, forest inhabitants are very much in tune with their land ownership obligations, said Sheil.
    “For these groups of people, their land is very much their identity … There’s no question this belongs to their ancestors, this belongs to their great grandchildren,” he said. Douglas Sheil



    Scoring the importance of different elements of the local landscape is one way to assess what matters and why, in Kwerba, Papua, Indonesia. (Courtesy of Douglas Sheil)
    At first, Sheil recalled he felt intimidated by the defensive stance of the locals. They didn’t hesitate to tell him how previous people had tricked them.
    “The people in Papua don’t really like what’s happening to them,” he said, and since the central government views them as “very primitive” they don’t get much support.
    “There’s a huge kind of rift,” he said, between the sophisticated Javanese people and the Papuas “who don’t dress.” This has resulted in a lot of conflict.
    Sheil has seen this conflict many times between conservationists and the local people.
    “The conservation authorities are like an embattled military trying to protect a certain tract of land or animals from these predatory communities,” he said, recalling experiences in Africa.
    The communities “get blamed,” he added.
    So Sheil, who had gone in thinking he needed to identify and explore the opportunities for conservation, came out thinking that “the communities themselves are really the primary force that’s maintaining the forest there.”

    Study Visit

    After his first stay, Sheil wanted to go back and learn more. In 2007, Sheil and colleague Manuel Boissiere took a smaller team to the Mamberamo-Foja region to conduct his own study of on-the-ground environmental monitoring activities that he noted in 2004.
    The team selected three communities, which encompassed 3,000 square kilometers (1,158 sq. miles) and studied their threat and resource monitoring tactics.
    After group discussions, surveys, and individual interviews, among other methods, the team learned that all of the communities used diverse methods and that autonomous monitoring was an integral part of people’s lives and cultures.

    Developing maps with local people is one way to develop a shared understanding of the local landscape and its significance, pictured in Kwerba village, Papua, Indonesia. (Courtesy of Douglas Sheil)
    For example, in Metaweja, people shared the responsibility of protecting the territory—paying attention to boundaries with mistrusted communities. Some households camped at strategic locations and the men reported the frequency of their visits to different portions of their territorial boundaries, looking for signs of trouble. The frequency increased according to both accessibility and level of distrust with the neighboring community.
    Monitoring is a major theme in resource management and conservation and it requires recognizing and responding to constant changes—something lacking among authorities, the report states. But in the Papua communities, observation and response were closely linked and their monitoring activities were effective at protecting the environment and deterring unregulated exploitation.

    New Threats

    Despite having a robust system for land stewardship, the local populations now face new threats they are much less prepared to handle, such as government plans for restoring biodiversity and the ongoing development activities.
    One plan is to dam the valley where the villages are located, which would flood a lot of the land. Decisions like this are made on a “very high political level” and not always shared with the local people, although land rights issues are now being treated more democratically, said Sheil.
    With these threats, the communities’ systems of monitoring are limited.


    At the same time, they haven’t been afraid to protect the land when they need to. In one instance, when he was in Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo, a company began to cut timber near a series of caves they had agreed to stay away from. The villagers forcibly confiscated the company’s vehicles and heavy machinery. Sheil said they don’t hurt anyone, but the community refused to return the equipment until a penalty was paid.
    From Sheil’s perspective, biologists and conservation professionals have long-overlooked local methods of protection. And now, communities can’t identify all the threats due to lack of governmental transparency, which increases the burden on conservation authorities.
    For now, the dam project has not gone forward. But there is rapid change in the lowlands with logging and development in neighboring lands and these communities see that.
    “People have always had the experience of seeing other communities where it hasn’t gone well,” he said.
    Sheil says these communities will give their consent for development that they want, but will reject development that threatens to take over their land. The important thing to note is these kinds of stories occur in other countries through other agencies’ efforts, he said.
    “Conservation International was smart to realize they needed the help and trust of local communities and the local government has become much more sensitive to local needs and concerns,” he added.
    ———————————————————————————
    Victor Mambor Nov 23, 2015
    Jayapura, Jubi – The government’s policy and regulation in reducing the carbon emission need to synchronize with related stakeholders, said the head of the Papua Provincial Environmental Management Agency (BPLH), Noak Kapisa.
    “The synchronization comprises budget management to support carbon emission reduction activities,” Noak Kapisa said in Jayapura on Sunday (22/11/2015).
    In Papua, Kapisa said, the provincial government has determined three regencies, namely Jayapura, Merauke and Jayawijaya, to be pilot areas of carbon emission reduction activities. For that reason, those regencies are expected to become an example of other regencies to commit to similar activities. “
    The commitment is for instance for the local government’s policy to support the carbon emission reduction activity,” he said.
    He added the good appliance and well manage of peatland areas are highly expected to reduce the elevated carbon emission that recently continues to be a national issue.
    Earlier, the Papua Regional Secretary Hery Dosinaen said the Papua Provincial Government committed to support the green house emission reduction. Its concern was indicated through the completion of two strategic planning documents, namely Strategic Action of Green House Gas (RAD GRK) and Provincial Strategic Action Plan on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (SRAP REDD).
    “SRAP REDD+ Papua from the forestry and land based sectors is an integral part of the strategic action of green house gas of Papua Province,” Dosinaen said. (Alexander Loen/rom)

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    3) Clarification on Case of Toddlers’ Death, Health Office Chief Never on the Scene, says the Nduga Regent

    4) Islands in focus: Death  of 41 Papuan children investigated 
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    1) Transmigration Program to Create More Problems in Papua, Youth Leader Says
    Victor Mambor Nov 25, 2015
    Sorong, Jubi – Plans by the Ministry for Disadvantage Regions and Transmigration to launch a massive transmigration program to promote regional accessibility will give rise to more problems in Papua, a youth leader said.
    The Chairman of Indonesian Eastern Region Youth Forum (FPKTI), Yanto Ijie, said the influx of migrants from other parts of Indonesia could become a demographic threat for indigenous Papuans.
    “The problems in Papua are different from those in other provinces,” he told Jubi through email from Jakarta on Tuesday (24/11/2015).
    He said the recognition of basic rights of Papuans that has been regulated in the Law No.21/2001 about Papua Special Autonomy remains an issue that has to be addressed.
    “First, the right to political recognition for indigenous Papua. Second, the right to empowerment and welfare and the third, the right on wide access of transportation and communication to the entire land of Papua,” he said.
    “Fourth, the right to equal education, fifth, the right on health services to Papuans, and sixth, the right for justice in economic sharing from its natural resources,” he added.
    He further said the government obliges to provide security and safety toward Papuans. “There’s a concern among Papuans that mobilization of migrants through transmigration program would give impact towards the depopulation of indigenous Papua,” he said.
    Moi (Sorong) youth figure, Klois Yable concerned about the marginalization of indigenous Papua when the massive transmigration program was implemented. According to him, once transmigration program is running, many forests would be cut off; the landtenureship would be handed to the government that might trigger a conflict among people and marginalization of Papuans.
    “The State should do the efforts concretely in implementing the Special Autonomy Law as well as in preparing the prevalent grand design system,” he said.
    West Java Governor, Ahmad Heryawan, as reported by viva.co.id, on Wednesday (10/2/2015) signed agreement with the West Papua Provincial Government on placement location of trans-migrants.  This agreement was part of agenda in the series of the National Meeting of the Manpower and Transmigration Ministry. West Java is planning to send approximately 700 households each year according to the agreement.
    The former Minister of Manpower and Transmigration, Muhaimin Iskandar said the migration of population from several regions in Java Island to West Papua Province could drive the regional growth and development which is 5,870,642 hectares of area that is currently potential to become a location of trans-migrants. “This program is part of ten days working program of the Ministry of Manpower and Transmigration,” said Muhaimin. (Niko MB)
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    Victor Mambor Nov 25, 2015
    Jayapura, Jubi – Authorities have sent a health team after 32 toddlers in Nduga died of acute respiratory infections apparently triggered by the dry season, Nduga health chief Mesak Kogoya said.
    This extreme weather also killed pigs, chickens and dogs, he said.
    “We received this report from the Head of Nbuwa Puskesmas (public health center) and a team was established to conduct a field mission on 16 November 2015,” Kogoya told Jubi during the break of the Working Meeting of Papua Provincial Health Office and the Launching of book ‘Melawan Badai Kepunahan Gebrakan Papua Sehat Menuju Papua Bangkit Mandiri dan Sejahtera’ held at Cenderawasih University Auditorium on Tuesday (24/11/2015).
    He added when team from Nduga and Wamena Health Offices went to the field, they found three toddlers already died.
    “Until now there is no update report and I have not yet contact them to up date the progress,” he said.
    Here the following report received by Jubi from the Head of Nduga Health Office: Digilmo Church reported five children were died, Imanuel Church reported eight children, Berapngin Church reported four children, Opmo Church reported four children, Dal Church reported three children and Labirik Church reported five children.
    He said the deaths happened from 20 October to 11 November, and when he received the report from the Mbuwa Puskesmas Head, he immediately formed a team on 16 November 2016. “The team went itmmediately o the field and found a case of three children died,” he said. He denied the number of children died is forty.
    He said he believed they died because of bronchitis pneumonia or shortness of breath.
    Earlier several toddlers under two years old were reportedly dead in Mbuwa Sub-district, Nduga Regency. The medical team derived from Wamena said they also were not certain about the cause of death.
    “Initially the children got sick, but not too long they died instantly. Until now forty-one children died. The medical team from Wamena has returned from the field but the cause of death has not been founded,” Mbuwa Sub-district Chief Erias Gwijangge told reporter on Tuesday (24/11/2015).
    He explained Nduga Regency and surrounding areas were hit by drought season, even shortly exposed by fog due to He explained Nduga Regency and surrounding areas were hit by drought season, briefly exposed to smoke from land fires, and last month it started raining.  In the early weeks of raining, a number of people’s cattle such as pigs, chickens were suddenly dead. “In the past three days we didn’t receive the report on the about the children who died,” he said.
    Analyst officer at Puskesmas Wamena City, Yan Huby who joint the team said the team examined the blood sample of local children whether they had malaria but the result was negative. According to him, why did the team assume it was malaria because in 1998 when long drought stroke the Papua Central Highland area including Nduga, malaria plague has caused the death of hundreds of people.
    “It was started with flu, fever, diarrhea then passed away. We were only asked to do malaria test, we did a rapid test in sub-district, and then another microscopic test in a laboratory in Wamena. Of 70 blood samples, all are negative malaria,” he said.
    Concerning to this case, the Head of Papua Provincial Health Office, Drg. Aloysius Giay when confirmed after opening the Health Office Regional Working Meeting at Cenderawasih University Auditorium on Tuesday (24/11/2015) said he recently received a report three days ago related to incident. “We just received a report three days ago, there had not report at all during the time. Even Nduga Regent whom we confirmed also claimed he had not receive any report yet,” he said and further added he instantly instructed the team of Papua Health Office on field mission.
    The team led by Yamamoto Sasarari, the Plague and Disaster Department Chief of Papua Provincial Health Office with the Regional Red Cross Chief Dr. Berry Wopari and a medical doctor, a pediatrician, nurses, laboratory analysts and surveillance staffs.
    In the same place, the Head of Nduga Health Office, Mesai Kogoya said those who suffered of sudden dead are toddlers under two years old and origin of two sub-districts in Nduga, namely Mbuwa and Bumul Liama. “In
    Mbuwa, there is Puskesmas (community health center) as well as doctor and Barefoot Task Force team (trained health volunteer) of seven, but because of the villages are located far apart, it took two hours at least, the medical staffs could not reach all the villages,” he said.
    Meanwhile there is no Puskesmas at Bumul Liama but Pustu (community health sub-center). While Satgas Kaki Telanjang (Barefoot Task Force) is a team formed by UP2KP (Papua Health Development Acceleration Unit), a team of seven members who assist the health services in remote areas that had been unreachable by health services. Mesak explained the victims initially experienced heat, fever, chills, convulsion before died. “No diarrhea. They were only suffered by heat and fever. After get medicine, their temperature dropped to normal but hit by heat fever and convulsions and died,” he said.
    Separately, the Plague and Disaster Department Unit of the Papua Provincial Health Office, Yamamoto Sasarari explained according to the clinical description reported by his team, he assumed those toddlers suffered from bronchopneumonia.
    “But it is just an assumption. We can ensure it after examination on the ground. From the clinical description, there is also founded no hog cholera,” he explained.
    Sasarari said his team received a report that 31 toddlers who died were come from Dolgimo, Opmo, Berapngin and Labirik that all are located in Mbuwa Sub-district. A member of Papua People’s Assembly Luis Madai said the Nduga Regional Government, Papua Provincial Government and the Indonesian Health Ministry must handle the case that occurred since the early of November 2015 immediately.
    “This is a catastrophe, and all relevant stakeholders must take a prompt action to handle this incident, whether it was caused by kind of virus or something else, they must find out immediately and give help,” he said. (Roy Ratumakin/Dominggus Mampioper/rom)
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    http://tabloidjubi.com/eng/clarification-on-case-of-toddlers-death-health-office-chief-never-on-the-scene-says-the-nduga-regent/

    3) Clarification on Case of Toddlers’ Death, Health Office Chief Never on the Scene, says the Nduga Regent

    Vctor Mambor Nov 26, 2015

    Wamena, Jubi – Nduga Regent Yairus Gwijangge said 29 children have died of suspected respiratory infections in Mbua sub-district, not 40 as widely reported by the media recently.

    Gwijangge also said the children did not die at nearly the same time and that the Nduga Health Office chief who first revealed the deaths had not been in the area. Gwijangge said he and Jawijaya Police chief visited Mbua to see for themselves the situation on Wednesday (25/11).
    “I always monitor through SSB, never heard about the report on the deaths. I have just heard this problem yesterday; even I’ve heard it from the Indonesian Police headquarters instead of my local staffers,” Gwijangge told in the interview held at Jayawijaya Police Headquarters when preparing to go to Mbua Sub-district.
    He said he called the local health team and sought clarification about the matter. “I was told fewer than 40 people died. Toddlers indeed died, but the number is about 29,” he said.
    Nduga Health Office said 32 children had died in the area within one month, but the regent said the initial number had not been verified.
    “The report should be done after monitoring to the field. As the one who’s appointed, the Health Office Chief must go to the ground before disseminating this information. Related to this fact, I could tell he hasn’t come to the scene yet. They are currently attending the provincial working meeting, then the issue merely arose in the province, then grew and shocked us,” he said.
    Related to the cause of death, the health team, according to the regent, also came to the scene and took several blood samples but the results came back negative. Thus, he suggested examining whether the local people have violated local customs.
    “That’s why I suggested in addition to tackling this case through the health care system, we seek a solution through the custom point of view whether violations have happened leading to the death,” said the regent.
    He also said there is a time span between each death occasion.
    “It wasn’t two or three children died once in the time, there’s a time span. One died in this week, then another in the next week, and so on,” he explained.
    Regarding to lack of definitive information about the number of victims, the regent expected the external parties do not urge the local government, since the local government is planning to run a field visit. Meanwhile the health care team of P2PL, Amat Lokbere confirmed about the toddlers’ death occurred at Mbua Sub-district, Nduga Regency. It started to happen since 20 October 2015.
    The toddlers’ death in Mbua is true. The initial symptom was occurred on 13 October when there was a sudden dead chicken, then continue to the pigs. And the toddlers followed to die on 20 October 2015. It was occurred in two days in one place or one was dead in one church. We have sought the cause. The symptoms are including fever, high heat temperature, turn cold briefly and then died,” Lokbere said.
    He added at that time the Barefoot Task Force team from province and Puskesmas staffs came to the field and conducted examination but the result was negative.
    “We took the test result to Wamena laboratory. Both field examination and laboratory test were negative. The temporary cause of death is currently determined as the acute infectious respiratory,” said Amat Lokbere.
    “Based on our data in Mbua Sub-district, there are 29 cases of children and 3 adults, so the total is 32,” said Lokbere.
    To check the information related to the death occurred in Mbua Sub-district, Nduga Regional Government along with Jayawijaya Police go to the field on Wednesday (25/11/2015).
    “Concerning to this case, I will lead a team to the scene today, along with regional health care team. We will report our investigation to all stakeholders, especially to Papua Police as the coordinator,” said Jayawijaya Police Shemi Ronny Thaba.
    Nduga Health Office Chief Mesak Kogoya who’s earlier told the information about the case of toddlers’ death in Mbua, until 21:00 Papua time, Jubi could not contact him for confirmation on the regent’s accusing. (Wesai H/rom)



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    4) Islands in focus: Death  of 41 Papuan children investigated - 

    The Jakarta Post, Jayapura | Archipelago | Wed, November 25 2015, 3:22 PM -

    The Papua Health Office has sent a team to Mbuwa district, Nduga regency, Papua, following the deaths of 41 children from an unidentified disease. The team, which is led by the Papua Health Office’s epidemic and disaster section head Yamamoto Sasarari, is comprised of doctors, nurses, lab technicians and surveillance staffers. 

    “The team will discover the cause and seek a solution. We should not be suspicious about the children’s deaths, people must go to the field to seek the cause,” said Papua Health office head Aloysius Giay, after opening a working meeting on health in Papua at the Cenderawasih University Hall on Tuesday. 

    Giay said he only received a report regarding the incident three days ago. “There was no report at all before that. When we confirmed the matter with the Nduga regent, he even claimed he hadn’t received the report,” said Giay. 

    Nduga Health Office head Mesak Kogoya said that the majority of the deceased in the Mbuwa and Bumul Liama districts in Nduga were children below the age of two. -

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    4) ACTIVISTS KNPB Mnukwar sentenced to 1 OF 6 MONTHS, prosecutor MAKE AN APPEAL
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    Jayapura, Jubi – Two lords – the military and Freeport –  are controlling the Land of Papua,  said a Cendrawasih University faculty member, Marinus Yaung.
    He made the remarks during a public discussion titled ‘Demanding Jokowi Fulfill Promises’ held at the Grand Abe Hotel, Abepura, Jayapura, Papua, on Saturday (26/11/2015).
    “There are only two lords that I observed from the 1960s to the present, namely Freeport and the military,” he said.
    He said Freeport represents foreign powers on this land because Indonesia is only regarded as a guardian of foreign power in Papua.
    While the military began to infuse its power since Papua became part of Indonesia until now. Power in the sense of control of Papua, without the need to question the past happened.
    According to him, President Jokowi just know that Papua is no man’s territory. “Papua has two masters, so be careful with his promise. Why? Because there have been two lords who ruled over this land, before Jokowi elected president, “he said.
    He further said, the two lords absolutely are not counted by President Jokowi in delivering its promises to Papua.
    At the beginning of January 2015, Kapuspen military issued a statement that TNI is ready to support the president’s policy in resolving problems in Papua. Yet on the second visit, Jokowi statement changed again. He said his visit to Papua means a dialog with Papuans.
    “We as the people of Papua confused by this, but for me it is a normal thing because apparently, Jokowi realized that there are two lords in Papua. If the president has an agenda in Papua, he must adjust to the agenda of the two lords, “Yaung said.
    According to him, since Jokowi became president, not a single promise is realized in order to resolve a number of problems affecting Papua.
    “We Papuans voted in the last presidential election to Jokowi 70-75 percent, with the hope that the future of Papua would be much better, “he said.
    In the same place, Father Neles Tebay, Pr. as the religious leaders said, Jokowi has two commitments, the first is a commitment to build Papua and the second is to build a peaceful land.
    “I see that president is willing to resolve conflicts peacefully instead of using Article treason (criminalizing politics-red),” he said.
    But on the other hand, President Jokowi also must embrace all parties and should be manifested by dialogue. “With dialogue, all the components such as government, Papuan who against Indonesia, Freeport, etc can sit together to find mutual perceptions in order to build Papua and make Papua as a peaceful land, “he said. (Roy Ratumakin/Tina)
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    Jayapura, Jubi – There have been various reactions to the recent release of Filep Karma, a Papuan hero who was jailed for over a decade in Abepura prison for treason. Papua police chief, Inspector General Paul Waterpauw, said he hoped Filep Karma came to his senses and stopped doing things that could harm himself.
    Papuan Legislator Laurenzus Kadepa said Filep Karma’s ideology can not be restricted by anyone. Although he was imprisoned for more than 10 years, Karma never stop voicing the rights of indigenous Papuans from behind bars.
    Kadepa questioned Paul Waterpauw’s comment.
    “What does it mean when police chief asked Filep Karma to change his behavior and ideology? I think the ideology of Filep Karma can not be restricted by anyone and in any way, “said Kadepa to Jubi on Thursday (26/11/2015).
    He said Filep Karma had been a victim of an unjust law. He was convicted because of having thoughts that are considered against the ideology of Pancasila.
    “He was subsequently arrested and sentenced to 15 years in prison. However the iron bars have not been able to limit the struggle of Filep Karma. He continued to speak out from behind bars,” he said.
    He further said, what was done by Filep Karma may be considered against the country, but not by his people. He even got support and sympathy of the Papuan people and even internationally.
    “So I think it is not easy to change one’s ideology. Because the mind is believed to be the truth. So, what’s wrong with him. During this time he was fighting for ideology, not with violence, but a peaceful way, “he said.
    Filep Karma, Papuan political prisoner was arrested and detained since December 1, 2004 when he delivered political speeches and raised the Morning Star flag in the University of Cendrawasih. On May 26, 2005, the Jayapura District Court sentenced the 15 years in prison. He was then charged on criminal elements contained in article 106 and article 110 Criminal Code.
    After serving his sentence, repeatedly states offer remission and pardon, but he always refused the offer. According to him, remission and pardon granted only to those who behave well and admitted his guilt.
    “The reason given remission is for good behavior. Did I misbehave in the community? I am a good person. My belief on what is truth made me put into prison. Let me finish the sentence “said Filep Karma to Jubi a few months ago in Abepura Prison.
    On November 19, 2015, Karma granted decade remission from the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights on the Minister of Law and Human Rights numbers: W.30-300-PK.01.01.02 2015 On Granting Remission Decades of 2015 To the Prisoners and Criminal Child Related with Article 34 paragraph (3) of Government Regulation No. 28 of 2006.
    Although he refused it, but eventually he remained excluded from prisons. According to Karma, it is just a diversion from a small prison to a big prison.
    Head of the division of corrections office of Kemenkumham Papua, Johan Yarangga said it is obliged to encourage Karma and every person who has been declared legally free live their freedom.
    “We have no right to detain people without legal basis. Pak Filep Karma is free. There is no reason to arrest him, “said Johan Yarangga on the Day of liberation of Karma. (Arjuna Pademme/ Tina)
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    Merauke, Jubi – Complaints about the shortage of rice seedlings are not only experienced by the farmers in Salor Indah village, Kurik district, but also farmers in Semangga district, Merauke. Crop failure has pro
    pted farmers to mill rice that was supposed to be kept for seed planting next month until early 2016.
    The chief of Semangga district, Rekianus Samkakai, said last week the current price of rice at the farm reached Rp 8,000 per kg. As a result, farmers took out the rice which is 
    stored for seeds to the mills.
     
    “We can not forbid farmers because they need the money. Especially in the second growing season, mostly experienced a crop failure,” he said on Friday (27/11/2015).
    Consequently, farmer encountered no seeds again. Therefore, the Department of Agriculture and Foodstuffs of Merauke expected to help in preparing the seed and give to farmers to be planted later.
    ” In order to help the farmers after a long drought, the government must allocate funds, “he added.
    Head of Salor Indah village, Tohaman, some time ago said that people in his village face difficulties of rice seedling due to crop failure. “We expect seed aid from the government,” he said. (Frans L Kobun/ Tina)
    ————————————————————————-
    A google translate of article in Jubi. Be-aware good;le translate can be a bit erratic.
    Original bahasa link at
    4) ACTIVISTS KNPB Mnukwar sentenced to 1 OF 6 MONTHS, prosecutor MAKE AN APPEAL
    Benny Mawel Nov 27
    2015

    Jayapura, Jubi - Public Prosecutor Manokwari District Court, IRNA Indira Ruth. SH an appeal against the sentence of 1 year and 6 months imprisonment against four activists of West Papua National Committee (KNPB) Mnukwar region, Alexander Natkeme, Othen Gombo, Nopinus Humawak, Yoram Magay.

    "The public prosecutor to appeal to a higher court against Alexander Nekenem Papua et al," said Rafael Natkeme secretary of the Regional Parliament Mnukwar through releasenya, Friday (11/26/2015)

    Natkeme words, the prosecutor appealed the verdict on November 25 after ruling the verdict in a trial verdict that led the judges Maryono SH. M.Hum (chairman) and members of judges each, Aris Harsono SH and Thobias Benggian on 23 November 2015. Since, the prosecutor felt decision of the judges that are lighter than the initial claims 2 years.

    "Public Prosecutor (Prosecutor) deed filed an appeal to the High Court of Papua with nomot appeal letter registered at No: 08 / akta.pid / 2015 / PNMnk," said Natkeme in releasenya.

    Said Natkeme, four KNPB activists were arrested on 20 May 2015 during a peaceful demonstration in Mnukwari, demanding that the state immediately open access to foreign journalists in Papua. The four were also demanding the state immediately open the democratic space for the people of Papua and the support of the United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP) as representatives of the Melanesian people of Papua in clumps.

    Legal counsel, Yan Christian Warinus contacted Jubi said he has not received an official letter from the court. The comparative information is only spread through the news media.

    He said, he did check the truth in court by requesting a copy of the verdict, but the court simply said that the prosecutor filed an appeal but has not given an official letter. If an official letter out, he was ready to accompany his client.

    "I will accompany but should discuss the power of attorney to Alexander Natkeme with colleagues because of the sound power that they give only to the court. We extend the power of attorney to appeal or to the appeal, "he said via telephone, cell, Friday (27/11/2015).

    He said, it was never agreed with the decision that is because no one can prove their offense as charged. The verdict handed down more politically charged to restrict freedom of expression in Papua.

    "They have not committed treason. We do not agree with the decision but we do not appeal because there are messages to muzzle freedom of expression in the country of Papua, "he said. (Mawel Benny)

    Editor: Victor Mambor

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  • 11/28/15--17:21: Article 0
  • 1) Ministry probes deaths  of 31 children in Papua 

    2) West Papua’s ‘abusive visitors’

    ————————————————————————

    1) Ministry probes deaths  of 31 children in Papua 




    Sweet dreams: A Papuan girl sleeps on her father’s chest in Saget district, Sorong, Papua, on June 3. (tempo.co/Wisnu Agung Prasetyo)

    thejakartapost.com, Jakarta | National | Sat, November 28 2015, 5:53 PM - 
    Health Minister Nila Farid Moeloek has said that her ministry has sent a team to Papua to investigate the deaths of 31 children since October in the country’s easternmost province.
    The team was sent to Nduga regency to identify the cause of death of the children aged 2 and under, tempo.co reported. “From what I heard, the children had suffered from high fevers, convulsions and diarrhea before they died. But such information still lacks accuracy,” Nila said at her office in Jakarta on Friday.
    To reach the location, according to the minister, members of team had to pass through difficult terrain, including a six to seven-hour journey on foot. The majority of the team are epidemiological experts.
    Meanwhile, director general for disease control and healthy environment Muhammad Subuh said that it was difficult to determine the possible cause of deaths.
    He said that besides children, there were also many livestock that died in Nduga regency, which the Agriculture Ministry was also investigating.
    He, however, said that Malaria was very likely to be the children’s cause of death as Papua was the province with the highest incidence of malaria. Other provinces with a high incidence of malaria are Papua, Maluku, North Maluku, East Nusa Tenggara and West Papua.
    Other possible causes of the death are meningitis and bronchitis, according to Muhammad. (bbn) 
    ——————————————————————————

    2) West Papua’s ‘abusive visitors’

    26 November 2015 |


                                          ARTWORK: Liberty Papua Leading the People (After Delacroix) by Peter Woods 2011

    The Grasberg open pit is an open sore in the heart of the West Papuan highlands. The largest gold and third-largest copper mine in the world, Grasberg has been a source of huge profits for US-based Freeport-McMoRan and the Indonesian government.
    But it also has been a source of immense violence, directed at local populations, and environmental degradation, a result of tailings being dumped into the Agabagong River.
    The Amungme and Kamoro, the original landowners in the areas that now contain Freeport’s operations, have never been given a say over the exploitation of the land and have been heavily repressed by the Indonesian military, police and private security.
    “Why did Amungme elders put border markers all the way around the … mountain of ore in 1967 during the exploration phase?”, John Rumbiak, a West Papuan human rights activist, asked in 1996. “Because that was a sacred area. Indonesian law considers the deep jungle to be empty, to have no owners. This is a very wrong perception. I want to stress that in Irian [West Papua], there is not a single piece of empty land. Every tree has an owner.”
    In December, a Melbourne panel discussion, “Abusive visitors”, will explore the history of and devastating social and environmental impacts wrought by foreign exploitation of natural resources in Mt Carstensz, the location of the mine.
    The forum, set amid 30 new Australian art works about West Papua, will hear from two women – a geographer and an indigenous West Papuan – and two men – a photographer and a mountaineer.
    ----------
    sampari The forum is one part of a program of events run by the Federal Republic of West Papua during the Sampari Art Exhibition, running from 4 to 13 December. For more information visit dfait.federalrepublicofwestpapua.org/event/

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    Australia West Papua Association (Sydney)

    1st December.West Papuan National Flag Day
    The Australia West Papua Association congratulates the West Papuan people on the 54th anniversary of their National Day or National flag day . It is now fifty-four years since the Morning Star flag was flown officially for the first time on the 1st of December in 1961. We are all aware how much the West Papuan people have suffered under Indonesian rule. 
    However in the past year the West Papuan people have had many victories in their struggle for self-determination.
    From the formation of the United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP) in Vanuatu in December 2014 to ULMWP’s achievement of gaining observer status at the  Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG). Another victory is West Papua is back on the agenda at the Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) and hopefully Jakarta will accept a request from the PIF leaders for a fact finding mission to West Papua. 

    West Papua has been raised at the UN by various Pacific leaders and awareness throughout the Pacific has increased dramatically through the lobbying of governments in the region by  West Papuan representatives, civil society organisations and church groups.  In fact, civil society organisations in the Pacific have committed to enthusiastically take up the fight for the people of West Papua. The issue is also being raised around the world by solidarity groups and individuals too numerous to mention.

    Papua Merdeka
    Joe Collins
    AWPA (Sydney) 













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    INTERVIEW-Freed Papua activist pledges to reinvigorate independence movement

    Source: Reuters - Mon, 30 Nov 2015 10:45 GMT Author: Reuters
    By Randy Fabi and Agustinus Beo Da Costa
    JAKARTA, Nov 30 (Reuters) - Prominent Papua activist Filep Karma, released this month after more than a decade behind bars, promised on Monday to reinvigorate the independence movement against Indonesia and was prepared to go back to prison if necessary.
    President Joko Widodo wants to open up the remote and impoverished region to foreign journalists and investors, but a more aggressive separatist movement could lead the military and police to quickly reverse such efforts.
    A small separatist movement has kept the resource-rich region, home to Freeport McMoRan's Grasberg copper and gold mine and BP's Tangguh LNG plant, under the close supervision of security authorities.
    Papua province makes up the western half of an island that includes the country of Papua New Guinea to the east.
    "We are in high spirits to fight for our freedom because our struggle can be heard globally as Papua has been opened up to foreign journalists," said Karma, who was one of the most high-profile Papua political prisoners before his release on Nov. 19.
    "In the past, people said that our struggle for independence was only a dream. But now, people...say that it is something certain," he added in a telephone interview from Papua's capital of Jayapura, without elaborating on his strategy.
    Karma was arrested in December 2004 for taking part in a ceremony raising the pro-independence Morning Star flag. A court sentenced him to 15 years in prison, sparking protests from Amnesty International and other human rights groups.
    Indonesian authorities approved his early release months ago, but Karma refused to admit guilt in line with demands from the government. Authorities in the end agreed to release him on good behaviour.
    Karma welcomed the president's efforts to open up the province, but did not think Widodo had enough power over the military and police to really decide Papua's future.
    "I trust Jokowi as a person, but I do not trust him as a president," Karma said referring to the president by his nickname. "As president and the highest commander, he has no influence over the military and police."
    Palace officials were not immediately available for comment.
    Papua was incorporated into Indonesia under a widely criticized U.N.-backed vote in 1969, after Jakarta took over the area in 1963 at the end of Dutch colonial rule.
    Asked whether he would conduct another ceremony with the Morning Star flag, Karma said: "I will not say here whether I will raise the flag or not. I have been raising the flag in my heart and in my mind." (Editing by Nick Macfie)

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    The following is a google translate of posting on KNPB Facebook page. Be-aware google translate can be a bit erratic.

    It would appear the security forces are intimidating civilians in the lead up to the 1st December hoping to create fear in any civil society groups that might be preparing to fly the Morning Star flag tomorrow.
    AWPA
    ———————————————

    Intimidation by security forces in Sorong -leading up to 1st December



    500 MEMBERS OF PERSONNEL military siege VILLAGE COMMUNITY Aifat Maybrat Aimas District DISTRICT SORONG.
    KNPBnews. Sorong 30 November 2015. By 1 desmber, intimidation by members of the military terror against civilians was repeated in Sorong district Aimas district.
    Pendoropan siege military and civilian settlement in the form of intimidation and terror by TNI / Poliri happening today Monday 30 November 2015, the county district Aimas slide RT 05 / RW02 village mariat Aimas District Pante.

    Members of the military siege of the residential area's personnel numbered 500 at the Aimas occurred at 17. 30 WPB, today. Pendorpan TNI members of the military headquarters Kodim 752 cities with a sliding full war equipment that surrounded the settlement residents who live in the district Aifat Aimas.
    Aprat presence makes local residents panic and fear, so that some people fled to the city of sliding tonight. The presence of military personnel in this case at this Aimas district makes people uneasy and frightened residents.

    The TNI members didorop menunakan TNI truck from sliding Kodim city, the presence of members of the military on the grounds for antisifasi flag 1 desmember 2015 tomorrow. In the case of local communities do not plan activities and celebrations flag BK 1 December excessively.
    Denagan the presence of members of the military community expects sanat hawatir and monitoring of all those who care about humanity in Papua because the local community fear and terauma with persitiwa shooting of residents in the district Aimas slide on July 1 anniversary of OPM ago.
    For further information contact KNPB Sorong area phone number. + 6281344960482 / + 628219883363


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    2) WEST PAPUA: Students, staff stage PMC human rights flag-raising ceremony
    3) Freed Papua Activist Pledges to Reinvigorate Independence Movement

    ——————————————————————————————————

    Victor Mambor Nov 30, 2015
    Jayapura, Jubi – “In Papua, not only the freedom of expression is restricted, but the freedom of worship as well,” Director of Jakarta Legal Aid Institute (LBH Jakarta), Alghiffari Aqsa told Jubi on Sunday (29/11/2015).
    LBH Jakarta, Aqsa said, condemned the arbitrarily arrest of 17 people in Nabire on Saturday (28/11/2015) when cleaning the area at Taman Bunga Bangsa Papua in Nabire. The arrest was connected with the preparation of a orayer rally on 1 December 2015.
    “Nabire Police made the arrest without apparent reason, without a warrant or detention letter. Those who were arrested include Markus Boma, Frans Boma, Habakuk Badokapa, Sisilius Dogomo, Agus Pigome, Matias Pigai, Jermias Boma, Yohanes Agapa, Ales Tebai, Yesaya Boma, Adolop Boma, Matias Adli, Martinus Pigai, Aluwisius Tekege and 3 others,” said Aqsa.
    This incident increases the number of violations against the freedom of expression and aspiration in Papua. And this time the freedom of worship is also violated. The local police’s act has violated the constitution, which guarantees the freedom of every citizen to worship.
    “If cleaning the park for worship is enough for an arrest, what is going to happen to those who plans to do a rally on 1 December? What is the police’s reference to arrest people who were preparing a space for worship?” stated Aqsa.
    He further said commemorating the Papuan identity on every 1 December is part of the freedom of expression and aspiration of Papuans that guaranteed by the constitution, thus the Indonesian Government must protect it. The government should use a dialogue approach instead of repressive approach.
    Therefore, LBH Jakarta urged the President Jokowi, Papua Police Chief and Indonesian Police Chief to not taking repressive act on next 1 December. The constitution must be enforced. “Guarantee the freedom of expression for Papuans in Indonsia on 1 December!” Aqsa firmly said.
    Earlier, as reported by Antara News Agency, the Papua Police Chief Inspector General Paulus Waterpauw, on Saturday evening, told 17 civilians have been arrested because of raising the morning star flag. However, soon he corrected the statement by saying they were arrested not because of raising the morning star flag but rather trying to against the officers when to be dispersed in doing celebration at Lapangan Gizi Nabire. They even submitted an announcement letter about the celebration of the Papua Independence Day on 1 December and put the raising of the morning flag in the agenda. They were cleaning the field at that time and refused to be dispersed, said Waterpauw while adding the police have also sowed the flagpole. (Abeth You/rom)
    ————————————————————————

    2) WEST PAPUA: Students, staff stage PMC human rights flag-raising ceremony



    Asia-Pacific Human Rights Coalition organiser Del Abcede, PMC Advisory Board member Associate Professor Camille Nakhid 
    and PMC director Professor David Robie with West Papua's Morning Star flag today. Image: Alistar Kata/PMC


    Tuesday, December 1, 2015

    Item: 9494

    AUCKLAND (Pacific Media Watch): A group of postgraduate students and staff today raised the West Papuan flag on campus at Auckland University of Technology in solidarity for Papuan self-determination.

    The Morning Star flag-raising at the Pacific Media Centre was held to mark the day the banner was first flown 54 years ago - 1 December 1961.

    Del Abcede of the Asia-Pacific Human Rights Coalition (APHRC) spoke of the risks and 15-year penalty for raising the banned flag in the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua.

    She also hailed the freedom of political prisoner Filep Karma last month after he had been sentenced for 15 years over a peaceful flag-raising ceremony in 2004.

    He served 11 years (with normal remission) but refused to be released early with conditions being imposed.

    PMC director Professor David Robie highlighted the continual pressure from Indonesian politicians and authorities on Pacific nations to undercut West Papuan support.

    "This is quite outrageous. But in spite of this West Papua has gained growing support Pacific nations and the people, expecially from the Solomon Islands, and now has observer status in the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG).

    He also criticised lack of NZ media coverage of West Papua.

    'Long suffered'
    In Sydney, the Australia West Papua Association congratulated the West Papuan people on the national flag day.

    "It is now 54 years since the Morning Star flag was flown officially for the first time on the 1 December1961. We are all aware how much the West Papuan people have suffered under Indonesian rule," Joe Collins said in a statement.

    "However, in the past year the West Papuan people have had many victories in their struggle for self-determination.

    "From the formation of the United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP) in Vanuatu in December 2014 to ULMWP's achievement of gaining observer status at the  Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG).

    "Another victory is West Papua is back on the agenda at the Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) and hopefully Jakarta will accept a request from the PIF leaders for a fact finding mission to West Papua."

    West Papua has been raised at the UN by various Pacific leaders and awareness throughout the Pacific has increased sharply through the lobbying of governments in the region by  West Papuan representatives, civil society organisations and church groups. 

    Civil society organisations in the Pacific have committed to take up the fight for the people of West Papua. The issue is also being raised around the world by solidarity groups and individuals. 

    On November 20, political prisoner Filep Karma was released from prison after serving his full sentence (minus standard remissions) for participating in the raising of theMorning Star flag on 1 December 2004.

    Karma has always insisted that he acted peacefully and that raising the flag was a right and not a crime.

    Despite his 15 year sentence, Karma refused all offers to be released on grounds of "clemency" because that would involve an admission of guilt and pledges not to "re-offend".

    Instead, he demanded unconditional release.


    Postgraduate students and staff at the West Papua flag-raising at AUT's Pacific Media Centre today. Image: PMC

    ———————————————————————————————-

    3) Freed Papua Activist Pledges to Reinvigorate Independence Movement
     Randy Fabi & Agustinus Beo Da Costa  November 30, 2015

    Jakarta. Prominent Papua activist Filep Karma, released this month after more than a decade behind bars, promised on Monday to reinvigorate the independence movement against Indonesia and was prepared to go back to prison if necessary.
    President Joko Widodo wants to open up the remote and impoverished region to foreign journalists and investors, but a more aggressive separatist movement could lead the military and police to quickly reverse such efforts.
    A small separatist movement has kept the resource-rich region, home to Freeport McMoRan's Grasberg copper and gold mine and BP's Tangguh LNG plant, under the close supervision of security authorities. Papua province makes up the western half of an island that includes the country of Papua New Guinea to the east.
    "We are in high spirits to fight for our freedom because our struggle can be heard globally as Papua has been opened up to foreign journalists," said Filep, who was one of the most high-profile Papua political prisoners before his release on Nov. 19.
    "In the past, people said that our struggle for independence was only a dream. But now, people ... say that it is something certain," he added in a telephone interview from Papua's capital of Jayapura, without elaborating on his strategy.
    Filep was arrested in December 2004 for taking part in a ceremony raising the pro-independence Morning Star flag. A court sentenced him to 15 years in prison, sparking protests from Amnesty International and other human rights groups.
    Indonesian authorities approved his early release months ago, but Filep refused to admit guilt in line with demands from the government. Authorities in the end agreed to release him on good behavior.
    Filep welcomed the president's efforts to open up the province, but did not think Joko had enough power over the military and police to really decide Papua's future.
    "I trust Jokowi as a person, but I do not trust him as a president," Filep said referring to the president by his nickname. "As president and the highest commander, he has no influence over the military and police."
    Palace officials were not immediately available for comment.
    Papua was incorporated into Indonesia under a widely criticized UN-backed vote in 1969, after Jakarta took over the area in 1963 at the end of Dutch colonial rule.
    Asked whether he would conduct another ceremony with the Morning Star flag, Filep said: "I will not say here whether I will raise the flag or not. I have been raising the flag in my heart and in my mind."
    Reuters


    ———————————————————————————————-




    Jayapura, Jubi – West Papua National Committee (KNPB) states anyone could not restrict the political rights of Papuans to become an independent nation, including to restrict their will in commemorating the historical fact about the political manifesto declared on 1 December 1961.
    “Whoever they are, for whatever reasons and power, will not be capable of erasing or denying the historical fact on 1 December 1961,” said a declaration issued on 26 November 2015 and signed by KNBP General Chairman Victor Yeimo.
    Yeimo said people cannot deny that this history was born on the blessing of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The Nation of West Papua territorial has declared the political manifesto for the independence of Papua.
    “A noble desire to stand-alone as a country,” said the declaration signed by Victor Yeimo and the Chairman of West Papua National Parliament Buchtar Tabuni.
    Therefore, KNPB appealed the Papuans in the entire land of West Papua and around the world to continue commemorating 54th Independence Manifesto Day. Further the declaration said : 1) West Papuan people are obliged to commemorate the Papua Independence Manifesto day by temporarily leaving their routine activities; 2) Every Papuans whether they join their families, ethnic or religious groups or those who live in dormitories, must read, learn, discuss and commemorate the content of Papua independence manifesto declared on 1 December 1961; 3) West Papuan people to immediately stand together for self-determination, because the independence is the right of all nations and a fundamental right guaranteed by Indonesian and International law; and 4) do not raise the morning star flag on 1 December 2015.
    The Commission I member of Papua Legislative Council for Politic, Government, Legal and Human Rights Affairs, Laurenzus Kadepa earlier told Jubi all parties shouldn’t create any tension in the Papuan historical day. All parties, whether those who stand for Papua independence or Indonesia, must refrain to not sacrifice the innocence civilians.
    “All parties do not make the moment of 1 December to mess up Papua. Do not create tension among the people. Pro-independence group should not disturb other people or create anarchy if it is to commemorate the December 1st. And pro-Indonesian Republic should not take this moment to justify on people,” Kadepa told Jubi by phone on Thursday (26/11/2015).
    He said there is no restriction to those who celebrate the December 1st but it should refer to the rule. He worried if they made some acts allegedly considered against the law would be used as excuse by security force to arrest people, commit violations, or even shoot the civilians,” he said.
    He further based on the last experiences, in the days considered ‘sacred’ by Papuans had always been colored with the arrest, violation, even the shooting perpetrated by certain culprits, whether it was Unidentified People (OTK) or security force personnel. “The moment of December 1st is not the moment of arresting or beating or shooting people. The security force could do task and responsibility but never misuse it,” he said. (Mawel Benny/rom
    ———————————————————————————————


    Victor Mambor Nov 30, 2015

    Jayapura, November 30th, 2015,
    Greetings to all my brothers! Greetings from my heart!
    On Thursday, November 19th 2015, I, Filep Jacob Semuel Karma, had been forcibly expelled from Abepura Prison. It all began on Wednesday, November 18th 2015 at 13:00 – 14:30 of local time, when I was under psychological pressure and not given opportunity talking to my lawyer. I only had an hour to think before Johan Jarangga (Department of Corrections Chief of the Ministry of Law and Human Rights, Papua Region), Bagus Kurniawan (Abepura Prison Chief) and some other prison officials.
    Chronology of Wednesday, November 18th 2015, 13:00 – 14:30 PM
    – I was called by Hanafi, the Development and Education Section Head of Abepura Prison, through his staff Irianto Pakombong.
    – In his office, witnessed by Irianto Pakombong, Hanafi read a letter which he said it was issued by the Directorate General of Correctional Department of the Ministry of Law and Human Rights enclosed the list of recipients of the Decennial Remission, including me, Filep Karma who obtained three months remission.
    – Then, Johan Jarangga, Bagus Kurniawan and the staffs of Abepura Prison and Department of Corrections Papua Region entered to Hanafi’s office.
    – They pushed me to leave the prison on the same day; an hour immediately after the letter had been read.
    – Following the release, I have not received any copy of letter mentioned earlier–issued by the Directorate General of Correctional Department of the Ministry of Law and Human Rights. Even I never had opportunity to see or read it. So, until today, I doubt the Decree that was said a reference of my release from Abepura Prison. In 2005, I also never received the Decree issued by the Indonesian Supreme Court. I just had a facsimile copy that was unclear and extremely dubious to be used as reference over my detention.
    – I have complained and considered it as an inhuman treatment over me, since I was only given a day before forcibly expelled from Abepura Prison on November 19th, 2015.
    The process of my exemption was very brutal, even for animals that are in captivity, may need some time to adapt before being released into the wild. I had been imprisoned for eleven years, but I have not been given the time to adapt. Am I, a Papuan, was nothing more valuable than an animal?
    Herewith I reiterate my statements as follows:
    1. I still refer to my letter dated 15 August 2015 about my rejection of all remission since I was still in prison last year until today.
    2. I was forced to go to jail under an unclear degree and now forced to be out with similar treatment. The Racist Colonial Government of Indonesia has sought to destroy my credibility in many ways for the sake of their image and authority.
    3. State apparatus’ behavior in Papua is a reflection of government and state’s conduct. Arbitrary detention, murders and mistreatments over the people of Papua for 54 years, the murder of those accused as members of Indonesian Communist Party, Talangsari Case, Tanjung Priok Case, the murder of Munir, Marsinah and Lapindo Case indicates the Government of Indonesia is a cruel and uncivilized government against the people of its colony and even its own people.
    4. My current status, released from prison, wasn’t the result of a good will or good policy of the Racist Colonial Government of Indonesia as stated by Paulus Waterpauw, Papua Police Chief whom I consider as an invader’s servant in the Land of Papua. My freedom is materialized because of the international pressures against the racist government of Indonesia that continue to commit crimes against humanity and human rights violations against it colony’s people and against its own people.
    As law enforcement officer, Mr. Paulus Waterpauw is better doing his responsibility to arrest both the unidentified people (OTK) and military personnel who continuosly kill Papuans rather than dealing with what I believe about the Papua liberation ideology. This ideology would never die!
    On December 8th, 2014, dozens of people were shot in Enarotali when asking about the torture against two boys perpetrated by military personnel. Then, on last July, military personnel at Ugapuga, Dogiyai, killed a junior high school student Yoteni Agapa while Melianus Mote was wounded in his arm by bayonet. And the next, on July 17th, 2015, Endi Wanimbo (15) was shot dead and dozens of people were wounded in the Eid-Al-Fitr incident occurred in Tolikara. Most of victims are school age children. In the early of August, six Mobile Brigade personnel attacked a boy causing his death. He was tortured before being shot dead. Meanwhile a shooting incident was also occurred at Koperakopa, Timika at the end of August that killed two young men, Herman Mairimau and Yulianus Okoware and injured five others. Then another shooting was happened at Gorong-Gorong, Timika that killed Kaleb Bagau and wounded Fernando Saborefek.
    The ten Papuan boys who were shot dead within the last 10 months were actually should gained serius attention from Mr. Paulus Waterpauw.
    5. I have never been afraid and retreat from prison sentence for the sake of the vision of liberation and independence of the nation and my country, West Papua.
    6. At the moment, I am still in a period of adaptation and recovery proces after being expelled from Abepura Prison. In the near future, I will conduct a medical check-up to examine my physical condition. But I would still keep the struggle on human rights and the right to freedom of expression peacefully.
    Finally, I would like to express my gratitude to the press colleagues, and anyone any where who have shown Solidarity. I believe, what happened today, apart from the Power of God, can only happen because of their good attention and collaboration.
    MOVE FORWARD, KEEP STRUGGLE, TAKE IT, FREEDOM AND LONG LIVE MY PEOPLE, WEST PAPUA.
    Filep Jacob Semuel Karma
    (Adm)
    ———————————————-

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    http://greensmps.org.au/content/motions/marking-54th-anniverary-raising-morning-star-flag

    Marking the 54th Anniverary of the raising of the Morning Star flag


    The Australian Greens have moved a Senate motion marking the 54th Anniverary of the raising of the Morning Star flag - a day celebrated as the unofficial day of Papuan Independence. 
    Motion Text:
    960:  Leader of the Australian Greens (Senator Di Natale): To move-That the Senate-
    (a) notes that 1 December 2015 marks the 54th anniversary of the raising of the Morning Star flag by the people of West Papua, a day celebrated as the unofficial day of Papuan independence;
    (b) celebrates the long overdue release in November 2015 of West Papuan leader and political prisoner, Mr Filep Karma, who was convicted after leading a peaceful rally that included the raising of the Morning Star flag on 1 December 2004;
    (c) calls on the Australian Government to express to the Indonesian Government the need for:
    • immediate amnesty and release of all remaining West Papuan political prisoners,
    • free media access to be specified in a presidential directive that makes clear obligations of government ministries and security forces to ensure unobstructed foreign media access to West Papua, and
    • free access for foreign researchers to West Papua; and

    (d) affirms the right of the West Papuan people to self-determination, peace and security.
    The Australian Greens have consulted widely with West Papuan advocacy groups, and deliberately support self-determination. Ultimately, independence has to be a decision of the West Papuan community, and it would be inappropriate for anyone to pre-empt the outcome of a free and fair vote. If the West Papuan community voted for an independent state, we would support them in that decision.


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    The Morning Star in Rome at Vatican and Indonesian Embassy. Flag and T-shirt created some interest.















     
                                                         





                                                           Indonesian Embassy


















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