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    2) Vanuatu reaffirms Melanesian decolonisation stance
    3) Police grill armed-group , members in Papua

    4) Two die,  two missing in , Papua boat accident

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    1) There are Continued Calls for Freedom as Villages Burn in West Papua

    January 27, 2015 

    by Paul Gregoire


    Earlier this month, Indonesian forces reportedly burned down villages and conducted mass arrests across the province of West Papua. VICE spoke to Independence leader Benny Wenda about reports of worsening repression.

    According to Wenda, the attacks took place in the region surrounding the West Papuan mountain town of Timika, where troops burned down a village named Banti on January 14, forcing many villagers to flee into the jungle. It was the second such incident in the week, as earlier reports told of up to 116 villagers being arrested and tortured in the town of Utikini.


    Indonesian police and soldiers arresting West Papuans in Utikini village in the Timika area of West Papua a few days ago.



    Benny Wenda, who received these reports, labeled these actions as a "collective punishment" dished out by Indonesian forces in response to the shooting of two Indonesian officers and a Freeport mine security guard in the Timika region on January 1.

    The Indonesian army and police have dispatched 500 personnel into the area to pursue a group of men, led by Ayub Waker of the West Papua liberation army (TPN), who they claim carried out the shootings. While Papua police chief inspector generalYotje Mende told the Jakarta Post that only 13 people had been detained as part of the raid on Utikini.

    These are the latest incidents in a continuing cycle of violence in the restive region of West Papua, since Indonesia began its occupation 53 years ago.

    "We are under constant watch by the Indonesian military, who are on the lookout for more excuses to kill us," said Wenda, international lobbyist for the Free West Papua Campaign. "There are over 40,000 Indonesian soldiers in West Papua and that figure is increasing."

    West Papuan protester risks his life by raising his national flag in front of Indonesian riot police.

    According to Wenda the extra troops are being sent into the Timika region in an attempt to "draw the world's attention away from the five West Papuan children who were murdered by the Indonesian military last month."

    On December 8, five high school students were killed in the town of Enarotali, after Indonesian security forces allegedly shot into a crowd of 800 West Papuans. The crowd was protesting a scuffle that occurred between troops and children putting up Christmas decorations the previous evening, which resulted in a 13-year-old boy being beaten by officers. Up to 20 other civilians were also injured in the incident.

    On January 14, the National Police Headquarters announced they have set up a fact-finding team to investigate the shootings. The team has been established under the orders of Indonesian president Joko Widodo, who called for the investigation during a visit to the province on December 27.


    This tragedy and the response of Widodo, who was elected last July, have dashed hopes that he will bring about promised improvements and ease political tensions in West Papua. Wenda believes that Widodo, popularly known as Jokowi, will continue in the same pattern as previous governments, occupying the resource-rich region and repressing the people for financial purposes.

    "What kind of president allows the murder of five children by his military and does not even make a single statement until there is a lot of international pressure for him to do so?" Wenda questioned. "I don't believe that Jokowi will be of any benefit to West Papuan's human rights or for our self-determination."

    Prospects of improvements were further quashed when in late October the newly-appointed Indonesian minister of villages and transmigration, Marwan Jafar, announced that he would be continuing the government's transmigration program into West Papua.

    Wenda said that the program is an attempt to marginalise the West Papuan people by moving large amounts of Indonesian migrants into the region. He's heard reports that a ship carrying migrants is on its way to West Papua at the moment.

    "In 1971, we West Papuans made up 96 percent of the population. But now they make up only 49 percent due to Indonesia's systematic mass transmigration. We're forcibly evicted out of our villages and our forests are cut down to make way for transmigration camps," he said. "The government began to send masses of transmigrants just after 1969."

    1969 was the year that the Act of Free Choice was carried out. In 1962 the New York Agreement resulted in Indonesian rule of West Papua, after the Netherlands, the former coloniser, left. Following widespread resistance to this rule, the UN brokered Act of Free Choice referendum was undertaken. It was supposed to give the West Papuan population a choice between remaining part of Indonesia or becoming an independent nation. But only 1062 West Papuan representatives were allowed to vote and under threat of death, all of them voted to stay with Indonesia.

     

    Papuans from the West Papua National Committee (KNPB) protest for freedom.
    The human rights organisation Australian West Papua Association Sydney recently released its West Papua 2014 Year in Review report. And AWPA Secretary Joe Collins said the report shows that the situation is not getting any better. "From January till the end of December there have been shootings. Every time there is a shooting, the military will respond and all they're doing is traumatising the people," he said.

    The report also outlines the increased intimidation of journalists. Two French journalists Valentine Bourrat and Thomas Dandois were arrested in August and initially faced up to five years in jail for reporting on the West Papuan separatist movement. They were eventually given a shorter sentence and released at the end of October. Collins sees this as a change in tack for Indonesian authorities.

    "Normally when overseas journalists are arrested they are just deported and that's it. The fact that they were kept for two and half months and could have faced a lot longer sentence is almost like the Indonesians are upping the ante and trying to send a message to international journalists," he said.


    West Papuans protest for freedom, Wamena 2011.


    A Nobel Peace Prize nominee, Wenda now lives in Oxford after being granted political asylum by the British government in 2003. He fled West Papua after being imprisoned by Indonesian troops on charges he that his statments were politically motivated because of his involvement in the independence movement.

    "The only way forward for West Papua is the fulfilment of our self-determination and independence. We're campaigning every day to bring international pressure to the United Nations so that a free and fair referendum on independence will be held for all West Papuans," Wenda said.

    Although the Indonesia government split West Papua into two provinces in 2002, this article refers to the whole region as West Papua, as the indigenous people of West Papua do.

    All images courtesy ofthe Free West Papua Campaign.

    Follow Paul on Twitter: @paulrgregoire


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    2) Vanuatu reaffirms Melanesian decolonisation stance

    Updated at 3:15 pm today

    Vanuatu has reconfirmed its support for New Caledonia's and West Papua's decolonisation.
    The Prime Minister, Joe Natuman, has told a heads of mission meeting in Efate that Vanuatu is committed to assist the two colonised Melanesian people to gain their independence.
    Vanuatu is the only country to back the two pro-independence movements in the French territory and the Indonesian province.
    Mr Natuman has asked the ambassador of Vanuatu at the United Nations, Odo Tevi, to assist with New Caledonia's self-determination at the UN Committee of 24 in the lead-up to a referendum on possible independence due within three years.
    Last year, the previous Vanuatu prime minister addressed the UN, asking why the world was turning a blind eye and closing its ears to the lone voices of the Papuan people, many of whom have shed innocent blood because they want justice and freedom.

     

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    3) Police grill armed-group , members in Papua
    The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Archipelago | Tue, January 27 2015, 11:48 AM - See more at: 

    The Papua Police intensively interrogated on Saturday two members of the Puron Wenda-led armed group arrested in Wamena, Papua.
    Papua Police spokesman Sr. Comr. Patrige said in Jayapura on Tuesday that the two, identified as Wayunga and Nesmi Wenda, had been arrested near the Sinakma market in Wamena.
    “The pair were arrested accompanied by a third man, but because of a lack of evidence, this latter was released,” he said as quoted by Antara news agency.
    Patrige said the two had been arrested on suspicion of involvement in a number of shootings in Lanny Jaya regency that targeted security apparatus.
    Wayunga and Wenda were allegedly involved in the shooting of a police patrol in Lanny Jaya on July 18, 2014, killing two police officers and leaving two others wounded. The two are also accused of attacking several soldiers of Battalion 756 in the regency on Aug. 1, 2014, as well as a Police Mobile Brigade group in Wuringgambut on Aug. 4. (rms)
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    4) Two die,  two missing in , Papua boat accident
    The Jakarta Post, Jayapura | Archipelago | Tue, January 27 2015, 8:04 AM -

    A Timika search and rescue team continues its search for two passengers missing in the Migiwiya River in West Mimika district, Timika regency, Papua, after the boat carrying them capsized on Saturday.
    Two other passengers, identified as Kristin and Dogopia, were found dead on Saturday and Sunday, respectively.
    “The boat’s captain, Ambrosius Warta, survived,” the team’s head, Joko Sungkowo, said on Monday.
    Joko said the team was still searching for missing passengers identified as Yuni and Santi.
    He said the passengers were elementary school teachers who were traveling from Kokonao hamlet to Timika city. “Locals warned them not to go due to bad weather, but the captain decided to go despite the warnings,” he added. (***)
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    2)  Willem Wandik: Papua Has Been Treated Unfairly Since Decades
    3) Hundreds of Muting Anggae People Unreachable by Boven Digoel Government

    4) Economic Factor to Cause A Laziness of Civil Servants at Remote Areas

    5)  Papuans Opposes Proposal to Build Container Port at Teluk Yotefa
    6) West Papua Police to sink  Vietnamese vessel
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    http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2015/01/27/komnas-ham-protests-govt-allowing-freeport-gresik-smelter.html
    1) Komnas HAM protests govt  for allowing Freeport Gresik  smelter 
    The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | National | Tue, January 27 2015, 5:19 PM - 
    The National Commission on Human Rights (Komnas HAM) has protested the government’s approval of giant miner PT Freeport Indonesia’s plans to build a smelter in Gresik, East Java, saying that the smelter should be built in Papua to help development in the eastern region.
    “We have criticized Freeport and the government’s agreement to build a smelter in Gresik. The smelter should be built in Papua in order to fairly distribute and balance national development,” Komnas HAM commissioner Natalius Pigai said on Tuesday as quoted by kontan.co.id.
    Freeport Indonesia, which is a subsidiary of US copper and gold mining company Freeport-McMoRan, has been operating a mine in Papua for decades. Natalius added that the company must also be responsible for opening Indonesia’s easternmost region from isolation; not doing so would be an egregious exploitation of Papua.
    “Corporate crimes are not only found in civil and political matters, but also in economic and social aspects, as is the case with Freeport,” Natalius added, saying that the commission would file a protest to the State-Owned Enterprises Ministry.
    The government had previously extended Freeport’s memorandum of understanding on its renegotiated work contract, which would allow the company to continue exporting copper concentrate. (dyl/nfo)(+++)
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    http://tabloidjubi.com/en/?p=3576

    2) Willem Wandik: Papua Has Been Treated Unfairly Since Decades

    Jayapura, Jubi – Papua Legislative Council urged the Central Government enforcing PT Freeport Indonesia to build a smelter in Papua, said a Papuan Councilor, Willem Wandik.
    He said for whatever the reason is, the smelter could not be built at the outside of Papua. According to him, it’s a time for the industrial company and regional financial management to be returned to the local government.
    “We shouldn’t be the second. Papua has equal right in this country. The Central Government always treated it unfairly. So, now we demanded a smelter to be built in Papua,” Willem Wandik said by phone on Sunday (25/1).
    Few times ago, the Papua Governor Lukas Enembe with the Chairman of Papua Legislative Council, Yunus Wonda and the Chairman of Papua People’s Assembly, Timotius Murib held a meeting with the Papuan local and national parliament members. They agreed not support the development of smelter at outside of Papua.
    “If the smelter was built outside of Papua, we will blockade the Freeport mining activities. We want the attention, not to be the second,” he said.
    Last week, the Papua Governor Lukas Enembes said the government officials and Papuan community leaders rejected a smelter development plan at Gresik, East Java. He said the natural resources of Papua must be processed in Papua instead of in other regions.
    “For decades, the people of Papua are living in poverty because the mining of PT Freeport Indonesia has been processed abroad. Now PT Freeport will build a smelter at Gresik, East Java. Therefore we rejected it,” Enembe told reporters at on Friday in Jakarta (23/01).
    According to him, a smelter would be cost about seven trillion rupiahs while Papuans only get the revenue sharing fund of three hundred billion rupiahs. “Foreign investors in Indonesia, in particular in Papua, should consider the aspects of justice, welfare and prosperity of local community. We represented the people of Papua asking PT. Freeport to endorse the justice and welfare of the people of Papua,” he said. (Arjuna Pademme/Rom)
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    http://tabloidjubi.com/en/?p=3571

    3) Hundreds of Muting Anggae People Unreachable by Boven Digoel Government

    Merauke, Jubi – As many as 200 people of 56 families in Muting Anggae village, Boven Digoel regency did not have identity cards, family cards and other documents for nearly 30 years, an activist said.
    An agricultural counseling activist in Boven Digoel regency, Hendra Ririhena, said Friday (01/23) that people still lived in traditional ways and have not received any attention from the local government for years.
    After establishing communication with the government, regent deputy finally visited the village on December 2, 2014 and recorded them in order to have identity cards and family cards at once.
    “So, they’ve just got their identity card. During this time, they lived without citizenship documents. I thank the regent deputy of Boven Digoel, Christian who was able to come and see the real conditions in the village,” he said.
    Up to now, there have no school and health service in the village. “I would say that the government officials never come to the village since 1986 and their visit on December 2, 2014was the first. last. Later I will invite my friends journalists to get into he village,” he said again.
    Separately, Boven Digoel regent, Yesaya Merasi admitted if the topography of the Boven Digoel regency is very challenging and not all villages cannot be reached and served by the government.
    “I think, the government strongly supports the Muyu to be a new division regency,” he added. (Frans L Kobun/Tina)


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    http://tabloidjubi.com/en/?p=3575

    4) Economic Factor to Cause A Laziness of Civil Servants at Remote Areas

    Jayapura, Jubi – A Papuan Councilor, Sinut Busup said the economic factor is behind a motive of civil servants to be rarely conducting their service at the remote areas.
    He said the high cost of living at Papuan remote areas without concerning the welfare has made them uncomforted to live there. “Hence, the government must support the transportation to remote area. Several areas at the Papua Highland have been supported, but it should be improved,” Busup said on Saturday (24/1).
    He said people could not blame the civil servants working in the Papuan remote areas. In fact, we should find out the reason why, whether the facilities are meet with their needs.
    “Imagine a second grade civil servant with salary of three million rupiahs, how could he struggle with the high cost of daily needs. If Local Government often said the civil servants often deserted from their duty station, it must consider many aspects, included the welfare of employee,” he said.
    Another Papuan Councilor, Natan Pahabol almost similarly said one of many problems that constrained the promotion of education in Papua was the supporting facility.
    “There are schools without teachers. If there were teachers, let say five, there is no house for them. It also becomes a problem, “ Pahabol said at that time. According to him the teachers in the remote areas were often be blamed. But on the other hand, the teachers argued that they were not ease to live there because the lack of supporting facility. (Arjuna Pademme/Rom)

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    http://tabloidjubi.com/en/?p=3570

    5) Papuans Opposes Proposal to Build Container Port at Teluk Yotefa

    Jayapura, Jubi – The Papua government, legislators and indigenous people are opposed to PT. Pelindo’s plan to construct a container port at Teluk Yotefa.
    A member of Papua Legislative Council (DPRP), H. Syamsunar Rashid, said the plan is not in accordance with the conditions of the region and an in-depth study is still needed.
    “We need to think first. I think it’s better to renovate Jayapura port and Jayapura port can not be expanded without relocating people who live around the port to another location,” H. Syamsunar said on Saturday (01/23).
    He said building a new port costs a lot of money.
    Last week, the mayor of Jayapura, Benhur Tommy Mano, also expressed his opposition to the plan. Mano suggested that a port be built in Holtekam, Muara Tami District, or the Jayapura port be expanded.
    “Teluk Yotefa (Yotefa gulf) is not suitable for containers. The depth of the water also must be considered,” Mano added.
    Earlier, General Manager of Indonesia Port (Pelabuhan Indonesia) of Jayapura branch, Yusuf Yunus said, it is just a plan. Actually, it will take a long process to make it happen. (Arjuna Pademme/Tina)
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    http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2015/01/27/west-papua-police-sink-vietnamese-vessel.html
    6) West Papua Police to sink  Vietnamese vessel
    Nethy Dharma Somba, The Jakarta Post, Jayapura | Archipelago | Tue, January 27 2015, 8:28 PM - 
    The West Papua Police have said they will sink a Vietnamese-flagged vessel named the KM Thank Cong, which they caught allegedly fishing illegally in the province’s waters on Jan. 19.
    “The West Papua Police will not give up their fight against illegal fishing perpetrators in West Papua. The Vietnamese fishermen proven guilty of stealing our resources will be brought to justice in the hope that this can have a deterrent effect,” West Papua Police chief Brig. Gen. Paulus Waterpauw told The Jakarta Post on Tuesday.
    “We have coordinated with prosecutors for special measures to be taken to sink the foreign vessel,” he went on.
    Waterpauw directly monitored the handling of the Vietnamese fishing vessel docked at Waisai Port in Raja Ampat, West Papua. The vessel’s captain and crew are reported to have been questioned at Raja Ampat police precinct office.
    Twelve people, all Vietnamese citizens, were on board the KM Thank Cong when it was seized. Of the 12, two have been named suspects. They are Nguyen Trong Nhan, 44, the vessel’s captain, and Nguyen Than Minh, 43, a crew member. The remaining 10 are still under investigation.
    The two suspects are accused of having violated several articles stipulated in Law No.45/2009 on fisheries, in reference to Law No.31/2004 on fisheries, with a maximum sentence of eight years in prison and a Rp 2 billion (US$160,290.6) fine.
    Waterpauw said the police’s sinking of the vessel was based on Article 69 (4) of the 2009 Fisheries Law.
    “We will not play games. We are ensuring that our sea resources are protected,” he said.
    The West Papua Police chief said during the arrest that the police had found 2,100 kilograms (kg) of shark fins, 45 dead turtles, five dead mantas, 586 manta fins, one vessel document in Vietnamese language, a gill net, and 3.5 kg of formalin powder to preserve fish. (ebf)(+++)
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    2) West Papuan front preparing Melanesian Spearhead Group application
    3) Prosecutors pursue fugitive  Papua policeman with fat  bank account 

    4) Deforestation may be ramping up in Papua, West Papua

    5) AMP Ask PT Nabire New "Lift Foot" and Pull Military of Papua

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    1) Three more members of armed  group arrested in Jayapura 
    Nethy Dharma Somba, The Jakarta Post, Jayapura | Archipelago | Wed, January 28 2015, 4:13 PM - See more at: http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2015/01/28/three-more-members-armed-group-arrested-jayapura.html#sthash.j79WB2ef.dpuf
    Three more members of an armed group led by Puron Wenda were arrested at a trade center in Jayapura, Papua, on Wednesday.
    The three, identified as Rais Wenda, 27, Albert Jikwa, 29, and Fredi Kagoya, 15, were arrested as they traveled on a minibus in the Papua Trade Center in the city.
    Papua Provincial Police spokesman Sr. Comr. Rudolf Patrige said the three were still undergoing an intensive interrogation in connection with their alleged involvement in recent bloody assaults in Timika and Jayapura.
    “But the three are being grilled on their status as witnesses to the incidents,” he said.
    The arrest of the three was conducted by the police following the arrest of two other members of the armed group in Wamena on Saturday.
    Patrige denied spreading rumors that an Army soldier had been arrested for selling guns and ammunition to the armed group.
    Meanwhile, Maj. Gen. Fransen G. Siahaan, chief of the Cendrawasih Military Command overseeing Papua and West Papua, also denied the rumors and said that only the three members of the armed group were arrested in a joint raid launched by the police and the military in the province. (rms)(+++)

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    2) West Papuan front preparing Melanesian Spearhead Group application
    Updated 27 January 2015, 17:59 AEDT
    The executive members of the West Papua National Liberation Front are currently in the Vanuatu capital, Port Vila, preparing to submit an application to become a full member of the Melanesian Spearhead Group later this year.
    The spokesman for the front, Benny Wenda, says that the members represent the different political groupings of West Papua.
    On Monday, Vanuatu's prime minister Joe Natuman vowed to maintain support for New Caledonia and West Papua, saying the his country must assist them gain their independence.
    Part of that strategy is attaining the long sought-after membership of the MSG.
    Presenter: Hilaire Bule
    Speaker: spokesman for the West Papua National Liberation Front in Vanuatu

    ----------------------------------------------------------------------
    3) Prosecutors pursue fugitive  Papua policeman with fat  bank account 
    Nethy Dharma Somba, The Jakarta Post, Jayapura | Archipelago | Wed, January 28 2015, 9:47 PM - See more at: 
    The Sorong Prosecutor’s Office said it was continuing to pursue Labora Sitorus, a Raja Ampat Police precinct officer with a bank account containing Rp 1.5 trillion (US$119.8 million), who had fled after he was sentenced to 15 years in prison and ordered to pay a fine of Rp 5 billion.
    “Sitorus has been included on the Sorong Prosecutor’s Office most wanted list [DPO] because he vanished when we wanted to execute the Supreme Court verdict after it ruled against his appeal,” Sorong Prosecutor’s Office head Damrah Muin told The Jakarta Post in Sorong, Papua, on Wednesday.
    He said the Prosecutor’s Office issued the DPO after its officers, who were going to execute the court verdict, could not find Sitorus at either the Sorong Penitentiary or his home in Sorong.
    Originally, the Sorong District Court sentenced Sitorus to two years in prison and fined him Rp 500 million. The prosecutors appealed the verdict and the Papua High Court accepted the appeal and sentenced the policeman to eight years in prison.
    Sitorus’ lawyers then filed an appeal with the Supreme Court, which rejected the appeal and increased both the sentence and the fine.
    Damrah said the verdict should have been executed on Nov. 4, 2014.
    “Anyone who sees or knows the whereabouts of Labora Sitorus ought to immediately report it to Sorong Prosecutor’s Office,” said Damrah, citing the DPO letter.
    Sorong Penitentiary warden, Maliki Hasan, said Sitorus had left the detention facility on March 17, 2014, saying he wanted to seek medical treatment. The prison’s physician, who had examined Sitorus, said the policeman suffered pains in his waist while his right leg was numb.
    “Since then, he has never returned to the prison; consequently Sorong Prosecutor’s Office issued a DPO letter,” said Maliki. (ebf)(++++)

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    http://news.mongabay.com/2015/0127-gfrn-harfenist-papua-deforestation-ramping-up.html

    From mongabay.com (includes maps/photos)

    4) Deforestation may be ramping up in Papua, West Papua

    Ethan Harfenist, mongabay.com correspondent
    January 27, 2015



    Deforestation near Lake Sentani, Papua. Photo by Rhett A. Butler. 

    Despite being covered in commodity concessions and viewed by some as becoming a focal point for the Indonesian government’s palm oil development in the country’s eastern half, the provinces of Papua and West Papua have, rather mysteriously, recorded very low deforestation rates compared to the rest of the archipelago. This may seem odd to some observers, especially given the number of reports and photos that have poured out of the two provinces highlighting the exploitation of their jungles.

    But rather than represent a pleasant surprise for environmentalists and the peoples inhabiting these restive lands, the reality of the situation is a bit more complex. While it may be understood that large-scale deforestation in Papua and West Papua is still in its early stages, finding accurate deforestation data for these two provinces is no easy task. As a result, conflicting numbers published by the government and NGOs tell vastly different stories about what’s really happening on the ground. 

    Let’s start out with official government data. The Indonesian Ministry of Forestry, an agency viewed by some as corrupt and mismanaged, claims in its 2013 Forest Area Statistics report that West Papua lost 20,285 hectares of forest from 2011-2012, while it provided no deforestation data for Papua province. Attempts by mongabay.com to clarify this absence of data with the ministry were unsuccessful. 

    Meanwhile, data from Global Forest Watch (GFW) largely uphold the government’s numbers for West Papua, with 22,389 hectares of tree cover lost from 2011-2012, and Papua losing 64,230 hectares during the same time period. In all, Papua and West Papua lost 250,542 hectares and 122,885 hectares, respectively, from 2001-2012. 



    Data from Global Forest Watch show Papua and West Papua have significant concession coverage, with logging concessions dominating the lowlands. Many intact forest landscape (IFL) areas have been degraded since 2000. Click to enlarge. 



    In comparison to the forest loss of Indonesia as a whole, which reached 840,000 hectares in 2012 alone, the forests of Papua and West Papua have remained relatively unscathed. But although deforestation has not been as rampant in these regions as it has been for other Indonesian provinces, Charles Tawaru, Greenpeace’s forest campaigner in Papua, says that one thing is for certain: “The forests of Papua and West Papua continue to be degraded.” 

    Global Forest Watch data show an upward trend of deforestation in Papua, with tree cover loss nearly doubling between 2011 and 2012, and GFW maps indicate that much of Papua’s tree cover loss occurred in the large number of timber and, to a lesser extent, palm oil and wood fiber concessions that dot its land. As timber concessions become depleted across other parts of the archipelago, namely Sumatra and Kalimantan, intact forests in Eastern Indonesia risk further depletion. 

    “At the moment, logging — legal and illegal — and plantations are the main drivers [of deforestation] in Papua,” Yuyun Inradi, Greenpeace’s forest political campaign team leader, told mongabay.com

    Logging has traditionally driven most of the provinces’ deforestation, but West Papua, according to Greenpeace, is currently undergoing something of a palm oil boom in certain regencies. Indonesia remains the world’s largest producer of palm oil and, as stated in a recent working paper published by the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), the country is targeting to produce 40 million tons a year by 2020 — twice the output it recorded in 2010. 

    “In the provinces of Papua and West Papua, the area of oil palm plantations is low compared to other regions,” states the CIFOR paper. “However, it is growing at a steady rate.” 

    But not all concessions in Papua and West Papua are being developed at the same pace. Global Forest Watch shows some concessions in the provinces contain intact forest landscapes (IFLs) that have been degraded, while others are completely void of IFLs. On the other hand, many of the concessions on the map appear to have large swaths of IFL. 

    The Merauke region of Papua, which borders Papua New Guinea to the east, is dominated by concessions, many of which contain intact forest landscapes (IFLs). Map courtesy of Global Forest Watch. Click to enlarge. 

    Still, given how much area concessions cover in the provinces, deforestation figures remain unusually low. After all, according to government figures cited by Greenpeace, Papua contains about a third of the remaining rainforests in Indonesia, a country that not too long ago gained international notoriety for surpassing Brazil as the world’s largest deforester in terms of annual rate. 

    Yuyun claims that the presence of concessions doesn’t necessarily translate to active deforestation, especially when it comes to timber plots. “There are a lot of logging concessions that still have active licenses but have no activity on the ground,” he said. “Those that still have tracts of IFL could be new or inactive old concessions.” 

    Meanwhile, palm oil concessions represent both a present and future issue for Papua’s forests. Sorong and Manokwari regencies are currently palm oil hotspots in West Papua, a province that has seen its area of palm oil estates increase from 31,000 hectares in 2007 to 70,000 in 2011, according to CIFOR. 

    Landslide on a deforested hillside near Jayapura, Papua. With fewer tree roots to hold soil, landslides can become more common in deforested areas. Photo by Rhett A. Butler. 

    In Papua province, the Merauke Integrated Food and Energy Estate (MIFEE) has attracted a lot of attention from activists and local communities alike for its wide-ranging concession grants. According to a 2012 Greenomics report, MIFEE is slated to cover over one million hectares of agricultural land in the Papuan region of Merauke. 

    Although only two of 10 proposed blocks were to include palm oil, Greenpeace has previously noted that “significantly” more palm oil concessions were to be included. According to Yunyun, roughly 600,000 hectares included in the project’s limits have thus far been opened up for production. 

    Because of how sensitive they are politically and how valuable they are economically, the provinces of Papua and West Papua represent major development priorities for the Indonesian government and are therefore prone to the effects of extractive industries. Although the situation may be hard to definitively gauge given spotty information, deforestation in Indonesian New Guinea may be more widespread than any published data purport. 


    Citations:
    • Greenpeace, University of Maryland, World Resources Institute and Transparent World. 2014. Intact Forest Landscapes: update and degradation from 2000-2013. Accessed through Global Forest Watch on Jan. 27, 2015. www.globalforestwatch.org
    • Hansen, M. C., P. V. Potapov, R. Moore, M. Hancher, S. A. Turubanova, A. Tyukavina, D. Thau, S. V. Stehman, S. J. Goetz, T. R. Loveland, A. Kommareddy, A. Egorov, L. Chini, C. O. Justice, and J. R. G. Townshend. 2013. “Hansen/UMD/Google/USGS/NASA Tree Cover Loss and Gain Area.” University of Maryland, Google, USGS, and NASA. Accessed through Global Forest Watch on Jan. 27, 2015. www.globalforestwatch.org.
    • “Logging.” World Resources Institute. Accessed through Global Forest Watch on Jan. 27, 2015. www.globalforestwatch.org.
    • “Oil Palm.” World Resources Institute. Accessed through Global Forest Watch on Jan. 27, 2015. www.globalforestwatch.org.
    • UNEP-WCMC, UNEP, and IUCN. “World Database on Protected Areas.” Accessed on Jan. 27, 2015. www.protectedplanet.net.
    • -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    • A google translate of article in 

      Be-aware google translate can be a bit erratic.

      Original bahasa link at

    • 5) AMP Ask PT Nabire New "Lift Foot" and Pull Military of Papua
    •   Author: Admin MS | Wednesday, January 28, 2015 18:22 Viewed: 310 Comments: 0
    • Share:

    • Deforestation in Nabire for oil palm plantation in New Nabire Nabire by PT. Photo: mongabay.co.id.

    • Yogyakarta, STEP MAGAZINE - Papua Students Alliance (AMP) Yogyakarta City Committee condemns the palm oil companies that use the services of the security forces to protect themselves from the customary communities in Sima village, Nabire, Papua New requiring PT Nabire "foot lift" of their land.

    • Palm oil company PT. New Nabire, according to AMP, operates in Nabire without the approval of a large majority of indigenous tribes Yerisiam and several other tribes as customary rights owners.

    • "Without a clear legal basis PT. Nabire New entry and operation, the local tribal chiefs have rejected the company's presence, let alone use the services of the security forces," wrote AMP through a written statement to majalahselangkah.com Tuesday (01.27.15).

    • AMP assess, since the annexation of Papua previously self-determination (December 1, 1961), the military in Papua into its own fear in the hearts of every Papuans.

    • Indonesian military, obviously AMP, often so "guard dogs" are each on the side of investors, protecting their investments through companies who also operate by not giving a profit on indigenous peoples.

    • "The military action as a massacre, shooting, and pemenjarahan still do to this day, particularly in the area of the PT. Nabire New, they should be withdrawn from Nabire," wrote AMP.

    • "The massacres carried out by the Indonesian political game to exterminate ethnic Papuans slowly."

    • During Papua exist in the country and the people of Indonesia, according to AMP, the exploitation of the natural resources of Papua from Indonesian foreign and will remain present state permission. It also continued AMP, will expand opportunities Indonesian military to be "dogs" guard.

    • In fact, again according to AMP, the reality speaks that Papuans do not enjoy the fruits of exploitation, especially the Indonesian military presence frightening because the act of killing, torturing, raping, and a series of other reports relating to their red.

    • AMP requires, first, Indonesian military interesting (military / police) organic and non-organic from the entire land of Papua. Secondly, Indonesia halt all exploitation activities throughout Papua.

    • Third, AMP demanding to Indonesia and the world, will access to Papuan people's right to freedom of self-determination as a democratic solution for all the people of Papua, in ways that are elegant and dignified, unlike Act of 1969 that manipulative, intimidating and full of terror. (BT / 014 / MS)
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    1) Unidentified gunmen shoot two civilians in Papua


    2) Military commander denies involvement of troop in ammunition supply in Papua

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    http://www.antaranews.com/en/news/97581/unidentified-gunmen-shoot-two-civilians-in-papua

    1) Unidentified gunmen shoot two civilians in Papua

    Kamis, 29 Januari 2015 10:49 WIB | 491 Views
    Jayapura, Papua (ANTARA News) - Unidentified gunmen shot two civilians in Popome sub-district, Lanny Jaya District, Papua Province, on Thursday morning.

    The victims were rushed to nearby Tiom Hospital, and later evacuated to Wamena for intensive medical treatment.(*)

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    http://www.antaranews.com/en/news/97574/military-commander-denies-involvement-of-troop-in-ammunition-supply-in-papua

    2) Military commander denies involvement of troop in ammunition supply in Papua

    Kamis, 29 Januari 2015 07:41 WIB | 386 Views

    Jayapura, Papua (ANTARA News) - Chief of the Cendrawasih XVII Regional Military Command, Maj. Gen. Fransen Siahaan, denied on Wednesday that his man had been involved in the sale of ammunition to armed criminal groups in Papua province.

    "We intentionally involved Sgt. Maj. S to identify the network that supplies ammunition to criminal groups," Siahaan said on Wednesday.

    The allegation that the Indonesian military member was involved in the sale of armaments surfaced after a member of the Puron Wenda gang, identified as Wuyunga, was arrested.

    The arrest of the gang member had led to the disclosure of the names of those involved in the supply of ammunition to armed criminal groups.

    Among the names were Albert Jikwa and Fredy Kogoya, who were arrested in the Papuan provincial capital of Jayapura on Wednesday, the regional military chief affirmed.

    To arrest the two suspects, the military had assigned Sgt. Maj. S, who had relations with Jikwa and Kogoya, Siahaan noted.

    "The arrest of the suspects and the revelation of the sales of hundreds of ammunition also involved the Indonesian military," he pointed out.

    When questioned about whether the ammunition was supplied by the adjutant general of the Cendrawasih XVII Regional Military Command, Siahaan stated that the case was still being investigated.

    To be sure, rounds were seized from Royes Wenda following Wuyundas arrest, he added.(*)
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    2) Five military personnel  caught selling ammunition  in Papua 
    3) TNI to severely punish  weapon sellers

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    1) Two people shot by armed  civilian group in Lanny  Jaya 
    Nethy Dharma Somba, The Jakarta Post, Jayapura | Archipelago | Thu, January 29 2015, 5:00 PM - 

    Two residents of Popome village in Popome district, Lanny Jaya regency, Papua, were shot by an armed civilian group on Thursday, highlighting the fragile security situation in the area.
    The shooting of two employees of local exploration firm PT Nirwana -- Gurik Murib, 25, and Markus, 26 – occurred at around 6 a.m. local time. The armed civilian group also burned down an excavator during the attack.
    The Lanny Jaya administration regional secretary, Chris Sohilait, said the two victims had been evacuated to Wamena Regional General Hospital (RSUD), Jayawijaya, to receive medical treatment.
    “Gurik was shot in the arm while Markus got fragments of bullet in his head,” he told The Jakarta Post.
    The security situation in Lanny Jaya is reported to have returned to normal and residents are able to carry out their daily activities.
    Papua Police chief Insp. Gen. Yotje Mende said he would collect further information about the shooting incident. “I have not yet received a report about it,” he told the Post. (ebf)(++++)
    -


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    2) Five military personnel  caught selling ammunition  in Papua 
    Nethy Dharma Somba, The Jakarta Post, Jayapura | Archipelago | Thu, January 29 2015, 7:23 PM - The Military Region XVII/Cendrawasih Military Police (Pomdam) is investigating five members of the Cendrawasih military district command in Jayapura, Papua, who were allegedly selling ammunition to armed civilian groups in the province.

    “The five Indonesian Military personnel being investigated are from the military district command’s Ajendam division. Two out of the five persons are proven to have been involved in the ammunition-selling, while the three others are still being investigated,” said Cendrawasih military district command chief Maj. Gen. Fransen G. Siahaan in Jayapura on Thursday.
    “I consider the five military personnel to be state traitors. They are ‘fish bones’ in the flesh because they have become enemies from inside this military command. They gave ammunition to armed civilian groups that was used to shoot and kill Indonesian Military and National Police members, as well as civilians,” he added.
    Fransen said the Cendrawasih military district command was continuing to increase monitoring activities both inside and outside the institution after arresting three military personnel in Wamena last year. The military personnel were arrested for having been involved in ammunition-selling to the Puron Wenda group, which led armed civilian groups controlling the Pegunungan Tengah area in Papua.
    “From further internal investigations, we found these five traitors. I never expected that the traitors would come from our own division,” Fransen said.
    “Based on our commander's order, any soldier involved in ammunition-selling must be punished as severely as possible. They deserve to be sentenced to death or to face a life sentence and be dismissed from the Indonesian Military,” he went on.
    The five military personnel are First Sgt. NHS, 25; First Pvt. S, 27; First Pvt. RA, 29; Maj. Sgt. S, 39 and First Sgt. MM, 46.
    A joint Indonesian Military and National Police team arrested two of the five individuals while they were carrying out a transaction with three members of an armed civilian group at the Papua Trade Center in Jayapura on Wednesday. The remaining three soldiers were thought to be involved in collecting the ammunition.
    Fransen said an investigation was ongoing to find out whether the ammunition came from the Ajendam division or from other units. (ebf)(+++)



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    3) TNI to severely punish  weapon sellers
    Nani Afrida, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Archipelago | Thu, January 29 2015, 7:26 PM - 
     The Indonesian Military (TNI) will impose severe punishments on any of its personnel who try to sell weapons or any other military equipment to members of the separatist movement in Papua.
    “Selling bullets and military weapons are totally forbidden for military personnel. It’s almost like they want to kill their own comrades. So, if we discover this, the personnel will be automatically discharged and must be brought before a military court,” TNI spokesperson Maj. Gen. Fuad Basya told The Jakarta Post in Jakarta on Thursday.
    It has been reported that a soldier was arrested for selling guns and ammunition to members of the Free Papua Movement (OPM).
    Fuad said the military was very careful in storing its ammunition and it was impossible for soldiers to simply grab the bullets from the armory.
    He assumed the illicit ammunition had been misappropriated during range training.
    “Perhaps the soldier uses only 10 bullets during training, but reports having used up more. It is the only possibility,” he explained.
    According to Fuad, one soldier has been arrested and the military police will try to discover whether there are other soldiers involved in the case. (nfo)(+++)

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    2) Soldiers sold ammunition  to armed groups

    3) Human Rights Watch World Report 2015. Indonesian country report 

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    http://www.radionz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/264858/warning-over-security-on-png-indo-border

    1) Warning over security on PNG/Indo border

    Updated at 8:48 pm on 29 January 2015



    A former Governor of West Sepik province in Papua New Guinea says both the national government and Australia's need to do more to help protect PNG's land border with Indonesia.
    John Tekwie's comment comes after another reported Indonesian military incursion into PNG, in Bewani, West Sepik.
    Indonesian military pursuits of Free West Papua rebels spilling over into PNG have become common over the years, as have complaints by PNG citizens living near the porous border about their treatment by the Indonesians.
    Mr Tekwie says PNG and Australia need to wake up over the security situation caused by the continued subjugation of West Papuans by Indonesia.
    "And you know, when a man is pushed to the end of a table, what do they do? They gonna fight back. I think the West Papua issue is boiling up to that point soon and something is going to happen. And Indonesia is adamant as you know, that Indonesia will fight to protect and prevent West Papua breaking away."
    John Tekwie
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2) Soldiers sold ammunition  to armed groups
    Nethy Dharma Somba and Nani Afrida, The Jakarta Post, Jayapura/Jakarta | Headlines | Fri, January 30 2015, 10:17 AM
    The Cenderawasih Military Police Command in Papua is currently questioning five Indonesian Military (TNI) personnel from the Cenderawasih Military Command Adjutant General’s (Ajendam) unit, allegedly involved in the sale of ammunition to armed civilian groups.

    “Two of them have been proven to be directly involved, while three others are still undergoing interrogation. They provided ammunition to the armed civilian groups, which used it to shoot TNI and National Police personnel and civilians. They are traitors to the state, a thorn in the flesh, they are enemies within the military,” Cenderawasih Military Command chief Maj. Gen. Fransen G. Siahaan said at military headquarters in Jayapura on Thursday.

    Since three TNI personnel were arrested in Wamena last year for selling ammunition to the armed group led by Puron Wenda, the military has intensified internal and external supervision. The group, which committed violence and vandalism, was active in the Pegunungan Tengah region in Papua.

    “We uncovered the five traitors in an internal investigation. I didn’t expect them to come from this unit. In line with orders, soldiers involved in ammunition sales must be dismissed from the unit and punished severely, even sentenced to death, or to life in prison,” he stated.

    Separately, Indonesian Military spokesperson Maj. Gen. Fuad Basya told The Jakarta Post that the military was very careful to safeguard its ammunition and it was impossible for soldiers to take bullets from the armory directly. Officers recorded the exact number of bullets removed from the armory and how many were returned.

    He assumed the bullets that had been sold would have been secreted away during shooting training.

    Two of the suspects were arrested by a TNI-police joint team while in a transaction with three members of an armed civilian group at Papua Trade Center in Jayapura on Jan. 28. The joint team seized 500 rounds of 5.56 mm caliber ammunition. The three other persons are believed to be involved in hoarding ammunition.

    The evidence, said Siahaan, was still being examined to determine whether they came from the Ajendam unit or other units.

    The five suspects, identified only by their rank and initials, are First Sergeants NHS, 25, and MM, 46, Privates First Class S, 27, and RA, 29, and Sergeant Maj. S, 39.

    The suspects, added Siahaan, were currently undergoing intensive questioning to find out how many times they had sold ammunition to armed civilian groups and whether other soldiers were involved in the syndicate.

    Papua Police chief Insp. Gen. Yotje Mende confirmed that the 500 bullets purchased by the three civilians from the soldiers for Rp 10 million (US$793) were intended for the Puron Wenda group in Lanny Jaya regency. 

    “The three civilians were tasked with operating in the city to find ammunition and to deliver it to the jungle. They have been named as suspects for arms possession and charged with violating the Emergency Law,” said Yotje.

    Separately on Thursday, two residents in Popome village, Popome district, Lanny Jaya regency, Papua, were shot by members of an armed civilian group at around 6 a.m.

    The victims, Gurik Murib, 25, and Markus, 26, are employees of PT Nirwana. The armed group also set fire to an excavator.

    When contacted by phone, Lanny Jaya regency secretary Chris Sohilait said the two victims had been taken to Wamena hospital in Jayawijaya regency for medical treatment. -
    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    3) Human Rights Watch World Report 2015
    Full report at 
    Indonesian country report at

    Indonesia

    Joko Widodo, popularly known as “Jokowi,” took office on October 20, 2014, after winning a tightly contested presidential election on July 9. The election was a watershed; Widodo is the first Indonesian president who has neither a military background nor an elite family pedigree.
    Widodo’s campaign focused primarily on economic issues, but he made commitments on several of the pressing human rights issues he inherited, including pledges to investigate the enforced disappearance of 13 pro-democracy activists in 1998 in the dying days of the Suharto dictatorship and to lift restrictions on foreign journalists from traveling to and reporting from Papua and West Papua provinces. Those commitments are vague, however, and had yet to be backed by specific directives or policy measures at time of writing.
    The human rights record of Jokowi’s predecessor, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, in office for 10 years, was characterized more by failures and missed opportunities than by successes. Yudhoyono’s government made little progress in ending impunity for past serious human rights abuses by security forces; failed to protect the rights of Indonesia’s religious minorities from increasing harassment, intimidation, and violence by Islamist militants; allowed the enforcement of local Islamic bylaws that violate rights of women, LGBT people, and religious minorities; and failed to address continuing abuses in Papua. 

    Freedom of Religion

    According to the Jakarta-based Setara Institute, which monitors religious freedom, there were 230 attacks on religious minorities in Indonesia in 2013 and 107 cases in 2014 through November. The alleged perpetrators were almost all  Sunni Islamist militants; the targets included Christians, Ahmadiyah, Shia, Sufi Muslims, and native faith believers.
    Throughout 2014, two Christian congregations in the Jakarta suburbs—GKI Yasmin and HKBP Filadelfia—continued to worship in private houses due to the government’s failure to enforce Supreme Court decisions ordering local officials to issue building permits for the congregations. National regulations, including ministerial decrees on constructing houses of worship and a decree against religious practice by the Ahmadiyah community, discriminate against religious minorities and foster intolerance.
    On May 29, Islamist militants carrying wooden bats and iron sticks attacked the home of book publisher Julius Felicianus in Yogyakarta while his family conducted an evening Christian prayer meeting. The attack resulted in injuries to seven participants, including fractures and head wounds. Police arrested the leader of the attack but later released him after local authorities pressured Felicianus to drop charges on the basis of “religious harmony.”
    On June 1, Islamist militants attacked a building in Pangukan village in Sleman, Central Java, in which residents had been conducting Pentacostal services. Police arrested the leader of the attack, but also filed criminal charges against pastor Nico Lomboan, the  owner of the property, for violating a 2012 government ban against using private residences for religious services. 
    While Yudhoyono condemned sectarian violence by the extremist Islamic State group in Iraq and Syria, he downplayed the harassment, intimidation, and violence committed by Islamist militants against Indonesia’s religious minorities, claiming it is “understandable that sometimes there will be conflict between different groups.”
    In July, Minister of Religious Affairs Lukman Saifuddin publicly expressed support for allowing followers of the Bahai faith to receive national identification cards, marriage certificates, and other official documents that identify them as Bahai. But Home Affairs Minister Gamawan Fauzi rejected Saifuddin’s proposal, arguing that he could only legally issue documents listing one of Indonesia’s six officially recognized religions: Islam, Protestanism, Catholism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism. Fauzi suggested Bahai members choose one of these instead.
    On September 4, five law students from the University of Indonesia in Jakarta filed a petition at the Constitutional Court, demanding revocation of an article of the 1974 Marriage Law that bans inter-religious marriage. The petition argues that the law discriminates against mixed-faith couples.

    Papua

    Papua (used here to refer to the provinces of Papua and West Papua) remained tense in 2014 as security forces continued to confront a low-level pro-independence insurgency movement led by the Free Papua Movement (Organisasi Papua Merdeka, OPM). On July 28, Indonesian media reported that suspected OPM guerrillas killed two police officers and wounded two others in Indawa village, Lanny Jaya regency.
    As of October, according to the “Papuans Behind Bars” website, 68 Papuans were imprisoned or awaiting trial for peaceful advocacy of independence.
    Indonesian police arrested French journalists Valentine Bourrat and Thomas Dandois on August 6 in Wamena on charges of “working illegally” without a journalist visa while filming a documentary for Franco-German Arte TV. Areki Wanimbo, the Lanny Jaya tribal chief, whom the journalists had interviewed, was also arrested. A police spokesman initially said that the journalists would be charged with subversion for allegedly filming OPM members, but the two ultimately were charged with and convicted of “abusive use of entry visas” on October 24. They left Papua three days later, having served the requisite time in custody.  Wanimbo, however, was still being held at time of writing, charged with subversion without a clear factual basis, and facing trial.
    On August 26, Martinus Yohame, leader of the West Papua National Committee in Sorong, was found dead inside a sack in the sea, a week after he went missing in the lead-up to President Yudhoyono’s visit to Sorong. Yohame had also talked to the French journalists.
    Although Jokowi pledged to open Papua to foreign journalists, as noted above, his cabinet also proposed subdividing  Papua from two provinces into four smaller provinces and  encouraging greater migration to Papua, proposals likely to exacerbate tensions there.

    Land Rights

    The Ministry of Forestry continued in 2014 to include forest lands claimed by indigenous communities within state forest concessions awarded to timber and plantation companies. In May 2013, the Constitutional Court rebuked the ministry for the practice and declared unconstitutional a provision of the 1999 Forestry Law that had enabled it.
    In October 2014, President Widodo merged the Agriculture Ministry and the National Land Authority into a single ministry and did the same with the Ministry of Forestry and the Ministry of Environment. Activists hope the consolidation will improve efficiency, reduce corruption, and allow for more effective government oversight of land issues.

    Freedom of Expression

    The Indonesian government continues to arrest peaceful protesters who raise separatist flags. On April 25, police in Ambon arrested nine people who led a prayer to commemorate the 1950 declaration of an independent “South Moluccas Republic.” The nine were charged with treason and in November were still on trial.
    On August 30, Florence Sihombing, a graduate student at Gadjah Mada University in Yogyakarta, was arrested on criminal defamation charges after she called the city “poor, stupid and uncultured” on a social media network. Police dropped all charges and released Sihombing on September 1 on condition that the university impose academic sanctions against her. The university responded on September 9 by suspending Sihombing for one semester.
    On August 30, Adrianus Meliala, a member of the official National Police Commission, apologized for calling the force corrupt in a television interview. Meliala’s apology followed a threat of criminal defamation charges by National Police Chief General Sutarman.
    On August 15, police detained journalist Aprila Wayar of Jubi, a Papuan news service, for photographing police beating nine student protesters with rifle butts at Cenderawasih University in Jayapura, Papua. Police released Wayar, along with the photos she had taken, after several hours.

    Military Reform and Impunity

    Security forces responsible for serious violations of human rights continue to enjoy impunity. September 2014 marked the 10th anniversary of the murder of the prominent human rights defender Munir Said Thalib. Munir was poisoned on a Garuda Indonesia flight on September 7, 2004. Despite strong evidence that the conspiracy to kill Munir went beyond the three individuals convicted in connection with the crime and involved high levels of the National Intelligence Agency, Yudhoyono failed to deliver on promises to bring all perpetrators to justice.
    Parliament failed to amend the 1997 Law on Military Tribunals even though the Yudhoyono administration submitted a new draft law in February. The 1997 law is widely seen as providing impunity to members of the military involved in human rights abuses and other crimes. If approved, the amendment would pave the way for soldiers to be tried in civilian courts for human rights violations.
    No progress was made on accountability for serious security force abuses during the 32-year rule of President Suharto, including the mass killings of 1965-66, atrocities in counterinsurgency operations in Aceh, East Timor, and Papua, killings in Kalimantan, Lampung, Tanjung priok, and other prominent cases.

    Women’s and Girls’ Rights

    Discriminatory regulations against women and girls continued to proliferate in 2014. Indonesia's official Commission on Violence against Women reported that, as of August, national and local governments had passed 23 new discriminatory regulations in 2014.
    Indonesia has a total of 279 discriminatory local regulations targeting women. A total of 90 of those rules require girls and women, mostly students and civil servants, to wear the hijab. The mandatory hijab is also imposed on Christian girls in some areas.
    On September 27, the Aceh parliament passed two Islamic bylaws which create new discriminatory offenses that do not exist in the Indonesian criminal code. The bylaws extend Islamic law to non-Muslims, criminalizing alcohol drinking, consensual same-sex sexual acts, homosexuality, as well as all sexual relations outside of marriage. The bylaws permit as punishment up to 100 lashes and up to 100 months in prison.
    In October, Human Rights Watch released a short report documenting the National Police requirement that female police applicants take an abusive “virginity test.”

    Refugees and Asylum Seekers

     
    Indonesia remains a transit point to Australia for refugees and asylum seekers fleeing persecution and violence in countries including Somalia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Burma.
    As of May 2014, there were approximately 10,509 refugees and asylum seekers in Indonesia, all living in legal limbo because Indonesia lacks an asylum law. This number includes 331 migrant children detained in immigration centers, of which 110 were unaccompanied minors.
    While Indonesia delegates responsibility for processing refugees and asylum seekers to the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), it often refuses to release even UNHCR-recognized refugees from detention centers, where conditions are poor and mistreatment is common. Those who are released face the constant threat of re-arrest and further detention.

    Disability Rights

    On July 8, the parliament passed a new mental health act to address Indonesia’s dire mental healthcare situation. Conditions are particularly horrific for the tens of thousands of Indonesians with psychosocial disabilities who spend their lives shackled (pasung) instead of receiving community-based mental health care. When implemented, the new law will address the treatment gap by integrating mental health into general health services, making affordable drug treatments available for people with psychosocial disabilities, and facilitating the training of more mental health professionals.
    The law seeks to reduce stigma and discrimination against people with psychosocial disabilities and guarantees the right to protection from neglect, violence, and exploitation. The law also provides accountability for abuses, including pasung, and promises access to services in the community. However, the law also contains problematic provisions that allow for treatment without informed consent of persons with psychosocial disabilities if they are deemed “incompetent.”

    Key International Actors

    On August 29, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon spoke in Bali and described the country as “living wisely, harmoniously, side-by-side resolving all differences of opinion through dialogue,” failing to mention religious intolerance and related violence.
    On September 6, US Secretary of State John Kerry issued a statement on the 10th anniversary of rights activist Munir’s assasination: “Still today, justice has not been served. Full accountability for all those allegedly involved remains elusive.”
    In August, Australia and Indonesia signed a vaguely worded agreement on surveillance and intelligence gathering. In October, the Australian senate passed a motion calling for the release of the two French journalists imprisoned in Papua and noting that press freedom in Papua is "tightly restricted" by the Indonesian government. 
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    2) Freeport asked to build  smelter in Papua

    3) MERDEKA! Struggle and survival in West Papua

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    1) Freeport slammed for high  occupational accident rate 
    Energy and Mineral Resources Minister Sudirman Said has criticized PT Freeport Indonesia for what he deemed was poor occupational safety at its mining site in Timika, Papua, with the death toll reaching 30 in occupational accidents over the years.
    The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Business | Fri, January 30 2015, 3:48 PM - 
    “I filed a complaint with Freeport, an international company, as 30 employees have died in occupation accidents,” he said in his address at the launch of a geothermal infrastructure development project in Batam, Riau Islands, on Friday.
    According to the minister, the deaths were avoidable because occupational accidents were preventable.
    “It is not a matter of sophisticated technology but a technical issue, such as when a light vehicle hit a heavy equipment vehicle because of reckless driving,” the minister said as quoted by Antara news agency.
    An employee of PT Panca Karya Dita Abadi, a partner company of PT Freeport, died on Sunday after undergoing intensive medical treatment. The victim was hospitalized after reportedly being hit by a truck at the mining site in Mimika regency.
    Sudirman gave a thumbs up to state-owned PT PGN in occupational safety after it reported zero accidents.
    He gave as an example the fact that all PGN drivers were compelled wear seat belts when operating vehicles and all employees and guests, including ministers, were required to wear seat belts when riding in vehicles.
    “When a driver reprimanded a minister for such a minor but important thing, it was extraordinary. This indicates that the enterprise and its employees have properly applied occupation safety,” he said. (rms)


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    http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2015/01/30/freeport-asked-build-smelter-papua.html

    2) Freeport asked to build  smelter in Papua
    Nethy Dharma Somba, The Jakarta Post, Jayapura | Business | Fri, January 30 2015, 4:08 PM - 

    Papua Governor Lukas Enembe has told PT Freeport Indonesia to establish its planned smelter in Papua or risk being banished from the country’s easternmost province.
    “It is obligatory for the company to establish its smelter in Papua and if it declines to do so, it must leave, it will no longer be allowed to mine the province’s natural resources because it will continue leaving the Papuan people in poverty,” he said after a meeting with President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo at the Presidential Palace on Thursday.
    When contacted by The Jakarta Post on Friday, Enembe said the Papuan people opposed Freeport’s plan to build its smelter in Gresik, East Java.
    “Freeport should defend its plan to build the smelter in Gresik. How will Papua progress if all industries are established outside the province? When will the Papuan people be freed from poverty and the backwardness if the giant mining company processes the huge copper and gold deposits in other provinces?” he asked, adding that Papua was an integral part of the Indonesian republic.
    The governor, regents and tribal leaders from Mimika were in Jakarta to lobby the central government to force the American company to build its smelter in Papua.
    In relation to the petition, the governor said, the Papuan provincial administration had developed infrastructure such as a road leading to a waterfall in Urumka, the potential site for the establishment of a hydropower plant with a capacity of 600,000 megawatts.
    “So Freeport has no plausible reasons not to build its smelter in Papua,” he argued, adding that the provincial administration had also provided a large area for the construction of a smelter near its mining site.
    The governor declined to comment on the security aspect if the smelter were built in the province.
    Enembe said that if Freeport declined to build its smelter in Papua, the provincial administration would partner with another company to build similar facilities in Papua and would make a regulation requiring the multinational company to use the facilities.
    He added that the construction of a smelter in Mimika would contribute to the wealth of the province and employ more workers. (rms)(++++)


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    http://redflag.org.au/article/merdeka-struggle-and-survival-west-papua


    3) MERDEKA! Struggle and survival in West Papua




    Simon Degei sat amid the ground cover, a gaping hole in his right shoulder obscured by a bloodied tank-top, and his face covered in dirt. It is difficult to tell from the picture precisely how long he had left. But Degei is looking to the sky and his gaze is distant; these are his last moments. The 18 year old reportedly bled to death somewhere near the Enarotali airport, Paniai regency, in West Paua’s central highlands.
    It was 8 December last year. Indonesian security forces had opened fire on a peaceful demonstration at Karel Bonay football field, near the local police station. They were protesting against army violence. Four other teenagers died from gunshot wounds at the scene. A sixth victim died in hospital two days later. At least 17 others, including five primary school children, were wounded, according to reports.
    A number of inquiries have been announced, but the 1997 Law on Military Courts blocks civilian investigators from interviewing military personnel. According to Phelim Kine, deputy Asia director at Human Rights Watch, there also is a “climate of fear … [that] inhibits local people from publicly discussing security force abuses”.
    Indonesia maintains strict control over reporting from West Papua. Foreign journalists are banned; local reporters face intimidation. Yet the government can’t stop the flow of information about the atrocities being committed. Those with mobile phones now document events and distribute the images via social media to international solidarity campaigners and media outlets.
    In January, there was another crackdown. More than 100 people were arrested, some tortured, and scores chased from their burning homes in Utikini village, in the Timika region south of Grasberg Mountain – the largest gold mine in the world. In another village, Banti, Indonesian soldiers burned down homes and chased locals into the nearby jungle.
    The following day, a young man in Mapurujaya village (also Timika region) was attacked. “He was stabbed in the head with a sharp instrument and his cerebellum was pierced”, reported the Free West Papua campaign on 15 January. “He is now in a coma in hospital.” Survival International, an NGO that advocates for the rights of tribal people, has received reports that another man, Jekson Waker, was shot in the feet to “keep him still”.
    The number of dead has mounted during Indonesia’s 50-year occupation. Sydney University researchers John Wing and Peter King estimate that at least 100,000 have been killed. Exiled independence leader Benny Wenda claims that the number is half a million. They are victims of what has been called slow-burn genocide.
    Descriptions of the killing carry echoes of King Leopold’s Congo. When Australian journalist John Martinkus travelled to the region in 2002, Peter Tabuni, a resistance fighter who had spent decades in jungle camps, showed him a file recounting the Indonesian slaughter during the Baliem Valley insurgency in the late 1970s. “Pages of detailed gruesome information followed”, Martinkus wrote.
    “They don’t just kill with a gun”, Tabuni told him. “One man I saw still alive they burnt his head and feet and they wire his hands together and they cook him over a fire and then they put a hot iron over his body. They cut the hand and ear of some and cook it on the fire and give it to them to eat.”
    Added to the loss of life are torture and detention of activists, rape and mutilation of women, deliberate introduction of HIV into the population, land theft and crop destruction, cultural desecration, and denial of freedom of speech and assembly.
    A colonial legacy
    The situation today is a legacy not only of decades of Indonesian occupation, but of the battles Indonesians themselves waged to be free of colonial rule. The country’s four-year War of Independence officially ended when the Dutch relinquished sovereignty over the archipelago in late 1949. But millions of Indonesians continued campaigning against lingering colonial influence. In the mid- to late 1950s, workers occupied Dutch-owned companies, which were eventually nationalised, and the Indonesian government repudiated its debt to Holland.
    However, the western half of the large island of New Guinea, directly to the north of Australia, remained administered by the Europeans. It was known to the Indonesians as West Irian, the latter word being an acronym of “Ikut Republik Indonesia Anti-Nederland” (follow Indonesia against the Netherlands). Later it would be renamed Irian Jaya, “Victorious Irian”. The new republic claimed it as part of the United States of Indonesia.
    Sensing that their grip was loosening, the Dutch reasoned that the only way to maintain influence in the territory would be through a neo-colonial state – nominally under Papuan rule but in reality dominated by Dutch interests. They educated and trained a layer of Papuans, developed the administrative apparatus and built infrastructure to support it: airfields, ports, housing, roads, sanitation and communication. Mostly this was in the capital Hollandia (later renamed Jayapura – “Victory City”).
    By the early 1960s, just 25 percent of the bureaucracy was staffed by Europeans. More than 15,000 Papuans were employed in administration and the private sector. Included in that number were more than 5,000 public servants, the vast bulk in lower ranking positions. Historian Peter Drooglever, who has meticulously researched Dutch rule in West Papua, estimates that, at the top, there were “little under a thousand individuals who at the end of the Dutch period formed the crystallising Papuan elite”.
    Increasingly it was clear that Indonesia was going to take the territory. President Sukarno gave an incendiary speech at Jogjakarta in December 1961: “[T]he Dutch undertook to recognise sovereignty, independence, over the whole of that Indonesia, ‘irrevocable’ and ‘unconditional’ … This was a huge lie, a great deception … I have already given the order to the entire Armed Forces of the Republic of Indonesia … to get themselves ready so that at any moment I give you the command, you liberate West Irian from the stranglehold of Dutch imperialism.”
    The words might now seem soaked with historical irony. Yet at the time, Indonesia was a beacon in the global anti-colonial movement. Indeed, a section of the Papuan elite were pro-integration. As historian Peter Savage has written, “Some saw through the Dutch ploy and were not content with ‘flag nationalism’. They turned their attention instead to the new-born Republic … seeing there a genuinely anti-(rather than neo-)colonial nationalism.” The Indonesian leaders thought similarly: Papuan nationalism was a Dutch ruse to maintain the remnants of empire. Certainly the colonists thought so, but where did that leave the Papuans? The overwhelming majority did not identify with either side. They were not Indonesian or European, but Melanesian (Pacific Islander).
    When the New York Agreement was signed in August 1962, stipulating a transfer of administrative control, first to a UN Temporary Executive Authority, then to Indonesia in 1963, some Papuans began to argue for a unilateral declaration of independence. At the very least, reasoned others, a vote on self-determination should occur during the transition period so it could be carried out by the UN. They were right to be worried but wrong to place their faith in the “community of nations”.
    The New York Agreement was a Cold War manoeuvre by the US to undermine Soviet influence. The Russians were providing arms to the Indonesian military and, adding to US nervousness, the Indonesian Communist Party was the largest in the world, outside of the nominally communist countries. The agreement instructed the Indonesian administration to “give the people of the territory the opportunity to exercise freedom of choice … before the end of 1969”. But it left a great deal unclear and didn’t contain the words “referendum” or “plebiscite”, preferring the bureaucrat-speak of “consultations”. This was no accident.
    As Indonesians took over the administration under the UN’s watch, restrictions on movement and assembly were instituted. The new regime cleared the decks. “Only a limited number of Papuans continued serving in the bodies that had existed before”, writes Drooglever.
    Great changes were also taking place in Indonesia, where a bloody right wing military coup occurred in 1965. The left was liquidated as up to 1 million were slaughtered. Two years later, General Suharto’s government presided over Operation Tampas (“Destroy”) in Manokwari. There are varying reports of hundreds or up to 3,000 killed to suppress a resistance movement of some 10,000. Suharto also illegally granted Freeport Sulphur a mining concession covering 10,000 hectares around Ertsberg Mountain in the central highlands, where the company had earlier discovered “the largest above-ground outcrop of base metal ore in the world”.
    The new Indonesian regime followed through with the UN-mandated Act of Free Choice in 1969. It was a farce. Papuans refer to it as the “Act of No Choice”. Prior to the vote, Suharto declared that the “return of West Irian into the fold of the motherland” could not be undone. Behind closed doors, the UN agreed. Thousands were killed as the military unleashed a wave of intimidation in the lead-up to the vote.
    Just over 1,000 handpicked Papuans out of a population of more than 700,000 were allowed to participate. One recounted to a reporter for the documentaryWest Papua – the secret war in Asia in 2007: “The head of the Indonesian military unit spoke to each of us, one by one … ‘You have to choose Indonesia, not Papua.’ Then he put a gun to the head of each of us and threatened: ‘If you don’t choose Indonesia then I will kill you, all of you!’”
    This act of betrayal has framed the narrative of the nationalist movement ever since.
    Resistance
    In 1961 a national anthem, “Oh my land Papua”, was sung and a national flag, the Morning Star Flag, was raised at the first Papuan People’s Congress in Hollandia. Today, Papuans view the proceedings as a declaration of independence. At the time, however, the ceremony had limited impact. Richard Chauvel, a leading scholar on West Papua, writes: “Those involved … had been drawn primarily from a small elite that had been educated, politicised, and employed in the urban centres … From the perspective of today, they were the pioneers of Papuan nationalism … Most people thought not in terms of Papua, but in terms of locality and region.”
    Hundreds of Indonesian paratroopers were soon landing in anticipation of the takeover. The Free Papua Movement (Organisasi Papua Merdeka – OPM), the umbrella under which most of the independence movement would be organised, was formed several years later. After the Act of No Choice, resistance became widespread but remained localised. It would take time for a broad nationalist movement to crystallise.
    Mass protests were put down in the heavily policed cities. The strength of the Indonesian military turned many to the guerrilla struggle – the interior of the country was largely inaccessible and the border region with Papua New Guinea provided a safe exit in the event of a major offensive. The downside to this strategy was the retreat from the centres of power.
    In 1971, OPM leaders Seth Rumkorem and Jacob Prai unilaterally declared independence. It didn’t result in a territory-wide uprising. Indeed it seemed to come out of nowhere, with little consultation. It is nevertheless considered an important development. “With the declaration of independence it was apparent that the feelings of West Papuan nationalism that had manifested themselves in spontaneous uprisings against the government through the 1960s had evolved into a much more definite form”, Australian author Jim Elmslie wrote in Irian Jaya under the gun. “A semi-professional full time core of guerrilla soldiers was now operating against the Indonesian government under an agreed constitution … From being only an amorphous feeling of outrage, West Papuan nationalism had become a purposeful social, political and military movement.”
    The nationalists still were weakly organised, and the guerrillas would never be in a position to challenge the power of the Indonesian state. Besides, the strategy was self-limiting: every act of resistance was met with military reprisals against local villages. Hundreds, even thousands, could be killed for every guerrilla transgression. Such a burden of responsibility meant that actions had to be calculated. Nevertheless, the resistance represented defiance and unbending determination; living proof that sovereignty was never ceded.
    The OPM suffered a debilitating split in the 1970s. Vicious factional infighting between Rumkorem and Prai resulted in up to 10,000 deaths. Papuans were killing Papuans. “We had to forget the jungle strategy”, says Jacob Rumbiak, who at the time was a young nationalist leader. Today he is foreign minister of the Federal Republic of West Papua (FRWP), which was declared in 2011 at the third Papuan People’s Congress.
    The FRWP is located in the homeland, but Rumbiak’s Department of Foreign Affairs, Immigration and Trade is situated in Melbourne’s Docklands, a model of neoliberal development that has transformed a degraded port precinct into a corporate hub. It is a far cry from the camps from which, at age 11, he commanded a guerrilla unit in the 1960s. There were more experienced and older candidates for leadership, he says. But the OPM wanted to promote and train the youth.
    Rumbiak gained a scholarship to study in Bandung, Java, in the mid-1970s. From 1982, he began educating Bandung-based Papuan students in West Papuan history. For a national movement to succeed, he reasoned, mass nationalist consciousness was required. “At the time our leaders, like Rumkorem and Prai, had groups. But information to the ground? Zero. The leader only [was informed]. I didn’t agree. I was told it’s too dangerous, why would you try and organise in Java? I said, ‘I’m a soccer player. I can play at home and I can play at my competitor’s home. This struggle is similar.’”
    Rumbiak is matter of fact about the strategic choices. But underneath his jovial and welcoming exterior stands a man who endured torture for a decade in Indonesian prisons. Ironically, only when he later returned home to organise was he taken captive.
    West Papua is home to hundreds of different languages, and cultural groups that often view each other with suspicion. Rumbiak’s idea was straightforward enough: secretly, he and others, including his soon to be executed cousin, the anthropologist and musician Arnold Ap, would select students from as wide a range of villages as possible. When the students went home for holidays, it would be their responsibility to raise the consciousness of their kin in West Papua and overcome local and regional divisions. “They had to look with both eyes, not just their tribe’s eye.” He was confident of this approach because, he says, regardless of the tribal differences, each shares a fundamental world outlook in which Spirit, land and culture are united. That, he believed, was the key to creating a unified movement of Melanesians for an independent West Papua.
    The education project also was predicated on the experience of Indonesian brutality. Shared oppression fostered common identity. Today, writes Chauvel, “a Papuan national movement featuring a pan-Papuan identity and a commitment to an independent Papua has spread from the small, educated urban elite that gave birth to it to become a Papua-wide movement with roots in the villages. In addition, the educated elite that leads the movement is much more numerous, skilled, and politically experienced than it was when Indonesia assumed control in 1963.”
    Nevertheless, regional identities and differences remain strong. Clan traditions reportedly continue to play a role in factional politics within the resistance. Competing organisational loyalties also are underwritten by differences in politics and strategy. There are many different factions, some armed, others committed to non-violence. The FRWP was proclaimed by a gathering of 5,000. Yet it is difficult to tell exactly how broad its social base is on the island, which is home to around two million Melanesians. The structure of the OPM and the number of guerrillas under arms similarly is difficult to discern, but there are a number of regional commands throughout West Papua.
    In December a new umbrella organisation – the United Liberation Movement for West Papua – was formed in an attempt to present a common voice of these various factions within the independence movement.
    The Indonesian vice
    Despite heroic resistance and the development of a common movement, after more than 50 years Indonesia’s control over the territory has been strengthened. There were great expectations in the wake of the 1998 Indonesian protest movement, which ended Suharto’s dictatorship, and East Timor’s independence vote the following year. A Special Autonomy Law was negotiated in 2001, under president Abdurrahman Wahid, but wasn’t implemented after he was forced from office by an alliance between Megawati’s centre-right “nationalists” and the centre-right Islamic parties.
    Indonesia’s grip remains vice-like for a number of reasons. One is that, for Indonesia’s military, West Papua is the last fiefdom. Since 1998, the military more and more has been pushed to the margins of national political life. It has lost its representation in parliament. It had to withdraw all its non-Acehnese forces from Aceh. It is no longer deployed against protesters or to enforce political bans. Papua is an exception, the area it has been able to hold against civilian rule.
    Another relates to the state’s territorial integrity. There is little chance of the balkanisation of the archipelago today, but foreign minister Subandrio’s words to the UN Political Committee in 1957 retain a certain logic: “Self-determination with regard to West Irian would mean in fact that we should accept also the same concept with regard to the other islands or regions of Indonesia.”
    Another is the economics of the region. West Papua is, quite literally, a gold mine. In 1991, Freeport’s lease was widened to 2.6 million hectares after a mammoth ore discovery at Grasberg Mountain – more than 30 times the size of the original find at Ertsberg. Freeport is one of the largest individual sources of revenue for the treasury. Grasberg also is one of the last gravy trains of the military. A New York Times investigation in 2005 found that, over the previous six years, “Freeport gave military and police generals, colonels, majors and captains, and military units, nearly $20 million. Individual commanders received tens of thousands of dollars, in one case up to $150,000.”
    Merdeka!
    West Papuans face more than just the violence and intransigence of the Indonesian state. The slogan of the nationalist movement is Merdeka, which also was the battle-cry of the Indonesian revolutionaries as they fought Dutch colonialism in the 1940s. Often it is translated as “independence”, yet Chauvel points out that “Papua has objectives in addition to that of political sovereignty. Some have argued that Merdeka … means not just political independence but freedom, and freedom has been defined variously as freedom from poverty, ignorance, political repression, and abuse of human rights.”
    Max Lane, author of Unfinished nation: Indonesia before and after Suharto, says that the competing claims reflect a complex situation on the ground, which doesn’t necessarily afford broad support to a single political project. “Any manifestation of opposition gets widespread support, but the politics of the actual population is fractured”, he says, speaking over the phone in Melbourne. “Despite these fractures and contradictions, while the Indonesian state, through its military, treats Melanesian Papuans as an occupied people, they will increasingly feel foreign. Among the most politicised sector, university students, political nationalism is strong.”
    Undoubtedly the overwhelming majority support a free West Papua. But the political and strategic differences, which partly underwrite the various organisational loyalties, are themselves informed by competing visions ofMerdeka. What does the latter look like concretely? For many highlanders, it means an end to brutality and killing. Educated urbanites, however, may have different immediate concerns, such as an end to discrimination in government hiring.
    Another complicating factor is the immigration of hundreds of thousands from around the archipelago. Non-Melanesians made up just 2.5 percent of the population in 1960. Elmslie, who also co-founded the West Papua Project at the Sydney University Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies, estimates that the West Papuans are today likely a minority in their own land. Even if that is not yet the case, certainly in the cities – the centres of government – they have been marginalised, as Martinkus’s description of Jayapura in 2002 indicates: “Traders from Sulawesi, Java and Bali cram into the two main streets that run down to the harbour … There is barely a Papuan face to be seen among the crowds that loiter every night.”
    His impression overstates reality – West Papuans make up at least a large minority in the capital. Reality nevertheless poses an immense dilemma: how to conceptualise, let alone achieve, Merdeka in a multi-ethnic territory with competing national allegiances? Has the moment for independence passed? Jacob Rumbiak insists that it has not. “Even if we are 10 percent of the population, we will achieve it. We will fight for two years, 100 years if necessary”. After 50 years of struggle, his conviction is as strong as ever. But if he is wrong, what road for a marginalised nation without a state of its own?
    Papuans at a minimum deserve full freedom of speech and organisation, including the right to advocate independence, the withdrawal of the Indonesian military, the release of all political prisoners and an end to discrimination. Could these be realised within the framework of Indonesian rule? For many Papuans it is scarcely believable. That is precisely the appeal of the demand for independence through a direct vote to right the wrong that was perpetrated in 1969.
    There is another, more audacious, path that may open in coming years.
    The revolutionary republic of Indonesia adopted the motto “unity in diversity”. The vision would have been limited in practice by the political project of establishing a centre of capital accumulation outside of European rule; as it was, its content was totally emptied by military dictatorship, which crushed the movement that could have given life to the words. The price of national unity under Suharto was hundreds of thousands, or more, slaughtered.
    Today, workers, farmers, students and oppressed groups continue to cop the repressive heel of the Indonesian state. But the workers’ movement in Java is being reborn. A student movement also has continued since the fall of Suharto. This underscores the potential of a broad alliance from Jayapura through Jakarta to Banda Aceh – multiple insurgencies in a united struggle for economic, social and political rights. The power of unity in the service of diverse and progressive claims would be immense.
    The events of 1998 were only a glimpse of that potential. The vision of another Indonesian revolution is compelling precisely because of the precedents. Down that road lies Merdeka, not just for some two million West Papuans, but for several hundred million toilers across the archipelago
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    2) Health Care Service Poor Due to Shortage of Medical Personnel
    3) Local Government to Form Monitoring Team on Health Service System

     4) 2.431 High School Students in Mimika Enrolled for National Exams

    5) Sorong City Council Accused of Cowardice in Alcohol Crackdown


    6) BKPM to put stalled projects  back on table


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    1) AusAID Works with Tolikara government to Strengthen Health Systems

    Wamena, Jubi – The Tolikara government is working with the Austrlaian aid agency AusAID to improve the primary health system in Papua and West Papua.
     
    David Low, a representative from AusAID, said the agency wanted to see first hand the implementation of a nutrition program for pregnant and breastfeeding-women, initiated by Tolikara regent Usman G. Wanimbo as it has contributed to the welfare of the community.
    “We start our visit to Papua by visiting Tolikara, because he wanted to see the process of service provision of nutritious food to the mother and children. Therefore, we are ready to fully support this program through partnership in strengthening the capacity of health centers in the province of Papua and West Papua including Tolikara,” Low said.
    This program aims to reduce maternal mortality, newborns and toddlers, to decrease malnutrition for children under five, the number of new cases of HIV and sexually transmitted diseases and the number of deaths from AIDS. It will also give contribution in handling non-communicable diseases through screening or routine examination and cases of high blood pressure effectively.
    Meanwhile regent deputy of Tolikara, Amos Yikwa welcomed the visit of AusAID chairman and his team.
    “We hope we could work together and apply it to synchronize their programs together with local government programs,” Amos Yikwa said. (Islami/Tina)


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    2) Health Care Service Poor Due to Shortage of Medical Personnel

    Abepura, Jubi – The head of the health center in Harapan village, Jayapura regency, Hadi Kurniawan, said it is very difficult to meet the needs of the community as the health workers faced difficulty to reach people who live in the remotest villages.
    Hadi said, before he served as the head of the health center, it already has had a clinic schedule in East Sentani area. However, the plan could not run smoothly because of the distance and shortage of medical personnel.
    “If we all are out serving people in the village, there is no service at the health center,” he told Jubi in his office on Monday (26/10).
    Currently, the clinic in Harapan village has one dentist and a general practitioner.
    Last week, a Puai resident, Damianus Pulanda, said the health service in the area needs to be improved so that all citizens could have better health care. (Mawel Benny/Tina)
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    3) Local Government to Form Monitoring Team on Health Service System


    Sentani, Jubi – The Jayapura regency administration will establish a monitoring team to improve the health care system in various community health centers and hospitals following public complaints.
    “We will form a team to ensure all service systems in hospital, health centers and clinics in each village work as they should,” Regent Jayapura, Mathius Awoitauw told Jubi in his office on Tuesday (27/1).
    Public hospital is not the only place for the community to get medical treatement. Actually, the service designed must be close to the community such as health centers. And about liquid waste from Yowari Hospital that has not been managed well, the Regent said, it has set up a special team to collect data related to all supporting facilities.
    “It will be implemented by the newly appointed acting as Yowari director Yowari prepared is completing his doctorate program,” regent added.
    Meanwhile Salomina Apasedanya hoped Yowari hospitals and all community health service centers should be able to provide maximum services. Because until now, there are many health centers are shortages of drugs, whereas very high demand for drugs. (Engelberth Wally/Tina)
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    4) 2.431 High School Students in Mimika Enrolled for National Exams


    Timika, Jubi – A total of 2,431 senior high school, vocational school and community learning center students will take part in the National Examination (UN) for the academic year 2014/2015.
    The number could still rise as there are some unregistered students who have problem in previous education papers.
    Coordinator of the 2014-2015 National Examination (UN) on Registration and Data of Mimika education department Jonny Manullang, S.Pd said students’ data is collected from schools and Community Learning Centers for data verification.
    There are 13 schools registered with 978 students, 14 vocational schools with 1,028 students, 26 students from community learning center and 425 people participated from paket C (Informal Education for senior high school drop-out students).
    Meanwhile, two students of SMAN 5 are not registered for the exams because they have moved to other school and have problem with its junior high school diploma.(Eveerth Joumilena/Tina

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    5) Sorong City Council Accused of Cowardice in Alcohol Crackdown

    Sorong, Jubi – The Sorong Municipal Legislative Council and the local government are not capable of cracking down on the circulation of liquor, which has been blamed for a spate of crimes in Sorong City, an observer said.
     
    The City Council exhibited cowardice when it failed to endorse the Regional Regulation to restrict liquor distribution, social observer Kace Marani on Monday (26/1).
     
    “Sorong City Council is a coward. It does not dare taking action on the Regional Regulation on Liquor ” said Marani.
     
    According to him, Sorong City already had Regional Regulation No.13/2012 on Retribution on Liquor Sales Location Permit and Regional Regulation No.18/2012 on Monitoring and Control on the Liquor. Both regulations have been authorized in 2012 without socialization and hearing with the community.
     
    “Even the parliament’s members at that time were never attended the plenary session to approve both regulations. But it had authorized and registered in the regional administration immediately,” he said.
     
    The Chairman of Commission B of Sorong Municipal Legislative Council, Salestinus Reubun said in the meeting with Sorong Mayor on 4 January 2015, both government and parliament agreed about the requirement of new Regional Regulation for controlling the circulation of liquor. However, under the circumstances that Sorong City has no source of Regional Revenue from other sectors except the service sector, thereby eliminating the circulation of liquor cannot be done.
     
    “It’s hard to eliminate the circulation of liquor, because it has connection with the Regional Revenue of Sorong City. We only count on that sector,” he said. Further, city’s revenue from the liquor is up to 7 billion per year. (Nees Makuba/Tina).



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    6) BKPM to put stalled projects  back on table
    Raras Cahyafitri, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Business | Sat, January 31 2015, 11:37 AM 


    The Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM) is aiming to settle a number of projects in Papua and West Papua that have been stalled, mostly because of land disputes and infrastructure problems, as part of an attempt to boost investments in the eastern part of the country.

    BKPM head Franky Sibarani said on Friday that his office was currently working to accelerate the realization of investments with a combined value of Rp 113 trillion (US$8.8 billion) from 10 companies that were currently being hampered by several problems.

    “The planned investments cover various sectors, including marine and fisheries, plantation, cement and mining. Six of the firms are connected to foreign investments in the marine sector,” Franky said.

    He revealed that a cement firm was set to build a plant in Papua, but a dispute with a local community on indigenous land has hampered its development.

    As for the six companies planning to invest in the fisheries sector, the investment was bogged down because the permits had been annulled by the Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Ministry.

    Franky said the BKPM would discuss the matter with the Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Ministry to settle the issue.

    In terms of companies planning to invest in the plantation sector, the BKPM is seeking solution to encourage keeping the investments intact, although a previous plan to develop the Merauke Integrated Food and Energy Estate (MIFEE) in West Papua is currently under review. The MIFEE development has been rejected by local residents. The option of developing the plantation in another area has been taken by some investors and will be supported by the BKPM, according to Franky.

    Out of the total Rp 113 trillion intended for investment, nine firms had planned to invest up to Rp 13.8 trillion. Meanwhile, the biggest investment of around Rp 99 trillion is expected to come from activities related to copper miner PT Freeport Indonesia and a copper smelter planned by PT Nusantara Smelting Corporation.

    Freeport Indonesia is currently planning to develop an underground mine in the Grasberg area.

    Meanwhile, Nusantara Smelting signed in 2013 an agreement with copper miner PT Newmont Nusa Tenggara (NNT) in which the latter agreed to supply copper concentrate to the former’s planned smelter. Last year, Nusantara Smelting showed disappointment toward Newmont Nusa Tenggara when the copper miner said it would join Freeport in developing a smelter. The decision was expected to make Nusantara Smelting’s smelter lack a supply of copper concentrate.

    There has been no progress toward an agreement between Nusantara Smelting and Newmont Nusa Tenggara. Nusantara Smelting director Juangga Mangasi did not immediately reply to calls, or to a text message seeking confirmation on whether the company wanted to build the smelter in Papua with Freeport.

    Investments in Papua and West Papua province have been sluggish in past years, although the area is rich in natural resources and several estates have been planned.

    According to figures from the BKPM, foreign investment in Papua province amounted to $1.26 billion in 2014, down from $2.35 billion a year earlier. Meanwhile, investments by domestic players was worth Rp 249.9 billion last year, a drop from Rp 584.25 billion in 2013.

    West Papua province also experienced a similar drop in domestic investments to Rp 100.1 billion last year from Rp 303.95 billion in 2013. Meanwhile, West Papua recorded $153.3 million in foreign investments in 2014, a significant rise from $54.16 million.
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    2Papua Police Chief Admits Soldiers’ Involvement in Bullet Trading
    3) Papua Police Officer Allegedly Trades in Stolen Motorcycles

    4) Health Department Continues to Improve Health Care Service

    5) Prehistoric caves found in Papua

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    http://tabloidjubi.com/en/?p=3611

    1) Brimob Post Meets Local Requirement, Says Jayawijaya Police Chief

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    Wamena, Jubi – Following  opposition by students and other memebers of the public to plans to build a Mobile Brigade post in Wamena, Jayawijaya Police Chief Adolf Beay insisted that the project was supported by the community and the government.
    He said the local community and Jayawijaya Government believed a Brimob Post should be built for the Papua Central Highland area given the vulnerable security situation.  He also added that some Hukubiak tribal chiefs have approved its location that precisely located at the Honai Resort Hotel.
    “The idea is to maintain security in new established regencies, namely Yalimo, Nduga, Tolikara, Lanni Jaya and Memberamo Tengah. It is to anticipate social unrest that might occur in Jayawijaya Regency and its surrounding new regencies,” he said.
    In anticipating the rejection of local landowners to build the definitive Brimob troop Station at Maloma, Wouma and Welesi sub-districts, the Police Chief expected it could be discussed with the Jayawijaya Regent. However, he firmly refused a mass protest that will be held on next Monday (2/2) to express rejection on Brimob Headquarter.
    “Because the situation in Wamena is still safe. About the location, let the local government discuss it with the landowners,” he said,
    Earlier, many parties including the Jayawijaya students at Jayapura, the tribal chief and human right activist of the Papua Central Highland refused the Brimob Post at Wamena.
    The Tribal Chief Markus Lanny said the Jayawijaya Regency has already safe and under control, therefore it’s not necessary to build a Brimob Post in this regency.  “I am the Jagara Welesi Tribal Chief represent the Lanny-Tapo and Matuan clans firmly refused a Brimob Post in Jayawijaya,” he told to reporters at the Wamena Prison on Wednesday (28/1). (Islami/rom)


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    http://tabloidjubi.com/en/?p=3623


    2) Papua Police Chief Admits Soldiers’ Involvement in Bullet Trading

    Jayapura, Jubi – After denying about soldiers’ alleged involvement in selling bullets to rebels, Papua Police Chief Inspector General Yotje Mende finally admitted that police have detained five military members and three civilians in the case.
    “We are still developing the case. I handed them to the Regional Military Command. It’s right, there are five soldiers as reported in the media,” Mende said on Thursday (29/1).
    He said the police have monitored the bullet trading for some time.
    He received a report from the Police Special Force about the bullet transaction involving members of security forces, but it was initially unclear if they were soldiers or police.
    “We monitored their movement. But I warned my team they should know first their enemies before ambushing them because they also have the weapons. A gunfire might be happened during the ambush,” he said. Therefore he decided to order his team to arrest the buyers in anticipating the unwanted situation.
    “Then, there was a bullet transaction. The apparatus sold 500 bullets to the armed group. We arrested three persons who support the rebel group of Puron Wenda. They are the undercover members who assigned in the town for bullet supplies,” he said.
    The Police Chief said the 500 bullets were sold for 10 million rupiahs. But they just paid 7.5 million rupiahs. The three civilians are now under the Papua Police’s custody. They are threatened being sentence on illegal bullet possession.
    “We indicate there’s a syndicate. We will reveal it after investigation against the arrested civilians. Related to the military members, please ask the Regional Military Commander. The bullets found are 5.56-millimeter caliber.  We have secured the evidences but I can not tell the detail now because it’s still under investigation,” he said.
    Meanwhile, separately the Cenderawasih XVII Regional Command is still investigating the source of bullets in the transaction defeated by the Joint Police and Military Force at Entrop, Jayapura on Wednesday (28/1).
    The Cenderawasih XVII Regional Military Commander, the Major General Fransen Siahaan said the military is still investigating this case because the stock of bullets at the military’s warehouse is still complete. None of them are missing.
    “It’s all intact.  The standard procedure is correct. It means where are those coming from? Is it just a business or something elses. There are five soldiers who currently being questioned. But it could be more,” the Commander Siahaan said without revealing their names during the press conference at Cenderawasih XVII Regional Military Headquarter on Thursday afternoon (29/1).
    According to him, he has already checked the training schedule of soldiers, how many bullets used in the training and how many bullets left in the warehouse. It’s all done properly based on the standard procedure. No bullets are missing.
    “We are still tracking the possibility of other parties’ involvement. Could it be already structured, systematic and so on? Has it the bullets reported run out in the training session while it didn’t use at all. Or the soldiers brought it home in their day-off. We will investigate it,” he said.
    He further said the military members who involved in the bullet trading definitely would be fired. He admitted glad this syndicate was revealed. It could be maintained since decades and become a threat to the Military. The soldiers who sold the bullets to the armed groups are deserved to sentence death or life imprisonment. However, the Commander didn’t further explain about the meaning of ‘being maintained’ and who’s behind it.
    “We will discover whoever stand behind it. I don’t feel ashamed. It’s our duty. I am glad if the syndicate could be revealed whether it is part of internal or external organization. They are my enemies. They are traitors. They hired by this country but they the traitors of state. They hired by the Country but trait it. No tolerance for them.(Arjuna Pademme/Dominggus Mampioper/rom)
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    http://tabloidjubi.com/en/?p=3614

    3) Papua Police Officer Allegedly Trades in Stolen Motorcycles
    -

    Jayapura, Jubi – An officer of Papua Police is accused of trading in stolen motorcycles.
    Papua Police Chief Inspector General Yotje Mende said it’s not only the military members who become receivers of stolen motorcycles as reported by media but some police officers were allegedly involved.
    “It involves both military and police officers,” Mende told reporters on Thursday (29/1).
    He said  the officer would be fired if he was found guilty.
    “I have proposed taking him to a tribunal  for his dismissal. We don’t want to keep such officer.  So, he wouldn’t wear the police uniform at the court. It’s shameful. So, it’s not only involved the military but police officers. The officer, he is non-commissioned officer at the Papua Police,” he said. (Arjuna Pademme/rom)

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    4) Health Department Continues to Improve Health Care Service

    Jayapura, Jubi – The Health Department of Papua Province is seeking to improve basic services by reaching all health centers through the Healthy Papua Card (KPS).
    “We continue to improve health services so that all the Papuan people will get better health care,” the head of the department, Aloysius Giay, told reporters in Jayapura, Papua, on Thursday (29/1).
    The Healthy Papua Cards ( KPS) have been distributed to the 29 regencies and cities in Papua based on the technical guidance of its implementation, he said.
    “The people can receive the cards in hospitals and/or health centers in all regencies and cities. Even in the near future, we will work closely with churches so that the cards can be obtained in the churches,” he added.
    Previously, member of Commission V of Papua Legislative Council on education and health, Gerson Somamewanti hoped that KPS program can be used for the Papuan people who cannot afford medical treatment.
    “The government should really be careful in the administration and distribution process that the cards would go to those who are in need,”Gerson Soma said to Jubi on Tuesday (6/1). (Alexander Loen/ TN)

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    http://www.antaranews.com/en/news/97610/prehistoric-caves-found-in-papua

    5) Prehistoric caves found in Papua

    Minggu, 1 Februari 2015 17:39 WIB | 636 Views
    Jayapura (ANTARA News) - The Archaeology Office of Jayapura has in its research found prehistoric caves used to be inhabited by prehistoric people in the Karst hilly areas of Lake Sentani, Jayapura, Papua, a researcher said.

    "The caves discovered are the Rukhabulu Awabu, Ifeli-feli and Ceruk Reugable caves," researcher Hari Suroto of the Jayapura Archaeology Office, said here on Sunday.

    He said that their physical conditions and surroundings near a water source, where artifacts such as pottery, lake mollusc shells, marine mollusc shells and animal bones, indicated that the caves were used as human dwellings during the Neolithic age.

    "The findings of the marine mollusc shells in the Reugable site and Cave Rukhabulu Awabhu, illustrate that in the past the inhabitants of the two sites have been consuming marine mollusks," he said.

    This is very interesting because there is proof that the inhabitants of the caves had communications with the community members living in the coastal areas of the youtefa Bay.

    "This indicates that the prehistoric men have already had communications with each other as proven by the findings of the sea mollusc shells in the caves," he said.

    After all, the type of soil in the three caves are not suitable for producing potteries. Thus, it is concluded that the potteries found in the caves came from other places outside the cave areas.

    "The black color found outside the potteries indicated that they were also used to cook," he said.

    Lake Sentani is located in an area between the Jayapura city and the District of Jayapura with a width of 9,300 hectares. It is part of the Cyclops Nature Preserve.
    (Uu.A014

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    Uncertainty shrouds talks  on Freeport
    Raras Cahyafitri, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Business | Mon, February 02 2015, 10:21 AM 
    The government has not decided on the future of PT Freeport Indonesia’s operations, although it understands investors need certainty. 

    In July last year, the government and Freeport signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) in which both sides agreed to complete the draft of an amendment to the miner’s contract of work (CoW) within six months, or January 2015.

    However, they failed to meet the January deadline and eventually agreed to extend it another six months.

    Despite the deadline extension, whether Freeport will continue operations in the country remains unclear. 

    Freeport Indonesia, a subsidiary of US-based Freeport McMoran Inc., will see its contract expire in 2021 — around six years from now. The company has been trying to secure a contract extension so that it can ensure the payback period for its massive investment in the development of underground mining and a mandatory copper smelter in Indonesia.

    However, under existing law, any request for a contract extension can only be made two years before expiry, which in the case of Freeport will be in 2019.

    “We have to change views, particularly concerning worries over whether Freeport Indonesia closes for operation. We have no fear. Even the President and Vice President have stronger views; if there is no deal, let them go. That’s a political position,” Energy and Mineral Resources Minister Sudirman Said said at a hearing with the House of Representatives recently.

    “Reality in the field, however, shows that Freeport Indonesia is a big institution and contributes both directly and indirectly to local income. There are also thousands workers, making this a tough issue,” he added.

    Sudirman emphasized that through its MoU with Freeport, the government was seeking more benefits from the operation of the giant miner in the country, particularly contribution to industrial development in the Papua area, where company’s main operations is located. 

    Freeport Indonesia, which has been operating the world’s largest gold mine Grasberg since the early 1970s, is seeking a maximum operation extension of 20 years until 2041.

    Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM) head Franky Sibarani suggested the government not extend Freeport Indonesia’s operations.

    “We should thank Freeport Indonesia for developing the Grasberg mine. However, time has passed a long and operations should have been handed over,” Franky, who was inaugurated as BKPM head last November, said last Friday.

    He argued the country has the means to develop the mine, particularly through state-owned diversified miner PT Aneka Tambang (Antam), which also operates gold mines in the country.

    BKPM is involved in the renegotiations of a number of mineral and coal CoWs in the country.

    Considering that a number of mining firms have been operating in the country for years and aim to make use more of natural resources, the government, through the 2009 Mining Law, aims to adjust a number of mineral and coal CoWs in the country, including the one involving Freeport Indonesia. The adjustment covers six main issues, namely royalty increases, reduction of mining-area size, continuity of operations under a mining license instead of a contract, obligation to give added value to mining products, divestment and the obligation to use local goods and services.

    Last year, when the government forced Freeport Indonesia to principally agree on adjustments to its CoW despite future operations uncertainty, the primary MoU stated that the government would not unreasonably withhold or delay the continuation of its operations if the company met all of its commitments, including the establishment of a copper smelter in the country.

    The Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry’s director general for mineral and coal, R. Sukhyar, said the primary MoU remained valid and became the basis for the extended MoU last January. 

    Details of agreements will be followed up in the amendment to the CoW. 

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    2) Ruben Magay: Soldiers Involved in Bullet Trading Are Actually Separatists
    3) Councillor Urges Start of Jakarta – Papua Dialogue

    4) Papua to implement one-stop service system for investors

    5) Papua Legislative Council Asks Military Police to Investigate Bullet Trade Syndicate

    6) Notorious Papua Cop Sentenced to 15 Years Refuses to Return to Jail

    7) Government Should be Firm on PT.Freeport


    8) KNPB ULMWP Ask Support Application Applications to MSG February 5, 2015

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    http://tabloidjubi.com/en/?p=3634

    1) Councilor Ruben Magay: OPM Is Now Taking A Track of Diplomacy

    Jayapura, Jubi – A member of the Papua Legislative Council’s Commission I, Ruben Magay, said the Free Papua Movement is not using violence anymore but diplomacy to express their political aspirations.
    “So the Free Papua Movement has ceased the fire. Now their level is upgraded. They might have used violence in the past, but not anymore,” Magay said on Saturday (31/1).
    He said a group called by the security force as the Armed Criminal Group (KKB), Armed Civilian Group (KSB) or separatists are not the Free Papua Movement, but they are a group groomed by certain parties for their own interests.
    “Groups called KKB, KSB and so on have economic motives. This damages Papuans, but it all will be uncovered,” he said.
    At one occasion, the General Chairman of Baptism Churches Unite, the Rev. Sofyan Yoman said he was not sure about several numbers of the shooting incidents in Papua could be uncovered. Moreover, such a group called KKB by the security force could do violence at many regions of Papua
    “Perhaps it’s an omission. These perpetrators are being protected, or we could say they are a protected OPM. So the Police and Military must have an internal reflection. If they are the real OPM, then they struggle in peace, through a dialogue,” he said at that time. (Arjuna Pademme/rom




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    http://tabloidjubi.com/en/?p=3639

    2) Ruben Magay: Soldiers Involved in Bullet Trading Are Actually Separatists

    Jayapura, Jubi – A member of Papua Legislative Council’s Commission I, Ruben Magay said the stigma of being separatists attached to Papuans is gradually unravelling.
    Some security officers are responsible for creating instability in Papua as evidenced by the arrest of soldiers involved in selling bullets to rebels, Magay said.
    “They are actually the real separatists. They are who actually threatening this country. If they have been identified as the military members, it’s a caution for the country. Don’t earn money improperly in Papua,” Magay said on Saturday (31/1).
    According to him, it’s really sad if Papua continues being developed and adapted in the wrong way. Now, the provocateurs that took advantages for every problems of Papua during this time have begun to uncover.
    “Those culprits who acted on behalf of the Country, institution and make a money improperly damaged the unity of the Republic of Indonesia. How long Papuans would be treated on this way,” he said.
    Ruben Magay asked the Military Commander and Papua Police Chief to conduct a thorough investigation towards the involvement of other parties in the bullet trading. He further said there is a scenario to create the unsafe situation.
    “The military members who involved in this case must be cracked explicitly. It should be revealed whether they acted on behalf of the institution or themselves. Who’s behind the trading, started from those who are in Jakarta till Papua,” he said.
    Last week, the Cenderawasih XVII Regional Military Commander Fransen Siahaan said he refused to have a traitor in his troop. The bullets would be used to kill the innocent people, including the Indonesian soldiers.
    “They are my enemies, the traitors. No tolerance for them. Better I have a small troop, but they are not the traitors of nation,” the Commander Siahaan said at that time. (Arjuna Pademme/rom)

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    3) Councillor Urges Start of Jakarta – Papua Dialogue

    Jayapura, Jubi – A member of the Papua Legislative Council, Nioluen Kotouki, questioned the commitment of the central government to start a peace dialogue between with Papua.
    A politician from the Prosperous Justice Part ( PKS) said Joko Widodo President has said it would carry out a peaceful dialogue in order to seek solutions to problems in Papua. However, it is still up in the air.
    “Now the question is when its implementation? Many Papuans have been arrested for being part of the armed groups, “ Kotouki said on Saturday (01/31/2015).
    According to him, the central government should view this dialogue as the aspirations of the Papuans.
    “The dialogue is to see the root of problem in Papua. I hope the Central Government could realize the dialogue between Jakarta – Papua and take concrete steps to make Papua a peaceful land, “he said.
    “Basically, I support the peaceful dialogue between Jakarta – Papua. This was proposed several years ago yet until now there is no certainty,” he said.
    On one occasion, another member of the Papua Legislative Council, Ruben Magay, urged the central government to immediately implement a peace dialogue Jakarta – Papua, which was proposed by the Papua Peace Network (JDP).
    “The peaceful dialogue has been initiated since former President Susilo Bambang Yudhono (SBY). Yet at that time, he did not give a positive response., ” Magay said at that time. (Arjuna Pademme/ Tina)
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    4) Papua to implement one-stop service system for investors

    Senin, 2 Februari 2015 16:39 WIB | 466 Views
    Jayapura, Papua (ANTARA News) - The Integrated Permission and Investment Board of Papua administration will implement a one-stop service system for investors, John Way, the head of board, stated here on Monday.

    "We will implement the system this year. The system allows investors to get license permits through a one-door service system," he revealed.

    John pointed out that in 2014, hundreds of permit letters were received based on the governors decision.

    "We have processed about 203 permit proposals in 2014," he noted, adding that in 2015, the board targets to issue 90 permits.

    Earlier, the president has earmarked 2016 as the year of investment.

    "This is our duty to implement and realize the one-stop service," John said.

    He explained that there has been rapid development in Papua, especially in the infrastructure and investment sectors.(*)

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    5) Papua Legislative Council Asks Military Police to Investigate Bullet Trade Syndicate

    Jayapura, Jubi – The Papua Legislative Council urged the Cenderawasih Regional Military Command and Papua Police to conduct a thorough investigation following the arrest of three civilians and soldiers who allegedly supplied bullets to suspected armed rebels.
    A member of Papua Legislative Council’s Commission I, Syamsunar Rasyid said the Regional Military Commander must conduct a thorough investigation on his members who might be involved in the bullet trading syndicate.
    “Bullets are the tools of State. It was provided not for sale. The Commander must investigate who’s behind this and how many people were involved,” Syamsunar said on Friday (30/1).
    According to him, the bullet trading might not possible involved one or two persons. It must be involved a group of syndicate. He said Papua would never been a Peaceful Lance, if the transaction of bullets and firearms was still existed.
    “How it could be accomplished if those who supposed to guard the security and unity of the Republic of Indonesia were doing such transaction. The Papua Police also needs to continue developing this case. Who were involved, both military and civilians. It is not a small case, but it’s connected with the security of the country,” he said.
    A day earlier, the Cenderawasih Regional Military Commander, the Major General Fransen Siahaan said the military is still investigating the source of those bullets and it assumed the involvement of its members.
    “The bullets in the military warehouse are intact. Nothing is missing. The standard of procedure is correct. So, where are those coming from? Is that purely for business or there is another thing? There are five soldiers who’ve been questioned right now. But the number might be improved,” said the Commander at that time without telling the soldiers’ names. (Arjuna Pademme/rom)

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    http://thejakartaglobe.beritasatu.com/news/notorious-papua-cop-sentenced-15-years-refuses-return-jail/

    6) Notorious Papua Cop Sentenced to 15 Years Refuses to Return to Jail

    W. Papua Police chief: There's nothing we can do because he has a release letter
    By Banjir Ambarita on 05:17 pm Feb 02, 2015


    Jayapura. Papua Police say that the officer who in 2014 was sentenced to 15 years in jail for laundering up to Rp 1.5 trillion ($132 million) but who left prison almost a year ago, is living with relatives in Sorong and resisting arrest, claiming he has been lawfully released.
    “L.S. is still in Sorong, he has met with two district police chiefs who urged him to surrender but he refused, claiming he has been released,” the chief of West Papua Police, Brig. Gen. Paulus Waterpauw, told the Jakarta Globe on Monday.
    Paulus was referring to Adj. First Insp. Labora Sitorus of the Raja Ampat Police.
    Labora was initially sentenced to two years in prison and handed a Rp 50 million in fine for illegal logging and fuel hoarding. His sentence was revised to eight years after prosecutors appealed, and the Supreme Court finally, in September last year, decided he should serve 15 years in jail and pay a Rp 5 billion fine.
    Strangely, however, Labora has so far not been dismissed from the police force and apparently was allowed to leave prison in March 2014 for health reasons. He has not returned since and is now using a document from Sorong Penitentiary as proof that he doesn’t have to.
    Paulus said police could not forcefully take Labora back to prison because he was protected by his relatives in his home in Sorong.
    “There are some of his relatives standing guard for him, not many, but we do not want this to lead to a clash,” Paulus said, adding: “There’s nothing we can do because he has a release letter.”
    Attorney General H.M. Prasetyo has indicated an investigation will be launched to find out how it is possible that Labora has been allowed to so blatantly flaunt a Supreme Court ruling — for almost a year already.
    “That’s what we need to find out: why he was released? Because [Sorong Penitentiary] has no authority to release him,” Prasetyo told Detik.com on Monday. “How could they?”
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    7) Government Should be Firm on PT.Freeport

    Jakarta, Jubi / Antara – An economist at  University of Sam Ratulangi, Agus Tony Poputra, urged the government to be firm in dealing with PT Freeport.
    “The extension of the MoU between the government and Freeport showed that the government has been captive to the interests of PT Freeport Indonesia,” Agus Tony Poputra said in a written statement received in Jakarta on Friday (30/1).
    He said Law No. 4 of 2009 on Mineral and Coal Mining clearly bans the exports of raw minerals, as does Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources Regulation No. 20 of 2013, which was issued  in 2014.  As a result, he said, many mining companies stopped their activities are are required to build “smelters” in order to export processed products.
    He asserted that the real export of raw materials is very detrimental to Indonesia including loss of additional employment opportunities and other economic losses.
    He added, the value of a byproduct of continued process of mining has high values, but on the other hand the value of exports of raw materials is generally low.
    “Therefore, revenues through taxes and royalties are relatively low and other countries enjoy the added value of advanced processes and products,” Poputra said.
    Unfortunately Freeport actually delayed the construction of smelters and used its privilege by asking to export in the form of a concentrate.
    Separately, professor of economics, University of Brawijaya, Prof. Dr. Ahmad Erani Yustika said, the government has no firmness in the face of Freeport. It can be seen by the extension of cooperation with the company.
    “The extension of the MoU between the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (MEMR) and PT Freeport for the duration of the next six months should not be necessary because there are a lot of things have been denied by this giant company,” he said in Malang on Tuesday (27/1).
    He further said today Freeport has not yet built a smelter in Papua, whereas the obligation should have been realized since five years ago. In fact, the royalty payment was also not met and often delayed.
    As reported previously, the government understood the demand of PT Freeport Indonesia on contract extension in the Grasberg mine in Papua that will be ended in 2021. Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources Sudirman Said during a working meeting with the House of Representatives Commission VII in Jakarta on Monday (26/1), said that the company needs a certainty on contract extension of spending plans investments worth 17.3 billion dollars.
    Meanwhile, PT Freeport Indonesia (PTFI) appreciates the government’s decision to extend the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) the amendment of the work during the next six months since January 25, 2015.
    “PT Freeport Indonesia really appreciate what was decided by the government so that PTFI can still continue its operations,” said President Director of PT Freeport Indonesia Maroef Syamsoeddin in a press conference at the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources in Jakarta on Sunday (25/1).
    He said that PTFI will continue to strive to continue to provide benefits and value-added continuously to the Indonesian state, and the people of Papua in particular. (*/ Tina)
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    A google translation of article in suarapapua.com. Be-aware google translate can be a bit erratic.
    Original bahasa link at
    Diplomacy OPM
    8) KNPB ULMWP Ask Support Application Applications to MSG February 5, 2015
    By: Agus Pabika | Monday, February 2nd, 2015 - 16:53 pm | Viewed: 226 times





    Jubir KNPB Pusat dan anggota saat jumpa pers di Expo Waena (Foto: Agus Pabika/Suara Papua)




    Jayapura, SUARAPAPUA.com --- West Papua National Committee (KNPB) Centre, expressed full support of submission of application applications West Papua by the United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP), the Secretariat of the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG), February 5, 2015 .

    This was revealed by the National Spokesperson KNPB Center, bazooka Logo, during a press conference on Monday (02/02/2015) afternoon in the courtyard Museum of Papua, Expo, Waena, Jayapura.
     
    "There are two momentum which we will celebrate together on February 5, 2015 at the Papua people. Firstly, February 5, 1855 as the day of entry of the Gospel in Papua, and the second, on the same day ULMWP will apply to MSG, "he said.
     
    KNPB together people of West Papua, according to a bazooka, shall celebrate two historic day.
     
    "History is important February 5 1855 to 2015 is a key and a special opportunity for the people of West Papua and once the momentum of the celebration of February 5, 2015," continued bazooka Logo.
     
    Coming to step ULMWP or Liberation Movement Unity West Papua, West Papua will register as an official member in the MSG Secretariat, February 5, 2015 in Vanuatu, KNPB ask for the support and prayers of the people of Papua.
     
    "All the people of West Papua territory from Sorong to Samarai for support in the form of prayer and fasting in the home, church and in the open field," said bazooka.
     
    Meanwhile, Secretary I KNPB Center, Mecky Yeimo, calling ULMWP struggle is the last coordination forum for the nation of West Papua to end the suffering of history over the years.
     
    "KNBP will never be silent, but we still had passed the agenda will be agreed upon by ULMWP later," he said.
     
    Mecky added, to support the people in the form of prayer in the church and in the open field will be conducted on February 5, 2015.
     
    "We support this struggle with prayer, if the plan down the road there from friends KNPB areas such as Timika, Manokwari, Fak-Fak and others, is to support the activities of February 5, 2015," explained Yeimo.
     
    Editor: Mary
     
    AGUS PABIKA
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    2) Freeport Faces Class Action Over Smelter

    3) Mimika invites aviation  fuel investors

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    1) House pushes for Freeport  smelter location in Papua - 
    Ina Parlina and Raras Cahyafitri, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Business | Tue, February 03 2015, 9:01 AM - 
    The House of Representatives is pushing the government to make copper giant PT Freeport Indonesia establish its smelter in Papua, increasing concerns over whether the company will be able to complete development by 2017 when a full ban on ore exports will be implemented.

    The House’s leaders brought up the Papua smelter issue during a meeting with President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo on Monday.

    The House’s deputy speaker, Agus Hermanto, claimed that the President had agreed that Freeport Indonesia should build its smelter close to its mine in Papua instead of following its plan to build in Gresik, East Java.

    “I say many problems will arise if the smelter is built in Gresik,” Agus said after the meeting, without elaborating.

    Freeport Indonesia, a subsidiary of US-based giant miner Freeport-McMoRan Inc., is required to build a copper smelter in the country as a consequence of the 2009 Mining Law that requires mining firms to process and refine their minerals in domestic facilities.

    Recently, the company said that it had signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to lease 80 hectares of land belonging to PT Petrokimia Gresik, located adjacent to the only copper smelter in the country, operated by PT Smelting Gresik.

    The governor of Papua expressed his disappointment last week with Freeport Indonesia’s decision to choose Gresik for the US$2.3 billion-smelter location.

    House speaker Setya Novanto said that building a smelter in Papua would increase Freeport Indonesia’s contribution to the country and the Papuan residents.

    “The President agreed with us. Freeport has only contributed Rp 6 trillion [US$472.58 million] so far, while the government has disbursed Rp 35 trillion in special autonomy funds [for Papua],” Setya said.

    Freeport Indonesia argued that it chose the location for the available supporting infrastructure. Moreover, according to Freeport Indonesia president director Maroef Sjamsoeddin, acid sulfur as waste from the copper smelter could be absorbed by Petrokimia Gresik if the smelter was built there. A similar strategy could not be taken in Papua as no fertilizer firm existed there.

    Smelters built by mining firms must be completed by 2017 if the miners want to keep their businesses alive.

    According to a regulation issued in January last year, the government will stop the relaxation of the ban on mineral ore exports in 2017. The full ban on mineral ore exports should have started last January. However, following concerns over massive layoffs as no smelters were ready to absorb production, the government under then president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono issued a regulation allowing semi-finished product, such as copper concentrate produced by Freeport Indonesia, to continue be exported until 2017. After the deadline, mining firms will only be allowed to export processed metal.

    Meanwhile, Energy and Mineral Resources Minister Sudirman Said told reporters after the Monday meeting that the House’s suggestion would be discussed during negotiations with the company.

    “We will try hard to accommodate all interests,” Sudirman said.

    Earlier, during a meeting with the House of Representatives’ Commission VII overseeing energy, Sudirman told legislators that forcing smelter development in Papua would only give Freeport Indonesia a chance to miss the 2017 deadline because development there would take more time. The ministry preferred to suggest that Freeport Indonesia contribute to the development of the downstream industry in copper to contribute to development in Papua. 

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    2) Freeport Faces Class Action Over Smelter

    By Tabita Diela on 10:40 pm Feb 02, 2015

    Jakarta. Four activists from ProDem, an activist group, filed a citizen lawsuit against President Joko Widodo and Freeport Indonesia, the local unit of US mining giant Freeport-McMoRan, at the Central Jakarta district Court on Monday for allegedly failing to comply with the 2009 Mining Law’s requirement on domestic smelting.
    The lawsuit includes a demand that could disrupt Freeport Indonesia’s production process for at least two months.

    People Lawyers Union, or SPR, acted as the counsel for the four plaintiffs, namely Arief Poyuono, Kisman Latumakulita, Iwan Sumule and Haris Rusly. ProDem is a network of activists from organizations that advocate for democracy around Indonesia.
    Arief, who is also the chairman of the State-owned Enterprises Labor Union, said they want the court to “cancel Freeport Indonesia’s permit extension to export concentrate for six months and its contract extension.”
    The plaintiff said that based on the 2009 Mining Law, Freeport Indonesia should have had a smelter by 2014. Instead, it last month secured the export permits after renting land in East Java, on which it would build its smelter by as soon as 2018.

    “The permits show there was a discrimination from the government against Indonesian businesses and corporations. Local mining companies abide by the law. So why did the government give Freeport Indonesia a privilege?” Arief said.
    The plaintiffs also demanded the court  halt Freeport Indonesia’s exports or mining activities pending the lawsuit, which will take at least two months to hear.
    SPR have represented several failed class actions in the past, including one that challenged then-president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono for raising the price of subsidized fuel in 2008.
    SPR also represented a class action against Freeport Indonesia in 2013, over the deaths of employees in an underground training facility accident.
    Alvon Kurnia Palma, chairman of the Indonesian Legal Aid Foundation (YLBHI), said the legal complaint could potentially disrupt the production process at Freeport Indonesia.
    “The court can always ask the government to stop the export activity,” Alvon said.
    The vice president for corporate communications at Freeport Indonesia, Daisy Primayanti, did not respond to requests for comment.
    GlobeAsia

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    3) Mimika invites aviation  fuel investors
    The Jakarta Post, Jayapura | Archipelago | Tue, February 03 2015, 8:30 AM - 

    The Mimika regency administration in Papua is offering an investment opportunity to domestic and foreign companies to supply aviation turbine fuel (avtur) to Moses Kilangin Airport in Timika.
    The administration has invited companies, including those overseas, which have permits to sell avtur, to invest in Mimika, Mimika government communication and information officer John Rettob told Antara news agency on Monday.
    He said the demand for avtur at the airport was very high and continued to increase each year.
    “We have provided the required land for an avtur station. Every company that wants to invest in Mimika is welcome,” John said. (***)
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    2) Freeport’s lack of commitment
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    http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2015/02/04/papuan-students-rally-against-freeport-smelter-plans.html
    1) Papuan students rally against Freeport smelter plans - 
    Andi Hajramurni, The Jakarta Post, Makassar | Archipelago | Wed, February 04 2015, 8:01 PM -
    Mining giant PT Freeport Indonesia’s plan to develop a smelter to process mineral ore in Gresik, East Java, has led to a protest being staged by Papuan students in Makassar, South Sulawesi.
    Fifty members of the Solidarity Forum of Papuan Students and Communities staged a rally to protest the smelter construction from the Mandala Monument to a nearby overpass in Makassar on Wednesday.
    In their speeches, the protesters firmly rejected Freeport’s plan to build a smelter in Gresik, saying that local communities in Papua should benefit from their natural resources and enjoy improved prosperity from the wealth.
    “Freeport’s plan to build a smelter in East Java will result in people there enjoying the benefits while in contrast it will inflict losses on us as Papuans. Therefore, we firmly reject this plan,” said Suarek Malik, the rally coordinator.
    He said Freeport should uphold Law No.11/1967 on mining, which stipulates people’s rights in the case of land being converted into mining areas, by developing a smelter in the area and employing Papuans in the facility.
    In the rally, the students also expressed support for Papua Governor Lukas Enembe in his rejection of Freeport’s smelter construction plan, saying it would bring losses to Papuan communities.
    “The results of Papua’s natural resources must benefit Papuans, not those from other regions,” said Suarek.
    The students also protested the fact that Papua seemed to be overlooked in industrial development. They said the government should prioritize industrial development in Papua also so that the territory could enjoy progress in development and eventually improved livelihoods for its people.
    Suarek said the students urged President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo to stop Freeport building its smelter outside of Papua.
    “The President must assert that the smelter can only be constructed in Papua,” he said.
    President Jokowi should also enforce Article 25 of Law No.4/2009 on minerals and coal, which prohibited the exportation of raw mineral ores, he added. (ebf)(++++)
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    http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2015/02/04/freeport-s-lack-commitment.html
    2) Freeport’s lack of commitment
    The Jakarta Post | Editorial | Wed, February 04 2015, 10:05 AM - 
    PT Freeport Indonesia, a subsidiary of US-based mining giant Freeport-McMoRan Inc., deserves a strong rebuke from the government and the House of Representatives for its utter lack of commitment to developing a copper smelter to comply with the 2009 Mining Law.

    The government had compromised in early 2014 by lowering the purity levels of copper, nickel, bauxite and other minerals to fall below those stipulated in the law to allow them to continue mineral exports after the 2014 deadline for the ban of unprocessed mineral exports.

    The compromise was meant to prevent substantial worker layoffs and sudden falls in export earnings and state revenues for the central and regional governments, from royalties and other taxes. 

    But the export permit, issued during the transition period until 2017 when a total ban will be slapped on unprocessed minerals, is tied to higher export taxes of 20 to 60 percent, royalty payments and clear timetables for the development of smelters in the country.

    So far, Papua-based Freeport Indonesia, the largest producer of copper and gold in the country, has failed to show any concrete progress in the development of its US$2.3 billion smelter project with an annual capacity of two million tons. 

    The company only reached a memorandum of understanding with state-owned PT Petrokimia Gresik on its plan to lease an 80-hectare plot of land in Gresik, East Java, for the plant project.

    It is rather impossible for Freeport to complete the plant within the next three years, as the required feasibility study has yet to be made and dozens of other permits have yet to be obtained from the central and local governments.

    The House was especially irked by Freeport’s plan to build its smelter in the Petrokimia Gresik industrial complex in East Java, a corporate action seen as ignoring the interests of the Papuan people. 

    But Freeport’s plan is understandably more commercially viable because the smelter project requires at least 600 megawatts of power and other supporting infrastructure that is unavailable in Papua. Gresik can easily fulfill those requirements. Petrokimia Gresik can also process sulfuric acid, a byproduct of the smelter.

    The government should be forceful in ensuring that Freeport develops its smelter, but given the tight schedule, the company could be allowed to go ahead with its original plan to build the smelter in Gresik but with stricter timetables for each stage of construction and much higher export tax, as stipulated in the January 2014 regulation. 

    Freeport-McMoRan has a big stake in Papua as its Indonesia concession holds 30 billion pounds of proven and probable copper, 29.8 million ounces of gold and 308.5 million ounces of silver. Its mining operations in Papua have been highly profitable due to low (open pit) mining costs.

    Hence, the only alternative for Freeport is pushing ahead with the smelter project, otherwise it will lose those huge mineral reserves if its mining license is not renewed after 2021. -

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