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    Timor-Leste – War Memorials or Truth-Telling?
    Original Politics in the Pub
    Friday 29 June 6.30pm – 8.15pm
    Harold Park Hotel

    Cnr Ross Street and Wigram Road, Glebe / Forest Lodge 

    Timor-Leste – War Memorials or Truth-Telling?

    An Evening with Sr Susan Connelly, a Sister of St Joseph

    Original Sydney Politics in the Pub is on the last Friday of the month.


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    2) Aircraft carrying election material fired on in Papua

    1) Unidentified Men Shoot Brimob Plane at Papua Airport

    TEMPO.COJakarta - The Papua police said that that a group of unidentified men shot at a Twin Otter Trigana aircraft chartered by the Mobile Brigade (Brimob) when landing at Keneyam Airport, Nduga, Papua.
    The Papua Regional Police spokesman Sr. Comr. AM Kamal said the pilot, Capt. Ahmad Abdillah, suffered gunshot wounds on his back.
    "The police and the TNI Army are still chasing after the shooter," Kamal said as ANTARA reported on Monday, June 25.
    The Brimob aircraft departed from Wamena Airport, Jayawijaya and landed at Keneyam Airport at around 09:40 East Indonesia Time. As the plane taxied, about 15 people began firing the left side of the fuselage.

    In addition to Ahmad, Kamal said that other passengers were also shot by bullets, including coopilot Irene Nur Farida.
    Head of the Trigana Jayapura, Toro, confirmed the incident. He said the aircraft crew suffered injuries. Toro said that the crew was flying 18 Brimob officers who will be on duty for the Regional Head Election in Papua, which is on June 27.
    "We also received reports that a shoot-out is taking place, and so we cannot rescue the crew and the passengers yet," he added.


    2) Aircraft carrying election material fired on in Papua
    Nethy Dharma Somba

    Jayapura, Papua | Mon, June 25, 2018 | 12:46 pm

    A Twin Otter aircraft carrying election material and the National Police’s Mobile Brigade (Brimob) personnel, which will secure the upcoming regional elections in Papua, was fired on by unidentified assailants shortly after it landed at Kenyam Airport in Nduga at 9:45 a.m. local time on Monday.
    Pilot Ahmad Abdillah Kamil, 27, suffered gunshot wounds to his left back during the incident. The perpetrators allegedly carried out the attack from the left side of the aircraft.
    The aircraft departed for Kenyam, Nduga, from Wamena Airport in Jayawijaya with 15 passsengers on board. They were all Brimob members assigned to oversee the distribution of election material and secure the Papua gubernatorial election, which will be held on Wednesday.
    Papua Police spokesperson Sr. Comr. AM Kamal confirmed the incident. “The pilot has received medical treatment at Kenyam health clinic. He is conscious. Plans have been made for the aircraft to fly the pilot back to Wamena, Jayawijaya,” said Kamal.
    Kamal said the police and Indonesian Military personnel were searching for those responsible for the armed attack.
    Responding to concerns over security in the election process in Nduga regency, Papua General Elections Commission (KPU Papua) commissioner Tarwinto said the election might be delayed due to the alleged attack, depending on recommendations from security authorities.
    Within one week, two aircraft shooting incidents have occurred at Kenyam Airport. On June 22, a Twin Otter Dimonim Air PK-HVU was fired on when it landed at 1:05 p.m. (ebf)

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    2) Three civilians in Papua shot dead by criminals
    3) World’s largest palm oil trader linked to rainforest destruction twice the size of Paris
    4) The Kamwolker River drying up
    5) Kosapa promotes the born of young Papuan authors
    6) Hungarian student attracted to traditional Papuan food

    1) Indonesia military: 3 dead in gun attack on airport in Papua
    JAYAPURA, Indonesia (AP) — Gunmen killed three people in an attack Monday at an airport in Indonesia's easternmost Papua that targeted a light plane transporting paramilitary police, the military said.
    Col. Muhammad Aidi, the army's spokesman in Papua province, said three civilians were killed and two people, including the pilot, were injured in the attack, which occurred after the plane landed at Kenyam airport in remote Nduga district.
    The dead civilians were migrant traders from South Sulawesi province, including a husband and wife, who were shot and stabbed as the attackers fled the airport, Aidi said.
    A pro-independence insurgency has simmered in the formerly Dutch-controlled Papua region since it was annexed by Indonesia in 1963.
    Under Indonesian rule, indigenous Papuans have been largely shut out of their region's economic activity, which is dominated by extraction of natural resources by Indonesian and foreign companies including the giant U.S.-owned Grasberg gold and copper mine.
    Aidi said the chartered Twin Otter plane was transporting paramilitary police from the highlands town of Wamena to Nduga to provide security during regional elections on Wednesday.
    He said the assailants were members of the "Armed Civilians Criminal Group" that had previously shot dead a worker on the trans-Papua highway project. Indonesia's police and military frequently blame attacks in Papua on criminals rather than admitting an insurgency.


    2) Three civilians in Papua shot dead by criminals
    Jayapura, Papua (ANTARA News) - Three out of five residents of Papua were shot dead by members of a criminal group (KKB) near the Kenyam Airport, Nduga District.

    Ahmad Kamal, spokesman of the Papua Police, confirmed the killings of the civilians.

    Bodies of the three civilians were taken to the local police, but information on the two injured residents was not available.

    "There is a problem in the communication network, so latest developments in the area are not as yet known," he revealed.

    The civilians, who were attacked by the separatists, lived near the Kenyam airport area.

    Earlier, on Monday, at 9:30 a.m. local time, a Twin-Otter aircraft owned by Trigana, was shot at and its pilot, Kamil, was injured by bullet shrapnel.

    The aircraft, with flight code PK-RYU, carried 18 personnel deployed to secure the upcoming gubernatorial election, or pilkada, to be held simultaneously across Indonesia on June 27, 2018.


    Editor: Heru Purwanto

    3) World’s largest palm oil trader linked to rainforest destruction twice the size of Paris
    Jakarta, Indonesia – A new Greenpeace International investigation has revealed that Wilmar International, the world’s largest palm oil trader, is still linked to forest destruction for palm oil almost five years after committing to end deforestation.[1] 
    An area twice the size of Paris has been destroyed by Gama, a palm oil business run by senior Wilmar executives and members of their family. Photos and video taken by Greenpeace International on a recent flyover show active deforestation in two Gama concessions in Papua, Indonesia.[2] 
    “Our investigation has exposed Wilmar’s dirty secret. For years, Wilmar and Gama have worked together, with Gama doing the dirty work so Wilmar’s hands stay clean. But now the truth is out, and Wilmar CEO Kuok Khoon Hong must act now to save his reputation. Wilmar must immediately cut off all palm oil suppliers that can’t prove they aren’t destroying rainforests,” said Kiki Taufik, the global head of Greenpeace Southeast Asia’s Indonesian forests campaign.
    Gama, one of Indonesia’s largest palm oil plantation companies, was set up by Wilmar’s co-founder, Martua Sitorus and his brother Ganda in 2011.[3] Gama’s concessions are owned and managed by members of Ganda’s and Martua Sitorus’s family, which includes Wilmar’s Country Head and Deputy Country Head for Indonesia.
    In December 2013, Wilmar became the first palm oil trader to publish a ‘no deforestation, no peat, no exploitation’ (NDPE) policy that applied in its own plantations and those of its suppliers. Mapping and satellite analysis shows that Gama destroyed 21,500ha of rainforest or peatland since Wilmar made its commitment [see report]. 
    Wilmar also has a history of evading responsibility for environmental and human rights abuses by selling off its most controversial concessions to Gama.[4]
    Wilmar’s General Manager with responsibility for trading within Indonesia, Darwin Indigo, is the son of Gama co-founder, Ganda, and also manages at least one Gama company. Darwin’s brother Andy Indigo manages Gama’s other concessions. 
    Analysis of trade data shows that Wilmar continues to trade palm oil from Gama to many of the world’s biggest brands, despite being aware that Gama was violating Wilmar’s NDPE policy by clearing rainforest. 
    “Wilmar has been trading Gama’s oil all over the world, including to brands like P&G, Nestlé and Unilever. Brands cannot let this deception pass unchallenged, and have no choice but to suspend all business with Wilmar until it can prove it only trades clean palm oil from responsible producers,” said Kiki Taufik.
    Wilmar denies having any influence over Gama, although it admitted in a fax to Greenpeace International that Gama is run by Wilmar senior executives and members of their family.[5] 
    Southeast Asia’s plantation sector is notorious for using shell companies run by managers or family members to hide deforestation. Just last month, Greenpeace broke ties with Asia Pulp and Paper, Indonesia’s largest paper company, after detecting deforestation in two concessions linked to APP and its parent company the Sinar Mas Group.
    Wilmar is on the board of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO), whose bi-annual conference kicks off on Monday in Paris. At least one Gama company, S&G Biofuel Ltd, is also an RSPO member. Under RSPO membership rules, companies that share management or control should be treated as one group. This makes Wilmar responsible for what happens in Gama’s concessions.
    Greenpeace is calling on the RSPO to enforce its rules by requiring Wilmar and Gama to register as one group and suspending Wilmar until the rainforest Gama destroyed is restored.
    [2] Much of this deforestation has occured in just three of the concessions examined in Greenpeace’s report:
    PT Graha Agro Nusantara (PT GAN), West Kalimantan, Kubu Raya district – 7,000ha of forest or peatland cleared since 2014
    • PT Agriprima Cipta Persada (PT ACP), Papua, Merauke district – at least 3,190ha of forest cleared since 2015
    • PT Agrinusa Persada Mulia (PT APM), Papua, Merauke district – at least 2,500ha of forest cleared since January 2016.
    [3]  Like many family-owned companies in Southeast Asia, Gama does not have a formal structure; instead, it is a network of plantations and palm oil companies owned, managed or controlled by Ganda and Martua Sitorus, and members of their family. 
    Martua Sitorus is the co-founder of Wilmar and remains a board member. He is also CEO of Gama
    Ganda’s and Martua Sitorus’s brother-in-law, Hendri Saksti is Wilmar’s Country Head, Indonesia. He also owns or manages Gama plantations.
    Sitorus and Saksti’s nephew / Ganda’s son Darwin Indigo is Wilmar’s Deputy Country Head, Indonesia. He also manages S&G Biofuel, a Gama joint venture.
    In 2004, Wilmar sold PT Jatimjaya Perkasa to Gama (then known as Ganda Group) following accusations of deforestation in the concession from Friends of the Earth. 
    In 2013, Wilmar sold PT Asiatic Persada to Gama (then known as Ganda Group) following accusations of social conflict with local communities. 
    In 2014, Wilmar sold PT Citra Riau Sirana to Gama, following accusations from Eyes on the Forest / WWF of receiving fresh fruit bunches of oil palm from illegal plantations within Tesso Nilo national park.
    [5]  Link to fax
    Sol Gosetti, International Communications Coordinator, Indonesia Forest,, +44 (0) 7807352020
    Greenpeace International Press Desk: +31 (0) 20 718 2470, (available 24 hours)


    4) The Kamwolker River drying up

    Jayapura, Jubi – Water debit of the Kampwolker River, one of the largest water reservoirs for Waena and Entrop areas of Jayapura city, has started to decline.
    A geography lecturer at the University of Cenderawasih Eka Kristina Yeimo said the lack of government control on natural reserved areas driven the drought of springs. “If this issue has not immediately addressed, I am afraid the clean water crisis will happen in the next few years. The government must take a firm action to maintain the water resources, especially some springs in the city of Jayapura,” Yeimo told Jubi on Friday (22/6/2018).

    She said that several years ago, water is not a problem. However, it changes. The water springs around Perumnas III and Kamwolker began to dry as a consequence of land clearing. “People build houses at the river bank until the mountain foot, which cut down all the trees around it,” she said.
    Therefore, she continued, the government needs to establish a clear regulation and legal basis to protect the water resource area by controlling the development around the springs. On the other hand, it is also necessary for the community to play an active role to maintain the water resources and forest. (*)
    Reporter: Agus Pabika
    Editor: Pipit Maizier

    5) Kosapa promotes the born of young Papuan authors

    Jayapura, Jubi – Benediktus Tigi told Jubi he was glad to participate in a series of writing skills training held by Papuan Literature Community (Kosapa) in Papua.
    “I am happy to participate in a training on poetry writing, because of that, some of my wirings published in the Kosapa media. I also hope Kosapa can continue to conduct a training for Papuan youth to keep them update,” he said.

    The Papuan Literature Community, known as Kosapa, was established in June 2009 following a discussion of two founders Gusti Masan Raya and Andi Tagihuma on Facebook. Later they initiated to form a Facebook group.
    “It was born following to our concern on the literature development in Papua that has been stagnant at that moment while we knew that Papuans live in the midst of the richness of literature,” Tagihuma told Jubi at the Kosapa Library on Sunday (17/6/2018).
    In the same year, he continued, Kosapa not only conducted a discussion on Facebook but also held various activities including the book review, film screenings, journalistic training and essays writing training for students. It even created a website
    In October 2012, Kosapa collaborated with Yayasan Mudra Swari Saraswati to conduct Event Ubud Writers & Readers Festival in Jayapura and then with Jubi to manage with the literature section that published every Friday.
    In 2017, Kosapa published three books of short story anthology, poetry, and wise words. The publication of these books was aimed to encourage the literature development in Papua and appreciated the Papuan authors who wrote those books.
    “Currently there are eight drafts of books that ready to publish,” said Tagihuma who was the coordinator of Kosapa until 2016. He also hopes Papuan authors not only get recognition locally but also internationally.
    Since 2016, Kosapa has a new board, Hengky Yeimo as the coordinator and Aleks Giay as the secretary. It continues with a series of activities including literacy campaign, training on both fiction and non-fiction writing skills for both students and public, reading poetry, consolidation of literature activists in Papua and public gathering to watch documentary films related to science, weekly and monthly discussion session involving the literature and cultural activists in Jayapura City.
    The secretary of Kosapa Alex Giyai said Kosapa established to promote the local culture and Papuan literature that closely related to oral culture. “We must save the oral culture in the form of writing, if not Papuan generation will lose their identity,” he said.
    Kosapa, he continued, dreams for the born of more Papuan authors because there are still many historical stories and issues in the past that have not yet revealed. It is an opportunity for Papuans to tell their own stories rather than the outsiders.
    Meanwhile, Alfrida Yomanop, author of the book “Lembahayung Senja” said the role of Kosapa in promoting the local wisdom and Papuan literature as well as to promote literacy in Papua is very important.
    “I appreciate my friends in Kosapa who continue to support the literature development in Papua through various activities. They have encouraged the younger generation of Papua to be able to write the native stories from their respective areas,” she said. (*)
     Reporter: Hengky Yeimo
    Editor: Pipit Maizier

    6) Hungarian student attracted to traditional Papuan food


    Jayapura, Jubi – Papua is always an attractive place for international tourists to visit every year, and a Hungarian student Regina Laurents, who said coming to Papua because interested in studying the Papuan culture including its culinary method such as how to process sago traditionally, is just an example of it.
    “I observe the traditional sago processing method is very good. I had eaten sago in Sulawesi once but never knew how to prepare it. I am happy that I can see its process here directly,” said Regina while attending the Sago Festival II in Kwadeware, Jayapura District on Thursday (21/06/2018).
    Laurents is a culinary student who is undergoing an exchange program in Indonesia. For two years, she has been in various Indonesia regions, in particular, Papua to learn the traditional food processing method. Therefore, she felt lucky attending the Sago Festival. “I am pleased that I can learn a lot here, and I will certainly tell my friends about Papua.”
    Moreover, She hopes this festival would continue to promote the Papuan traditional culinary as well as to attract more international tourists to come.
    Sago Festival II was held in Kwadeware Village of Waibhu Sub-district, Jayapura District on Thursday (21/06/2018). Despite a variety of processed and traditional foods made from sago exhibited at the festival, visitors can also observe how to process raw sago before it becomes a delicious food. (*)
    Reporter: Engel Wally
    Editor: Pipit Maizier

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    2) Dutch pension fund divests from Posco Daewoo over deforestation in Indonesia
    3) 3 Civilians Killed by Armed Group in Papua  

    1) Singapore-based firm Wilmar accused of link to massive rainforest destruction in Papua, Indonesia

    Environmental non-governmental organization Greenpeace has accused a corporation with ties to Singapore-based firm Wilmar International of rainforest destruction in Papua, Indonesia.
    In a press release yesterday, Greenpeace alleged that Gama Corp is responsible for the deforestation of an area twice the size of Paris based on flyover analyses they conducted back in March.
    Greenpeace also claims that Gama Corp is a shell company for the world’s largest palm oil company, Wilmar International — a claim that the agribusiness giant fiercely disputes.
    “Mapping and satellite analysis shows that Gama destroyed at least 21,500ha of rainforest or peatland,” noted the environmental NGO. 
    According to Greenpeace, Gama was set up by Wilmar’s co-founder Martua Sitorus and his brother, Ganda, in 2011, while Ganda’s sons — Andy and Darwin Indigo — manage concessions for Gama. Darwin Indigo is also General Manager of Wilmar.

    In a letter faxed to Greenpeace, Wilmar CEO Kuok Khoon Hong acknowledged having business dealings with Gama but went through great pains to demonstrate that, despite family ties between the two companies, they are completely separate entities.
    “The fact that they are relatives of Mr Sitorus, does not mean that Gama Corp exercises management control over Wilmar or that Wilmar exercises management control over Gama Corp,” Hong said in the letter.
    In the same letter, Wilmar conceded that Gama Corp and its suppliers may be associated with deforestation practices and vowed to cease buying from those suppliers itself. 
    The question over the link between the businesses is a point of contention for both sides due to Wilmar’s voluntary commitment to end deforestation nearly five years ago. In 2013 they were the first palm oil trader to enact a “no deforestation, no peat, no exploitation” policy – an internal mandate applied to both its own plantations and those of its suppliers.
    For Wilmar, admitting executive ties with Gama would mean it is in violation of its own policies and potentially tarnish its reputation as an eco-friendly corporation.
    In response to the Greenpeace report, a Wilmar spokesperson reiterated the separation between Wilmar and Gama Corp, and its new policy that it would cease sourcing from Gama Corp’s suppliers Gama which Greenpeace identified in their report.
    “Wilmar will not buy from any company that cannot prove to our satisfaction that they do not belong to Gama Corp because of the alleged identified non-compliance with Wilmar’s No Deforestation, No Peat and No Exploitation (NDPE) Policy,” the spokesperson said.


    2) Dutch pension fund divests from Posco Daewoo over deforestation in Indonesia

    by  on 25 June 2018

    • APB, the Dutch pension fund for government and education employees, announced it would divest 300,000 euros from Posco Daewoo over deforestation in Indonesian Papua.
    • Norway’s pension fund divested from Posco Daewoo, and its parent company, Posco, in 2015. APB is still invested in Posco.
    • Posco Daewoo is owned by one of South Korean’s largest conglomerates.
    Dutch national pension fund APB is divesting 300,000 euros ($351,000) from Korean firm Posco Daewoo over deforestation in Indonesia’s easternmost Papua province.
    The announcement by ABP follows a series of media reports in the Netherlands about forest destruction by PT Bio Inti Agrindo, an oil palm plantation company owned by Posco Daewoo. 
    In May, consumer television program Kassa — the name means “cash register” in Dutch — aired a 16-minute segment on the pension fund’s investment in Posco Daewoo. That same month, the Dutch website published its own exposéof the land clearing in Papua.
    Environmental groups have campaigned against the deforestation in Papua by Posco Daewoo, and by other companies, for years. The palm oil industry is rapidly expanding there.
    In 2015, Norway’s pension fund divested from Posco Daewoo —then named Daewoo International — and from Posco, the parent company. 
    APB still has a 157 million euro ($184,000) investment in Posco. 
    “Norway got it right — Posco’s massive deforestation and land grabbing isn’t something to play games with,” Rolf Schipper, forest campaigner at Milieudefensie, a Dutch group, said in a statement. “If ABP wants to be seen as a responsible trustee of Dutch resources, they have to stop financing rogue actors like Posco, period.”
    The land PT Bio Inti Agrindo has been licensed to develop by the Indonesian government overlaps with a WWF Global Ecoregion home to 344 registered bird and 69 mammal species, some of which are endangered and endemic to the area. 
    PT Bio Inti Agrindo has cleared more than 200 square kilometers (77 square miles) of forest in Papua since 2013, according to a report released by think tank the World Resources Institute in March.
    Banner: The stocky, flightless northern cassowary (Casuarius unappendiculatus) is one of the birds-of-paradise for which Papua is famous. Image by Rhett Butler for Mongabay.
    Article published by 
    3) 3 Civilians Killed by Armed Group in Papua  
    TEMPO.COJakarta - Papuan armed separatist group (KKSB) has again attacked civilians in Kenyam, Nduga, Papua on Monday, June 25, 2018. The group terrorized civilians while trying to escape after shooting Trigana Air aircraft type of Twin Otter rented by Mobile Brigade Corps (Brimob) during landing.
    “While they’re escaping, KKSB shot dead three civilians and one child severely injured,” said Regional Military Command XVII Cenderawasih Chief Colonel Infantry Muhammad Aidi in a statement, Monday, June 25.
    Earlier, the airline carrying 15 officers who deployed for the election departed from Wamena airport, Jayawijaya, landed at Keneyam airport at 09:40 local times. While heading to taxi out for parking, 15 unidentified men started to shoot the left side of the airline at around 10:00 local times. Due to the incident, the pilot Abdillah Kamil suffered injuries caused by pieces of bullets in the right shoulder and the back of his head.
    According to Aidi, Papuan KKSB had gun contacts with security officers of Battalion/Yalet 755 and police officers as well as Brimob units. “The group ran away to the end of the runway where the airline comes,” he explained.
    Aidi mentioned the Papuan KKSB group carried six long weapons AK-47, two NFC rifles, and two pistols. “While others carry arrows, spears, and machetes to attack civilians," he said. The dead victims were Pali (28), Hendrik Sattu Kola (38), and Zainal Abidin (20). In addition, Arjuna Kola (6) suffered severe injuries.

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    2) Deadly shooting sparks local election fears in Papua
    Pacific Beat with  Catherine Graue,  Bruce Hill
    1) Some division in Solomon Islands as government reviews its relations with Indonesia
    By Bindi Bryce on Pacific Beat 

    There's been a backlash from civil society groups to the Solomon Islands government's decision to press on with a review of its policy on whether it continues to support the Free West Papua movement.
    The Malaita Provincial Government and Honiara City Council are among those who say they'll maintain their support for West Papuan independence, after Indonesian officials met local authorities for discussions.
    A Solomon Islands' government spokesperson has told Pacific Beat the visiting Indonesian officials also met officials in Western and Guadalcanal provinces, and that the aim of the trip was to get feedback on the future direction of Solomon Islands national policy on West Papua.
    It's been confirmed that the feedback contained in the final report, to be submitted to cabinet in "due time", will be the template for Solomon Islands' future policy on West Papua and its relations with Indonesia.
    Duration: 3min 59sec
    2) Deadly shooting sparks local election fears in Papua

    Indonesian church leaders call for calm after three people killed, aircraft shot at in run-up to governor election

    Human rights activist and priest Father John Djonga has called on people to keep the peace during and after the governor election on June 27. (Photo by Ryan Dagur)
    Ryan Dagur, Jakarta 

    A deadly shooting that saw three people killed and an attack on an aircraft carrying election material and police officers in Indonesia's restive Papua province has sparked concerns among church leaders that this week's governor election could see further violence.

    Papua province is among 17 provinces, 115 districts and 39 municipalities holding elections on June 27.

    On June 25, unidentified gunmen shot at a Twin Otter aircraft carrying election material and 15 police personnel who were to provide security at the poll.

    According to police, the shots came from woodland shortly after the plane landed at Kenyam Airport in Nduga regency. The pilot was injured in the attack.

    The police also claimed the attackers also shot at civilians at the airport, killing three and injuring three others.

    The attack came three days after another aircraft was fired upon at the same airport.

    Father John Djonga, an activist priest called for all parties to "work hand-in-hand to ensure peace" during the election.

    "All parties should allow Papuans to exercise their electoral rights without any fear," he told on June 26.

    "There should be no bloodshed just because of an election. We choose a leader for five years, but peace must be maintained forever," said the priest who has worked for more than 20 years in Papua's remote areas.

    Jakarta considers Papua — where most of the Christian majority has long complained of rights abuses and demanded independence or greater autonomy — the most high-risk region for violence at these elections.

    According to Association for Elections and Democracy, 71 people were killed during elections in 2010 and 2014 in various districts.

    Reverend Benny Giay of the Synod of Christian Churches in Papua called on his congregation to support peaceful elections.

    "Local elections must not cause casualties among civilians," he said, adding certain elements wanted to use the election to destroy Papua.

    He urged Papuans "not to be emotional, promote dialogue and respects political differences."

    Papua police spokesman, Ahmad Mustofa Kamal, said a hunt was on for the airport attackers, and that security was being stepped up.

    "We guarantee that the election will still be held," he said.

    An additional 3,700 police and military personnel have been drafted in to ensure it takes place, he added.


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    2) Papuan regencies postpone voting amid security concerns, glitches

    1) Traditional dress brighten up Papua polling station
    Nethy Dharma Somba The Jakarta Post
    Jayapura, Papua | Wed, June 27, 2018 | 12:07 pm

    Ethnic flair: A voter collects a ballot from an election official in traditional Papuan dress on June 27 at polling station TPS 005 in Awiyo subdistrict, Abepura district, Jayapura, to vote in the Papua gubernatorial election. (JP/Nethy Dharma Somba)

    Voters felt a distinct cultural flavor upon entering the TPS 005 polling station in Awiyo, Abepura district, Jayapura, to cast their votes in the Papua gubernatorial election on Wednesday.
    Polling station officials were seen in traditional Papuan attire representing the Wamena and Nafri cultures, as well as in traditional dress from outside the province, such as Toraja and Makassar in South Sulawesi. 
    “This was the result of an agreement among the residents of our area where this TPS is located, as a way to show our enthusiasm for participating in the gubernatorial election,” Awiyo subdistrict head Karel Hanasbey said on Wednesday.
    Karel said the local people wanted to mark the election in this way, because it only happened once every five years and they wanted to leave behind a beautiful memory in organizing the event.
    He added that TPS 005 was also located on a special site where Japanese troops landed at Abe Beach during World War II.

    Diversity: Election officials in traditional dress from across the country pose for a group photo on June 27 at polling station TPS 005 in Awiyo subdistrict, Abepura district, Jayapura. (JP/Nethy Dharma Somba)

    “I voted for a candidate that I believe is capable of making the people proper for the next five years,” said voter Yusuf Yarangga.
    Voters had gathered at TPS 005 since 8 a.m. local time, and 532 voters had cast their votes at the polling station.
    The two pairs competing in the Papua gubernatorial election are Lukas Enembe-Klemen Tinal and John Wempi Wetipo-Habel Melkias Suwae.
    A total of 3,411,217 voters cast their ballots today at 9,222 polling stations in 5,498 subdistricts and 560 districts across Papua. (swa/ebf)

    2) Papuan regencies postpone voting amid security concerns, glitches
    Nethy Dharma Somba and Suherdjoko The Jakarta Post
    Jayapura/Semarang | Wed, June 27, 2018 | 02:24 pm

    The Papuan regencies of Paniai and Nduga have postponed voting, slated for Wednesday, amid security concerns. The two regencies should have hosted regency elections as well as Papua gubernatorial election.

    “It has been recommended that voting in those two regencies be postponed because of security concerns," General Elections Commission (KPU) commissioner Wahyu Setiawan told the press in Semarang, Central Java, on Wednesday.

    Paniai regency postponed voting for the regency election while going ahead with voting to elect the governor. Voting in the Paniai regency election had to be postponed because of differences between the provincial office of the General Elections Commission (KPUD) and the local KPUD chapter regarding qualified candidates.

    The KPUD Paniai had ruled that only one candidate pair had passed the selection process, but the provincial chapter had printed two candidate pairs on the ballot papers. The commissions have yet to agree on a definitive solution, thus, they decided to postpone voting.

    Meanwhile in Nduga, an ongoing conflict between security personnel and an unidentified armed group around Kenyam airport has hampered the distribution of ballot papers to 29 districts.

    “We have recommended to resume voting another day, but we have yet to set the date,” Anugerah Patah, a member of the Papua Elections Supervisory Agency (Bawaslu), told The Jakarta Post.

    Papua Police chief Insp. Gen. Boy Rafli Amar assured the public that voting in all other areas of the province was running smoothly. (swd)

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    WEDNESDAY, 27 JUNE, 2018 | 19:00 WIB
    TEMPO.COJakarta - West Papua Governor Dominggus Mandacan announced that he is committed to preserving the forests in the province that cover a vast area of 9,730,550 hectares. In comparison, the forests cover 90 percent of the province that is 143,076 square kilometer.
    “The forest areas in West Papua are more or less 200-times larger than the City of Oslo,” said Dominggus in his presentation during a seminar on tropical forests at the Scandec Holberg Hotel in Oslo, Norway, on Tuesday, June 26.
    The West Papua Province has declared itself as a conservational province since 2015 and has contributed 8.12 percent of Indonesia’s total rain forest areas. The area’s ecosystem also holds numerous biodiversity from Asia and Australia. 
    The Governor also explained that West Papua’s forests have also contributed for the global society by storing 1,320 million metric tons of carbon. “This can be beneficial if it’s preserved properly,” said Dominggus. 
    Dominggus stated that there are 17 ocean and water conservation areas that extend to 4.2 million hectares. 
    “Almost every area here is still in great condition, which is an essential food source and reserve for the people of Papua,” said the Governor. 
    Despite its rich natural resources, the Papua Province and West Papua remains to be Indonesia’s poorest areas. “This irony becomes the greatest challenge for us to preserve our large portion of wealth that is still left,” said Governor Dominggus.  
    Linda Novi Trianita TNR

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    2) Indonesia police say 2 dead, 2 missing in Papua attacks
    3) West Papua Liberation Army behind deadly Nduga attack
    1) Poll violence flares in Indonesia's Papua
    Alleged separatists have opened fire on boats carrying voters in Indonesia's Papua province, killing two police officers and another person, police say.
    Three people, including two police officers, have been killed in Indonesia's eastern province of Papua after alleged separatists opened fire on boats carrying voters and officials who had cast ballots in local elections, police say.
    Indonesia had been on high alert for violence with elections for 171 city mayors, regents, and provincial governors held across the world's biggest Muslim-majority country on Wednesday.
    Indonesia took control of Papua following a widely criticised UN-backed referendum in 1969, six years after the end of Dutch colonial rule.
    Alleged separatists on Wednesday shot at two boats carrying voters and officials on a river in Torere district in Papua, killing three people, police said on Thursday. Three more police officers were missing.
    The incident comes just days after a suspected separatist shooting at a tiny airport in Nduga district in Papua where three people were killed and a child injured. The election for that district's chief had to be postponed due to the violence.
    Unofficial counts in Indonesia's regional elections put candidates favouring President Joko Widodo ahead in three provinces on Java island, home to more than half of the population of the world's third-largest democracy.
    But candidates backed by the opposition fared better than expected in the elections, which is an important pointer for national parliamentary and presidential races in 2019.
    Some hardline Islamic leaders have publicly called for the ousting of Widodo, who has pledged to protect Indonesia's tradition of pluralism and moderate Islam in the officially secular country.
    2) Indonesia police say 2 dead, 2 missing in Papua attacks
    JAYAPURA, Indonesia (AP) — Indonesian police say two people were killed and two are missing after gunmen attacked police and civilians in a mountainous region of easternmost Papua province.
    Papua police spokesman Ahmad Musthofa Kamal says an official was killed Wednesday and two police officers are missing after gunmen shot at their speedboat, which was transporting them from Torere subdistrict where they observed local elections.
    Separately, he says a motorcycle taxi driver died after being shot in the head in Waegi subdistrict on Wednesday.
    A pro-independence insurgency has simmered in the formerly Dutch-controlled Papua region since it was annexed by Indonesia in 1963.
    On Monday, gunmen killed three people and injured two others in an attack at an airport in the Puncak Jaya area.

    3) West Papua Liberation Army behind deadly Nduga attack
    5:02 pm today 

    A faction of the West Papua National Liberation Army has claimed responsibility for Monday's deadly shootings in Indonesia's Nduga regency.

    Three people died after gunmen targeted an aircraft transporting Indonesian paramilitary police at the airport of this remote Papuan regency.
    Liberation Army gunmen launched an attack at the Trigana Air twin otter which had arrived carrying 18 Brimob personnel.
    The paramilitary police had been transported from the Highlands town of Wamena to Nduga to provide security during this week's regional elections.
    Two people, including the pilot, were injured before a gunfire ensued on the airfield between the Liberation Army members and Indonesian security forces.
    Three people who died have been identified as migrants from Indonesia's South Sulawesi province.
    A faction of the Liberation Army said it was responsible for shooting the three people, including a boy, saying he was hit by a stray bullet.
    The boy's parents were the other two killed in the violence. According to reports from Papua, they were migrants from South Sulawesi who had been established traders in Nduga's township.
    A PNG-based spokesperson for the Liberation Army and the Free West Papua Movment, Sebby Sambom, said their soldiers shot at the man bcause he had pulled out a gun.
    "The person from Sulawesi, he took position holding a pistol and tried to shoot the Liberation Army, Free West Papua group... soldiers... That's why the Liberation army shot him Then his wife and son they came and held him. Then his wife was shot..."
    The spokesman suggested that the child's death was entirely accidental. However, he alleged that the man killed was one of many migrants from other parts of Indonesia who had come to live in Papua and become undercover intelligence agents assisting Indonesia's security forces in operaions against Papuans.
    "We always identify them, we have data," Mr Sembom explained.
    "Some Indonesian civillians become businessmen, but they are Indonesian intelligence agents. Indonesian soldiers and police give them small stores or trade house buildings. They're everywhere."
    Tensions remain high in Nduga amid bursts of gunfire that have broken out sporadically after the Army dispersed from the airfield following the deadly gunfight.
    Meanwhile, the attack in Nduga is one of a series of reported incidents of deadly violence in the Highlands regencies which have disrupted the regional elections taking place this week.
    In Puncak Jaya regency, three people died after being shot in Torere district yesterday.
    According to CNN Indonesia, Indonesian police blamed the shooting deaths on unidentified gunmen.
    Along with reported tribal violence in recent days in Yahukimo regency, the incidents cast doubt on whether the elections will proceed in these areas where Papua's provincial governor Lukas Enembe has strong support.
    The Liberation Army has launched several attacks in the region since last year. Two TNI personnel were killed in Nduga last December, prompting reprisal attacks which left two civilians dead and a church burnt.
    Around the same time, the Liberation Army declared a general mobilisation of all its soldiers in Papua to carry out operations against the Indonesian state and what it called "the invaders".
    As well as independence, the Army's stated goal has been to close the Freeport mine, which is one of the largest sources of revenue for the Indonesian state.

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    District head killed, two police officers missing in shooting attack in Papua
    Nethy Dharma Somba
    Jayapura | Thu, June 28, 2018 | 11:27 am

    A voter receives a ballot paper from an election official wearing a traditional Papuan outfit on June 27 at polling station TPS 005 in Awiyo subdistrict, Abepura district, Jayapura, to vote in the Papua gubernatorial election. JP/Nethy Dharma Somba (JP/Nethy Dharma Somba)
    An unidentified armed group launched a shooting attack in Papua on Wednesday, in the second attack in the region this week in the wake of the Papua gubernatorial election.
    Torere district head Obaja Froaro was killed when unknown armed assailants allegedly shot at a speedboat he was on, on Wednesday at around 4 p.m. local time in Torere in Puncak Jaya, a regency in Papua's restive central highlands.
    "The Torere district head was shot to death by the criminal armed group while transporting the Torere people's ballot boxes right after the voting," Papua Police chief Insp. Gen. Boy Rafli Amar said in Jayapura on Thursday.
    Two police officers, who were on board the same speedboat, went missing in the ambush.
    "The two police officers are still missing," Boy said, referring to a group of Puncak Jaya Police officers who were in charge of guarding the Dow election materials and securing the Papua gubernatorial election.
    Obaja and a total of nine Puncak Jaya Police officers were on their way from the Dow polling station to Torere to transport boxes full of filled-out ballots.
    Votes for the Papua gubernatorial election were cast at the Dow polling station earlier that day.
    "Seven other police officers survived," Boy said.
    Another speedboat carrying local residents escaped the gunfire by immediately fleeing the scene when the alleged shootings started.
    It was the second incident in Papua this week after a Twin Otter aircraft carrying election material and police personnel was fired on by unidentified assailants shortly after it landed at Kenyam Airport in Nduga regency on Monday.
    The pilot suffered a gunshot wound to his back, and three residents died in an ensuing firefight between the gunmen and security personnel, the authorities said. (stu/ipa)
    Editor’s note: This story has been updated to correct the number of deaths. The death toll is one, the Torere district head, not three as Boy earlier said.

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    2) Candidate Governor regrets shooting incident in Nduga
    3) Soedarmo promises to support dormitory renovation

    4) Indigenous women traders seek for economic development training


    1) Indonesia beefing up disputed Papua border force in bid for minerals

    2) Candidate Governor regrets shooting incident in Nduga

    Jayapura, Jubi – Candidates Governor and Vice Governor Lukas Enembe and Klemen Tinal regret the shooting incident occurred in Kenyam Airport, Nduga District on Wednesday morning (27/6/2018).
    “It should be delayed if there is trouble. We’ve heard the election logistics in Nduga and Paniai has been stuck, but we hope it solved by today,” said Enembe to reporters after voting at the polling place 023 in Argapura, Jayapura Selatan Sub-district, Jayapura Municipality on Wednesday (27/6/2018).

    Meanwhile, Klemen Tinal profoundly regrets what happened in Nduga Sub-district suspended the people’s right on democracy.
    Regarding the statement of Indonesia Police Chief Tito Karnavian about the incident in Nduga was more related to politics, Tinal said it should be a reference for all. “About conflict or other issues as presented by Indonesia Police Chief, it could be a reference for all of us because he knew better about the security issue,” he said.
    Separately, the Acting Papua Governor Soedarmo said the process of governor election in Nduga District, as reported by the Election Commission Province Papua, would be temporarily suspended by order of the National Election Commission. The provincial Election Commission will take over the implementation from the regional Election Commission. However, the provincial team has not yet arrived in Nduga.
    “Perhaps the voting could be delayed,” Soedarmo told reporters on Wednesday noon ((27/6/2018).
    Meanwhile, Papua Police Chief the Inspector General Police Rafli Amar confirmed a shooting detected from a distance at around 08:00 pm Papua time in Kenyam Airport.
    “That’s right. There were about six gunshots heard from a distance,” said the chief. Further, the police and military are attempting to find the shooting perpetrators, he said.
    Senior Police Commissioner Ahmad Mustofa Kamal, the Chief of Papua Police Public Relations, said the election logistics which planned to distribute on Wednesday morning (27/6/2018) had arrived in Kenyam Airport. Its distribution delayed due to gunshots.
    “It was ready to distribute to sub-districts, but the gunshots scared the organisers,” he said. Furthermore, he stated the police keep continuing to protect the logistics while waiting for the organisers. (*)
    Reporter: Roy Ratumakin
    Editor: Pipit Maizier
    3) Soedarmo promises to support dormitory renovation

    Jayapura, Jubi – Acting Papua Governor Soerdarmo promised to fulfil the demand of Papuan students who live in Rusunawa Uncen dormitory, Perumnas III, Waena, Jayapura City for renovation and TV facility.
    “Perhaps the first thing that we can do is painting the building and providing a unit of television and parabola,” said Soerdarmo while monitoring the readiness of voting at the polling place in Uncen dormitory on Wednesday (27/6/2018).
    He thought the building need to renovate; therefore the provincial government will try as much as they can to help. “I will discuss it with the budget team. At least it can be done gradually,” he said.
    Furthermore, he hopes students can use this facility properly. “The dormitory is a place to live and study for students, so I ask you to maintain it properly and not use it to support any groups to against the country,” said Soedarmo.
    Meanwhile, the dormitory administrator Elius Wenda appreciate the visit of the acting governor who accompanied by Papua regional leadership communication forum. “We hope the governor can help us. Hopefully, it doesn’t take a long time because those who live in the dormitory are the successors and future leaders of Papua,” said Wenda. (*)
    Reporter: Alex Loen
    Editor: Pipit Maizier

    4) Indigenous women traders seek for economic development training


    Jayapura, Jubi – A Papuan woman trader Asna Inggamer said what Papuan traders need right now is capacity building training from both provincial and municipal governments.
    “We hope the relevant offices in municipal and provincial governments to consider that we seek for economic development training as they promised earlier. We have settled in this market for months but no training so far,” Mrs Inggamer told Jubi on Tuesday (26/6/2018).
    According to her, Jayapura Mayor has declared that the market was intended to anticipate the National Sports Week XX that would be held in Papua in 2020 as it would sell souvenirs, traditional accessories and so on. However, no action was taken by the government to set up the traders.
    “We also expect the government to help build food stalls on the third floor, where it was intended. Because it is a new market, we cannot use wood tables. If so, these should be identical in type and shape for a neat look,” she said.
    The Coordinator of the Solidarity of Papuan Traders (Solpap) Franky Warer confirmed that the indigenous woman traders need a scale up in economic practice. “These women indeed need to have regular training. We unceasingly talk to relevant stakeholders about this but no further action,” he said. (*)
    Reporter: Arjuna Pademme
    Editor: Pipit Maizier


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    2) Ties between Timor-Leste and Australia hit turbulence


    FRIDAY, 29 JUNE, 2018 | 18:40 WIB
    1) KPU Hopes Papua Pilkada Takes Place before July 3

    TEMPO.COJakarta - General Election Commission (KPU) commissioner Pramono Ubaid Tanthowi said the commission was still awaiting security assurances from the Indonesian military (TNI) and the police (Polri) before carrying out postponed regional elections in two regencies in Papua, viz. Nduga and Pania regencies, and at scores of poling stations in Yakuhimo regency.
    “Until now, we keep coordinating with TNI and Polri on when they will give security assurances to hold regional elections in those areas," Pramono said in his office on Thursday, June 28.
    According to Pramono, the logistic distribution was hampered in Paniai regency due to security concerns. While in Yakuhimo regency, as many as 87 polling stations failed to hold the voting. “Papua needs serious measures [for the election],” he said.
    Promono expected the voting would resume before the recapitulation day at the district level. “We hope before July 3 [the voting] will be held. But it’s rather difficult in the Paniai region, so we demand [security] assurances from TNI and Police for a conducive situation,” he added.

    Home Affairs Ministry’s Public Relations head (Kapuspen) Bahtiar said the ministry had contacted the Papua's acting governor on recent developments in the area. Bahtiar said Papua is in a safe state. 
    “There is no extreme case. There are disruptions from certain civil armed groups, which regularly take place in mountainous areas, but in general there is no problem in Papua," Bahtiar said in his office on Thursday, June 28. 
    Bachtiar said elections in Nduga regency was hampered by the local KPU, whose commissioner had been suspended and his duties assumed by the Papua Provincial KPU. "Bu the committee was late on D-day, so it [the election] was postponed," he said. 
    Earlier reports said the situation in Nduga regency, Papua, was simmering in light of attacks by an armed group on an airliner carrying dozens of police officers at Kenyam airport on June 25, or two days prior to the elections.

    2) Ties between Timor-Leste and Australia hit turbulence

    Men who exposed Australia for spying on the Timor-Leste Cabinet during 2004 bilateral gas talks now face jail

    June 29, 2018

    Timor-Leste's new government has hit a major hurdle in its plan to improve fraught relations with Australia over the sensitive issue of maritime boundaries in the gas-rich sea between the two countries.
    It was only in March that Australia and Timor-Leste, formerly known as East Timor, signed a treaty drawing permanent maritime boundaries.
    Ties have been improving since, but now the legacy Australian spying 14 years ago has come to the fore.
    The Australian spy agency "whistleblower" known as Witness K and his Canberra-based lawyer, Bernard Collaery, a veteran advisor to Timor-Leste, were on June 28 committed for trial on criminal charges that could see them both jailed.
    They are accused of illegally informing the Timor-Leste government that Australia had been spying on them by using Cabinet room listening devices installed on the authority of then foreign minister Alexander Downer.
    This was while crucial talks were being conducted on the sharing of maritime oil and gas reserves.
    "Witness K was not a whistleblower," Callaeary said previously. "He went with his complaint to the Inspector-General of Intelligence and Security and received approval, and I received approval to act."
    Collaery said that the prosecution was a "vindictive" attack that aimed at ruining his reputation and career, according to The Australian.
    "It's an attack on myself for acting as a lawyer within my professional rules and it's a sad moment in the history of the country I love and have served," he said.
    Privately the Timorese government is saying little, but Colleary is extremely close to Timor-Leste leaders such as Prime Minister Taur Matan Ruak and Xanana Gusmao. 
    The prosecution by Australia could stymie ongoing talks between Timor and Australia on the thorny issue of whether piped gas from the US$50 billion Great Sunrise gas field lands in Timor-Leste or Australia for processing.
    Xanana Gusmao, head of the ruling Alliance for Progress and Change (but not prime minister), is continuing to press for a Timor-Leste facility, despite energy companies claiming such a move is uneconomic and could lead to them not exploiting the fields.
    People close to the new Timor PM have said he is very keen to have much closer engagement with Australia. No minister in Australia's ruling conservative government has visited the country since its election in 2013.
    Timor-Leste's Foreign Minister Dionisio Babo told that the relationship with Australia had improved in recent years under Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull and Foreign Minister Julie Bishop.
    This was during renegotiation of an earlier the maritime treaty, which was torn up by a U.N. court forcing Australia into negotiations. Colleary ran the court case in The Hague for Timor-Leste.
    Babo remained mute over the trial committal decision of June 28: "I will not comment, it is a matter for the Australian legal system."
    A spokesperson for the Australian government said planning was underway for Julie Bishop to visit Timor-Leste.

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    2) Freeport Indonesia Acquisition Valued at Nearly 4 bn USD
    1) Papua Police Search for Missing Members Following Election Attack

                                       A polling station during the Papua Regional Election. TEMPO/Maria Hasugian

    TEMPO.COJakarta - The Papua Police have mobilized 100 personnel in search of two of its members that went missing while transporting ballot boxes of Papua regional head election(Pilkada). 
    “Some 100 personnel were deployed to search [for the missing police members] along the Mamberamo Raya river,” said Papua Police Chief Insp. Gen. Boy Rafli in a text message Temporeceived today, June 30.
    Furthermore, according to National Police Spokesman Insp. Gen. Setyo Wasisto, both men went missing following an attack conducted by an armed group on the day of the election, Wednesday, June 27. 
    There were nine police members with Torere District Head Obaja Faroro traveling on two speedboats to the Torere District carrying Pilkada logistics and the ballots. 
    In the middle of their journey, the group was attacked by the unknown armed group that resulted in the death of the Torere District Head. Five police members jumped off the boat to evade the numerous gunshots. Three of the policemen survived while the other two, Police Insp. Second Class Jesayas H. Nusi and Brigadier Sinton Kabarek, are yet to be found. 
    Setyo suggests that the armed group responsible for the attack is highly suspected to be connected with the group that shot at a Brimob plane at the Keneyam Airport in Papua just two days prior. The group, according to Setyo, allegedly intended to disrupt the election in Papua (Papua Pilkada 2018).
    Andita Rahma

    2) Freeport Indonesia Acquisition Valued at Nearly 4 bn USD

    TEMPO.COJakarta - State Owned Enterprise Minister Rini Soemarno explained that she has discussed Freeport Indonesia`s acquisition value with Freeport McMoran Head Executive Richard Adkerson. 
    “The final negotiation was US$3 billion and almost touching US$4 billion (Rp56 trillion), it’s still being finalized,” said Minister Rini at her house on Saturday, June 30.
    She further explained that the finalization will likely be complete within the next two weeks, which will focus on the discussion related to environmental financial issues. 
    Minister Rini said she has already reported the value of the acquisition to President Joko ‘Jokowi’ Widodo before the Eid al-Fitr day in mid-June. The rest will focus on the detailed agreement between both sides and crucially about the way the partnership should be handled professionally and transparently. 

    “On how to maintain it in an apparent way that it does not intervene with the government and is truly managed transparently,” said Rini. 
    Previously, the Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources Ignasius Jonan held a closed meeting with Freeport CEO Richard Adkerson at the Four Seasons Hotel in Washington on Monday noon local time. 
    Chitra Paramaesti

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    SUNDAY, 01 JULY, 2018 | 13:16 WIB
    Minister: Freeport Divestment Process Completed in 2 Weeks
    TEMPO.COJakarta - Minister for State-Owned Enterprises Rini Soemarno said the Freeport divestment process will be completed within the next two weeks. During that time period, there is still a process of finalization in taxation and the environment.
    The issue of taxation and the environment, said Rini, is still in the process of finalization. She said the section will still be discussed with the Minister of Finance and the Minister of Environment and Forestry. "It might take another two weeks," Rini said at her private residence, Saturday, June 30.
    In the calculation, said Rini, Freeport divestment price will reach US$3.5 billion to US$4 billion or equivalent to Rp56 trillion.
    The value, said Rini, has been reported to President Joko Widodo or Jokowi, before Eid Day. Furthermore, the process to be completed is a matter of the details of the agreement between the two parties.

    Rini said this cooperation is a crucial thing. She wants its management in a transparent and professional manner. "How to keep from interfering the government and actually being managed in an open manner," she said.
    Earlier, Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources Ignatius Jonan held a closed-door meeting with the Freeport CEO Richard Adkerson at the Four Seasons Hotel, Washington, Monday afternoon or Tuesday morning, June 25.
    According to Jonan, all issues in negotiations with Freeport have been agreed upon. The final point in the finalization phase is the 51 percent share divestment of Freeport Indonesia.
    Associated with the divestment, Jonan said it would depend on the readiness of PT Inalum (Persero) as a state-owned company that will buy Freeport Indonesia's shares. According to him, Inalum needs to find a loan for the acquisition process.
    "If it's ready, I hope next week there can be a joint statement between CEO Freeport McMoRan and the government that this (divestment) has agreed on 51 percent, jointly managed, agreed to build a smelter, agreed to become IUPK (special mining permit), and state revenue higher, "said Jonan.

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    2) Papua safe after deadly shootings

    3) Unlawful killings still reality in Papua


    1) July 1st anniversary of the Proclamation of the Republic of West Papua in 1971

    JUNE 30, 2018
    July 1st marks the anniversary of the Proclamation of the Republic of West Papua in 1971
    Proclamation of the Republic of West Papua: As a protest against the fraudulent Act of “Free” Choice in July / August 1969, brigadier-general Seth J. Rumkorem and Jacob Henderik Prai (Chairman of the Senate), proclaimed the independence of the Republic of West Papua on 1 July 1971. Others who singed the proclamation were; Mr. B.M Tanggahma, Mr. F.T.J. Jufuway, Mr. D. Maury, Mr. H. Womsiwor, Mr. D. Kereway and Mr. S.T. Tan. The proclamation has been declared in Port Numbay, in the headquarter of Markas Victoria. The Papuans decided to proclaim the Morning Star Flag as the National symbol; they did the same with the national anthem (Hai Tanahku Papua) and state seal (One People One Soul).
    The National Liberation Council of West Papua in the Netherlands gave the advice to Mr Seth J. Rumkorem and his men to carry out the proclamation, before the general elections in Indonesia. This act, the independence proclamation of West Papua, was a manifestation of the yearning wishes of the West Papuan people, to be free and independent.
    Under Article 2 of UN resolution 1514: “All peoples have the right of self-determination.
    Proklamasi Papua 1 Juli 1971
    To all the people of Papua, from Numbai to Merauke, from Sorong to Balim (Star Mountains) and from Biak to Adi Island. With the help and blessing of God Almighty, we take this opportunity to declare to you all that today, 1 July 1971, the land and people of Papua have
    been proclaimed to be free and independent (de facto and de jure) May God be with us, and may the world be advised, that the true will of the people of Papua to be free and independent in their own homeland has been met.
    Victoria, July 1, 1971 On behalf of the people and the government of West Papua,
    Seth Jafet Rumkorem (Brigadier-General)


    2) Papua safe after deadly shootings

    Nethy Dharma Somba The Jakarta Post
    Jayapura | Sun, July 1, 2018 | 05:28 pm
    Papua and two of its regencies, Nduga and Puncak Jaya, where deadly shootings by unknown assailants occurred last week in the wake of the gubernatorial election, are now safe and stable, National Police chief Gen. Tito Karnavian has said.
    Tito, along with Indonesian Military (TNI) commander Air Chief Marshal Hadi Tjahjanto, was in Jayapura on Sunday to monitor security after the simultaneous regional elections.
    "The situation in Papua is under control now. Police and military personnel stand ready to maintain security,” Tito said.
    The election in Nduga was postponed to last Thursday after a Twin Otter aircraft carrying election material and police personnel was fired at by unidentified assailants last Monday shortly after it landed at Kenyam Airport. The pilot suffered a gunshot wound to his back, and three residents died in an ensuing firefight between the gunmen and security personnel, the authorities have said.
    “The Papua Police have deployed additional personnel to secure [Nduga]. The vote count is ongoing there,” Tito said.
    Another incident took place on voting day last Wednesday in Puncak Jaya, during which Torere district head Obaja Froaro was killed by unknown armed assailants who allegedly shot at a speedboat he was on while transporting boxes of filled-out ballots.
    Two police officers, who were on board the same speedboat and in charge of guarding the election materials and securing the Papua gubernatorial election, went missing in the ambush.
    The police are still pursuing the attackers and searching for their two missing members. (stu/ipa)


    3) Unlawful killings still reality in Papua

    • Usman Hamid Jakarta | Mon, July 2 2018 | 01:37 a
      The tactics used by the country’s security forces may have changed since the fall of military rule in 1998, but in Papua — Indonesia’s easternmost, restive region — deadly violence from the use of excessive force by police and military personnel remains a constant threat.

      A new Amnesty International report released Monday, titled “’Don’t bother, just let him die’: Killing wi...

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    Amnesty International UK Press releases
    02 Jul 2018, 12:01am

    Indonesian security forces have unlawfully killed at least 95 people in little more than eight years in the eastern provinces of Papua and West Papua, with the majority of perpetrators never being held to account for the crimes, Amnesty International reveals in a new report today. 
    The report, “Don't bother, just let him die": Killing with impunity in Papua, describes how police and soldiers have shot dead peaceful independence activists and protesters, as well as dozens of other Papuans in non-political contexts, including a mentally-disabled young man. Killings have shown no sign of letting up since President Joko ‘Jokowi’ Widodo took office in 2014, despite his promises to prioritise human rights in Papua.
    Usman Hamid, Amnesty International Indonesia’s Executive Director, said:
    “Papua is one of Indonesia’s black holes for human rights. This is a region where security forces have for years been allowed to kill women, men and children, with no prospects of being held to account.
    “Our research reveals that almost 100 people have been unlawfully killed in little more than eight years – about one person every month. This is a serious blot on Indonesia’s human rights record.
    “Now is the time to change course – unlawful killings in Papua must end. This culture of impunity within the security forces must change, and those responsible for past deaths held to account.”
    The report documents at least 95 deaths in 69 incidents between January 2010 and February 2018, 56 of which took place in the context of non-independence activities, while 39 others were related to peaceful political activities such as demonstrations or raising the Papuan independence flag, the Morning Star. 
    Despite the alarmingly-high death toll, Indonesian authorities have almost completely failed to hold perpetrators to account. None of them have been tried and convicted in an independent court of law, with only a handful of cases resulting in disciplinary sanctions or trials in military tribunals.
    Usman Hamid said:
    “The pattern of police and soldiers applying the same ruthless and deadly tactics they have used against armed groups to peaceful political activists is deeply worrying. All unlawful killings violate the right to life, a human right protected by international law and Indonesia’s constitution.
    “There is a direct link between impunity and continued human rights violations. Each failure to investigate or bring those responsible to account reinforces the confidence of perpetrators that they are above the law, and fuels feelings of resentment and injustice in Papua.”
    Accountability for unlawful killings in Papua
    Family members of victims told Amnesty that they still want to see the perpetrators of their loved ones’ deaths brought to justice.
    In the 69 incidents documented in the report, not one has been subject to a criminal investigation by an institution independent of the one whose members were suspected of committing the killing.
    In 25 cases, there was no investigation at all, not even an internal one. Meanwhile, in 26 cases, the police or military claimed to have conducted internal investigations but did not make the results public.
    Usman Hamid said:
    “A failure by the state to ensure prompt, independent and efficient investigations into unlawful killings constitutes a separate human rights violation. Investigations along these lines are indispensable to ensuring justice and preventing the unlawful resort to lethal force in the future, and thus constitute an essential element of the State’s positive obligation to prevent the arbitrary deprivation of life.”
    Unlawful killings unrelated to pro-independence activities
    The majority of unlawful killings documented in Amnesty’s report occurred in the context of non-political events, unrelated to calls for independence or a referendum for freedom in Papua. These types of unlawful killings happen when the security forces deal with peaceful social protests and public disorder, when they attempt to arrest criminal suspects, or as a form of individual misconduct by security personnel.
    The report describes incidents of unlawful killings as a result of misconduct by security forces that took the lives of 25 people. These include soldiers’ attacks on villages in Honelama, Wamena, on 6 June 2012, and the killing of Irwan Wenda, a mentally-disabled Papuan man, killed by a police officer after he hit the officer using a piece of sugarcane.
    Unlawful killings related to political activities
    Security forces have also unlawfully killed Papuans over political activities, including the issue of independence or a referendum for Papua. This type of unlawful killing has taken place when security forces deal with peaceful political protests, particularly flag-raising ceremonies or religious gatherings on commemoration dates. 
    The military and the police fired shots to break up the roughly 1,000 delegates at the Third Papuan People’s Congress, a peaceful pro-independence event, killing three civilians, on 19 October 2011.
    In another incident, the police and military launched a joint operation in Aimas, Sorong, on 30 April 2013 to break up peaceful evening prayers held by Isak Kalaibin, a member of a pro-independence group, during which they suspected the banned Morning Star flag would be raised. After attendees at the prayers blocked and banged on the car of the Deputy Chief of the District Police with fists and sticks, security forces opened fire into the crowd and at houses in the area, killing three people and wounding five.
    Meanwhile, in Wanampompi village, Yapen Islands on 1 December 2015, the police and military personnel opened fire into a crowd at a peaceful flag-raising ceremony, killing four people.
    Usman Hamid said:
    “The three cases illustrate the failure of Indonesian security forces to distinguish between armed people endangering lives and peaceful activists, and between peaceful expression of opinion and assembly and acts of physical violence. The police and military must change their approach in dealing with peaceful political activities.”
    Amnesty International’s recommendations
    Amnesty is calling on the Indonesian authorities to ensure that all unlawful killings alleged to have been committed by Indonesian security forces are investigated promptly, independently, impartially and effectively. The investigation and any prosecutions should not be limited to direct perpetrators, but also look into any involvement of commanders, irrespective of rank.
    Authorities in Indonesia must take the initiative to stop unlawful killings in Papua including by issuing and enforcing human rights compliant instructions to the military and police on the use of force, and ensuring justice and reparations for the victims and their family.
    It is also crucially important to review police, military or other law enforcement officials’ tactics and the use of force and firearms during arrest, to ensure they meet international standards.


    Full report. 

    Executive summary and recommendations

    On the morning of 8 December 2014, hundreds of Papuan protesters gathered near the local military and police headquarters, in the town of Enarotali in Paniai District, Papua Province. The demonstration was a response to military personnel allegedly beating 11 Papuan children the day before. When protesters started throwing stones and pieces of wood at the buildings, security forces opened fire into the crowd, killing four people. At least 11 others were injured by bullets or bayonets. Witnesses told the National Human Rights Commission they saw police officers shoot a protestor at close range after he had fallen to the ground.

    Several weeks later, at a national Christmas ceremony in Papua, newly elected President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo committed to bringing those responsible for the killings to justice as soon as possible. The Paniai shootings became a test for the new administration’s commitment to end pervasive impunity for serious human rights violations by security forces in Papua and throughout Indonesia. It is a test that President Jokowi’s government, like those before it, has failed.
    Cases like the Paniai shootings are not uncommon in Papua. Over the two decades since Indonesia’s 1998 reforms (Reformasi) began, Amnesty International has continued to receive allegations of unlawful killings by security forces in the eastern provinces of Papua and West Papua, even as they decline across Indonesia. These killings occur mainly in the context of unnecessary or excessive use of force during mass protests, during law enforcement operations or due to misconduct by individual officials. Amnesty International has recorded 69 cases of suspected unlawful killings by security forces in Papua between January 2010 and February 2018, with 95 victims. In 34 of the cases the alleged perpetrators came from the police forces, in 23 cases they came from the military, and in 11 
    cases both security forces were allegedly involved. One more case also involved the municipal police (Satuan Polisi Pamong Praja, or Satpol PP), a body under local government and tasked to enforce local regulations. Most of the victims, 85 of them, have Papuan ethnicity.

    Indonesian and international groups have long raised serious concerns about unlawful killings and other serious human rights violations by security forces in Papua.The subject is a frequent topic of discussion during Indonesia’s human rights reviews by UN treaty and UN Charter based bodies.2
    There is no explicit definition of unlawful killings, or "extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions" under international law. Amnesty International defines such acts as unlawful and deliberate killings carried out by order of a government or with its complicity or acquiescence, which is along the lines of descriptions provided by international experts. Extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions would under this understanding include unlawful killings both by state forces and by non-state groups
    and individuals that state authorities fail to properly investigate and prosecute.All unlawful killings violate the right to life, a key human right protected by international law and Indonesia’s Constitution. Indonesia has ratified several international human rights treaties that protect the right to life, chief among them the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR).

    Papua is now the only region in Indonesia that has both peaceful and armed pro-independence movements. Since the end of the Soeharto government in 1998, political activists in Papua increased their demand for independence through peaceful means.The national government has been reluctant to respect their freedom of expression, arguing that their success would encourage other “secessionist” movements.A variety of armed pro-independence groupshave carried out sporadic attacks, mainly on military and police targets. They have also engaged in clear human rights abuses, including unlawful killings, abductions and hostage-taking.
    Amnesty International takes no position on the political status of any province of Indonesia, including calls for independence.

    Successive national governments have pledged to bring economic growth to Papua and to end human rights violations. However, they have maintained an uncompromising stance towards independence movements, whether peaceful or armed. They have limited access to Papua for international human rights observers and shown little tolerance for freedom of expression.
    Based on a review of 69 cases of suspected unlawful killings by security forces in Papua between January 2010 and February 2018, Amnesty International has documented several patterns. 

    First, the majority of cases, 41 of them, occurred in the context of events that were unrelated to
    calls for independence or a referendum for Papua. This type of unlawful killing often happens when security forces uses excessive force to handle peaceful social protests, incidents of public disorder, and attempts to arrest criminal suspects, or as a form of misconduct by individual members of the security forces.

    In a second category are killings by security forces related to the issue of independence or a referendum for Papua. This type of unlawful killing, consist of 28 cases, happens when security forces deal with peaceful political protests, particularly flag-raising ceremonies or religious gatherings on commemoration dates.

    Investigations into reports of unlawful killings by security forces in Papua are rare. There is no independent, effective, and impartial mechanism to deal with public complaints about misconduct by security forces, including criminal offences involving human rights violations, leaving many victims without access to justice and reparation.
    In the 69 incidents documented in this report, not one has been subject to a criminal investigation by an institution independent of the one whose members were suspected of committing the killing. In 25 cases there was no investigation at all, not even an internal one. Meanwhile, in 26 cases the police or military claimed to have conducted internal investigation but did not make the results public. In only six cases were perpetrators held accountable for the deaths.
    Most families of the victims of unlawful killings by security forces in Papua told Amnesty International that they still wanted to see the perpetrators brought to justice through trials in civilian court.
    Amnesty International believes that there is a direct and causal link between impunity and the commission of human rights violations. Each failure to investigate or bring those responsible to trial reinforces the confidence of perpetrators that they are indeed above the law.

    Amnesty International acknowledges the complex environment law enforcement officials often find themselves in when carrying out their duty in Papua, and when being attacked they certainly have the right to self-defence. However, even in such situations they must ensure full respect for the right to life, liberty and security of persons, including those suspected of a crime. Firing without warning and firing indiscriminately at a crowd without distinction as to who presents an imminent threat to themselves
    or another person and who does not, is clearly a violation of international human rights law as well as domestic legislation. And it contributes to an ever-escalating cycle of hostility and violence with an increasing risk of more lives being lost or in danger - including their own.

    This report focuses only on unlawful killings committed by the security forces in Papua as Amnesty International's main mandate is to expose human rights violations. However, the organization acknowledge that there have been human rights abuses and incidents of violence, including lethal violence, committed by non-state actors in Papua and recognize that the Indonesian government's right and duty to protect its population, including police and other officials.Such protection must, however, be exercised strictly within the framework of human rights law and standards, as explained below. Amnesty International calls on all governments to apply these law and standards and refrain from human rights violations whatever the political context in which they are committed, whether in Papua, in other regions in Indonesia or globally. 

    Despite significant reforms to both the Indonesian police and military to make them become professional and respectful of human rights, security forces are still responsible for many human rights violations in Papua and elsewhere. Some of the most serious of these violations involve the unnecessary or excessive use of force, in particular through the use of firearms, leading to fatal shootings during peaceful pro-independence protests and non-political gatherings, and while conducting security operations and arresting criminal suspects. Accountability is rare, with security personnel facing only internal disciplinary mechanisms or no consequences at all.
    Amnesty International's recommendations, set out below, address a number of actors and levers but with two overarching goals: preventing killings by improving the training and tactics of security forces, while ensuring accountability through credible and independent investigations and prosecutions at all levels of responsibility. The security forces have made progress in reducing such killings across Indonesia, indicating a potential to do the same in Papua with sufficient political will.
    Amnesty International's recommendations are addressed in particular to the President, Co-ordinating Minister for Political, Legal and Security Affairs, the Head of the Indonesian National Police, the Chief of Indonesian Military Forces, the Minister for Law and Human Rights and the National House of People’s Representatives. Some recommendations may help foreign donors formulate support
    for security sector reform or prove useful to NGOs and agencies in their work for security forces accountability.
    Amnesty International recommends that the President, the Co-ordinating Minister for Political, Legal and Security Affairs, and other central authorities undertake the following steps as a matter of priority: 

    • Acknowledge that the unlawful killings taking place in Papua and West Papua Provinces are serious human rights violations, including crimes under international law.
    • Ensure that all unlawful killings alleged to have been committed by Indonesian security forces are investigated promptly, independently, impartially and effectively. The investigation, and any prosecutions, should not be limited to direct perpetrators, but also look into any involvement of commanders, irrespective of rank.
    • Ensure that where sufficient admissible evidence is found, suspects are prosecuted before civilian courts in proceedings that meet international fair trial standards and do not impose the death penalty.
    • Ensure that victims and their families receive comprehensive and effective reparations in accordance with international standards.
    • Ensure that internal accountability mechanisms are restricted to disciplinary matters and any crimes involving human rights violations by officials, Including the police and military, are referred to the Public Prosecutor.
    • Conduct a thorough review of police, military and other security forces' tactics in the use of force and firearms, including during public assemblies and arrests, to ensure they meet international standards, in particular the UN Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials and the UN Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials.
      Amnesty International recommends that the House of Representatives (DPR RI) and the Minister of Law and Human Rights take the following steps as a matter of priority:
    • Acknowledge publicly the serious problem of unlawful killings in Papua and send a clear message to all police officials in Indonesia that such killings are unacceptable and strictly prohibited at all times.
    • Reaffirm the prohibition of extrajudicial, summary and arbitrary executions, and set out guidelines for security forces to prevent them, including by recognizing them as criminal offences and providing effective remedies. 
    • Amend the Criminal Code and other laws to criminalize unnecessary or and excessive use of force in line with the UN Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials.
    • Amend Law 26 of 2000 on Human Rights Courts to:
    o expand its jurisdiction over other crimes under international law, including individual acts of torture, extrajudicial executions and enforced disappearance.
    o ensure that Komnas HAM can conduct pro-justicia inquiries effectively and submit all cases involving crimes under international law to an independent prosecutor for investigation and decisions on prosecution, without political or any other undue interference.
    o ensure that Komnas HAM and victims are kept informed of the status of investigations and can seek legal review of any decision not to investigate or prosecute.
    • Revise Law 31 of 1997 on Military Tribunals so that military personnel suspected of crimes under international law are prosecuted only before independent civilian courts.
    • Set up a new police oversight mechanism or revise the mandate of existing ones, such as the National Police Commission or Komnas HAM, to ensure an independent, effective, and impartial complaints mechanism can deal with public complaints about police misconduct, including 

      criminal offences involving human rights violations. In particular, suspected criminal offences involving human rights violations must be dealt with through the criminal justice system, rather than internally and as disciplinary breaches. Although a disciplinary process may take place alongside prosecution, it must never replace bringing those suspected of human rights violations before civilian courts. The body should be operationally independent of the government, political influence and the police and have independent investigation teams to deal with complaints.
      • Repeal or else amend laws and regulations which impose restrictions on the right to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly beyond those allowed under international human rights law. In particular:
      repeal or else amend Articles 106 and 110 of Indonesia’s Criminal Code to make it consistent with international human rights law, ensuring that these articles can no longer be used to criminalize freedom of expression.
      revoke immediately Article 6 of Government Regulation No. 77 of 2007 which prohibits the display of “separatist” logos, symbols and flags.
      Amnesty International recommends that the Chief of the Indonesian National Police urgently takes the following steps:
      • Incorporate the UN Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials and the UN Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials into internal regulations in their entirety through operational instructions and training.
      • Make public all police internal regulations about the use of force and policing public assemblies.
      • Ensure that the Police Regulations on Policing Public Assembly (No. 16/2006) and the Use of Force (No. 01/2009) are disseminated, with appropriate training.
      • Prevent unlawful killings in the future through the development of policies and instructions for policing of commemoration and other public events (including appropriate planning and preparation), training in human rights compliant policing of demonstrations, and supporting external, independent accountability mechanisms.
      • Ensure that police officers at public assemblies are clearly identifiable, including by individual identification numbers, name tags and uniforms.
      • Ensure that adequate systems and mechanisms are in place, alongside training and regulations on the use of force and firearms, to make sure that police officers apply UN standards on the use of force and firearms in their daily work. Police officers must have access to a differentiated range of police equipment, training in open hand techniques that do not require equipment, and other tactical methods.
      • Ensure that all police internal disciplinary procedures and mechanisms are clearly set out in publicly available documents and that information on internal investigation procedures, including how to make a complaint about police misconduct, is readily available to the public (including at police stations, and on the internet);
      • Publish the reports and findings of police internal investigations into allegation of police abuses in detail.
      • Ensure that any remedy under traditional settlement methods does not prevent the investigation and prosecution of crimes under international law; 

        Amnesty International recommends that the Commander of the Armed Forces urgently take the following steps:
        • Acknowledge the commission of serious human rights violations, including crimes under international law, in the form of unlawful killings in Papua and West Papua.
        • As a general rule, do not deploy military forces to police assemblies. Where troops do play such a role, ensure that they:
        o comply with the UN Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials and other International standards.
        o carry out their tasks with full respect for the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and expression, the rights to life, liberty and security of person, and other human rights.
        o are trained and equipped to carry them out in accordance with international human rights law and standards and that they follow instructions by police.
        • Ensure that all unlawful killings alleged to have been committed by military forces are investigated promptly, independently, impartially and effectively. The investigation, and any prosecutions, should not be limited to the direct perpetrators but also look into those with command responsibility, irrespective of rank.
        • Ensure, where there is sufficient admissible evidence, such crimes are prosecuted before civilian courts in proceedings that meet international fair trial standards and do not impose the death penalty.
        • Publish all reports and findings of internal investigations into allegations of military abuses in detail. 

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    2) Indonesian forces to blame for Papua killings: Amnesty

    3) At least 95 killed by security forces in Indonesia's Papua - Amnesty

    4) Amnesty International Papuan report

    1) Amnesty accuses Indonesian forces of unlawful killings in Papua
    2 July 2018 — 2:18pm

    Jakarta:  Indonesia's police and military are responsible for at least 95 unlawful killings in the easternmost Papua region since 2008, including targeted slayings of activists, Amnesty International said on Monday, condemning a near-total absence of justice for the mainly indigenous victims.
    In a report based on two years of research, Amnesty said that more than half the victims were either political activists or people taking part in peaceful protests often unrelated to the Papuan independence movement.
    It said none of the killings was the subject of independent criminal investigation. In about a third of the cases, there was not even an internal investigation. When police or military claimed to have investigated internally, they did not make the findings public. Eight deaths were compensated with money or pigs.
    The victims are overwhelmingly male indigenous Papuans and the majority are young, aged 30 or under.
    The killings - nearly one a month for the past eight years - are a "serious blot" on Indonesia's human rights record, said Usman Hamid, executive director of Amnesty International Indonesia.

    "This culture of impunity within the security forces must change, and those responsible for past deaths held to account," he said.
    An independence movement and an armed insurgency have simmered in the formerly Dutch-controlled region since it was annexed by Indonesia in 1963. Indonesian rule has been frequently brutal, and indigenous Papuans, largely shut out of their region's economy, are poorer, sicker and more likely to die young than people elsewhere in Indonesia.
    A majority of the killings documented by Amnesty were the result of unnecessary or excessive use of force during protests or law enforcement operations and unlawful acts by individual officers, it said.

    Some occurred in circumstances related to the Papuan independence movement such as raising of the banned "Morning Star" independence flag or ceremonies marking significant dates.
    The rights group said the government of President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo, elected in 2014, had failed to end the security forces' pervasive impunity in Papua, like all Indonesian governments before it.
    Despite a promise by the newly elected Jokowi to bring to justice officers responsible for killing four people when they fired into a crowd of protesters in December 2014 in Paniai district, there has been no criminal investigation even after Indonesia's Human Rights Commission found evidence of "gross human rights violations", Amnesty said.
    In that case, villagers were protesting the alleged beating of Papuan children by soldiers and threw stones and wood at a police and military buildings before officers opened fire. Two witnesses saw police officers beat one of the protesters and shoot him at close range after he fell to the ground, according to the Human Rights Commission.

    2) Indonesian forces to blame for Papua killings: Amnesty

    Agence France-Presse
    Jakarta | Mon, July 2, 2018 | 12:43 pm

    Indonesian security forces are behind the unlawful killing of at least 95 people in Papua since 2010, with most perpetrators never held to account, Amnesty International said in a new report on Monday.
    Papua, on the western half of New Guinea island, has been the scene of a simmering independence insurgency since it was annexed by Indonesia in the late 1960s.
    Political activists and demonstrators peacefully protesting the government were among those killed in recent violence, as well as residents involved in non-political gatherings in Indonesia's easternmost province, the rights group said.
    Not one case has been subject to an independent criminal investigation, according to Amnesty, which said it spent two years interviewing victims' families, witnesses, rights organisations, political activists and church-based community groups.
    "Papua is one of Indonesia’s black holes for human rights. This is a region where security forces have for years been allowed to kill women, men and children, with no prospects of being held to account," Amnesty Indonesia executive director Usman Hamid said in a statement.
    "This culture of impunity within the security forces must change, and those responsible for past deaths held to account."
    The government did not immediately respond to a request for comment on the report.
    Amnesty said 39 deaths were linked to peaceful political activities including raising the Morning Star, Papua’s banned flag.
    Another 56 killings involved excessive use of force by the army or police and were unrelated to calls for independence.
    Some of the violence has been centred on protests against a huge gold and copper mine owned by US-based firm Freeport McMoRan -- a frequent flashpoint in the local struggle for independence and a bigger share of the region's rich resources.
    President Joko Widodo promised to improve human rights in Papua after taking office in 2014, but Amnesty says he has not lived up to his pledge.
    It urged the Indonesian government to immediately investigate alleged killings and rights violations, as well as review tactics used by security forces.

    3) At least 95 killed by security forces in Indonesia's Papua - Amnesty

    2:12 pm today 

    Amnesty International claims at least 95 people have been killed by Indonesian security forces in the Papuan region in the past eight years.

    In a new report, it said forces in the restive eastern region act with near total impunity, with the overwhelming majority of perpetrators never being held accountable.
    The report documents 95 deaths in 69 incidents between January 2010 and February this year.
    It notes 39 killings were at political events, such as pro-independence marches or soldiers opening fire at raising ceremonies for the West Papuan morning star flag.
    But 56 of the killings were in non-political contexts, such as firing live rounds into worker protests, raids on villages, or the killing of a mentally-disabled young man.
    Amnesty said none of the perpetrators have been tried in an independent court, let alone been subject to an independent investigation.
    In 25 cases, there was no investigation at all.
    The report said despite Indonesian president Joko Widodo's promise to prioritise human rights in Papua, killings and the impunity have shown no sign of letting up.
    4) Amnesty International  report


    , Index number: ASA 21/8198/2018
    Over the two decades since Indonesia’s 1998 reforms (Reformasi) began, successive governments of Indonesia have pledged to end human rights violations by security forces. However, Amnesty International has continued to receive allegations of unlawful killings by security forces in the provinces of Papua and West Papua. These killings occur mainly in the context of unnecessary or excessive use of force during mass protests, during law enforcement operations or due to misconduct by individual officials. In this report, Amnesty International highlights how investigations for the unlawful killings cases are rare, and it is even rarer that anyone is held accountable.


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    Australia West Papua Association (Sydney)

    Media release 3 July 2018
    20 years after the Biak Massacre, there is no improvement in the human rights situation in West Papua

    A new Amnesty International report released on Monday,  "Don’t bother, just let him die’: Killing with impunity in Papua”, documents the unlawful killing of at least 95 people in West Papua in the last eight years. Many of those targeted were peaceful activists. 

    Joe Collins of AWPA said, “the report shows that the Indonesian security forces can act with impunity in West Papua.  It is also a timely reminder that its now 20 years since the Biak Massacre and West Papuans are still being killed for taking part in peaceful protests, simply for bringing attention to the injustices they suffer under Indonesian rule”.

    Biak Massacre -6 July 1998

    On the 2 July in 1998, the West Papuan Morning Star flag was raised on top of a water tower near the harbour in Biak. Large numbers of people gathered beneath it singing songs and holding traditional dances. As the rally continued, many more people in the area joined in with numbers reaching up to 500 people. On the July 6 the Indonesian security forces attacked the demonstrators, massacring scores of people. The victims included women and children who had gathered for the peaceful gathering. They were killed at the base of the water tower. Other Papuans were rounded up and later taken out to sea where they were thrown off naval ships and drowned. No member of the security forces have ever been charged over the killings in Biak.

    AWPA calls on the Australian Government to not only urge Jakarta to implement the recommendations in the Amnesty report but also to raise again the matter of a Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) fact finding mission to West Papua at the upcoming PIF summit in Nauru in September. Fact-finding missions by the international community to West Papua can only help improve the human rights situation in the territory”. 

    At the PIF forum meeting in Port Moresby (2015) the PIF leaders requested Jakarta to allow a PIF fact-finding mission to West Papua. 

    From the PIF communiqué 2015.

    17. Leaders recognised Indonesia’s sovereignty over the Papuan provinces but noted concerns about the human rights situation, calling on all parties to protect and uphold the human rights of all residents in Papua. Leaders requested the Forum Chair to convey the views of the Forum to the Indonesian Government, and to consult on a fact-finding mission to discuss the situation in Papua with the parties involved.


    Amnesty International  report


     Biak Massacre

    The Biak Massacre Citizens Tribunal

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    2) Police officer securing Papua regional head election found dead
    3) Police Mobile Brigade Hunts Down Armed Group in Papua
    4) Killings by Security Forces Rife in Papua: Amnesty International
    5) Unlawful killings still reality in Papua
    6) Airlines in Papua ask for a security guarantee from local authorities
    7) Legislators remind the government to tighten the migrant flows to Papua
    8) Looking for populist representatives

    1) Wiranto tells public on Papua's ‘unlawful’ killings report: Don’t be careless
    Marguerite Afra Sapiie The Jakarta Post
    Jakarta | Mon, July 2, 2018| 10:53 pm

    Papuans hold a rally calling for self-determination on Wednesday in Sentani, Papua, demanding the government hold an independence referendum for the country's easternmost province. (KNPB /Exclusive) (KNPB/Exclusive)

    The government will look into the details of a newly-released report that accused Indonesia of "unlawful killings" of nearly 100 people in Papua over the last eight years, Coordinating Political, Legal and Security Affairs Minister Wiranto said on Monday.
    A two-year investigation by Amnesty International released on Monday revealed that at least 95 people, 85 of whom were Papuan, had been killed by security personnel from 2010 to 2018. Most of the perpetrators have never been tried accountably, the reportsaid.
    Responding to the report, the chief security minister said on Monday that the government would look into the cases, but added that Amnesty's investigation was a one-sided report.
    "We [need] to explain who and how, whether [the people were killed] in operations or not. We will look at it case by case," Wiranto said. "Don't be careless [by just believing the data]," he went on.
    According to Amnesty International, 95 victims were killed unlawfully in 69 incidents that took place between January 2010 and February 2018. Thirty-nine people were killed while staging peaceful protests demanding Papua's liberation, while 56 were killed in events unrelated to political activities.
    The police were alleged to be the perpetrators in 34 of the cases, while the military were alleged to be involved in 23 cases. In 11 other cases, both the police and military were allegedly responsible.
    Not one of the 69 incidents has been subject to criminal investigation by an independent body. Out of all the cases, only six of the perpetrators were held accountable for the deaths, the report said.
    "The culture of impunity within the security forces needs to be eliminated," Amnesty International Indonesia director Usman Hamid said. "Those who are responsible for the past killings must be tried through an independent legal mechanism."
    Many Papuans have expressed their dissatisfaction and accused Jakarta of being unfair to them. Some have demanded a referendum to decide whether Papua and West Papua should remain as part of Indonesia. The Indonesian Military and the National Police call these activists separatists or armed criminal groups. (evi)

    2) Police officer securing Papua regional head election found dead

    Jakarta (ANTARA News) - Chief of Indonesian Police General Tito Karnavian confirmed that his side had found one of the missing personnel following a shootout with an armed criminal group in Torere District, Puncak Regency, Wednesday (June 27).

    However, police officer named Brigadier Sinton Kabarek, who is part of the Puncak Jaya Police Bhayangkara Samaptha, was found dead.

    "We found him dead in Mamberamo River. It is far from the location of the shootout," he noted at the Kalibata Cemetery Park, Jakarta, on Monday.

    Meanwhile, police officer identified as Second Police Inspector Jesayas H. Nusi still remains missing.

    According to Karnavian, Kabarek and Nusi plunged into the Mamberamo River when they were shot at by the Melodi Enumbi and Terinus Enumbi groups. They were both delivering the logistics for the Regional Head Election to Torere, Papua Province, along with a priest and Chief of Torere District Obaja Froaro aboard two fast boats.

    In the incident, Froaro was shot dead, while the pastor and two policemen are missing.

    With the discovery of the body of Brigadier Kabarek, the police are still on the lookout for Nusi and the priest.

    Reported by Anita Permata Dewi
    Editor: Heru Purwanto
    3) Police Mobile Brigade Hunts Down Armed Group in Papua

    TEMPO.COJakarta- The National Police (Polri) have sent a Mobile Brigade (Brimob) company to hunt down the armed group that attacked policemen in Papualast week.
    “Brimob personnel have been deployed there to hunt down the armed group. A company of Brimob personnel were already sent there,” National Police spokesman Insp. Gen. Setyo Wasisto said at the Polri headquarters in South Jakarta today.
    The Puncak Jaya Police have deployed two teams. One is sent to scan the area’s forests and the other uses a twin otter plane to search the vast Mamberamo River. Setyo said the police had yet to receive any update due to communication difficulties. 
    According to Setyo, the police are finding it difficult to detect the armed group due to harsh terrains in Puncak Jaya. “They can see us but we can’t see them. This means we cannot predict their sudden attacks,” said Setyo.
    Prior to the 2018 simultaneous regional elections (Pilkada), an armed group shot at a plane owned by Trigana Air at the Kenyam Airport in Nduga Regency, Papua, on June 25. The plane carried Pilkada logistics and 15 Brimob personnel.
    The armed group then diverted their attacks on local residents in the vicinity of the airport, claiming three lives and injuring a child. The regional election in Nduga, was delayed in light of the attacks. 

    4) Killings by Security Forces Rife in Papua: Amnesty International 
    By : Sheany| on 7:37 PM July 02, 2018
    Jakarta.Indonesian security forces have committed nearly 100 extrajudicial killings in Papua and West Papua since 2010, with little to no accountability, a new report from human rights organization Amnesty International revealed on Monday (02/07).
    The report, "Don't Bother, Just Let Him Die: Killing With Impunity in Papua"– recorded 69 cases that took place between January 2010 and February 2018, in which 95 people were killed. Some of the victims were children.
    "We found most of the cases are not related to political activities, which is in contradiction to the claim made by the government that violence committed by security forces is an attempt to eradicate separatist armed movements in Papua," Usman Hamid, executive director of Amnesty International Indonesia, said during the report launch in Jakarta.
    Excessive force against peaceful protests, incidents of public disorder and during attempts to arrest criminal suspects was used in 41 out of the 69 cases included in the report.
    On several occasions, unlawful killings followed incidents affecting individual members of the security forces.
    All of the cases documented by Amnesty International involved either or both the police and the military, with one case involving the municipal police (Satpol PP). Most of the victims were ethnic Papuans.
    "What's most worrying is that not one of the perpetrators, not a single one, has been taken to a civilian court," Usman said.
    According to the report, some cases have been settled through the police or military internal disciplinary mechanisms, while other were resolved in accordance with the customary law.
    There are currently two ongoing investigations, including a shooting incident in Paniai, Papua, which took place in 2014 and resulted in four fatalities.
    In 25 cases, there has been no investigation at all.
    "Investigations are rare, and it is even rarer that anyone is held accountable for killings. Security personnel are generally subject to disciplinary sanctions at the very most, leaving victims' families without access to justice and reparation," the report said.
    Curbing Independence Movement
    The government continues to use the antiseparatist argument to validate the use of excessive force in Papua, but Amnesty's report detailed the extent to which most of the recorded extrajudicial killings did not take place in a political environment.
    For example, in 2011, police opened fire against a crowd of protesters in Timika, Papua, who were demanding higher wages from Freeport Indonesia. Petrus Ayamiseba and Leo Wandagau were killed in the incident.
    While the police claimed they only used rubber bullets, a report by Indonesia's human rights commission, Komnas HAM, revealed that Petrus was killed by live ammunition.
    "They weren't fighting for independence, they were demanding proper wages, and there has been no accountability to this day," Usman said.
    Reports of abuse, harassment, arbitrary arrests and detentions in Papua have prompted criticism by international human rights groups and activists, including the United Nations high commissioner for human rights, Zeid Ra'ad al-Hussein.
    Al-Hussein said he and his team were invited by the government to send a mission to the region for further investigation, but the trip has yet to happen.
    Impunity Prevails
    The issue of impunity among perpetrators of past human rights abuses in Indonesia has long been a concern for many rights groups and activists. Top officials and President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo have many times promised to address it.
    Also the 2014 Paniai shooting made Jokowi pledge to bring those responsible to justice.
    "The case of Paniai, the case in which President Widodo made a promise in 2014, is a test for his administration, whether he is successful in delivering his promise to Papua or not. It's a test in which his administration has failed," Usman said.
    The Papua report, which took two years to compile, is part of Amnesty's work to monitor efforts to combat impunity for security forces in Indonesia.
    The international organization asserted that there is a direct and causal link between impunity and human rights violations.
    "Each failure to investigate or bring those responsible to trial reinforces the confidence of perpetrators that they are indeed above the law," the report said.
    Sylvana Apituley, an expert on politics, legal, defense, security and human rights at the Presidential Office, said the government remains committed to addressing human rights abuses in Papua.
    The government is currently focusing on the cases of Wamena, Wasior and Paniai, based on a recommendation made by an investigative team coordinated by Chief Security Minister Wiranto, she said.
    "Resolving human rights abuses is something we are working on, and there is progress – it's slow but sure," Sylvana said.

    5) Unlawful killings still reality in Papua
    Usman Hamid 
    Director of Amnesty International Indonesia
    Jakarta | Mon, July 2, 2018| 09:23 am

    The tactics used by the country’s security forces may have changed since the fall of military rule in 1998, but in Papua — Indonesia’s easternmost, restive region — deadly violence from the use of excessive force by police and military personnel remains a constant threat.

    A new Amnesty International report released Monday, titled “’Don’t bother, just let him die’: Killing with impunity in Papua”, details how unlawful killings remain high. 

    At the same time, we have documented how security forces are applying the same lethal tactics they have used for years against armed groups in non-political contexts, and there has been no accountability for the deaths.

    During the Soeharto era, the concept of human rights was virtually unrecognized in Papua. The integration of Papua in 1969 from Dutch rule under United Nations supervision was not accepted by all, and prompted some Papuans to take up arms to demand independence.

    The Soeharto government responded brutally by launching a decades-long military campaign to contain the armed pro-independence groups that resulted in an enormous number of deaths, many of them unlawful. Disproportionate attacks on armed groups also claimed the lives of many civilians. However, there was no accountability for the extrajudicial killings. This fallout left the region’s people reluctant to publicly express any desire for independence.

    After 32 years in power, the fall of Soeharto in 1998 paved the way for greater respect for human rights, including freedom of expression and peaceful assembly.

    While armed groups continue to operate in the region, many Papuans, including church representatives, students and indigenous people, have voiced their political views peacefully to avoid further violence. This has led to the birth of several peaceful political movements in Papua in the years since 1998.

    However, despite the increased respect for human rights, post-Soeharto governments have shown an uncompromising stance towards independence movements, even for those in Papua advocating independence through peaceful means.

    As part of their commitment to reform, post-Soeharto governments separated the police from the military. Consequently, the police have been tasked with maintaining internal security while the military is to focus solely on defense. However, both security forces are present and active in Papua today.

    The killings of armed group members still take place on a relatively small scale in Papua, but in the post-Soeharto era, unlawful killings mainly target peaceful political activists. The authorities say they fear such peaceful activism could lead to greater calls for independence and, eventually, national disintegration.

    What is alarming is that police officers and soldiers apply the same ruthless and deadly tactics in Papua that they have used against armed groups for years, but to public events that are unrelated to independence. As a result, members of the public voicing non-political grievances have also become victims of unlawful killings.

    Amnesty International’s latest report shows that the majority of victims of unlawful killings in Papua from January 2010 to February 2018 were peaceful protesters in cases unrelated to pro-independence protests. The perpetrators have been both police officers and soldiers, and none of them have been subject to criminal investigation by an independent institution. Ninety-five total deaths have been recorded, or about one person every month since 2010.

    Security forces unlawfully killed 95 people, of which 56 were unrelated to independence. This includes incidents in which security forces dealt with peaceful social protests and public disorder, attempts to arrest criminal suspects and sometimes, individual misconduct of security personnel. Meanwhile, 39 have died from the unlawful use of force in cases related to pro-independence issues.

    The fact that most victims of these unlawful killings are ethnic Papuans — 85 out of the total 95 — possibly underlines the years-long resentment the local people hold toward security forces for associating any civilian protesters with the Free Papua Movement (OPM) separatist group and applying repressive — including lethal — measures when dealing with them.

    On a visit to Papua in December 2017, a group of local journalists of Papuan ethnicity told Amnesty International that they frequently suffered discriminative and repressive treatment from security forces.

    Amnesty International’s report reveals that the police have been behind most of the unlawful killings that took place over the last eight years in Papua. The police have killed a total of 39 people, while soldiers have killed 27. In other incidents, the police and military together killed 28 people. 

    This is a serious stain on Indonesia’s human rights record. Now is the time to change course: The unlawful killings in Papua must end, and those responsible for past killings must be held accountable before an independent, civilian court. 

    The deadly tactics used by security forces remain unchanged, but the victims of unlawful killings in Papua are increasingly peaceful political activists and non-political protesters. Our report reveals that the use of unnecessary or excessive force, including firearms, in policing non-political public assemblies and public disorder in Papua has resulted in deaths, which has not happened elsewhere in the country. Security forces must review their training, equipment, regulations and tactics in policing public assemblies in Papua.

    After the December 2014 shooting by security forces that killed four Papuan students during a peaceful protest in Paniai, newly installed President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo promised to prioritize human rights in the region and to turn Papua into a “land of peace”.

    However, three years later, there still has been no justice for the victims and families of the Paniai incident. The investigation into the Paniai shooting remains in legal limbo, like many other human rights cases in the region. 

    The report records that unlawful killings in Papua have resulted in a total 39 deaths during the Jokowi administration, a record that does not inspire confidence. All suspected cases of unlawful killings, whether they took place before or after President Jokowi assumed office, must be investigated thoroughly and efficiently by an independent body.

    The current administration must not close its eyes to the unlawful killings that are still taking place in Papua, even as the government is stepping up economic development in the region. Sustainable development is welcome, but it is not enough on its own — there must be justice and respect for human rights to heal the pain of the Papuan people. The two should be done hand-in-hand. 

    Now is the right time for Jokowi to work toward the resolution of past human rights violations in Papua to put an end to unlawful killings and realize his pledge to turn Papua into a “land of peace”.
    The writer is executive director of Amnesty International Indonesia.
    Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not reflect the official stance of The Jakarta Post.
    6) Airlines in Papua ask for a security guarantee from local authorities


    Jayapura, Jubi –Airlines operating in Papua expect a security guarantee from security forces, local government and communities following the shooting over a commercial aircraft in Keneyam, Nduga Sub-district a few days ago.
    Papua Regional Manager of Trigana Air Bustomi asked for flight security assurance at the destination airport. “We do not prohibit flying, but before we have assurance from local authorities, both security forces and local government, we are not flying to that airport,” Bustomi confirmed by phone on Thursday (28/06/2018).
    In line with Bustomi, the Director of PT Associated Mission Aviation (AMA) Bob Kayadu also said the airline would not fly to the ‘red area’ for the sake of neutrality and crew safety.
    “Despite a request from the Election Commission to deliver the logistics, we decided to reject it last week. It turns weird when the authorities already guaranteed the security after the Demonim aircraft shooting, another shooting was happening,” he said.
    He hopes for a smooth solution so that the public service is not disturbed anymore. “I hope we can sit together rather than continuing violent. So we (airlines) feel comfortable and safe to serve the public,” he said. (*)
    Reporter: Sindung Sukoco
    Editor: Pipit Maizier
    7) Legislators remind the government to tighten the migrant flows to Papua

    Jayapura, Jubi –Papuan legislator elected from Saireri customary area Yonas Nusi advises the provincial and regional (municipal) authorities to tighten the migrant flows into Papua following the eid al-fitr break.

    “It’s often occurred that after religious occasion people come to Papua in many ways, by sea or air. But what I worried about is they come without any clear purpose. Thus it can cause negative impacts. On the other hand, it becomes a burden for the government and people of Papua,” said Nusi on Thursday (28/06/2018).
    He also thinks the government needs to anticipate this migrant flows could be an entry of radicalism to Papua which would potentially break the tolerance and harmonious interfaith among communities.
    He further hopes both regional and municipal government offices of population and demography to conduct the migrant raids regularly.
    Another legislator Emus Gwijangge also has a similar opinion. He said the influx of people into Papua so far is very easy. As a consequence, it has a significant impact on indigenous Papuans.
    “Many people come to Papua without any clear purpose. Moreover, the rapid flow of population into Papua has marginalised the indigenous Papuans,” said Gwijangge. (*)
    Reporter: Arjuna Pademme
    Editor: Pipit Maizier

    8) Looking for populist representatives


    Jayapura, Jubi – Legislative election in Indonesia is going to run. People would elect their representatives in parliament including those who will sit in the regional (municipal), provincial and national House of Representatives.
    Now the legislative candidates for the period of 2019-2024 in Papua have prepared themselves to win the public attention, in particular in their retrospective electoral areas. However, people in Papua, especially indigenous Papuans, still want figures who are populist; those who can materialise their words in a campaign, listen and struggle for people’s aspirations.
    Solpap activist Franky Warer who assists the indigenous woman traders said he wants a figure with a clear vision. “Based on my experience, many candidates only gave their words. People should be careful to select their representatives in parliament to avoid disappointment like what was happening now. Therefore, it needs to choose figures who care to the people, including the indigenous women traders in economic development,” he said.
    Further, he said there are some legislators to speak for the people’s aspirations, the future of indigenous Papuans and the economics of native women traders. However, they often lose in decision making because sometimes the decision determined by the majority. “We believe in some individuals at Papua House of Representatives, but there is an institutional mechanism that needs to do,” he said.
    Meanwhile, an indigenous woman trader at ‘Pasar Mama-Mama’ Asnat Inggamer said she hopes the next legislators at Papua House of Representatives and Jayapura Municipality House of Representatives can give more attention to the indigenous women traders at ‘Pasar Mama-Mama Papua’.
    “During the times, none of the municipal legislators came to see us. Only a few of provincial legislators who knew the Solpap activists or were activists themselves visited us when we were at the temporary market, the old building,” she said. Then she added, “So we hope the future legislators are populist. Not just given promises and then forget people who elect them to sit in the parliament.”
    Papuan legislator Laurenzus Kadepa told Jubi he assessed the performance of Papua House of Representatives has not been optimal. “I cannot see their performance within the last three years. I hope it could be better in the fourth or fifth year,” Kadepa told Jubi sometime ago.
    According to him, there is no real action towards the people’s aspirations, whether delivered by individual, groups or people’s demonstration. He further said the Papua House of Representatives should come to the ground whenever there are problems. Each aspiration should be followed up according to the people’s demand. “Not just give the promise to follow up, talk about a mechanism, and et cetera. Do not talk to calm the people but take action to satisfy and represent the people,” he said.
    He also reminds legislators not to pretending against the contra-public policy and becoming an opposition for the sake of popularity and personal interest. “This is what I saw,” he said. (*)
    Reporter: Arjuna Pademme
    Editor: Pipit Maizier

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    2) Police in Malang stop West Papuan discussion
    1) Amnesty: Indonesian forces behind unlawful killings in Papua 

    A small armed movement regularly fights government troops but Amnesty found that mainly peaceful protesters or people not involved in the independence movement are killed.
    Video footage
    2) Police in Malang stop West Papuan discussion
    6 minutes ago 

    West Papuan students in the Indonesian city of Malang say police forcefully stopped them discussing an important date in their people's history.
    July 1st was the 47th anniversary of a proclamation of independence by the Free West Papua Movement shortly after Indonesia took control of West New Guinea.
    The anniversary is often marked by demonstrations or public events in Indonesian cities.
    On late Sunday around three dozen West Papuan students at Malang's Brawijaya University held a discussion about the anniversary in their dormitory.
    But according to one of the students, Yohanes Giay, police entered the dormitory, physically roughed them up and prevented their discussion continuing.
    He said West Papuans had a right to free discussion, including about the history that has shaped them and their region.
    "We discuss because that is our past, and we can keep remembering the past as we fight for our freedom from Indonesia," he explained.
    "If we want this freedom, we must hear about stories from the past, so we can work for a better future for Papuans."
    Mr Giay said the students were considering holding a demonstration in the near future to express their concerns.
    "I think we will make some demonstration with our solidarity in Malang. We want this city to be a city without the racism."


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    2) Indonesia, netherlands discuss economic cooperation

    1)  A Suppressed Voice: The Continuing Conflict in West Papua

    by Sandra Ivanov. Sandra Ivanov is from New Zealand with a postgraduate education in Peace and Conflict Studies. She was formerly a policy advisor in the New Zealand public service and now primarily works in the development sector. You can connect with and follow her updates on Twitter.

    Rwanda, Bosnia, Cambodia – All of these countries have had internationally recognised events of genocide take place in their history which has, in turn, shaped the way the world deals with the horrors of mass casualties and the difficult, but vital task of post-conflict reconstruction. But genocide is not a thing of the past, it is occurring right now in the Asia-Pacific. West Papua, a region which occupies half of the island of New Guinea is under Indonesian government authority, with most of the 2 million indigenous inhabitants living in remote areas across mountainous and forested territory. The people have been subject to systematic oppression, human rights violations, degrading indigenous culture and exploitation of resources. With restricted access of foreign media into the region, it is critical that there is continual attention given to an obscured case of government abuse.
    History: the confiscated freedom of a people
    The on-going conflict in West Papua has many facets, however, the main reason for the violence has been the denial of the right for self-governance and autonomy. Under the conditions of colonialism, the people of West Papua have rebelled against the rule of the Dutch East Indies – since 1867, a desire for liberation was expressed, and continued prominently in 1906, 1921, 1926, and 1935. The granting of Indonesian independence in 1949 began a process of decolonisation for the Dutch in the 1950s – Indonesia wished to obtain West Papua as part of the independence deal, claiming it was part of their territory, but the Dutch refused.

    In 1961, the Dutch prepared for the self-determination of West Papua by setting up a council of mostly indigenous Papuans to create a national anthem and a flag, in which the Morning Star flagwas flown for the first time on December 1st 1961 – West Papua’s full independence was aimed to be established in 1970. But Indonesia would not stand for this. On December 19th 1961, Indonesia launched a campaign to return West Papua as part of Indonesia’s rightful territory, and violence between the Dutch Empire and the newly established nation-state ignited. The West Papuans who pursued their right to autonomy were dismissed by Indonesia as they believed the act of independence was a cover up for creating a new Dutch puppet state.

    The brute military force of Indonesia attracted international attention where the Cold Warsuperpowers poked their heads in to figure out where their strategic goals fitted into this predicament. The United States stepped in, in 1962 to broker a deal which would be called the New York Agreement – a plan to win over Indonesia and quell the lingering Soviet influence in the country. With Indonesian interests in mind, the agreement negotiations contained no indigenous representation of West Papuans. The decision was made to place West Papua under United Nations control while preparations were made to transfer ownership to Indonesia in 1963.
    The New York Agreement involved holding an “Act of Free Choice“, which would give the Papuan people a chance to decide their future. However, this is now more popularly known as the “Act of No Choice”, as the representatives chosen to speak for the West Papuans were picked by Indonesian officials and were gathered under Indonesian military supervision while they made their verdict on integration into the territory. Not surprisingly, the result was unanimously in favour of integration. The West Papuans desired a referendum, a “one-person-one-vote2 system, instead, formal control was handed to Indonesia, beginning a period of military control and human rights abuses.

    Enduring human rights abuses and claims to genocide
    Once the “Act of Free Choice” concluded, the United Nations General Assembly accepted the results, and West Papua became part of Indonesia. The Under Secretary-General of the United Nations in 1969, Chakravarthi V. Narasimhan, confessed many years later that the Act “was just a whitewash. The mood at the United Nations was to get rid of this problem as quickly as possible. Nobody gave a thought to the fact that there were a million people there who had their fundamental human rights trampled. Suharto was a terrible dictator. How could anyone have seriously believed that all voters unanimously decided to join his regime? Unanimity like that is unknown in democracies” (Clinton Fernandes, “Hot Spot: Asia and Oceania (Hot Spot Histories)“, 2008), p. 106).
    It is estimated that over 500,000 West Papuans have been killed through a range of policies and organised killings. Over time pro-independence organisations began to sprout all across the West Papua region – the Free Papua Movement (Organisasi Papua Merdeka; OPM) being the most prominent group. OPM, along with its non-violent actions, has also carried out attacks on military and police targets. However, in retaliation to OPM’s early actions, the Indonesian government carried out mass military operations between 1977 and 1978, claiming these operations were required to counter attacks launched by organisations such as OPM. It is reported that over 4,000 people were killed in the highland region of West Papua during this period alone.
    Other acts include the use of napalm and chemical weapons against villagers in 1981, and the massacre of 32 West Papuans in Wamena in October 2000. The area of Wamena was targeted once again in 2003 when police raids resulted in killing 9 people, torturing 38, arresting 15, and leaving thousands displaced from their homes to refugee camps where at least 42 people died from hunger and exhaustion.
    Even in the last few years, non-violent action has been targeted by authorities. In 2016, the Legal Aid Institute Jakarta reported that over a period of 6 months, government authorities arrested more than 2,280 Papuans for non-violent demonstrations, and in December 2016, a series of pro-independence demonstrations in many locations across the country resulted in 500 arrests and multiple charges of treason. In 2017, Freedom House reported that more than 2,000 people were arrested for participating in non-violent demonstrations supporting independence (“Indonesia“, Freedom House, 2017).

    Academic analysis has demonstrated that there is evidence to claim genocide of West Papuans through the 1948 United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. A paper published through the Yale Law School outlines examples of the crimes committed in West Papua, against the articles in the Genocide Convention. It concludes that acts such as torture, disappearance, rape, systematic resource exploitation, labour transmigration schemes, and forced relocation taken as a whole appear to bring about the destruction of West Papuans. These acts “individually and collectively, clearly constitute crimes against humanity under international law”. The International Lawyers for West Papua, a non-government body of legal professionals, also support the findings of intent of genocide against the people of West Papua.
    In 2017, the Asian Human Rights Commission released a statement saying that violations of human rights remain unaddressed, that the Indonesian government does not have a strong policy of human rights protection in Papua, and that these frequent violations are caused by the security approach applied. In February 2018, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights visited Indonesia stating concern “about increasing reports of the excessive use of force by security forces, harassment, arbitrary arrests and detentions in Papua”.

    The movement of solidarity
    It was not until the end of Suharto’s rule of Indonesia in 1998 that the stories of West Papuans could be told and reported. During a period of significant democratisation of Indonesia, space was made for Papuans to express their concerns, and political movements were reinvigorated. However, over the decades different rulers of Indonesia had different stances and policies towards the freedom of exercising speech and political assembly. The ability of ordinary Papuans to voice their concerns has therefore been irregular and disconnected.
    The Indonesian regime is well known for blocking international access to the West Papua region, including foreign media, international observers and United Nations experts. This makes it difficult for international watchdogs, organisations, and researchers to get objective and reliable information of what is occurring in the region. Those outside of West Papua rely on information from local interpretation and opinions of events, and due to the lack of official reporting on these events, empirical evidence and figures cannot always be collected. History and experiences of people are a valid form of evidence, but each anecdote must be read with an open-mind to understanding other viewpoints and perspectives.

    But with the rise of technology and social media, West Papuans have been using creative methods to spread their messages so that the international community are aware of their situation. Their activities have mainly involved non-violent actions through flag raisings, demonstrations, and self-declared national congress meetings to form political manifestos for an independent Papua.

    Using Facebook, YouTube, and Twitter, and with access to smartphones, West Papuan activists have uploaded violent acts towards people in the region, as well as showing the exploitation of natural resources such as mining and deforestation. The most common form of non-violent action has been the raising the Morning Star flag on December 1st to support an independent Papua. This action has been occurring for over thirty years, but at a cost of potentially receiving a severe 15 year prison sentence if raised within the Indonesian territory.
    Movements of solidarity in West Papua – either through violent or non-violent means – are faced with extreme consequences which include beatings, torture, and unlawful killing. So far in 2018, West Papuans have been arrested for running a disaster relief donation collectionpro-independence groups have been raided with mass arrests, and individuals have been sentenced to treason for involvement in pro-independence activities. The latest changes to Indonesia’s counter-terrorism laws could also have an impact on West Papuan armed groups.
    A wave of international support and current developments 
    Activists in countries all over the world have formed groups in support of an independent West Papua, including international coalitions such as the International Lawyers for West Papua, and the International Parliamentarians for West Papua.
    In 2016, the “Westminster Declaration for an Internationally Supervised Vote in West Papua” was launched in London, and supported by the International Parliamentarians for West Papua. The declaration has five provisions, with the main aim of redressing the wrongs from the 1969 “Act of Free Choice”, and “call for an internationally supervised vote on self-determination in accordance with UN General Assembly Resolutions 1514 and 1541 (XV)“. The declaration continues to circle the globe today in the hope for further support from world leaders.
    In addition to the declaration, a petition smuggled into West Papua was reportedly signed by 1.8 million Papuans in support of holding an internationally supervised vote on self-determination. In September 2017, it was presented to the United Nations Special Committee on Decolonisation and rejected because West Papua is not part of the 17 states identified as “non-self-governing territories” by the United Nations. In a statement by the chairman, the committee confirmed that it could not receive “any request or document related to the situation of West Papua, territory which is an integral part of the Republic of Indonesia”, as well as additionally stating that “Indonesia is a good friend of ours“. Whilst the legitimacy of the petition has been questioned, the increasing evidence of the ongoing abuses of West Papuans by Indonesian security forces cannot be ignored.
    Investment over freedom and justice?
    In a region where calls for international investigations over human rights abuses are not followed up, and with the United Nations bodies unable to act on the status of West Papuan independence, it becomes the duty of civil society, activists, journalists, non-government organisations and interest groups to continue lobbying governments and spreading the awareness about the conflict in West Papua.
    Tied up in investments, governments are afraid to call out Indonesia for its abuse of West Papuans. Allies of Indonesia are benefiting from the resource rich areas in the West Papuan region where one of the largest copper and gold mines in the world is located. Digging up more than $40 billion worth of resources by U.S. mining companyFreeport-McMoran, the extraction of these resources is expected to continue satisfying investors until 2041 until the mines become of no value.
    Yet even as mines are extracted, and forests are torn down, the battle of historical narratives and truths continue, and the people of West Papua have proven they will not rest until a declaration for independence becomes a reality. In the words of academic Nino Viartasiwi: “West Papua was the victim of a large political game played from the 1940s to the 1990s. In the political struggles between the world’s two political poles, the wishes of the Papuans did not matter. Nevertheless, the efforts of the Papuans to deliver their account of history in the 2000s proves that the narration of history no longer belongs solely to the powerful”.

    This entry was posted in EnglishIndonesiaPolitics in GeneralSandra Ivanov.
    2) Indonesia, netherlands discuss economic cooperation
    Jakarta (ANTARA News) - Indonesian Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi met with her Dutch counterpart Stephanus Abraham Blok and discussed efforts to increase economic cooperation between both countries.

    "The Netherlands is an important partner of Indonesia for economic cooperation in the European market," Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi stated here on Tuesday.

    The bilateral meeting between foreign affairs ministers of Indonesia and the Netherlands took place at the Pancasila building at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia in Jakarta.

    During the bilateral meeting, the two foreign ministers discussed efforts to improve partnership and economic cooperation between Indonesia and the Netherlands, one of which being through negotiation on comprehensive economic partnership between Indonesia and the European Union.

    "Indonesia and the European Union are currently negotiating a comprehensive economic partnership, which will be completed soon," Foreign Minister Marsudi noted.

    In 2018, Indonesia and the Netherlands enter the fifth year of the Joint Declaration on the Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement.

    "The Netherlands is the second-largest trading partner in Europe for Indonesia," the Indonesian foreign minister stated.

    The value of bilateral trade between Indonesia and the Netherlands reached US$5 billion in 2017.

    "Several Indonesian export commodities enter Europe through Dutch ports. Indonesia`s largest export commodity to the Netherlands is palm oil," Foreign Minister Marsudi noted.

    In addition, the Netherlands is the seventh-largest investor in Indonesia, with an investment value of $1.49 billion spread across 871 projects by 2017.

    Related to the tourism sector, Minister Marsudi stated that the number of Dutch tourists visiting Indonesia had increased by 5.31 percent in 2017 to reach 250,844 people.

    Meanwhile, Minister Blok expressed the Dutch government`s keenness to enhance bilateral cooperation with Indonesia.

    "Indonesia as the 16th-largest economy in the world and is one of the major economic partners of the Netherlands, and the two countries are now working to improve economic cooperation," Blok stated.
    Editor: Yosep Hariyadi

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